John Boorman


Director
John Boorman

About

Birth Place
Surrey, England, GB
Born
January 18, 1933

Biography

Renowned for pushing actors and crews to their very limit in order to achieve transcendent results, director John Boorman was a committed filmmaker who refused to settle into fixed genres while remaining as commercially unpredictable as he was artistically fascinating. Routinely dismissing realism in favor of fantasy and myth, Boorman often focused on mankind's unrelenting battle against...

Photos & Videos

Family & Companions

Christel Boorman
Wife
German-born; married in 1957; designed costumes for "Zardoz" and "The Emerald Forest".

Bibliography

"Zardoz"
John Boorman (with Bill Stair) (1974)
"Money into Light"
John Boorman

Notes

"All my films use the Arthurian legend as a template; it happens to a large extent unconsciously." --John Boorman in Film Comment, July-August 1995.

"People often ask me, 'Why do you take these difficult projects--the jungle, battling rivers?' and I give various answers. But the real answer is that the only way I'm able to achieve momentarily this kind of transcendence we're talking about is when I'm making a picture in extraordinarily difficult circumstances, when I'm extended to the very limits. Then, from time to time, I'm able to reach that condition where I'm not looking at myself; I'm unselfconscious and fearless. That to me is the ultimate joy of filmmaking, when I occasionally reach that level.

Biography

Renowned for pushing actors and crews to their very limit in order to achieve transcendent results, director John Boorman was a committed filmmaker who refused to settle into fixed genres while remaining as commercially unpredictable as he was artistically fascinating. Routinely dismissing realism in favor of fantasy and myth, Boorman often focused on mankind's unrelenting battle against nature. After getting his start in British television, he moved on to features, directing the gritty, realistic crime thriller, "Point Blank" (1967), which stood the test of time as one of his finest pieces of work. Perhaps his greatest contribution to cinema was "Deliverance" (1972), a dark, intense action thriller that featured great performances from its four leads while containing one of the most notorious rape scenes in film history. Though he spent the remaining part of that decade indulging himself with misfires like "Exorcist II: The Heretic" (1977), he completely immersed himself in myth and archetypal imagery for "Excalibur" (1981), one of the best movies about King Arthur and Camelot ever made. Following the dreamlike drama "The Emerald Forrest" (1985) and the surprisingly simple "Hope and Glory" (1987), Boorman went off the radar with several forgettable projects until he directed "The General" (1998), a critically hailed crime drama filmed in glorious black and white, which he followed with the fully engaging spy dramedy, "The Tailor of Panama" (2001). Abstract, dreamlike and surrealistic, a Boorman film was always original and consistently displayed a cinematic virtuosity that often triumphed over substance.

Born on Jan. 18, 1933 in Shepperton, Surrey, England, Boorman was raised by his father, George, the owner of a pub, and his mother, Ivy. Educated at the Jesuit Salesian School in Chertsey, Boorman survived the Nazi bombing of London during World War II to enter into a successful dry cleaning business with a friend when he was 16 years old. Also working as a film critic at the time, Boorman's entrepreneurial ventures were interrupted with a stint in the British Army starting in 1951. After leaving the service, he continued pursuing journalism by joining the newly-formed Independent Television News (ITN) as an assistant film editor, where he launched the magazine program "Day by Day" (1955). He later produced documentaries for Southern Television, but his dissatisfaction with the realistic filmmaking led him to make more poetic and impressionistic documentaries while serving as the head of the Documentary Film Unit at BBC-TV. He was responsible for two highly-acclaimed documentary series while there: "Citizen 63" (1963) and the even more ambitious "The Newcomers," a six-part study of a newly married Bristol couple and their friends.

Boorman soon made the transition to directing his first feature, "Catch Us If You Can" ("Having a Wild Weekend") (1965), an exuberant 1960s musical featuring the Dave Clark Five, which unsuccessfully attempted to duplicate the success of Richard Lester's groundbreaking look at The Beatles, "A Hard Day's Night" (1964). After "The Great Director" (1966), a documentary about D.W. Griffith for the BBC, Boorman moved to the United States and directed the genre-bending "Point Blank" (1967), a taut, violent thriller based on Donald E. Westlake's novel, The Hunter, which starred Lee Marvin as a professional thief who seeks revenge against his unfaithful wife (Angie Dickinson) and fellow criminal who double-crossed him. Marked by a complex flashback narrative structure, the film exhibited a sustained brilliance of camerawork and editing no one expected from the sophomore director. Though ignored at the box office, "Point Blank" later acquired the status of masterpiece, one many critics felt was the apex of the director's career. Marvin played to perfection the archetypal Boorman protagonist, a disruptive loner with a lip-curling distaste for all forms of authority, while the picture managed to bridge the two halves of his future oeuvre, functioning as a stylized, artificial universe of the mind as well as depicting man's struggle with nature.

