Joseph Biroc


Director Of Photography

About

Also Known As
Joseph F Biroc, Joe Biroc, Joe Birac, Joseph F. Biroc
Birth Place
New York City, New York, USA
Born
February 12, 1903
Died
September 07, 1996
Cause of Death
Heart Failure

Biography

Biroc worked his way up from studio office boy to become an assistant to cinematographer George Folsey and co-photographed his first feature, "It's a Wonderful Life," in 1946. He often collaborated with Samuel Fuller and Robert Aldrich and did extensive work in TV. Biroc photographed one of the first TV programs to shoot on film, rather than using the kinescope process--1951's "The Honey...

Photos & Videos

Notes

Was nominated for an Oscar for "Hush...Hush, Sweet Charlotte"

Biography

Biroc worked his way up from studio office boy to become an assistant to cinematographer George Folsey and co-photographed his first feature, "It's a Wonderful Life," in 1946. He often collaborated with Samuel Fuller and Robert Aldrich and did extensive work in TV. Biroc photographed one of the first TV programs to shoot on film, rather than using the kinescope process--1951's "The Honeymoon Is Over"--and won an Emmy for "Brian's Song" (1971). Three years later, he shared an Oscar for Irwin Allen's disaster film "The Towering Inferno" (1974). In 1989, Biroc was honored with a Lifetime Achievement Award from the American Society of Cinematographers.

Filmography

 

Cast (Feature Film)

It's All True: Based on an Unfinished Film by Orson Welles (1993)
Himself

Cinematography (Feature Film)

