John Wayne


Actor
John Wayne

About

Also Known As
Marion Robert Morrison, Duke Morrison
Birth Place
Winterset, Iowa, USA
Born
May 26, 1907
Died
June 11, 1979

Biography

John Wayne, one of the cinema's greatest stars, is also one of the cinema's greatest problems. His image as an icon of American individualism and the frontier spirit has overshadowed his career to such an extent that it is almost impossible for viewers and writers to separate Wayne the legend from Wayne the actor and Wayne the man.As Marion Michael Morrison, he played football for USC an...

Photos & Videos

They Were Expendable - Behind-the-Scenes Photos - John Ford
The Cowboys - Movie Posters
The Conqueror - Movie Posters

Family & Companions

Josephine Saenz
Wife
Married in 1932; divorced in 1944; daughter of Panamanian diplomat.
Esperanza Bauer
Wife
Actor. Married in 1946; divorced in 1953.
Pilar Palette
Wife
Actor. Married in 1954; daughter of a Peruvian senator; after five years of marriage, the stresses of motherhood and Hollywood social life drove her to attempted suicide; lived apart amicably 1973-79.
Pat Stacey
Companion
Secretary. Longtime assistant/mistress of Wayne's; wrote book, "Duke: A Love Story"; died 1995 of lung cancer.

Bibliography

"John Wayne: The Politics of Celebrity"
Gary Wills, Faber and Faber (1997)
"John Wayne: American"
Randy Roberts and James S. Olson, Free Press (1995)
"John Wayne, My Father"
Alissa Wayne, Random House (1992)
"John Wayne: Actor, Artist, Hero"
Richard D. McGhee, McFarland (1990)

Notes

Received the Congressional Medal created in his honor.

Biography

John Wayne, one of the cinema's greatest stars, is also one of the cinema's greatest problems. His image as an icon of American individualism and the frontier spirit has overshadowed his career to such an extent that it is almost impossible for viewers and writers to separate Wayne the legend from Wayne the actor and Wayne the man.As Marion Michael Morrison, he played football for USC and held several behind-the-scenes jobs at Fox before moving in front of the cameras in the late 1920s in a series of bit roles. Director John Ford, who had befriended "Duke" Wayne, recommended him for the lead in Raoul Walsh's 1930 western epic, "The Big Trail." But stardom did not materialize and Wayne spent the rest of the decade slogging through a series of low-budget oaters whose meager budgets and rapid shooting schedules did little to sharpen his acting skills. Still, even in the unsophisticated world of the Poverty Row studios, his easygoing authority and physical presence could command attention.John Ford gave Wayne another career break in 1939 by casting him as the Ringo Kid in "Stagecoach," thus rescuing the actor from a life in serials and cheap action pictures. The role propelled Wayne into the top ranks of box-office stars and during the 1940s his legend began to take shape. Excused from military service because of physical ailments, Wayne became the film industry's exemplar of the hard-bitten, decisive soldier who could be compassionate when necessary. Wartime releases such as "Flying Tigers" (1942), "The Fighting Seabees" (1944) and "Back to Bataan" (1945) placed Wayne squarely in the larger-than-life, heroic mold.But it was the movies he made at the end of the decade that established him as an actor of merit, something more than just a star of tremendous stature. Howard Hawks emphasized the willful side of Wayne's screen persona, taking it to extremes in "Red River" (1948). As the inflexible Tom Dunson, Wayne was able to eschew mock heroics and concentrate on the psychology of a man obsessed. Giving an uncompromisingly hard-edged performance, Wayne created a difficult, unlikable, yet compelling character. Two other John Ford films from the period gave Wayne the opportunity for greater depth--"Fort Apache" (1948) and "She Wore a Yellow Ribbon" (1949)--the latter a particularly moving portrait of a man and an era reaching a turning point.For most of the 1950s and 60s Wayne ambled through a number of mediocre pictures, standard westerns and action movies made watchable, and financially successful, because of his participation. When the script was poor and the role ill-considered, the results could be disastrous: witness "The Conqueror" (1956), which featured the unfortunate Duke as Genghis Khan. But with a carefully tailored part and a director at the top of his form, Wayne always rose to the occasion--"Rio Bravo" (1959) for Hawks, and "The Searchers" (1956) and "The Man Who Shot Liberty Valance" (1962) for Ford. "The Searchers," now considered by many to be Ford's greatest picture, also features Wayne's best performance, perhaps because in the driven character of Ethan Edwards viewers can negotiate their private terms with Wayne the man, super-patriot and defender of the conservative faith. Ethan is a grotesque figure, the essence of patriarchy, a victim of his personal prejudices and blinded by an extremist code. But at the same time his skill and tenacity are admirable. Finally, one must feel compassion for him, realizing that he will never be integrated into the mainstream, will never be thought of in terms of human scale. Understanding the character of Ethan helps demystify Wayne the icon.Although he won the 1969 Best Actor Oscar for "True Grit," a light-hearted if not particularly impressive performance, Wayne's best role in his last decade on screen was also his last. In "The Shootist" (1976) he played a dying gunman who is just beginning to understand his own life and legend. It was the perfect elegy for Wayne, who was himself dying of cancer, and a role which he invested with a touching simplicity and directness--the hallmarks of both his acting career and personal popularity.sonal popularity.

