Walt Disney


Executive, Producer
Walt Disney

About

Also Known As
Walter Elias Disney
Birth Place
Chicago, Illinois, USA
Born
December 05, 1901
Died
December 15, 1966
Cause of Death
Cancer

Biography

Having created some of the world's most popular and enduring cartoon characters, animator and entrepreneur Walt Disney was a self-made man who became the biggest, most influential figure in filmed entertainment during the 20th century and beyond. Starting with a little mouse named Mickey, Disney forged a giant multi-billion dollar empire that included numerous animated film classics, tel...

Family & Companions

Lillian Bounds
Wife
Assistant animator, actor. Married from July 13, 1925 until Disney's death; married to John Truyens in 1969 until his death in 1981; died at age 98 on December 16, 1997; wisely suggested Walt change the name of his grinning rodent from Mortimer to Mickey.

Bibliography

"Walt Disney and Europe"
Robin Allan, John Libbey & Company (2000)
"The Magic Kingdom: Walt Disney and the American Way of Life"
Steven Watts, Houghton Mifflin (1998)
"The Encyclopedia of Walt Disney's Anmiated Characters"
John Grant (1998)
"The Disney That Never Was: The Stories and Art From Five Decades of Unproduced Animation"
Charles Solomon (1995)

Notes

Disney was nominated for over 60 Academy Awards and picked up 23 statues. In 1953 alone, he swept the categories of Best Documentary (Short), Best Documentary (Feature), Best Short Subjects (Two-reel) and Best Short Subjects (Cartoons), to date, the only person to receive four statues in a single evening.

Received the French Legion of Honor in 1936

Biography

Having created some of the world's most popular and enduring cartoon characters, animator and entrepreneur Walt Disney was a self-made man who became the biggest, most influential figure in filmed entertainment during the 20th century and beyond. Starting with a little mouse named Mickey, Disney forged a giant multi-billion dollar empire that included numerous animated film classics, television shows and theme parks the world over. Starting with the animated short, "Steamboat Willie" (1928), which he created with the help of animator Ub Iwerks, Disney brought to life the world's most recognized and popular cartoon character, Mickey Mouse. After a series of successful shorts starring Mickey and his pals Minnie, Pluto, Donald and Goofy, he boldly ventured into animated features with "Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs" (1937), setting in motion a Golden Age in animation that included numerous classics like "Pinocchio" (1940), "Dumbo" (1941) and "Bambi" (1942). An innovator who eagerly pushed the boundaries of available technology, Disney was a true pioneer with hand-drawn animation and set the standard that all others followed for decades to come. Following World War II, which saw him contribute more to the war effort than his own ambitions, Disney branched out in numerous directions and cemented his rapidly expanding empire. He ventured into live-action movies with "Treasure Island" (1950), "Old Yeller" (1957), and "Mary Poppins" (1964), while taking strides on television with "Walt Disney Presents" (1954-2008) and "The Mickey Mouse Club" (ABC, 1955-59). But his greatest achievement was the Disneyland theme park, which opened in Anaheim, CA in 1955 and played host to countless millions looking to plunge themselves into childlike fantasy for the day. Though he never lived to see the expansion of his theme park dreams with Florida's Walt Disney World and EPCOT Center, Disney remained an iconic figure whose profound influence on American culture was permanently entrenched well into the 21st century.

Born on Dec. 5, 1901 in Chicago, IL, Disney was raised by his father, Elias, a former itinerant gold seeker who settled down to become a part-time preacher, carpenter and small-time building contractor, and his mother, Flora, a schoolteacher. When he was four years old, Disney moved with his family to Marceline, MO. It was there that he first began developing a love for drawing and even sold his first pictures to a retired doctor who asked him to draw his horse. In 1911, the family was on the move again; this time settling in Kansas City, where Disney first came into contact with vaudeville and the burgeoning world of motion pictures. While in Kansas City, he took his first steps toward becoming an animator by taking a class at the Kansas City Art Institute before his father moved the family back to Chicago. While enrolled at McKinley High School, where he was the cartoonist for the school paper, Disney began taking night classes at the Chicago Art Institute, but dropped out of high school at 16 years olds in order to join the U.S. Army. Rejected for being underage, Disney instead joined the Red Cross and was sent to France to drive an ambulance during World War I.

In 1919, Disney left Chicago and returned to Kansas City, hoping to begin an artistic career. After failing to find work as a newspaper artist, he landed temporary employment with the Pesmen-Rubin Art Studio, where he met a cartoonist by the name of Ub Iwerks, with whom Disney formed a life-long friendship and business partnership. Disney soon found himself out of work again and briefly formed his own company with Iwerks called Iwerks-Disney Commercial Artists. But the business fared poorly and forced both to find jobs once again. Disney began making commercials using cutout animation for the Kansas City Film Ad Company, which allowed him to use their camera equipment to make his own animated experiments at home. Those experiments led to the creation of the Kansas City-based Laugh-O-Gram Films, which Disney formed with Iwerks. For a year and a half, the animation studio struggled to survive until it was finally forced to close shop following the commercial failure of the short film "Alice's Wonderland" (1923). With little money in his pocket, Disney moved to Hollywood with Iwerks and his brother, Roy, where he managed to scrape up financing and distribution for the "Alice Comedies" (1924-27), a series of animated shorts that continued the adventures of a live-action Alice (Virginia Davis/Margie Gay/Los Hardwick) and her animated cat, Julius, who were first introduced in the failed "Alice's Wonderland."

