Norman Lloyd


Actor

About

Birth Place
Jersey City, New Jersey, USA
Born
November 08, 1914

Biography

One of the most respected figures in entertainment history, actor-producer-director Norman Lloyd's résumé read like a roll call of 20th century icons. Among his collaborative partners and directors were Charlie Chaplin, Alfred Hitchcock, Orson Welles, Jean Renoir, Lewis Milestone and John Houseman; each of whom employed his crisp, professional screen and stage presence in such efforts as...

Family & Companions

Peggy Lloyd
Wife
Actor. Married on June 29, 1936.

Notes

Not to be confused with cinematographer Norman Lloyd

About his last near-collaboration with Alfred Hitchcock: "At the end of his life, he had a property called 'Short Night' and tried several runs at the book to get a screenplay that he was satisfied with out of it. I worked with him during that period, but it never came to anything. He was in his 80s and physically suffering from terrible arthritis and a bad heart, so he wasn't going to push it. One day he said to me while we were working: 'Norm, we're not going to make this picture.' I said, 'Why do you say you're not going to make it?' He said, 'Because it's not necessary.' I think that is such a great line. After making 52 pictures, you can say that." --Norman Lloyd to the LOS ANGELES TIMES, June 12, 1997

Biography

One of the most respected figures in entertainment history, actor-producer-director Norman Lloyd's résumé read like a roll call of 20th century icons. Among his collaborative partners and directors were Charlie Chaplin, Alfred Hitchcock, Orson Welles, Jean Renoir, Lewis Milestone and John Houseman; each of whom employed his crisp, professional screen and stage presence in such efforts as "Saboteur" (1942), "Spellbound" (1945), "A Walk in the Sun" (1945) and "Limelight" (1952). The Communist witch hunt of the 1950s briefly hampered Lloyd's career, but Hitchcock brought him back into the limelight as the producer of his acclaimed anthology series "Alfred Hitchcock Presents (CBS/NBC, 1955-1962). Modern audiences best knew him as the sage Dr. Auschlander on "St. Elsewhere" (NBC, 1982-88), but his career was thriving long before it, and for decades after its cancellation. A legend in the film and television field, and one of the oldest working actors in show business history, Lloyd represented the pinnacle of accomplishment and endurance for generations of fans.

Born Nov. 8, 1914 in Jersey City, NJ, he moved with his family to Manhattan and then Brooklyn shortly after his birth. Though he showed considerable talent at tennis while a boy, his mother hoped that he would blossom into a child star, so she began enrolling him in acting classes. Several years on the amateur vaudeville circuit followed, but Lloyd did not truly embrace performing until a student in high school, where he participated in numerous plays. After graduating from college, Lloyd joined Eva Le Gallienne's Civic Repertory Theatre in New York, which began a decade of appearances in off-Broadway and Broadway plays. In 1937, Lloyd was one of the original players in Orson Welles' and John Houseman's Mercury Theatre, as well as appeared as Cinna the Poet in its historic modern dress production of Shakespeare's "Julius Caesar." The following year, his performance as Johnny Appleseed in "Everywhere I Roam" drew rave reviews. Lloyd's onscreen debut came in "The Streets of New York" (NBC, 1939), an experimental televised play directed by Anthony Mann and starring Jennifer Jones and George Colouris. In 1940, he followed Welles to Los Angeles to appear in a film version of Joseph Conrad's "Heart of Darkness." The project never got off the ground, but it did grant Lloyd a new home base in Hollywood.

John Houseman introduced Lloyd to Alfred Hitchcock, who was looking for an unknown actor to play a dastardly Nazi spy in his thriller "Saboteur" (1942). The film's closing sequence, which pits hero Robert Cummings against Lloyd in a fight atop the Statue of Liberty before the latter plunges to his death, was among the most iconic scenes in Hitchcock's career. The film also served as a beginning of a three-decade partnership and friendship between Lloyd and the director, who would subsequently cast him in "Spellbound" (1945) as a patient of psychiatrist Ingrid Bergman. Lloyd worked as a character actor for some of the most significant film directors of the 1940s and 1950s. He was a churlish henchman for J. Carrol Naish's misguided farmer in Jean Renoir's Oscar-nominated "The Southerner" (1945), then segued to the philosophical Army scout in Lewis Milestone's "A Walk in the Sun" (1945), largely regarded as one of the best films about World War II combat. In 1951, he played Bodalink the choreographer in Charlie Chaplin's last great film, "Limelight." Lloyd and Chaplin later co-owned the film rights for Horace McCoy's novel, They Shoot Horses, Don't They? which they hoped to make into a film after "Limelight." Sadly, Chaplin became persona non grata in the United States due to his alleged Communist sympathies, which prevented them from making the film. It was eventually purchased by ABC, which produced a version directed by Sydney Pollack in 1969.