Filmography

 

Director (Feature Film)

The Green Berets (1968)
Director
The Alamo (1960)
Director

Cast (Feature Film)

30, Still Single: Contemplating Suicide (1998)
Going Hollywood: The War Years (1988)
Himself
It's Showtime (1976)
Himself
Chesty (1976)
Host
The Shootist (1976)
Brannigan (1975)
Detective Jim Brannigan
Rooster Cogburn (1975)
McQ (1974)
Cahill, U.S. Marshal (1973)
The Train Robbers (1973)
The Cowboys (1972)
Wil Andersen
Cancel My Reservation (1972)
Directed by John Ford (1971)
Big Jake (1971)
Jacob McCandles
Rio Lobo (1970)
Col. Cord McNally
Chisum (1970)
John Chisum
The Undefeated (1969)
Col. John Henry Thomas
True Grit (1969)
Rooster Cogburn
The Green Berets (1968)
Col. Mike Kirby
Hellfighters (1968)
Chance Buckman
El Dorado (1967)
Cole Thornton
The War Wagon (1967)
Taw Jackson
Cast a Giant Shadow (1966)
Gen. Mike Randolph
The Sons of Katie Elder (1965)
John Elder
In Harm's Way (1965)
Capt. Rockwell "Rock" Torrey
The Greatest Story Ever Told (1965)
Centurion
Circus World (1964)
Matt Masters
McLintock! (1963)
George Washington McLintock
Donovan's Reef (1963)
Michael "Guns" Donovan
How the West Was Won (1963)
Gen. William T. Sherman
Hatari! (1962)
Sean Mercer
The Longest Day (1962)
Colonel Vandervoort
The Man Who Shot Liberty Valance (1962)
Tom Doniphon
The Comancheros (1961)
Jake Cutter
North to Alaska (1960)
Sam McCord
The Alamo (1960)
Col. David Crockett
Rio Bravo (1959)
Sheriff John T. Chance
The Horse Soldiers (1959)
Col. John Marlowe
The Barbarian and the Geisha (1958)
Townsend Harris
I Married a Woman (1958)
Himself
Jet Pilot (1957)
Col. Jim Shannon
The Wings of Eagles (1957)
Frank W. "Spig" Wead
Legend of the Lost (1957)
Joe January
The Searchers (1956)
Ethan Edwards
The Conqueror (1956)
Temujin
Blood Alley (1955)
Tom Wilder
The Sea Chase (1955)
Karl Ehrlich
Hondo (1954)
Hondo Lane
The High and the Mighty (1954)
"Whistling" Dan Roman
Trouble Along the Way (1953)
Steve Williams
Island in the Sky (1953)
Capt. Dooley
Big Jim McLain (1952)
Big Jim McLain
The Quiet Man (1952)
Sean Thornton
Flying Leathernecks (1951)
Dan Kirby
Operation Pacific (1951)
"Duke" Gifford
Rio Grande (1950)
Col. Kirby Yorke
Sands of Iwo Jima (1949)
Sgt. Stryker
She Wore a Yellow Ribbon (1949)
Capt. Nathan Brittles
The Fighting Kentuckian (1949)
John Breen
3 Godfathers (1949)
Robert Marmaduke Sangster Hightower
Fort Apache (1948)
Capt. Kirby York
Wake of the Red Witch (1948)
Capt. Ralls
Red River (1948)
Thomas Dunson
Tycoon (1947)
Johnny [Munroe]
Angel and the Badman (1947)
Quirt Evans
Without Reservations (1946)
[Captain] Rusty [Thomas]
They Were Expendable (1945)
Lt., J.G., "Rusty" Ryan
Dakota (1945)
John Devlin
Back to Bataan (1945)
Colonel Joe Madden
Flame of Barbary Coast (1945)
Duke Fergus
The Fighting Seabees (1944)
Wedge Donovan
Tall in the Saddle (1944)
Rocklin
A Lady Takes a Chance (1943)
Duke Hudkins
In Old Oklahoma (1943)
Daniel Somers
Reap the Wild Wind (1942)
Captain Jack Stuart
Lady for a Night (1942)
Jack Morgan