The mild success of the "Alice Comedies" allowed Disney to form the Disney Brothers Cartoon Studios in downtown Los Angeles, marking the beginnings of his corporate empire. When the "Alice" series ran its course in 1927, Disney collaborated with Iwerks to create "Oswald the Lucky Rabbit," a human-like rabbit with a knack for avoiding trouble. After the first animated cartoon, "Poor Papa" (1926), was rejected by Universal Studios due to poor production values, Disney revamped the character and returned with "Trolley Troubles" (1927), a much neater and more entertaining introduction to the character that helped launch his biggest success up to that point. Because of the popularity of the "Oswald" series, Disney - already displaying a strong head for business - wanted a larger production budget. But Universal instead demanded that he take a pay cut while claiming ownership of the character and signing away most of his animation staff. Only Iwerks, Les Clark and Wilfred Jackson remained loyal to Disney, who by this time had disassociated himself from the series. In desperate need of a replacement, Disney and Iwerks hunkered down to find the right character, only to find themselves disappointed with their results. It was when he found inspiration in a pet mouse he once had on the family farm that Disney and Iwerks created the company's iconic symbol and arguably the most popular animated character of all time.

In 1928, Disney introduced Mickey Mouse to the world, a mischievous black mouse who was first animated in the test film, "Plane Crazy" (1928), which also featured the creation of his longtime companion, Minnie Mouse. Unable to find a distributor for "Plane Crazy," he featured Mickey in "The Gallopin' Gaucho" (1928) in a limited release that failed to gain traction. But with "Steamboat Willie" (1928), Disney finally attained wide release for the troublesome mouse, who was seen as the pilot of a steamboat until arch-villain, Peg Leg Pete, throws him off the bridge. Mickey goes on to have adventures with an emaciated Clarabelle the Cow and Minnie Mouse, before being consigned by Pete to peeling potatoes as punishment for his misdeeds. Known for being one of the first animated shorts to feature synchronized sound and music, "Steamboat Willie" also marked the first time Disney voiced the character - a job he held until 1947. Initially named Mortimer, Disney's wife, Lillian, wisely urged him to change it to Mickey and a star was born. In fact, Mickey surged past Felix the Cat as the world's most popular cartoon character, with the animated feline fading rapidly into obscurity.

Because of the immediate success of "Steamboat Willie," Disney's creation was the star of numerous popular short films throughout the 1930s, which brought laughter and escapism to those suffering during the Great Depression. He also launched the "Silly Symphonies" in 1929, a series of 75 cartoon shorts that featured a wide variety of fairy tale characters while also introducing the world to Donald Duck, who made his first onscreen appearance in "The Wise Little Hen" (1934). Also appearing were popular Mickey Mouse characters like Minnie, Goofy and Pluto. Combining artistry and business acumen, Disney assembled a team of animators to bring to life his vision using the day's cutting-edge technology. When sound became the norm, Disney optimistically committed to making a talking cartoon with no idea how he could accomplish it, working out the details as the project progressed. The result was "The Karnival Kid" (1929), in which audiences first heard Mickey Mouse speak. With the advent of color, he cannily protected his investment by striking a three-year exclusivity deal with Technicolor and launched production on "Flowers and Trees" (1932), a "Silly Symphony" short set to the music of Mendelssohn, Schubert and Rossini. When the color paint used on the cells baked under the hot lights and flaked off, he instructed his technical department to devise a new formula for paint that would adhere to the celluloid sheets and offer greater flexibility.

Disney's development of the multiplane camera at a cost of $70,000 revolutionized the look of animation, enabling the camera to look through a series of animation "planes" - up to seven, each lit separately from the side - and create the depth and dimension of the landmark establishing shot of "The Old Mill" (1937), layer upon layer of landscape, from reeds and thistles in a pond and a spider bouncing on a web in the foreground to a procession of cows walking behind a windmill and clouds passing in the sky were all on display and gave the animation a stunning dimensional look. While his staff worked on the refinement of the studio's main stars, Disney used the "Silly Symphony" series as a proving ground to achieve greater sophistication in layout and backgrounds, as well as an opportunity to create new and sympathetic characters for each seven-minute short. The innovation of his cartoons, coupled with their popularity with moviegoers, began earning Disney more than just money. In 1932, he won an Honorary Academy Award for creating Mickey Mouse while "Flowers and Trees" picked up an Oscar for Best Short Subjects (Cartoons). From there, Disney went on to win Oscars for "The Three Little Pigs" (1933), "The Tortoise and the Hare" (1934), "Three Orphan Kittens" (1935) and "The Old Mill" (1937).

Disney's unyielding quest for perfectionism, embodied by an ever-increasing investment in his films, made the leap to features in order to hurdle the inherent money-making limitations of the shorts inevitable. When word broke that he was making his first full-length movie, the press labeled his efforts "Disney's Folly" and boldly declared that the venture would doom his studio. But as usual, Disney proved the naysayers wrong and scored both a commercial and artistic triumph with "Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs" (1937), the simple tale of a beautiful young maiden put to sleep by her evil stepmother, only to be revived by the love of her Prince Charming. Even true believers failed to imagine the movie's success, which initially took in over $8 million at the box office - a fortune by the day's standard. The film also introduced the world to more beloved characters, the Seven Dwarves, whom Disney himself personally introduced in the original theatrical trailer. Unbeknownst at the time, Disney had launched a Golden Age of animation, where he released many of his classic films. He also moved the newly named Walt Disney Studios to Burbank in 1939, where it would remain.