The specter of Communism loomed largely over Lloyd's career in the early 1950s. Many of his significant collaborators suffered mightily at the hands of the government witch hunt, including Joseph Losey, who directed him in the 1951 remake of "M," as well as John Garfield, his co-star in the thriller "He Ran All The Way" (1951), which marked the end of the actor's career after being blacklisted along with its director, John Berry, and writers Dalton Trumbo and Hugo Butler. Lloyd himself found himself targeted by the House Committee on Un-American Activities in the early 1950s, just as he was segueing into directing for television. A frequent stage director at the La Jolla Playhouse in San Diego, CA, Lloyd was approached by Jay Kantor at MCA about getting involved in the company's initial launch into this new genre. He helmed episodes for several live theater productions, including the legendary "Omnibus" (ABC/CBS/NBC, 1952-1961) before reteaming with Hitchcock as his associate producer and occasional director for "Alfred Hitchcock Presents" (CBS/NBC, 1955-1962). Among his most memorable turns as director for the series were "Man from the South," with Steve McQueen as a callous gambler who bet a depraved Peter Lorre that he could ignite his lighter 10 times in a row or lose a finger, and "The Jar," based on a story by Ray Bradbury about a down-on-his-luck hillbilly (Pat Buttram) who bought a mysterious container that changed his life for the worse.

Lloyd worked primarily as a producer and director on television throughout the 1960s and 1970s, most notably on "The Name of the Game" (NBC, 1968-1971), an offbeat anthology series about the adventures of three publishing company employees, and the UK suspense anthology "Journey to the Unknown" (ITV, 1968-69) for Hammer Films. He also produced and/or directed several well-regarded television adaptations of great Broadway plays, including Lillian Hellman's "Another Part of the Forest" (PBS, 1972) with Barry Sullivan and Andrew Prine, Clifford Odets' "Awake and Sing!" (PBS, 1972) with Walter Matthau, and Bruce Jay Friedman's "Steambath" (PBS, 1973) with Bill Bixby and Valerie Perrine; the latter earned Lloyd a 1974 Emmy nomination. His final efforts as producer and director came with "Tales of the Unexpected" (ITV, 1979-1983), which was largely based on the short stories of Roald Dahl.

As the stigma of the blacklist began to dissipate in the 1960s and 1970s, Lloyd began to resume his acting career. Guest roles on episodic television gave way to TV and theatrical feature turns, including "Audrey Rose" (1977) as a therapist who aided a little girl plagued by the reincarnated spirit of a dead child, and as the sympathetic owner of a radio station who backed his DJs during a protest over advertising in cinematographer John Alonzo's sole directorial effort, "FM" (1978). In 1982, he took on the role that, for many television viewers, he would remain best known: that of Dr. Daniel Auschlander on "St. Elsewhere." A kindly mentor to its large cast of doctors and interns, Auschlander suffered from metastatic liver cancer, and was expected to pass away soon after the first few seasons. However, intensive chemotherapy put his illness in remission and he remained a vital member of the show until its final episode, when he was felled by a massive stroke. However, the finale's legendary twist - in which the entire show was revealed as the figment of an autistic boy's imagination - revealed him as the boy's grandfather.

Lloyd remained active in television and the occasional feature in the years after "St. Elsewhere." He was the authoritarian head of the boys' school who butted heads with freethinking teacher Robin Williams in "Dead Poets Society" (1989), and the senior partner at Daniel Day-Lewis' law firm in Martin Scorsese's "The Age of Innocence" (1993). He reunited with his "St. Elsewhere" producers for the short-lived series "Home Fires" (NBC, 1992), and he played Dr. Isaac Mentnor, a scientist who created a time travel device using the alien spacecraft that landed in Roswell, New Mexico, in "Seven Days" (UPN, 1998-2001). Notable guest turns included a recurring role on "The Practice" (ABC, 1997-2004) as Asher Silverman, a district attorney and practicing rabbi who challenged Dylan McDermott's Bobby Donnelly on ethical issues. In 2000, he co-starred as the Secretary of Defense in a live TV remake of "Fail Safe" (CBS) that starred George Clooney, and in 2005 - well into his ninth decade - he received rave reviews as a former English professor, now a resident at a retirement home, who bonds with Cameron Diaz's fading wild child over poetry in Curtis Hansen's comedy-drama, "In Her Shoes." In 2007, Lloyd's storied career was the subject of a documentary, "Who Is Norman Lloyd," a gentle valentine to the actor's life and accomplishments, as well as his lengthy marriage to actress Peggy Lloyd, whom he wed in 1936. As he approached his 100th birthday, he was still performing, most notably in a 2010 episode of "Modern Family" (ABC, 2009- ).