Outrage! (1986)
Director Of Photography
A Winner Never Quits (1986)
Director Of Photography
Father of Hell Town (1985)
Director Of Photography
The Jerk, Too (1984)
Director Of Photography
Desperate Lives (1982)
Director Of Photography
Hammett (1982)
Director Of Photography
Airplane II: The Sequel (1982)
Director Of Photography
. . . All the Marbles (1981)
Director Of Photography
Kenny Rogers as the Gambler (1980)
Director Of Photography
Airplane! (1980)
Director Of Photography
Beyond the Poseidon Adventure (1979)
Director Of Photography
A Family Upside Down (1978)
Director Of Photography
The Clone Master (1978)
Director Of Photography
SST -- Death Flight (1977)
Director Of Photography
The Choirboys (1977)
Director Of Photography
Hustle (1975)
Director Of Photography
The Towering Inferno (1974)
Camera Operator
Honky Tonk (1974)
Director Of Photography
The Longest Yard (1974)
Director Of Photography
Thursday's Game (1974)
Director Of Photography
Blazing Saddles (1974)
Director Of Photography
Shanks (1974)
Director Of Photography
Wonder Woman (1974)
Director Of Photography
Emperor of the North Pole (1973)
Cinematographer
Cahill, U.S. Marshal (1973)
Director Of Photography
Gidget Gets Married (1972)
Director Of Photography
The Crooked Hearts (1972)
Director Of Photography
Playmates (1972)
Director Of Photography
Mrs. Pollifax--Spy (1971)
Director of Photography
Brian's Song (1971)
Director Of Photography
Too Late the Hero (1970)
Director of Photography
What Ever Happened to Aunt Alice? (1969)
Director of Photography
Lady in Cement (1968)
Director of Photography
The Killing of Sister George (1968)
Director of Photography
The Detective (1968)
Director of Photography
The Legend of Lylah Clare (1968)
Director of Photography
Tony Rome (1967)
Director of Photography
Fitzwilly (1967)
Director of Photography
Who's Minding the Mint? (1967)
Director of Photography
Enter Laughing (1967)
Director of Photography
Warning Shot (1967)
Cinematographer
The Russians Are Coming The Russians Are Coming (1966)
Director of Photography
To Trap a Spy (1966)
Director of Photography
The Swinger (1966)
Director of Photography
I Saw What You Did (1965)
Director of Photography
The Flight of the Phoenix (1965)
Director of Photography
Kitten With a Whip (1964)
Director of Photography
The Young Lovers (1964)
Director of Photography
Hush...Hush, Sweet Charlotte (1964)
Director of Photography
Viva Las Vegas (1964)
Director of Photography
Bullet for a Badman (1964)
Director of Photography
Ride the Wild Surf (1964)
Director of Photography
4 for Texas (1963)
2nd unit Photographer
Bye Bye Birdie (1963)
Director of Photography
Promises! Promises! (1963)
Director of Photography
Gunfight at Comanche Creek (1963)
Director of Photography
Toys in the Attic (1963)
Director of Photography
Under the Yum Yum Tree (1963)
Director of Photography
Confessions of an Opium Eater (1962)
Director of Photography
Hitler (1962)
Director of Photography
Convicts 4 (1962)
Cinematographer
Sail a Crooked Ship (1962)
Director of Photography
Operation Eichmann (1961)
Director of Photography
Gold of the Seven Saints (1961)
Director of Photography
The Devil at 4 O'Clock (1961)
Director of Photography
Ice Palace (1960)
Director of Photography
The FBI Story (1959)
Director of Photography
Verboten! (1959)
Director of Photography
Born Reckless (1959)
Director of Photography
Underwater Warrior (1958)
Director of Photography
Underwater Warrior (1958)
Camera
Home Before Dark (1958)
Director of Photography
The Unknown Terror (1957)
Director of Photography
China Gate (1957)
Director of Photography
Forty Guns (1957)
Director of Photography
The Ride Back (1957)
Photography
Run of the Arrow (1957)
Director of Photography
The Garment Jungle (1957)
Director of Photography
The Amazing Colossal Man (1957)
Director of Photography
The Black Whip (1956)
Director of Photography
Attack (1956)
Photography
Tension at Table Rock (1956)
Director of Photography
Nightmare (1956)
Director of Photography
Quincannon, Frontier Scout (1956)
Photography
Ghost Town (1956)
Photography
Bengazi (1955)
Director of Photography
The Steel Cage (1954)
Director of Photography
Down Three Dark Streets (1954)
Director of Photography
World for Ransom (1954)
Photography
Appointment in Honduras (1953)
Director of Photography
Donovan's Brain (1953)
Director of Photography
The Twonky (1953)
Director of Photography
The Tall Texan (1953)
Photography
The Glass Wall (1953)
Director of Photography
Vice Squad (1953)
Director of Photography
Loan Shark (1952)
Photography
Bwana Devil (1952)
Photography
Red Planet Mars (1952)
Director of Photography
Without Warning! (1952)
Director of Photography
The Bushwackers (1952)
Cinematographer
All That I Have (1951)
Photography
The Bushwhackers (1951)
Director of Photography
Cry Danger (1951)
Director of Photography
The Killer That Stalked New York (1950)
Director of Photography
Tokyo Joe (1949)
2d unit Camera
Roughshod (1949)
Director of Photography
Johnny Allegro (1949)
Director of Photography
Mrs. Mike (1949)
Director of Photography
My Dear Secretary (1948)
Director of Photography
On Our Merry Way (1948)
Cine [James Stewart--Henry Fonda episode]
Magic Town (1947)
Director of Photography
It's a Wonderful Life (1946)
Photography
Bombardier (1943)
Camera
Swing Time (1936)
2nd Camera
Break of Hearts (1935)
Camera Operator
Laddie (1935)
Camera Operator
The Gay Divorcee (1934)
Camera Operator
Their Big Moment (1934)
Camera Operator
No Other Woman (1933)
2nd Camera
Before Dawn (1933)
2nd Camera
The Monkey's Paw (1933)
Assistant Camera
Rafter Romance (1933)
Camera Operator
Ann Vickers (1933)
Camera Operator
Ladies of the Jury (1932)
2nd Camera
The Lost Squadron (1932)
Camera Operator
Secrets of the French Police (1932)
Assistant Camera
State's Attorney (1932)
Camera Operator
The Animal Kingdom (1932)
Camera Operator
Cimarron (1931)
Assistant Camera
Are These Our Children (1931)
2nd Camera
Young Donovan's Kid (1931)
2nd Camera
Three Who Loved (1931)
2nd Camera