In 1940, Disney brought to life "Pinocchio," which told of an old wood carver, Geppetto, who carves a wooden marionette and wishes upon a star that it turns into a real boy, which prompts The Blue Fairy to appear and grant him his wish. Another instant classic, "Pinocchio" lived on as one of his most popular works, thanks to the fond memories generated by the song "When You Wish Upon a Star," as song by Jiminy Cricket. The song would become the de facto company theme song. Disney next moved on to "Fantasia" (1940), starring Mickey Mouse, a remarkably artful mixture of animation and classical music coupled with cutting edge Fantasound that he nonetheless called "an honest mistake" at the Academy Awards in 1942. Still, critics and audiences held the risky movie in high esteem throughout the years. To recoup the financial loses brought on by "Fantasia," which suffered internationally with the onset of World War II, Disney made his shortest animated feature, "Dumbo" (1941), which clocked in at a lean 64 minutes and told the tale of a big-eared elephant with the special gift of flight. Shortly after its release, the United States entered the war and subsequently contracted the studio to make training films for the military while sending Disney and several animators to South America by the U.S. State Department. In return, the federal government guaranteed loans to finance "Saludos Amigos" (1942).

In the meantime, Disney released what was later dubbed the crowning achievement of his studio, "Bambi" (1942), which suffered at the box office during its initial release because of the war and criticism from hunters that they were portrayed as being evil. But subsequent re-releases years later and distribution into other mediums more than made up for the financial loss, as the film went on to become an all-time Disney classic. Meanwhile, the self-made Disney felt the personal glow of success and naïvely thought his coworkers and employees would share the feeling. There was a bonus payment plan for what Disney deemed top-quality animation, but his exacting standards were too high for many to bear. Many people worked nights and weekends to meet tight deadlines, while grumbling that there was no overtime to compensate their bank accounts. Also, Disney's stubborn anti-union attitude and firing of union activists only exacerbated the growing animosity until some 500 picketers lined up outside the studio on May 28, 1941 and went on strike for five weeks. As a result, Disney lost some of his best talent and the atmosphere of the studio forever changed, affecting the work produced for years to come.

Both during and after the war, Disney released a number of so-called package films that mixed live-action and animation, including "The Three Caballeros" (1945), "Song of the South" (1946), featuring the latest technological developments of Ub Iwerks, and "The Adventures of Ichabod and Mr. Toad" (1949), all of which set the standard for the genre that lasted nearly 20 years. It would not be until the next decade before he produced a new classic animated feature, "Cinderella" (1950), which was still part of Disney's Golden Age, but presaged the less acclaimed films that were to come. Still, he had one of his biggest hits since "Snow White," which gave his studio a much-needed cash stream. He personally oversaw his next film, "Alice in Wonderland" (1951), a later classic that was nonetheless severely criticized by fans of Lew Carroll's literary creation. He took a critical drubbing with his next films, despite their later becoming classics in their own right. "Peter Pan" (1953), "Lady and the Tramp" (1955) and "Sleeping Beauty" (1956) were all praised for their visual innovations - by this point Disney's animators were making it look easy - but derided for their lack of story and character development. The first two were hits with audiences and made considerable sums at the box office, but "Sleeping Beauty," the most expensive Disney film made up to that point, failed to boost the studio's flagging profits that year, leading to a reported loss and layoffs in the animation department.

Though he did not venture into live-action feature-length movies until "Treasure Island" (1950), Disney had begun producing the "True Life Adventure" series in 1945, which earned five consecutive Academy Awards (1950-55) in the Best Short Subjects category. Seeing the potential in television before any of the other studios, he initially ventured into the new medium with specials to promote his upcoming features before taking the plunge in 1954 as host of the "Disneyland" (ABC) series, where its popular "Davy Crockett" episodes exhibited the medium's ability to influence the market, as coonskin cap mania swept the country. The following year, he changed the show's title to "Walt Disney Presents" and served as host until his death in 1966, while the series lasted until 1983. Meanwhile, he made further ventures into live action with "20,000 Leagues Under the Sea" (1954) and the incredibly poignant "Old Yeller" (1957). With the success of another popular television series, "The Mickey Mouse Club" (ABC, 1955-59), which featured the plucky Mouseketeer Annette Funicello, Disney took a huge step in cementing his empire by building the Disneyland theme park, a dream he forged in the late-1940s. Staged in nearby Anaheim and opened in 1955, the so-called Happiest Place on Earth featured only 20 attractions, but drew large crowds that included many notable celebrities.