Reunion in France (1942)
Pat Talbot
Flying Tigers (1942)
Jim Gordon
In Old California (1942)
Tom Craig
The Spoilers (1942)
[Roy] Glennister
Pittsburgh (1942)
[Charles] "Pittsburgh" Markham [also known as "Charles Ellis"]
The Shepherd of the Hills (1941)
Young Matt [Matthews]
A Man Betrayed (1941)
Lynn Hollister
Lady from Louisiana (1941)
John Reynolds
Dark Command (1940)
Bob Seton
Seven Sinners (1940)
[Lieutenant] Dan [Brent]
Three Faces West (1940)
John [Phillips]
The Long Voyage Home (1940)
Ole Olson
Stagecoach (1939)
Ringo Kid
Allegheny Uprising (1939)
Jim Smith
The Night Riders (1939)
Stony Brooke
Wyoming Outlaw (1939)
Stony Brooke
Three Texas Steers (1939)
Stony Brooke
New Frontier (1939)
Stony Brooke
Pals of the Saddle (1938)
Stony Burke [also known as Ezeckial Saunders]
Red River Range (1938)
Stony Brooke
Overland Stage Raiders (1938)
Stony Brooke
Santa Fe Stampede (1938)
Stony Brooke
Adventure's End (1937)
Duke Slade
California Straight Ahead (1937)
William "Biff" Smith
I Cover the War (1937)
Bob Adams
Born to the West (1937)
Dare Rudd
Idol of the Crowds (1937)
Johnny Hanson
The Lawless Nineties (1936)
John Tipton
King of the Pecos (1936)
John Clayborn, also known as John Clay
The Lonely Trail (1936)
John Ashley
The Oregon Trail (1936)
Captain John Delmont
Sea Spoilers (1936)
Bob Randall
Conflict (1936)
Pat Glendon
Winds of the Wasteland (1936)
Johnny Blair
Rainbow Valley (1935)
John Martin
Texas Terror (1935)
Sheriff John Higgins
Westward Ho (1935)
John Wyatt
The Dawn Rider (1935)
John Mason
Paradise Canyon (1935)
John Wyatt
The Desert Trail (1935)
John Scott, also known as John Jones
Lawless Range (1935)
John Middleton/John Allen
The New Frontier (1935)
John [Dawson]
The Man from Utah (1934)
John Weston
'Neath the Arizona Skies (1934)
Chris Morrell
The Lawless Frontier (1934)
John Tobin
The Lucky Texan (1934)
Jerry Mason
The Trail Beyond (1934)
Rod Drew
The Star Packer (1934)
John Travers
Randy Rides Alone (1934)
Randy Bowers
West of the Divide (1934)
Ted Hayden, also known as Gat Ganns
Blue Steel (1934)
John Carruthers
The Life of Jimmy Dolan (1933)
Boxer
Baby Face (1933)
Jimmy McCoy
His Private Secretary (1933)
Dick Wallace
The Telegraph Trail (1933)
John Trent
Man from Monterey (1933)
Captain John Holmes
Sagebrush Trail (1933)
John Brant
Riders of Destiny (1933)
"Singin' Sandy" [Saunders]
Somewhere in Sonora (1933)
John Bishop
Central Airport (1933)
Co-pilot
College Coach (1933)
"Old boy himself
The Three Musketeers (1933)
Lady and Gent (1932)
Buzz Kinney
Two Fisted Law (1932)
Duke
Haunted Gold (1932)
John Mason
Ride Him, Cowboy (1932)
John Drury
The Big Stampede (1932)
John Steele
Texas Cyclone (1932)
Steve Pickett
Hurricane Express (1932)
The Shadow of the Eagle (1932)
Maker of Men (1931)
Dusty
Range Feud (1931)
Clint Turner
Arizona (1931)
Bob Denton
Girls Demand Excitement (1931)
Peter Brooks
Three Girls Lost (1931)
Gordon Wales
The Big Trail (1930)
Breck Coleman
Men Without Women (1930)
Salute (1929)