Boorman next directed "Hell in the Pacific" (1968), a war drama that reflected his own WWII experiences and starred Marvin as a downed Marine pilot guilt-ridden about surviving an ambush on Saipan that wiped out nearly his entire platoon. Stranded on a tiny Pacific island, Marvin's Marine pilot encounters a Japanese naval officer (Toshiro Mifune), as the two first stalk each other, then come to a temporary truce before the clash of cultures drives them apart again. The film approached the completely silent movie Boorman had hoped to make after his Griffith documentary. Most critics believed he had beaten his anti-war message to death, but some praised his ability to sustain a two-character story-line over the film's length. For "Leo the Last" (1970), the director upped the allegorical content to a level considered excessive by most with his story of an expatriate prince (Marcello Mastroianni) who becomes emotionally involved with his poor black neighbors and joins them in their struggle against heartless property speculators. The picture brought Boorman the director's award at Cannes and was a hit in France, but flopped in Britain and America and remained the least-known of his films.

Boorman made a strong recovery with "Deliverance" (1972), in which four Atlanta businessmen (Burt Reynolds, Jon Voight, Ned Beatty and Ronny Cox) take off on a weekend canoe trip down a wild Appalachian river, deliberately pitting themselves against the imperiled wilderness. The adventure becomes a nightmare when a couple of hate-filled, near-mutant hillbillies sodomize one of the travelers (Beatty), turning the game into a real struggle for survival and revenge. Creative and personal differences with screenwriter James Dickey, who had adapted his novel and also played the sheriff in the film, led Boorman to ban the writer from the set, protecting his vision for a far more ambiguous ending than existed in the book. On the level of allegory, the director may have erred by again hammering his message of man vs. nature too relentlessly. But in the end, he created a taut and intense action thriller that pushed its protagonists to physical and emotional extremes, while featuring one of the most disturbing rape scenes ever filmed, thanks to the infamous "squeal piggy" line. The film earned three Academy Award nominations, including one for Best Picture and another for Best Director. "Deliverance" also featured the instrumental single "Dueling Banjos," which beaked at No. 2 on the Billboard charts.

Always enthusiastic about taking chances, it was no surprise that Boorman's next two films missed the mark. The sci-fi pic "Zardoz" (1974) earned kudos for its special effects, but plunged into myth without creating a satisfactory context for its futuristic tale starring Sean Connery as the rebellious leader of an intergalactic band of assassins, leaving audiences confused. On the other hand, "Exorcist II: The Heretic" (1977), was a fiasco of monumental proportions, containing some decent effects, but offering nothing in the way of its predecessor's strong suits - starting with a believable story. Of course, "The Exorcist" (1972) was a tough act to follow. But Boorman's ambitious, exclusively visual film put people off, though some critics began seeing it in a more forgiving context once the stench of its scornful reception died down. The director turned to the Arthurian legend for his next picture, writing "Excalibur" (1981) with Rospo Pallenberg, which was based mostly on Thomas Malory's Le Morte d'Arthur. Although the cast included Nicol Williamson as Merlin and Helen Mirren as Morgana, Boorman went with lesser known actors for Lancelot (Nicholas Clay), Guenevere (Cherie Lunghi) and Perceval (Paul Geoffrey).

Although "Excalibur" struck some critics as humorless, thematically heavy-handed and overlong, the film was seen by audiences as a spellbinding, sexually aware rendition of the King Arthur legend by a stylish filmmaker working at the peak of his powers. Effectively evoking magic, imagery and romance, Boorman fashioned arguably the best movie about Camelot. His next film, "The Emerald Forest" (1985), followed in logical progression, exploring the same thematic territory. The story of a white child (Boorman's son Charley) raised for a decade by a primitive Amazon tribe provided his biggest challenge since "Deliverance" and a superb showcase for his virtuosity with the camera. Shot at great hardship on location along the Xingu River in Brazil, it starred Powers Boothe as the boy's engineer father, who finds him after an exhaustive 10-year search. Initiated in the tribe's shamanistic rituals, the father recognizes the barrenness and cruelty of his own culture, eventually leading to the boy remaining with his adoptive people. Stylized and reflective, particularly in as a metaphor for the destruction of the rainforest, the film became Boorman's biggest box office success in more than a decade.

