Karl Struss


Director Of Photography

About

Also Known As
Karl O. Struss
Birth Place
New York City, New York, USA
Born
November 30, 1886
Died
December 16, 1981

Biography

Began his career as a commercial photographer and entered film in 1919, serving a three-year stint as cameraman for Cecil B. DeMille. Struss then went freelance and gained renown for his work on "Ben Hur" (1926), particularly in his use of filters to effect visual transformations--a technique he repeated to great effect in "Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde" (1932).Struss received widespread recog...

Biography

Began his career as a commercial photographer and entered film in 1919, serving a three-year stint as cameraman for Cecil B. DeMille. Struss then went freelance and gained renown for his work on "Ben Hur" (1926), particularly in his use of filters to effect visual transformations--a technique he repeated to great effect in "Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde" (1932).

Struss received widespread recognition for his collaboration with Charles Rosher on F. W. Murnau's "Sunrise" (1927) and, following several collaborations with D.W. Griffith, began a fruitful 18-year association with Paramount. Other memorable work includes his contributions to the atmospheric thriller, "Island of Lost Souls" (1932) and Charlie Chaplin's "Limelight" (1952).

Filmography

 

Cinematography (Feature Film)

Two Nights With Cleopatra (1963)
Director of Photography
Fatal Desire (1963)
Director of Photography
Here Come the Jets (1959)
Director of Photography
The Rebel Set (1959)
Director of Photography
The Alligator People (1959)
Director of Photography
Counterplot (1959)
Director of Photography
The Sad Horse (1959)
Director of Photography
The Hot Angel (1958)
Director of Photography
The Fly (1958)
Director of Photography
The Rawhide Trail (1958)
Director of Photography
Machete (1958)
Director of Photography
Attila (1958)
Director Of Photography
She Devil (1957)
Director of Photography
The Deerslayer (1957)
Director of Photography
Kronos (1957)
Director of Photography
Mohawk (1956)
Photography
The Mesa Of Lost Women (1956)
Cinematographer
The Three-D Follies (1953)
Photographer, "Carmenesque"
Mesa of Lost Women (1953)
Director of Photography
Tarzan and the She-Devil (1953)
Photography
Limelight (1953)
Director of Photography
Lady Possessed (1952)
Director of Photography
Face to Face (1952)
Photographer "The Secret Sharer"
Tarzan's Savage Fury (1952)
Photography
Rose of Cimarron (1952)
Director of Photography
Tarzan's Peril (1951)
Photography
Father's Wild Game (1950)
Photography
The Return of Jesse James (1950)
Director of Photography
The Texan Meets Calamity Jane (1950)
Director of Photography
It's a Small World (1950)
Director of Photography
Rocketship X-M (1950)
Director of Photography
Bad Boy (1949)
Director of Photography
Siren of Atlantis (1949)
Director of Photography
Tarzan's Magic Fountain (1949)
Photography
Call of the Forest (1949)
Director of Photography
The Dude Goes West (1948)
Director of Photography
The Macomber Affair (1947)
Cinematographer
Heaven Only Knows (1947)
Director of Photography
Suspense (1946)
Director of Photography
Tarzan and the Leopard Woman (1946)
Photography
Mr. Ace (1946)
Cinematographer
Wonder Man (1945)
Director of Photography
Bring on the Girls (1945)
Director of Photography
Frenchman's Creek (1944)
1st Camera, 3rd unit
Rainbow Island (1944)
Director of Photography
And the Angels Sing (1944)
Photography
Riding High (1943)
Director of Photography
Happy Go Lucky (1943)
Director of Photography
Journey into Fear (1942)
Director of Photography
Caught in the Draft (1941)
Director of Photography
Aloma of the South Seas (1941)
Director of Photography
The Great Dictator (1941)
Director of Photography
Rhythm on the River (1940)
Fill-in Photographer
Paris Honeymoon (1939)
Photography
Island of Lost Men (1939)
Photography
Some Like It Hot (1939)
Photography
The Star Maker (1939)
Photography
Zenobia (1939)
Photography