Producer (Feature Film)

Big Jake (1971)
Executive Producer
The Alamo (1960)
Producer
Legend of the Lost (1957)
Producer
Blood Alley (1955)
Producer
Track of the Cat (1954)
Producer
The High and the Mighty (1954)
Producer
Island in the Sky (1953)
Producer
The Fighting Kentuckian (1949)
Producer

Costume-Wardrobe (Feature Film)

Long John Silver (1955)
Costumes

Production Companies (Feature Film)

Hondo (1954)
Company
Bullfighter and the Lady (1951)
Company
Angel and the Badman (1947)
Company

Misc. Crew (Feature Film)

Going Hollywood: The War Years (1988)
Other
It's Showtime (1976)
Other

Cast (Special)

General Electric's All-Star Anniversary (1978)
Swing Out, Sweet Land (1976)
Dick Cavett's Backlot USA (1976)
Bob Hope Special: A Quarter Century of Bob Hope on Television (1975)
The Don Rickles Show (1975)
Bob Hope Special: Bob Hope on Campus (1975)
The Glen Campbell Special: The Musical West (1974)
The American Film Institute Salute to John Ford (1973)
Performer
The Men Who Made the Movies: Howard Hawks (1973)
Himself
A Salute to Television's 25th Anniversary (1972)
The American West of John Ford (1971)
Host
Directed By John Ford (1971)
Himself
Everything You Always Wanted to Know About Jack Benny but Were Afraid to Ask (1971)
The American West of John Ford (1971)
Narration
Super Comedy Bowl 1 (1971)

Misc. Crew (Short)

John Wayne (1962)
Archival Footage

Life Events

1927

First film appearance (uncredited as member of USC football team) in "The Drop Kick"

1928

First credited bit appearance (as Duke Morrison) in "Words and Music"

1930

First lead role in "The Big Trail"

1930

Played lead in numerous minor films (mostly westerns)

1939

Became major star after playing the Ringo Kid in John Ford's "Stagecoach"

1947

First film as producer (also actor), "Angel and the Badman"

1952

Formed Batjac Film Production Co

1960

Directing debut (also actor), "The Alamo"