Despite the numerous excursions into other areas, Disney stayed with its bread-and butter and continued making animated feature like "One Hundred and One Dalmatians" (1961) and "The Sword and the Stone" (1964). He also trudged ahead with popular and often iconic live-action movies, such as "Swiss Family Robinson" (1960), "The Parent Trap" (1961) and "Mary Poppins" (1964), a state-of-the-art blending of live-action and animation in which Julie Andrews became the first player in a Disney film to win an Academy Award and became one of Disney's greatest successes. By this time, the Disney empire had reached new heights and became the standard bearer of family-themed entertainment. Meanwhile, the man himself concentrated on expanding Disneyland and began designing the even grander Walt Disney World in Florida in 1964, with grounds that were 180 times greater than his California theme park, making it the largest private construction project undertaken to that time. He also had visions of what he called the Experimental Prototype City of Tomorrow, or EPCOT, neither of which he was able to see through to completion. In 1966, Disney underwent surgery for an old neck injury that led to the discovery of a malignant tumor in his lung. After his lung was removed, Disney died on Dec. 15, 1966 from acute circulatory collapse brought about by lung cancer. He was 65. Urban legend told that the last thing he wrote shortly before he died was the name Kurt Russell, a child actor who at the time had just been signed by the studio. Much later, Russell confirmed the rumors while on a late night talk show.

Disney studios soon released the last films their patriarch had an active role in: the animated features "The Jungle Book" (1967) and "Winnie the Pooh and the Blustery Day" (1967), as well as the live action musical "The Happiest Millionaire" (1967). Meanwhile, Disney's look-a-like brother, Roy, stepped out of retirement to head the family empire and personally oversaw the construction of Walt Disney World in 1971. Over the ensuing years, Disney enterprise greatly expanded into a multi-billion dollar corporate conglomerate that seemed to permeate every facet of American culture while being ever-present throughout one's childhood. Of course, the animated films continued to roll off the animation assembly line to varying degrees of success. After flagging in the 1970s and 1980s with "Robin Hood" (1973), "The Fox and the Hound" (1981) and "The Black Cauldron" (1985), Disney-style animation saw a huge resurgence with blockbuster hits like "The Little Mermaid" (1989), "Beauty and the Beast" (1991), "Aladdin" (1992) and "The Lion King" (1995). In the age of computer animation, Disney stubbornly held fast to hand-drawn characters until finally giving into digital technology with their last traditional animated feature, "Home on the Range" (2004). The practice did make a comeback, however, with the critical and financial hit "The Princess and the Frog" (2009). For all that he represented, both good and ill, there was no doubt that Disney had a profound impact on both culture and American enterprise, setting precedents in numerous areas. Through it all, Disney tried to retain perspective by routinely saying, "I hope we never lose sight of one thing.it all began with a mouse."

Filmography

 

Director (Feature Film)

Cleanliness Brings Health (1945)
Director
The Jazz Fool (1929)
Director
The Cat's Away (1929)
Director
The Skeleton Dance (1929)
Director
Jungle Rhythm (1929)
Director
The Barnyard Battle (1929)
Director
The Plow Boy (1929)
Director
El Terrible Toreador (1929)
Director
The Barn Dance (1929)
Director
Mickey's Choo-Choo (1929)
Director
The Karnival Kid (1929)
Director
Plane Crazy (1928)
Director
The Gallopin' Gaucho (1928)
Director
Steamboat Willie (1928)
Director
Alice's Day at Sea (1924)
Director
Alice's Spooky Adventure (1924)
Director

Cast (Feature Film)

Mary Pickford: The Muse of the Movies (2008)
Himself
Hollywood On Trial (1976)
Himself
Fun and Fancy Free (1947)
Voice of Mickey Mouse
The Reluctant Dragon (1941)
Himself

Cinematography (Feature Film)

Saludos Amigos (1943)
16mm loc Photographer

Writer (Feature Film)

Pirates of the Caribbean: On Stranger Tides (2011)
Source Material
Steamboat Willie (1928)
Screenwriter

Producer (Feature Film)