Filmography

 

Cast (Feature Film)

The Great Buster: A Celebration (2018)
Himself
Trainwreck (2015)
Who is Norman Lloyd? (2007)
In Her Shoes (2005)
FAIL SAFE (2000)
The Adventures of Rocky and Bullwinkle (2000)
The Age Of Innocence (1993)
Shogun Mayeda (1991)
Father Vasco
Amityville 4: The Evil Escapes (1989)
Dead Poets Society (1989)
The Nude Bomb (1980)
Jaws Of Satan (1979)
Monsignore
Beggarman, Thief (1979)
FM (1978)
Audrey Rose (1977)
Limelight (1953)
Bodalink
Flame of Stamboul (1951)
Louis Baracca
The Light Touch (1951)
Anton
M (1951)
Sutro
He Ran All the Way (1951)
Al Molin
The Flame and the Arrow (1950)
Apollo, the troubadour
Buccaneer's Girl (1950)
Patout
Scene of the Crime (1949)
Sleeper
The Black Book (1949)
Tallien
Calamity Jane and Sam Bass (1949)
Jim Murphy
No Minor Vices (1948)
Dr. Sturdevant
The Beginning or the End (1947)
Dr. Troyanski
The Green Years (1946)
Adam Leckie
Young Widow (1946)
Sammy
A Walk in the Sun (1946)
Archimbeau
A Letter for Evie (1946)
DeWitt Pyncheon
The Southerner (1945)
Finley
Within These Walls (1945)
Pete Moran
Spellbound (1945)
Garmes
The Unseen (1945)
Jasper Goodwin
Saboteur (1942)
[Frank] Fry

Producer (Feature Film)

The Bravos (1972)
Producer
What's a Nice Girl Like You...? (1971)
Producer
The Red Pony (1949)
Assistant to prod
No Minor Vices (1948)
Associate Producer

Music (Feature Film)

Williamsburg Restored (1951)
Music

Art Department (Feature Film)

Treasure Island (1950)
Props

Misc. Crew (Feature Film)

The Great Buster: A Celebration (2018)
Other

Cast (Special)

Night at the Movies, A: The Suspenseful World of Thrillers (2009)
Chaplin Today: Limelight (2003)
The John Garfield Story (2003)
Featuring
The Song of the Lark (2001)
Hitchcock, Selznick & the End of Hollywood (1999)
Dial H For Hitchcock: The Genius Behind the Showman (1999)
Interviewee
The Battle Over Citizen Kane (1996)
The Omen (1995)
Hitchcock: Alfred the Great (1994)
Television's Christmas Classics (1994)
Surviving a Heart Attack (1988)
NBC's 60th Anniversary Celebration (1986)
Slezak and Son (1960)
Hotel Manager

Producer (Special)

Another Part of the Forest (1972)
Executive Producer

Cast (TV Mini-Series)

The Dark Secret of Harvest Home (1978)
Amys Penrose

Life Events

1932

New York stage debut in "Liliom"

1935

Broadway debut, "Noah"

1937

Co-founded Mercury Theater with Orson Welles and John Houseman

1939

Made TV debut in "Streets of New York" (NBC)

1942

Film acting debut, "Saboteur", directed by Alfred Hitchcock

1945

Acted in Jean Renoir's "The Southerner"

1945

Reteamed with Hitchcock for "Spellbound"

1948

Stage directoral debut, "The Road to Rome"

1950

TV directoral debut, "Revue" (CBS)

1950

Played the Fool to Lewis Calhern's "King Lear" on the New York stage

1952

Directed "Mr. Lincoln", written by James Agee for first season of "Omnibus" (NBC)

1952

Acted in Charlie Chaplin's "Limelight"; last feature for 25 years

1957

TV producing debut (as associate producer), "Alfred Hitchcock Presents" (CBS), became producer in 1962 and executive producer in 1963

1964

Directed "The Jar" episode for "The Alfred Hitchcock Hour" (CBS), one of Hitchcock's personal favorites

1972

Produced and directed for "Hollywood Television Theatre", a product of KCET (the public broadcasting station in Los Angeles), eventually became executive producer for series

1977

Returned to feature acting after 25-year absence with roles in "FM" and "Audrey Rose"

1989

Played the headmaster in Peter Weir's "Dead Poets Society"