1963

Operation to remove cancerous lung

1978

Open heart surgery

1979

Stomach removed

Photo Collections

They Were Expendable - Behind-the-Scenes Photos - John Ford
Here are several behind-the-scenes photos of John Ford directing the wartime drama They Were Expendable (1945), starring John Wayne, Robert Montgomery, and Donna Reed.
The Cowboys - Movie Posters
The Cowboys - Movie Posters
The Conqueror - Movie Posters
The Conqueror - Movie Posters
Arizona - Publicity Still
Arizona - Publicity Still
Arizona - Movie Poster
Arizona - Movie Poster
Arizona - Lobby Card Set
Arizona - Lobby Card Set
The Long Gray Line - Behind-the-Scenes Photos
The Long Gray Line - Behind-the-Scenes Photos
Reap the Wild Wind - Movie Posters
Reap the Wild Wind - Movie Posters
The Green Berets - Movie Poster
Here is the American one-sheet movie poster for The Green Berets (1968), co-directed by and starring John Wayne. One-sheets measured 27x41 inches, and were the poster style most commonly used in theaters.
Flying Leathernecks - Movie Posters
Here are a few original release American movie posters for RKO's Flying Leathernecks (1951), starring John Wayne and Robert Ryan.
Tall in the Saddle - Publicity Stills
Here are a few Publicity Stills taken for RKO's Tall in the Saddle (1944), starring John Wayne and Ella Raines. Publicity stills were specially-posed photos, usually taken off the set, for purposes of publicity or reference for promotional artwork.
She Wore a Yellow Ribbon - Movie Posters
Here are a few original-release American movie posters for She Wore a Yellow Ribbon (1949), starring John Wayne.
Fort Apache - Movie Poster
Here is the American one-sheet movie poster for Fort Apache (1948). One-sheets measured 27x41 inches, and were the poster style most commonly used in theaters.
Fort Apache - Publicity Stills
Here are a number of publicity stills from Fort Apache (1948). Publicity stills were specially-posed photos, usually taken off the set, for purposes of publicity or reference for promotional artwork.
How the West Was Won - Program Book
Here is the souvenir Program Book sold at Roadshow engagements for the 1962 epic in Cinerama, How the West Was Won.
3 Godfathers - Movie Poster
Here is the American one-sheet movie poster for 3 Godfathers (1949), starring John Wayne. One-sheets measured 27x41 inches, and were the poster style most commonly used in theaters.
Trouble Along the Way - Movie Posters
Here are a few original movie posters from Warner Bros' Trouble Along the Way (1953), starring John Wayne and Donna Reed.
Rio Bravo - Movie Poster
Here is the American one-sheet movie poster for Rio Bravo (1959), directed by Howard Hawks. One-sheets measured 27x41 inches, and were the poster style most commonly used in theaters.
The Man Who Shot Liberty Valance - Movie Posters
Here is a variety of original-release American movie posters from John Ford's The Man Who Shot Liberty Valance (1962), starring John Wayne and James Stewart.
The Wings of Eagles - Movie Poster
Here is the original Half-sheet movie poster for The Wings of Eagles (1957), starring John Wayne.
The Quiet Man - Movie Posters
Here are a few original American movie posters from John Fords's The Quiet Man (1952), starring John Wayne and Maureen O'Hara.
True Grit - Lobby Cards
Here are a few Lobby Cards from Paramount's True Grit (1969), starring John Wayne. Lobby Cards were 11" x 14" posters that came in sets of 8. As the name implies, they were most often displayed in movie theater lobbies, to advertise current or coming attractions.
Back to Bataan - Publicity Stills
Here are a few photos taken to help publicize Back to Bataan (1945), starring John Wayne and Anthony Quinn. Publicity stills were specially-posed photos, usually taken off the set, for purposes of publicity or reference for promotional artwork.
Cast a Giant Shadow - Movie Poster
Here is the American one-sheet movie poster for Cast a Giant Shadow (1966), featuring an all-star cast. One-sheets measured 27x41 inches, and were the poster style most commonly used in theaters.
Back to Bataan - Movie Posters
Here are a few original release American movie posters from RKO's Back to Bataan (1945), starring John Wayne.
The High and the Mighty - Movie Poster
Here is the American one-sheet movie poster for The High and the Mighty (1954). One-sheets measured 27x41 inches, and were the poster style most commonly used in theaters.