Never a Dull Moment (1968)
Presented By
Blackbeard's Ghost (1968)
Presented By
The One and Only, Genuine, Original Family Band (1968)
Presented By
The Adventures of Bullwhip Griffin (1967)
Presented By
The Gnome-Mobile (1967)
Presented By
The Jungle Book (1967)
Presented By
Monkeys, Go Home! (1967)
Presented By
The Legend of the Boy and the Eagle (1967)
Presented By
Charlie, the Lonesome Cougar (1967)
Presented By
The Ugly Dachshund (1966)
Producer
Run, Appaloosa, Run (1966)
Presented By
Follow Me, Boys! (1966)
Producer
Follow Me, Boys! (1966)
Presented By
The Fighting Prince of Donegal (1966)
Presented By
The Fighting Prince of Donegal (1966)
Producer
That Darn Cat (1965)
Presented By
Those Calloways (1965)
Presented By
The Monkey's Uncle (1965)
Producer
The Misadventures of Merlin Jones (1964)
Presented By
The Moon-Spinners (1964)
Presented By
Emil and the Detectives (1964)
Presented By
The Tattooed Police Horse (1964)
Presented By
Mary Poppins (1964)
Presented By
A Tiger Walks (1964)
Presented By
Mary Poppins (1964)
Producer
Yellowstone Cubs (1963)
Presented By
Savage Sam (1963)
Presented By
Miracle of the White Stallions (1963)
Presented By
Summer Magic (1963)
Presented By
The Sword in the Stone (1963)
Presented By
The Incredible Journey (1963)
Presented By
Son of Flubber (1963)
Presented By
The Three Lives of Thomasina (1963)
Producer
The Three Lives of Thomasina (1963)
Presented By
Summer Magic (1963)
Producer
Savage Sam (1963)
Producer
The Legend of Lobo (1962)
Presented By
Big Red (1962)
Presented By
In Search of the Castaways (1962)
Presented By
Moon Pilot (1962)
Presented By
Bon Voyage! (1962)
Presented By
Big Red (1962)
Producer
In Search of the Castaways (1962)
Producer
Babes in Toyland (1961)
Producer
The Parent Trap (1961)
Presented By
Greyfriars Bobby (1961)
Presented By
Nikki, Wild Dog of the North (1961)
Presented By
One Hundred and One Dalmatians (1961)
Presented By
Greyfriars Bobby (1961)
Producer
101 Dalmatians (1961)
Producer
The Hound That Thought He Was a Raccoon (1960)
Presented By
The Horse with the Flying Tail (1960)
Presented By
Ten Who Dared (1960)
Presented By
Pollyanna (1960)
Presented By
Jungle Cat (1960)
Presented By
Toby Tyler (1960)
Presented By
Kidnapped (1960)
Presented By
Swiss Family Robinson (1960)
Presented By
Goliath II (1960)
Producer
The Shaggy Dog (1959)
Presented By
Sleeping Beauty (1959)
Presented By
Third Man on the Mountain (1959)
Presented By
Darby O'Gill and the Little People (1959)
Presented By
Old Yeller (1958)
Presented By
White Wilderness (1958)
Presented By
The Light in the Forest (1958)
Presented By
Tonka (1958)
Presented By
The Sign of Zorro (1958)
Producer
Johnny Tremain (1957)
Presented By
Perri (1957)
Presented By
Westward Ho the Wagons! (1956)
Presented By
Secrets of Life (1956)
Presented By
The Great Locomotive Chase (1956)
Presented By
Disneyland, U.S.A. (1956)
Presented By
Davy Crockett and the River Pirates (1956)
Producer
Lady and the Tramp (1955)
Presented By
The African Lion (1955)
Presented By
The Littlest Outlaw (1955)
Presented By
Davy Crockett, King of the Wild Frontier (1955)
Executive Producer
20,000 Leagues Under the Sea (1954)
Presented By
The Vanishing Prairie (1954)
Presented By
Rob Roy: The Highland Rogue (1954)
Presented By
Stormy, the Thoroughbred with an Inferiority Complex (1954)
Presented By
The Sword and the Rose (1953)
Presented By
Peter Pan (1953)
Presented By
The Living Desert (1953)
Presented By
Bear Country (1953)
Producer
The Story of Robin Hood and His Merrie Men (1952)
Presented By
Alice in Wonderland (1951)
Presented By
Treasure Island (1950)
Presented By
Cinderella (1950)
Presented By
The Adventures of Ichabod and Mr. Toad (1949)
Presented By
So Dear to My Heart (1949)
Presented By
Ichabod and Mr. Toad (1949)
Producer
Melody Time (1948)
Presented By
Fun and Fancy Free (1947)
Presented By
Song of the South (1946)
Presented By
Make Mine Music (1946)
Presented By
The Three Caballeros (1945)
Presented By
Victory Through Air Power (1943)
Presented By
Saludos Amigos (1943)
Presented By
Fantasia (1942)
Producer
Bambi (1942)
Presented By
Dumbo (1941)
Presented By
The Reluctant Dragon (1941)
Presented By
Pinocchio (1940)
Presented By
Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs (1937)
Producer
The Tortoise and the Hare (1935)
Producer

Animation (Feature Film)

Secret Beyond the Door (1948)
Animation
Michael O'Halloran (1937)
Cartoon seq courtesy of
Servants' Entrance (1934)
Cartoon by

Film Production - Main (Feature Film)

Forty Pounds of Trouble (1963)
Coöp

Production Companies (Feature Film)

Smith! (1969)
Company
The Happiest Millionaire (1967)
Company
The Jungle Book (1967)
Company
Charlie, the Lonesome Cougar (1967)
Company
Lt. Robin Crusoe, U. S. N. (1966)
Company
Those Calloways (1965)
Company
A Tiger Walks (1964)
Company
The Misadventures of Merlin Jones (1964)
Company
The Moon-Spinners (1964)
Company
Miracle of the White Stallions (1963)
Company
Yellowstone Cubs (1963)
Company
The Incredible Journey (1963)
Company
Son of Flubber (1963)
Company
The Sword in the Stone (1963)
Company
Moon Pilot (1962)
Company
Almost Angels (1962)
Company
Bon Voyage! (1962)
Company
In Search of the Castaways (1962)
Company
The Legend of Lobo (1962)
Company
Nikki, Wild Dog of the North (1961)
Company
One Hundred and One Dalmatians (1961)
Company
The Parent Trap (1961)
Company
The Absent-Minded Professor (1961)
Company
The Light in the Forest (1958)
Company
Pinocchio (1940)
Company

Misc. Crew (Feature Film)

Mary Pickford: The Muse of the Movies (2008)
Other
The Outsiders (1983)
Other
Hollywood On Trial (1976)
Other
The Best of Walt Disney's True-Life Adventures (1975)
Other

Cast (Special)

One Hour in Wonderland (1950)
Host

Producer (Special)

Daniel Boone (1960)
Executive Producer

Misc. Crew (Special)

Walt: The Man Behind the Myth (2001)
Archival Footage

Director (Short)

Alice's Mysterious Mystery (1926)
Director
Jack the Giant Killer (1922)
Director

Cast (Short)