Thanks for the Memory (1938)
Photography
Every Day's a Holiday (1938)
Photography
Sing You Sinners (1938)
Photography
Dangerous to Know (1938)
Photography
Waikiki Wedding (1937)
Photography
Mountain Music (1937)
Photography
Thunder Trail (1937)
Photography
Double or Nothing (1937)
Photography
Let's Make a Million (1936)
Photography
Too Many Parents (1936)
Photography
Anything Goes (1936)
Photography
Rhythm on the Range (1936)
Photography
Hollywood Boulevard (1936)
Photography
Go West Young Man (1936)
Photography
The Preview Murder Mystery (1936)
Photography
Two for Tonight (1935)
Photography
Goin' to Town (1935)
Photography
Mississippi (1935)
Original Photographer
Four Frightened People (1934)
Photography
The Pursuit of Happiness (1934)
Photography
Here Is My Heart (1934)
Photography
Belle of the Nineties (1934)
Photography
Tonight Is Ours (1933)
Photography
The Story of Temple Drake (1933)
Photography
Disgraced (1933)
Photography
The Woman Accused (1933)
Photography
Torch Singer (1933)
Photography
The Girl in 419 (1933)
Photography
One Sunday Afternoon (1933)
Photography
The World and the Flesh (1932)
Photography
Dancers in the Dark (1932)
Photography
Forgotten Commandments (1932)
Photography
The Man from Yesterday (1932)
Photography
Two Kinds of Women (1932)
Photography
Guilty As Hell (1932)
Photography
The Sign of the Cross (1932)
Photography
Island of Lost Souls (1932)
Cinematographer
Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde (1932)
Photography
Women Love Once (1931)
Photography
Skippy (1931)
Photography
Kiki (1931)
Photography
The Road to Reno (1931)
Photography
Up Pops the Devil (1931)
Photography
Murder by the Clock (1931)
Photography
Lummox (1930)
Director of Photography
Be Yourself! (1930)
Director of Photography
One Romantic Night (1930)
Director of Photography
Abraham Lincoln (1930)
Director of Photography
The Bad One (1930)
Director of Photography
Danger Lights (1930)
Director of Photography
Lady of the Pavements (1929)
Camera
Taming of the Shrew (1929)
Director of Photography
Coquette (1929)
Director of Photography
The Battle of the Sexes (1928)
Director of Photography
The Night Watch (1928)
Director of Photography
Drums of Love (1928)
Director of Photography
Babe Comes Home (1927)
Director of Photography
Sunrise: A Song of Two Humans (1927)
Photography
Meet the Prince (1926)
Director of Photography
Forever After (1926)
Director of Photography
Hell's 400 (1926)
Director of Photography
Sparrows (1926)
Director of Photography
Ben-Hur (1925)
Photography
The Winding Stair (1925)
Director of Photography
The Legend of Hollywood (1924)
Director of Photography
Poisoned Paradise: The Forbidden Story of Monte Carlo (1924)
Director of Photography
White Man (1924)
Director of Photography
Idle Tongues (1924)
Director of Photography
Daughters of the Rich (1923)
Director of Photography
Poor Men's Wives (1923)
Director of Photography
Mothers-in-Law (1923)
Director of Photography
Maytime (1923)
Director of Photography
The Hero (1923)
Director of Photography
Fool's Paradise (1922)
Director of Photography
Thorns and Orange Blossoms (1922)
Director of Photography
The Law and the Woman (1922)
Director of Photography
Rich Men's Wives (1922)
Director of Photography
Fools First (1922)
Director of Photography
Saturday Night (1922)
Director of Photography
Minnie (1922)
Director of Photography
The Affairs of Anatol (1921)
Director of Photography
Something to Think About (1920)
Camera

Film Production - Main (Feature Film)

Poisoned Paradise (1924)
Photography

Post Production (Feature Film)

Gone With the Wind (1939)
Technicolor tests

Cinematography (Special)

Chaplin Today: Limelight (2003)
Cinematographer

Life Events

1914

Set up own photographic studio in Manhattan; shot portratis and advertisements

1914

Took over Clarence H. White's Photography Studio where he developed the Struss-Lens which provided a diffused, soft-focus look

1919

Went to Hollywood; hired by Cecil B. DeMille

1920

First film as co-cinematographer, "Something to Think About"