Misc. Crew (Feature Film)

Airplane II: The Sequel (1982)
Dp/Cinematographer
Airplane! (1980)
Dp/Cinematographer
SST -- Death Flight (1977)
Other
Blazing Saddles (1974)
Dp/Cinematographer
The Longest Yard (1974)
Dp/Cinematographer

Cinematography (TV Mini-Series)

A Death in California (1985)
Director Of Photography
Scruples (1980)
Director Of Photography
Little Women (1978)
Director Of Photography
Washington: Behind Closed Doors (1977)
Director Of Photography
Moneychangers (1976)
Director Of Photography

Life Events

1918

Entered industry as an office boy at Paragon Studios in Fort Lee, NJ

1924

Became assistant cameraman for cinematographer George Folsey at Long Island Studios

1927

Moved to Hollywood; worked at United Artists

1946

First feature as co-director of photography, "It's A Wonderful Life" with Joseph Walker

1946

Solo debut as director of photography, "Magic Town"

1951

Photographed one of the first TV series shot on film, as opposed to kinescope, "The Honeymoon Is Over"

1952

Photographed first 3-D film, "Bwana Devil"

Photo Collections

Top Hat - Behind-the-Scenes Photos
Here are several photos taken behind-the-scenes during production of RKO's Top Hat (1935), starring Fred Astaire and Ginger Rogers and directed by Mark Sandrich.
The Ex-Mrs. Bradford - Behind-the-Scenes Photo
Here is a photo taken behind-the-scenes during production of RKO's The Ex-Mrs. Bradford (1936), starring William Powell.

Videos

Movie Clip

Viva Las Vegas (1964) - Come On Everybody! Lucky (Elvis Presley) is persuaded to perform Stanley Chianese's "Come On Everybody" for the kids, ably assisted by Rusty (Ann-Margret) in Viva Las Vegas, 1964.
To Trap A Spy (1964) - You Might Have Taken That Man Alive Joining a complex caper in which nameless espionage goons have penetrated a disguised Manhattan entrance to some modern agency, we see them nearly get past William Marshall (later known as “Blacula”) at the elevators, before they encounter Ilya (David McCallum), Napoleon Solo (Robert Vaughn) and their boss Allison (Will Kuluva), early in the sort-of TV pilot, then the delayed first feature film in the The Man From U.N.C.L.E. franchise, To Trap A Spy, 1966.
Run Of The Arrow (1957) - Rebel Soldier Writer-producer-director Samuel Fuller supplies a balladeer (Frank Warner) with a genuine Confederate war song (using the original lyric, rather than the more polite segments usually recorded), before meeting vanquished O'Meara (Rod Steiger) and his mother (Olive Carey) in Run Of The Arrow, 1957.
Run Of The Arrow (1957) - Open, Palm Sunday The opening scene at Appomattox, 1865, as Confederate O'Meara (Rod Steiger) fires the last shot, not quite killing Yankee Ralph Meeker, leading to the credits for writer-producer-director Samuel Fuller's searing Run Of The Arrow, 1957.
Run Of The Arrow (1957) - Another Sioux Post Office Recalcitrant ex-Confederate soldier O'Meara (Rod Steiger) is learning Indian ways from Sioux trail buddy and ex-Union scout Walking Coyote (Jay C. Flippen) as they travel west, when they're intercepted by H.M. Wynant (as Crazy Wolf) and his crew, in Samuel Fuller's Run Of The Arrow, 1957.
Run Of The Arrow (1957) - I'm Not An American Irish Confederate fugitive O'Meara (Rod Steiger), having improbably survived the "Run Of The Arrow" Sioux ritual, is given shelter by Yellow Moccasin (Sarita Montiel, her voice dubbed by Angie Dickinson), then presents himself to chief Blue Buffalo (Charles Bronson), who has sophisticated views on justice, in Samuel Fuller's Run Of The Arrow, 1957.
Run Of The Arrow (1957) - This God Of Yours Irish Catholic-born fugitive Confederate veteran O'Meara (Rod Steiger) has come just about around to Sioux ways, Blue Buffalo (Charles Bronson) approving his proposal and marrying him to Yellow Moccasin (Sarita Montiel) in Samuel Fuller's Run Of The Arrow, 1957.
Born Reckless (1958) - Title Tune, Boy Scout The never famous San Antonio rocker Johnny Olenn, on a rare Fender tenor electric guitar, leads with the title song, then leading man Jeff Richards turns down a rodeo tootsie (Asa Maynor) and visits sidekick "Cool Man" (Arthur Hunnicutt), opening the Mamie Van Doren vehicle Born Reckless, 1958.
Born Reckless (1958) - He Believes In The Siesta Jackie (Mamie Van Doren) reprises the title song for rodeo rider and maybe-boyfriend Kelly (Jeff Richards, with sidekick Arthur Hunnicutt), en route to visit his Latin virtual family led by "Papa" (Nacho Galindo, Allegra Varron as "Mama," Ray Beltran "Grandfather,"), in Born Reckless, 1958.
Born Reckless (1958) - Home Type Of Girl Introduced by rocker Johnny Olenn, Mamie Van Doren as trick rider and, it turns out, also singer, "Jackie," with an original novelty number by Buddy Bregman and Sammy Styne, then hassled by a boozy rodeo reporter (Tom Dugan), early in Born Reckless, 1958.
Viva Las Vegas (1964) - Only Way to Travel! Local gal Rusty (Ann-Margret) and race driver Lucky (Elvis Presley), who turns out to also be helicopter pilot, take a vigorous recreational tour between musical numbers in Viva Las Vegas, 1964.
Viva Las Vegas (1964) - What'd I Say? A quick sample of "The Climb" by "The Forte` Four" leads into Lucky (Elvis Presley) and Rusty (Ann-Margret) leading their rousing version of Ray Charles' "What'd I Say?" in Viva Las Vegas, 1964.