Tugboat Mickey (1940)
Voice
The Whalers (1938)
Voice
Hawaiian Holiday (1937)
Clock Cleaners (1937)
Mickey Mouse
Lonesome Ghosts (1937)
Voice
Thru the Mirror (1936)
Mickey Mouse
Los Angeles "Wonder City of the West" (1935)
Himself
On Ice (1935)
Voice

Writer (Short)

Jack the Giant Killer (1922)
Writer

Producer (Short)

Another Chance (1945)
Producer
The Ugly Duckling (1939)
Producer
The Ugly Duckling (1931)
Producer

Life Events

1918

With Red Cross Ambulance Corps in France just after Armistice

1919

Hired as commercial artist in Kansas; met Ub Iwerks

1920

Joined Kansas City Film Ad Company, making cartoon commericals for local businesses

1922

Incorporated first studio, Laugh-O-Gram Films; subsequently went bankrupt

1923

Moved to Hollywood; the Disney Brothers Studio founded when Walt contracted with M J Winkler to deliver a series of six shorts titled "The Alice Comedies", combining live-action with animation; had made first "Alice" short while still in Kansas City; creditors allowed him to keep one copy of the film to use as a sample when he moved to California; three-and-a-half years later at series end, the once wanna-be filmmaker had his own studio and staff

1924

Invited Ub Iwerks to join him in California

1927

Introduced a new series, "Oswald the Lucky Rabbit"; distributor Charles Mintz assume control of the character

1928

Introduced animated mouse in short "Plane Crazy"

1928

Made first synchronized sound cartoon, "Steamboat Willie"; introduced Minnie and Mickey Mouse; provided the voice for Mickey until his death

1929

The Disney Brothers partnership replaced by four companies: Walt Disney Prods. Ltd.; Walt Disney Enterprises; Liled Realty and Investment Company; and the Disney Film Recording Company

1930

Ub Iwerks suddenly departed the company

1930

Brother Roy signed first contract for licensing, granting the George Borgfeldt Company of New York the right to manufacture and sell "figures and toys of various materials, embodying design of comic mice known as Mickey and Minnie Mouse . . .; Disney received 2.5 percent royalty on items selling for 50 cents or less, 5 percent for more expensive products

1930

Pluto made his cartoon debut in "The Chain Gang"

1932

Received honorary Oscar for the creation of Mickey Mouse

1932

Goofy introduced in the cartoon short "Mickey's Revue"

1932

Made first full-Technicolor film, "Flowers and Trees", from the "Silly Symphony" series; first cartoon to win an Oscar

1932

Hired Don Graham from Los Angeles' Chouinard Art School to conduct night classes for his animators; eventually hired him full-time

1933

First Mickey Mouse watch sold by Ingersoll

1933

First globally successful story, "The Three Little Pigs" (from "Silly Symphony" series)

1934

Donald Duck made initial appearance in "The Wise Little Hen" (from "Silly Symphony" series)

1934

Production begun on first full-length animated feature, "Snow White"

1937

"The Old Mill" short introduced the use of Disney's $70,000 multiplane camera, facilitating panning shots, creating greater depth of image and enabling more elaborate effects to be incorporated

1937

Release of first US full-length animated film, "Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs"; production costs exceeded $1.5 million

1938

Walt Disney Prods. absorbed the three other Disney corporations created in 1929

1938

Purchased 51 acres of land for what eventually became Buena Vista Studios

1940

Iwerks returns to work for Disney

1940

An outgrowth of the "Silly Symphony" series. the feature-length "Fantasia" combined classical melodies with top-of-the-line animation and received a special certificate at the 1941 Academy Awards for its revolutionary Fantasound (early stereo)

1940

Ub Iwerks returned to Disney

1940

"Pinocchio" won two Oscars, one for score and one for song ("When You Wish Upon a Star")

1941

On May 28, 1941, approximately 500 employees picketed the studio; the Disney strike seriously changed the atmosphere of the studio and affected the work produced there in years to come

1941

Special treat of "Dumbo", the "Pink Elephants on Parade" surrealistic sequence, depicting Dumbo's psychedelic visions after swallowing a basinful of champagne

1942

Released "Bambi", pushing the envelope (for him) by killing off Bambi's mother; five years in development, it was last feature to emerge unscathed by the problems of the strike or the war

1942

Made films for US Armed Forces

1945

"The Three Cabelleros", for the first time since the "Alice" series, extensively combined live-action and animation

1945

Produced "True Life Adventure" series, Disney's first live-action films

1946

Iwerks' further developments in the marriage of live-action and animation for "Song of the South" would not be topped for nearly 20 years

1950

First new feature cartoon in the "classic" tradition, "Cinderella"

1950

First live-action feature, "Treasure Island"

1950

Ventured into TV with Christmas night variety special, "One Hour in Wonderland" (NBC), promoting Disney's animated feature "Alice in Wonderland"

1951

Established Disneyland, Inc., a company with the mandate to create a theme park in Southern California

1952

Founded Walter Elias Disney (WED) Enterprises

1953

Roy O Disney formed Buena Vista Distribution Company

1955

Phased out his short-subjects unit, laying off some employees and reassigning others to work on the "Disneyland" TV series; continued to produce extra-length shorts on an unpredictable schedule through the early 1960s

1955

"The Mickey Mouse Club" debuted on TV

1955

Disneyland Amusement Park opened in Anaheim, California

1955

First animated feature filmed in Cinemascope, "Lady and the Tramp"