Videos

Movie Clip

Horse Soldiers, The (1959) - Quite Enough of Both Southerner Hannah Hunter (Constance Towers) entertains Union officers Marlowe (John Wayne), Secord (Willis Bouchey), Gray (William Leslie) and Kendall (William Holden) in John Ford's The Horse Soldiers, 1959.
Searchers, The (1956) - Let's Go Home Significant SPOILER here in a landmark picture, Natalie Wood as the mature Debbie is rescued from five years captivity by her adoptive brother Marty (Jeffrey Hunter) from the Comanche chief Scar (Henry Brandon), as his partner Ethan (John Wayne), leading an attack with Rev. Clayton (Ward Bond), appears determined to execute her, in John Ford’s The Searchers, 1956.
Searchers, The (1956) - We've Seen Scalps Before Big reveal here as Mexican trader Figueroa (Antonio Moreno) leads the title characters (John Wayne, Jeffrey Hunter as Ethan and Martin) to meet Comanche chief Scar (Henry Brandon), who is suspected of holding kidnapped Debbie (who’s grown up to be Natalie Wood), and who brandishes a medal long ago given to the girl, in John Ford’s celebrated Western The Searchers, 1956.
3 Godfathers (1948) - Opening, Dedication Opening sequence to John Ford's 3 Godfathers, 1949, starring John Wayne, Pedro Armendariz and Harry Carey Jr., with a famous dedication to Ford's friend Harry Carey.
3 Godfathers (1948) - By The Way Of New Jerusalem We’ve just met Hightower, Fuerte and Kearny (John Wayne, Pedro Armendariz, Harry Carey Jr.) and heard of their plan to rob the bank in an Arizona town, and they ride in for a funny (if grossly sexist) visit with Ward Bond and Mae Marsh as the Sweets, early in John Ford’s sentimental re-make, 3 Godfathers, 1948.
Sea Chase, The (1955) - Ehrlich Was Like A Fox David Farrar narrates as British naval officer Napier, pursuing John Wayne, as the conflicted Captain Ehrlich of the German steamer Ergenstrasse, trying to avoid capture in the South Pacific in the early days of WWII, as his Nazi spy passenger Elsa (Lana Turner) is approached by his sneaky officer Kirchner (Lyle Bettger), in The Sea Chase, 1955.
Sea Chase, The (1955) - Against The New Regime Days before their countries are expected to go to war, British officer Napier (David Farrar) brings his German fiancee' Elsa (Lana Turner) to meet his old family friend, also-German Captain Ehrlich (John Wayne), a former naval officer who refused to become a Nazi, on his freighter docked at Sydney, in The Sea Chase, 1955.
Sea Chase, The (1955) - Muster All Hands Departing Sydney, Australia, just after the declaration of WWII, anti-Nazi German freighter captain Ehrlich (John Wayne) instructs his crew on avoiding British patrols, then tells Elsa (Lana Turner), an old acquaintance and Nazi spy whom he's been ordered to transport, to stay out of sight, in The Sea Chase, 1955.
Sea Chase, The (1953) - No Daydreaming Moored off a South Pacific island to collect wood to fuel their way to Chile, German steamer officers Kirchner and Schmidt (Lyle Bettger, John Qualen) are interrupted by captain Ehrlich (John Wayne), who has special instructions regarding their sexy spy passenger (Lana Turner), who is in turn impressed by his consideration for old soldier Schmidt (Paul Fix), in The Sea Chase, 1955.
McQ (1974) - Kept Him Off The Street Seattle cop John Wayne (title character) wants his captain (Eddie Albert) to let him go after the drug dealer he thinks shot his partner, which of course he won’t allow, so Duke goes ahead and surveils the guy, Santiago (Al Lettieri), anyway, early in director John Sturges’ McQ, 1974.
High And The Mighty, The (1954) - Whistlin' Dan After the aerial credit sequence, the first order of business for director William A. Wellman, introducing his producing-partner and star John Wayne, as co-pilot Dan Roman, who meets mechanic Sneed (George Chandler), via the script from Ernest K. Gann, and the same team that made the hit Island In The Sky the previous year, in The High And The Mighty, 1954.
High And The Mighty, The (1954) - Cocktails With The Chipmunks Laraine Day as heiress Lydia is tearing into her husband Howard (John Howard) over his latest business fumbling, in their first extended conversation, overheard across the aisle by Phil Harris as gregarious Ed, Ann Doran his wife, novelist and screenwriter Ernest Gann committing to the melodrama, in The High And The Mighty, 1954.