Trailer

Longest Yard, The (1974) -- (Theatrical Trailer) The original trailer is a fair reflection of Robert Aldrich’s landmark football comic-drama, The Longest Yard, 1974, which received a decidedly mixed reception, but grossed better-than $22-million.
Tension at Table Rock - (Original Trailer) When the owner of a stagecoach station is killed, a gunman takes his place in Tension at Table Rock (1956) starring Richard Egan.
Garment Jungle, The - (Original Trailer) A dress manufacturer (Lee J. Cobb) brings in the mob to fight unionization in The Garment Jungle (1957).
Fitzwilly - (Original Trailer) When an aging philanthropist goes broke, her butler (Dick Van Dyke) robs from the rich so she can give to the poor.
Down Three Dark Streets - (Original Trailer) An FBI Agent takes on the three unrelated cases of his dead partner to track down his killer in Down Three Dark Streets (1954).
Johnny Allegro - (Original Trailer) A reformed hoodlum (George Raft) gets mixed up with counterfeiters and a deadly manhunt in Johnny Allegro (1949).
Bye Bye Birdie - (Original Trailer) A rock star's personal appearance turns a small town into a disaster area. Ann-Margret and Dick Van Dyke star in the Broadway musical hit.
Blazing Saddles - (Original Trailer) A black man is appointed sheriff of a western town in Mel Brooks' riotous farce Blazing Saddles (1974) starring Cleavon Little and Gene Wilder.
Bengazi - (Original Trailer) Three shady characters team up to search for Nazi gold in the African desert in Bengazi (1955).
Cahill, United States Marshal - (Original Trailer) John Wayne stars as a tough lawman who has to bring in his own sons for train robbery in Cahill, U.S. Marshall (1973).
Hush...Hush, Sweet Charlotte - (Academy Preview Trailer) Heads will roll as Bette Davis fights to keep her family's secrets in Robert Aldrich's Hush...Hush, Sweet Charlotte (1964).
Airplane! - (Original Trailer) When a flight crew falls ill, the only man who can land the plane is afraid of flying in Airplane! (1980), a spoof of Zero Hour! (1957)."

Family

Agnes Cronmeyer
Sister
Survived him.

Bibliography

Notes

Was nominated for an Oscar for "Hush...Hush, Sweet Charlotte"