1959

Most lavish and expensive ($6 million) animated feature to that date, "Sleeping Beauty"; second and last feature in wide-screen format

1961

First feature to solely use Xerox processs for transferring animator's drawings to cels, "One Hundred and One Dalmatians"

1961

Formed California Institute of the Arts (CalArts) through merger of Los Angeles Conservatory of Music and Chouinard Art Institute

1963

Released animation epic, "The Sword and the Stone", based on T. H. White's version of the Arthurian legend

1964

Robert Stevenson's "Mary Poppins" offered a then state-of-the-art blending of live-action and animation on its way to 13 Academy Award nominations; film won five statues, including Best Actress for Julie Andrews, the first Disney player to win an Oscar

1967

"The Jungle Book", the last animated feature supervised by Disney, released

1968

Last credit as producer, "Blackbeard's Ghost", directed by Stevenson

1970

First feature-length animated film completed without Walt Disney, "The Aristocats"

1971

Walt Disney World (Orlando. Florida) opened in October; it was the largest private building project in the world up to that time; Disney had initiated project, supervising every aspect in its development prior to his death; brother Roy took over, dedicating it in his brother's name two months before his death in December

Photo Collections

The Shaggy Dog - Pressbook
Here is the original campaign book (pressbook) for Disney's The Shaggy Dog (1959). Pressbooks were sent to exhibitors and theater owners to aid them in publicizing the film's run in their theater.

Videos

Movie Clip

20,000 Leagues Under The Sea (1954) - Whale Of A Tale Kirk Douglas (as harpoon expert Ned Land) offers a jaunty rendition of "Whale of a Tale" by Al Hoffman and Norm Gimbel, immediately followed by an emergency at sea, in Disney's 20,000 Leagues Under The Sea, 1954.
North Avenue Irregulars, The (1979) - He's Not Taking Threats Rev. Hill (Edward Herrmann), baffled by rampant gambling at his church, takes to the air with an ad-libbed crusade, alarming his secretary (Susan Clark), also Patsy Kelly and Douglas Fowley, bookie Harry (Alan Hale Jr.), gangster Roca (Frank Campanella) and parishoners Barbara Harris and Cloris Leachman, in the Walt Disney crime-comedy The North Avenue Irregulars, 1979.
North Avenue Irregulars, The (1979) - God, Are You Home? Opening with Edward Herrmann in a relatively rare lead role, as Presbyterian Rev. Hill, with his kids (Bobby Rolofson, Melora Hardin) arriving at his new church, where the gang of ladies for whom the picture is named are having a crisis, Karen Valentine, Patsy Kelly, Cloris Leachman, Virginia Capers, Barbara Harris and Susan Clark at the fore, in Disney’s The North Avenue Irregulars, 1979.
Never A Dull Moment (1968) - Stop That Bleeding Escorted by Tony Bill as henchman Florian, who’s mistaken him for west coast hit man Ace, actor Jack (Dick Van Dyke) has found it safer to play along, as he’s introduced to art-loving mobster Joe (Edward G. Robinson, himself a noted art connoisseur) and his painting instructor Sally (Dorothy Provine), in the Disney comedy Never A Dull Moment, 1968.
Never A Dull Moment (1968) - Open, We've Got You Surrounded! Opening gag has Walt Disney regular Dick Van Dyke using deadly force, for reasons quickly explained, with Anthony Caruso and Jackie Russell briefly featured, Jerry Paris directing, in Never A Dull Moment, 1968, also starring Edward G. Robinson and Dorothy Provine.
Never A Dull Moment (1968) - You're Very High Strung Bit part actor Jack (Dick Van Dyke), whom gangster Joe (Edward G. Robinson) has mistaken for a hit-man named Ace, is forced to improvise when he turns up on TV, as he meets the mob, Joanna Moore as Melanie, with Ned Glass, Richard Bakalyan, Slim Pickens, Philip Coolidge and Henry Silva (as Rimsy, Bobby, Cowboy, Fingers and Frank), in the Walt Disney comedy Never A Dull Moment 1968.
Charlie, The Lonesome Cougar (1967) - He Didn't Know He Was A Cougar Following a goofy original title song about a teenage cougar, with animation, the proper opening of the Walt Disney live action feature, we meet Ron Brown as logger Jess, Disney stalwarts Winston Hibler directing and Rex Allen narrating, and the youngest performing cat, in Charlie, The Lonesome Cougar, 1967.
Charlie, The Lonesome Cougar (1967) - A Friendly Frolic Having been adopted by a logger, abandoned cougar cub Charlie gets a big assist from narrator Rex Allen, writer Jack Speirs and director Winston Hibler, explaining his reasoning for an extended play sequence with a bear cub, in the Walt Disney live action feature Charlie, The Lonesome Cougar, 1967.
Charlie, The Lonesome Cougar (1967) - His One Log Catamaran The title character, now a little larger, with pal Jess (Ron Brown) encounters his enemy, the terrier Chainsaw, their chase introducing their participation in one of the last river log drives ever completed in the U.S.A., along the North Fork of the Clearwater River in Idaho, in Walt Disney’s Charlie, The Lonesome Cougar, 1967.
Bears And I, The (1974) - Open, Sweet Surrender Patrick Wayne, second son of John and his first wife Josephine Saenz, in one of his few starring roles, strides through the Cascades in British Columbia, directed by Bernard McEveety, with a licensed John Denver song that reached #13 that year, amid his streak of #1 hits, opening Walt Disney’s The Bears And I, 1974.
Bears And I, The (1974) - This Was His Home Country Patrick Wayne’s opening narration as U.S. Army veteran Bob Leslie (a real person, the original author), hiking through the Cascades in British Columbia, and meeting friends and family of his late comrade, including Valentin de Vargas, Michael Ansara and Chief Dan George as Chief Peter, in Walt Disney’s The Bears And I, 1974.
Bears And I, The (1974) - A Cardinal Rule For Bear Country Now on his own in the Cascades, inspecting his rented cabin, Vietnam veteran Bob (Patrick Wayne, John’s son) narrates his first encounter with the title characters, in the Walt Disney live action feature The Bears And I, 1974.