1993

Last feature (to date) Martin Scorsese's "The Age of Innocence"

1995

Acted in "The Omen" (NBC), a pilot based on the 1976 feature film directed by Richard Donner; not picked up

1998

Returned to series TV as co-star of the UPN drama "7 Days"; role made recurring for the 2000-2001 season

2000

Played the president of Wossamotta U in "The Adventure of Rocky and Bullwinkle"

2000

Had featured role in the CBS presentation "Fail Safe"

Videos

Movie Clip

Norman Lloyd: Live From The TCM Classic Film Festival (2016) - Open, Professional Ben Mankiewicz introduces Norman Lloyd before a live audience at the Montalban Theatre in Los Angeles, from the 2015 TCM Classic Film Festival, in Norman Lloyd: Live From The TCM Classic Film Festival, 2016, produced by Gary Freedman for TCM.
Scene Of The Crime (1949) - I'm Such A Stinkin' Crook First with a clever riff on their going-out evening routine, L-A cop Mike Conover (Van Johnson) and his fashion model wife Gloria (Arlene Dahl) are surprised by informant Sleeper (TCM friend and favorite Norman Lloyd), with dope on a series of robberies of bookmakers, in MGM’s Scene Of The Crime, 1949.
Scene Of The Crime (1949) - Never Pick Up A Pigeon Alone Driving around L-A beginning their investigation of a the murder of a fellow plainclothes cop, Van Johnson as Conovan, John McIntire as his mentor-partner Piper, and Tom Drake as young “C.C.,” talk shop and notice lurking “Sleeper” (Norman Lloyd), early in Scene Of The Crime, 1949, from MGM and director Roy Rowland.
Spellbound (1945) - The Basic Secret Of Science Mental hospital staff doctor Peterson (Ingrid Bergman) with colleague Fleurot (John Emery), discussing a patient’s lust, and his own, then boss Murchison (Leo G. Carroll), discussing his replacement, then Norman Lloyd as patient Garmes, early in Alfred Hitchcock’s Spellbound, 1945.
Saboteur (1942) - Here Come The Wolves California warrplane factory workers Barry (Robert Cummings) and Mason (Virgil Summers) encounter the mysterious Fry (Norman Lloyd), then a disaster, in the opening scene from Alfred Hitchcock's Saboteur 1942.
Southerner, The (1945) - What It Cost Me New share-cropping neighbor Sam (Zachary Scott) visits Devers (J. Carrol Naish) seeking a favor, their complex first meeting in director Jean Renoir's The Southerner, 1945, from a novel by George Sessions Perry.
He Ran All The Way (1951) - I Got No Luck Today Opening scenes, ne'er-do-well Nick (John Garfield) with mother (Gladys George), then with buddy Al (Norman Lloyd) plotting a job, in soon-to-be-blacklisted director John Berry's He Ran All The Way, 1951.
Saboteur (1942) - They Must Be Terribly In Love Single-gal model Pat (Priscilla Lane) is secretly taking handcuffed fugitive industrial saboteur Barry (Robert Cummings) to the cops instead of the neighbor blacksmith, against the wishes of her kindly uncle, but he improvises, in Alfred Hitchcock’s Saboteur, 1942.
Saboteur (1942) - Hurry Up With The Rope! Cornered villain Fry (Norman Lloyd) flees Pat (Priscilla Lane), Barry (Robert Cummings) and the cops in this signature scene atop the Statue of Liberty from Hitchcock's Saboteur, 1942.
Black Book, The (1949) - July 26, 1794 Blazing introduction of historical characters (Richard Basehart, Jess Barker, Arnold Moss, Wade Crosby, Richard Hart, Norman Lloyd) then fictional D'Aubigny (Robert Cummings) meeting Lafayette (Wilton Graff), opening Anthony Mann's The Black Book (a.k.a. Reign Of Terror), 1949.

Trailer

Companions

Peggy Lloyd
Wife
Actor. Married on June 29, 1936.

Bibliography

Notes

Not to be confused with cinematographer Norman Lloyd

About his last near-collaboration with Alfred Hitchcock: "At the end of his life, he had a property called 'Short Night' and tried several runs at the book to get a screenplay that he was satisfied with out of it. I worked with him during that period, but it never came to anything. He was in his 80s and physically suffering from terrible arthritis and a bad heart, so he wasn't going to push it. One day he said to me while we were working: 'Norm, we're not going to make this picture.' I said, 'Why do you say you're not going to make it?' He said, 'Because it's not necessary.' I think that is such a great line. After making 52 pictures, you can say that." --Norman Lloyd to the LOS ANGELES TIMES, June 12, 1997