1959

Last film prior to retirement, "The Rebel Set"

Videos

Movie Clip

Fly, The (1958) - The Gravity Of The Crime Vincent Price is Francois, a Quebec industrial scientist, Patricia Owens his sister-in-law Helene, acting serene but claiming to have squished his brother and partner in an industrial press, Herbert Marshall the incredulous Inspector Charas, interruption by an insect, in the original The Fly, 1958.
Fly, The (1958) - I've Killed Andre Plenty of portent, opening scene finds Torben Meyer as Gaston the night watch at a Quebec industrial site, Patricia Owens the maybe-mad wife of his boss, Vincent Price her suave brother-in-law on the phone, Kurt Neumann directing the original The Fly, 1958.
Fly, The (1958) - You Won't Feel A Thing Totally focused on his new invention, Canadian research scientist Andre (Al, a.k.a. David Hedison), excited over having successfully transported a newspaper, is inspired to try again with the family cat, the first major mishap, in the original The Fly, 1958, from the George Langelaan short story.
Island Of Lost Souls (1932) - Are We Not Men? Accidental guest Parker (Richard Arlen) and Lota (Kathleen Burke), whom he doesn't know is an experimental animal-human hybrid, think they're escaping when they're waylaid by gangs of half-beasts (Bela Lugosi their leader), and Dr. Moreau (Charles Laughton) arrives to restore order, in Universal's Island Of Lost Souls, 1932.
Island Of Lost Souls (1932) - A Laughing Jackass Paul Hurst as Donahue has the unlucky assignment of escorting Ruth (Leila Hyams), come to find her fiancè Parker (Richard Arlen), on the south sea island where he’s been taken in by mad Dr. Moreau (Charles Laughton), knowing nothing as yet about his freaky man-beasts and “bio-anthropological research,” in Island Of Lost Souls, 1932.
Fly, The (1958) - You're The First To See A Miracle In a flashback, Helene (Patricia Owens) recalls how her scientist husband Andre (Al Hedison), whom she later crushed, with his cooperation, with industrial machinery, first showed her his expanded lab and his breakthrough in transporting matter, in 20th Century-Fox’s original The Fly, 1958.
Journey Into Fear (1943) - Dearest Stephanie Star Joseph Cotten narrates from a letter to his wife (Ruth Warrick) from the screenplay he co-wrote with co-star Orson Welles from an Eric Ambler novel, meeting local arms rep Kopeikin (Everett Sloane) in WWII Istanbul, and singer Josette (Dolores del Rio), in Journey Into Fear, 1943.
Journey Into Fear (1943) - A Crazy Man Just Shot At Me From the climax on the ledge of a Black Sea hotel, Graham (Joseph Cotten) chased by an assassin and spy (Jack Moss, Eustace Wyatt), his wife (Ruth Warrick) downstairs, Turkish officer Haki (Orson Welles, in a scene he never quite took credit for directing) rescuing, in Journey Into Fear, 1943.
Journey Into Fear (1943) - I Like The Turks Hustled onto a steamer out of Istanbul by officials who insist he’s in danger, American engineer Graham (Joseph Cotten), narrating from a letter to his wife, with acquaintances on board, singer Josette (Dolores del Rio), Kuvetli (Edgar Barrier) and Haller (Eustace Wyatt), in Journey Into Fear, 1943.
Journey Into Fear (1943) - C'est Mon Couer Opening features Banat (Jack Moss), whom we will learn is a freelance assassin in WWII Istanbul, and an an unattributed recording of an old French song, in Journey Into Fear, 1943, screenplay by star Joseph Cotten and supporting player Orson Welles, from an Eric Ambler novel.
Sunrise (1927) - Midsummer Peasant Dance Country couple George O'Brien ("The Man") and Janet Gaynor ("The Wife") excel in a dance at a big city carnival in F.W. Murnau's acclaimed silent film Sunrise, 1927.
Sunrise (1927) - Make The Piggy Roll Janet Gaynor (as "The Wife") and George O'Brien (as "The Man") at a carnival in one of many extraordinary scenes from F.W. Murnau's landmark silent film Sunrise, 1927.

Trailer

Bibliography