Family

Elias Disney
Father
Farmer, carpenter. Reportedly was an itinerant ne'er-do-well.
Flora Disney
Mother
Schoolteacher.
Roy O Disney
Brother
Businessman. Born on June 24, 1893; Walt Disney's long-standing business associate; dedicated Walt Disney World in October 1971 and died two months later (December 20) at age 78; his son, Roy E Disney, as vice-chairman and head of animation has headed the studio (along with chairman of the board Michael Eisner) since 1984.
Ruth Disney
Sister
Born in 1903.
Diane Marie Disney Miller
Daughter
Married to Ron Miller, former Disney chairman of the board.
Sharon Mae Disney
Daughter
Adopted; died of cancer in February 1993.
Tim Disney
Grandson
Executive producer.

Companions

Lillian Bounds
Wife
Assistant animator, actor. Married from July 13, 1925 until Disney's death; married to John Truyens in 1969 until his death in 1981; died at age 98 on December 16, 1997; wisely suggested Walt change the name of his grinning rodent from Mortimer to Mickey.

Bibliography

"Walt Disney and Europe"
Robin Allan, John Libbey & Company (2000)
"The Magic Kingdom: Walt Disney and the American Way of Life"
Steven Watts, Houghton Mifflin (1998)
"The Encyclopedia of Walt Disney's Anmiated Characters"
John Grant (1998)
"The Disney That Never Was: The Stories and Art From Five Decades of Unproduced Animation"
Charles Solomon (1995)
"Walt Disney: Hollywood's Dark Prince: A Biography"
Marc Eliot (1993)
"Walt Disney: A Biography"
Barbara Ford (1989)
"Walt: Backstage Adventures With Walt Disney"
Charles Shows (1980)
"Walt Disney"
Greta Walker, G.P. Putnam's Sons (1977)
"The Disney Films"
Leonard Maltin, Crown (1973)
"Walt Disney: The Master of Animation"
Gerlad Kurtland, SamHar Press (1971)
"Walt Disney: Master of Make Believe"
Elizabeth Rider Montgomery (1971)
"The Disney Version: The Life, Times, Art and Commerce of Walt Disney"
Richard Schickel, Simon & Schuster (1968)
"Walt Disney: Magician of the Movies"
Bob Thomas (1966)
"The Story of Walt Disney"
Diane Disney Miller; edited by Peter Martin, Holt (1957)
"The Art of Walt Disney"
Robert D Feild, Macmillan (1942)
"The Art of Walt Disney: From Mickey Mouse to the Magic Kingdom"
Christopher Finch, Harry N. Abrams Inc.

Notes

Disney was nominated for over 60 Academy Awards and picked up 23 statues. In 1953 alone, he swept the categories of Best Documentary (Short), Best Documentary (Feature), Best Short Subjects (Two-reel) and Best Short Subjects (Cartoons), to date, the only person to receive four statues in a single evening.

Received the French Legion of Honor in 1936

His honorary degrees included an MS from USC in 1938, an MA from Yale in 1938 and an MS from Harvard in 1939.

Inducted into the Televsion Academy Hall of Fame posthumously in 1986

"The span of twelve years between 'Steamboat Willie', the first Mickey with sound, and 'Fantasia' is the bridge between primitive and modern animated pictures. No genius built this bridge. It was built by hard work and enthusiasm, integrity of purpose, a devotion to our medium, confidence in its future, and, above all, by steady day-by-day growth in which we all simply studied our trade." --Walt Disney, quoted in "Of Mice and Magic: A History of American Animated Cartoons" by Leonard Maltin (Plume: 1987; revised edition)

When asked what he considered his most important accomplishment, Disney replied: "The whole damn thing. The fact that I was able to build an organization, and point it at certain goals and hold it together." --From June 26, 1998 Variety commemorating Disney's 75th anniversary

"Every practising professional working in animation is deeply in the debt of the Disney Studio whether he knows it or not, or will admit it or not. Even those who rebel against the Disney style and content and approach owe Disney an enormous amount. While Walt Disney did not invent the medium he may as well have because from 1925 to 1940 his studio turned a crude bunch of squiggles without sound, of short length, into a highly sophisticated, illustrative, beautifully timed and developed, feature-length, highly successful and unique medium. This fifteen year period in which Disney added colour and sound, developed the feeling of weight and injected real personality into a flurry of drawings, was for all of us what is now known as 'The Golden Age of Animation'." --Richard Williams, quoted in Film Dope, Number 12