Trailer

Quiet Man, The - (Original Trailer) John Wayne is an Irish-born ex-boxer who retires to Ireland and searches for the proper wife in John Ford's The Quiet Man (1952).
Red River - (Re-issue Trailer) A young cowhand rebels against his rancher stepfather during a perilous cattle drive in Red River (1948), directed by Howard Hawks and starring John Wayne, Montgomery Clift and Joanne Dru.
Chisum (1970) -- (Original Trailer) The star is just about the only emphasis in the original trailer for director Andrew V. McLaglen’s 1970 John Wayne Western, Chisum.
Fighting Kentuckian, The - (Re-issue Trailer) John Wayne and a Laurel-less Oliver Hardy battle landgrabbers in the American Frontier in The Fighting Kentuckian (1950).
El Dorado -- (Original Trailer) John Wayne and Robert Mitchum take on a corrupt cattle baron in Howard Hawks' El Dorado (1967).
Big Stampede, The - (Original Trailer) John Wayne and his horse Duke are sent by the Governor to stop rustlers in The Big Stampede (1932).
Big Jim McLain - (Original Trailer) An investigator (John Wayne) for the House Un-American Activities Committee takes on Communists in Hawaii in Big Jim McLain (1952).
Sea Chase, The - (Original Trailer) A German freighter captain (John Wayne) tries to elude the British in the early days of World War II in The Sea Chase (1955).
Greatest Story Ever Told, The - (Original Trailer) The Greatest Story Ever Told (1965) is an epic re-telling of the life of Christ, directed by George Stevens and starring Max Von Sydow, Dorothy McGuire, Claude Rains and many more
Trouble Along the Way - (Original Trailer) A famous football coach (John Wayne) uses underhanded means to turn a bankrupt college's team into winners in Trouble Along the Way (1953).
Searchers, The - (Original Trailer) An Indian-hating Civil War veteran tracks down the tribe that slaughtered his family and kidnapped his niece in director John Ford's masterpiece, The Searchers, starring John Wayne, Jeffrey Hunter and Natalie Wood.
Cahill, United States Marshal - (Original Trailer) John Wayne stars as a tough lawman who has to bring in his own sons for train robbery in Cahill, U.S. Marshall (1973).

Family

Clyde Morrison
Father
Pharmacist.
Mary Brown
Mother
Robert Morrison
Brother
Producer.
Michael Wayne
Son
Producer. Born on November 23, 1934; owned production company; produced father's last films; died on April 2, 2003 of heart failure and complications from lupus.
Mary Antonia Morrison
Daughter
Born on February 25, 1936.
Patrick Wayne
Son
Actor. Born on July 15, 1939.
Melinda Ann Morrison
Daughter
Born on December 3, 1940.
Aissa Wayne
Daughter
Born on March 31, 1956; mother Pilar Palette.
Ethan Wayne
Son
Actor. Born on February 22, 1962; mother, Pilar Palette; appeared on the CBS soap "The Bold and the Beautiful".
Marisa C Wayne
Daughter
Born on February 22, 1966; mother, Pilar Palette.

Companions

Josephine Saenz
Wife
Married in 1932; divorced in 1944; daughter of Panamanian diplomat.
Esperanza Bauer
Wife
Actor. Married in 1946; divorced in 1953.
Pilar Palette
Wife
Actor. Married in 1954; daughter of a Peruvian senator; after five years of marriage, the stresses of motherhood and Hollywood social life drove her to attempted suicide; lived apart amicably 1973-79.
Pat Stacey
Companion
Secretary. Longtime assistant/mistress of Wayne's; wrote book, "Duke: A Love Story"; died 1995 of lung cancer.

Bibliography

"John Wayne: The Politics of Celebrity"
Gary Wills, Faber and Faber (1997)
"John Wayne: American"
Randy Roberts and James S. Olson, Free Press (1995)
"John Wayne, My Father"
Alissa Wayne, Random House (1992)
"John Wayne: Actor, Artist, Hero"
Richard D. McGhee, McFarland (1990)
"Duke"
Mike Tomkin (1971)
"John Wayne: A Novel"
Dan Barden

Notes

Received the Congressional Medal created in his honor.