In a change of pace, Boorman followed with the most conventional film of his career, the delightful, autobiographical "Hope and Glory" (1987), which captured a child's innocent mirth during the horror of the Nazi Blitz on London, mirroring the director's own experience of living through WWII air raids. Although there were a few examples of typical visual flourishes from Boorman, he remained content to tell a simple, loving story, and audiences responded to the material. Once again, he earned Academy Awards for Best Picture and Best Director. That success, however, was his last for more than a decade. He followed with "Where the Heart Is" (1990), a disappointing farce about 1980s values with faint echoes of Shakespeare's King Lear, which was too outlandish to take seriously. He misfired again with "Beyond Rangoon" (1995), an examination of the political intrigues in 1980s Burma. The picture fell short in its analysis of the little-known political situation, even though Boorman and production designer Anthony Pratt, in the pair's fifth collaboration, were right at home capturing the tropical milieu and delivering exciting large-scale action sequences. The film's biggest negative, however, was leading lady Patricia Arquette's inability to carry the weight, though all characters were equally one-dimensional.

Though having trouble with large screen projects, Boorman delivered two fine efforts for his old television stomping grounds. First, he made the remarkable one-hour film "I Dreamt I Woke Up" (1991), a personal essay-meditation on cinema, landscape and myth for a BBC Scotland series called "The Director's Place." On the other side of the pond, he directed the "Two Nudes Bathing" segment of "Picture Windows" (Showtime, 1995). Pouring out all his love for his adopted homeland Ireland, the director startlingly rejuvenated his film career with "The General" (1998), a biopic of ruthless Irish crime lord Martin Cahill (Brendan Gleeson), a perfect Boorman protagonist. Working in black-and-white for the first time since his feature debut, Boorman reestablished himself as a major creative force in critics' eyes, winning the Best Director Award at Cannes. But commercially, the picture was primarily a specialty item for urban audiences and movie buffs. Director of photography Seamus Deasy contributed mightily with his widescreen lensing, as did Ron Davis, his editor since "The Emerald Forest." But the real star was Boorman, who rediscovered the vitality and freshness of his earlier work while reasserting himself as a unique and visionary filmmaker.

Boorman continued with his streak of fine work with "The Tailor of Panama" (2001), an adaptation of the John Le Carré spy novel. Set in a post-Noriega Panama, the film centered on a naïve tailor (Geoffrey Rush) who is enlisted by a banished British spy (Pierce Brosnan) to concoct a left-wing movement against the government that would force an American invasion and nullify the Panama Canal treaty. Though it barely made a blip at the box office, the movie received rave reviews, particularly for the performances of Brosnan and Rush. Boorman's next feature, "In My Country" (2005), was less well-received by critics than his previous effort. About the South African Truth and Reconciliation Commission - a public hearing conducted to reconcile the atrocities of apartheid - the film centered on an angry Washington Post journalist (Samuel L. Jackson) who butts heads and eventually falls in love with a white, naïve South African poet (Juliette Binoche). He next directed the low-budget, little seen crime drama "The Tiger's Tail" (2006), which focused on identical twins separated at birth (both played by Brendan Gleeson). While one grows up to be rich and famous, the other lives impoverished on the streets. After rediscovering his brother, the down-and-out sibling concocts a plan to steal his life, resulting in one disaster after another.

Filmography

 

Director (Feature Film)

The Tiger's Tail (2006)
Director
In My Country (2004)
Director
Tailor of Panama (2001)
Director
The General (1998)
Director
Lumiere Et Compagnie (1996)
Director
Beyond Rangoon (1995)
Director
Two Nudes Bathing (1995)
Director
I Dreamt I Woke Up (1991)
Director
Where the Heart Is (1990)
Director
Hope and Glory (1987)
Director
The Emerald Forest (1985)
Director
Excalibur (1981)
Director
Exorcist II: The Heretic (1977)
Director
Zardoz (1974)
Director
Deliverance (1972)
Director
Leo the Last (1970)
Director
Hell in the Pacific (1968)
Director
Point Blank (1967)
Director
Having a Wild Weekend (1965)
Director

Cast (Feature Film)

Chris & Don: A Love Story (2007)
Himself
Pierre Rissient: Man of Cinema (2007)
I Dreamt I Woke Up (1991)
Himself
Hope and Glory (1987)
Narration
Long Shot (1978)

Writer (Feature Film)

The Tiger's Tail (2006)
Screenplay
Tailor of Panama (2001)
Screenwriter
The General (1998)
Screenplay
Two Nudes Bathing (1995)
Screenplay
Beyond Rangoon (1995)
Screenwriter
I Dreamt I Woke Up (1991)
Screenplay
Where the Heart Is (1990)
Screenplay
Hope and Glory (1987)
Screenwriter
Excalibur (1981)
Screenplay
Zardoz (1974)
Screenwriter
Deliverance (1972)
Additional Dialogue
Leo the Last (1970)
Screenwriter

Producer (Feature Film)

The Tiger's Tail (2006)
Producer
In My Country (2004)
Producer
Tailor of Panama (2001)
Producer
The General (1998)
Producer
Angela Mooney Dies Again (1997)
Executive Producer
Two Nudes Bathing (1995)
Producer
Beyond Rangoon (1995)
Producer
Where the Heart Is (1990)
Producer
Hope and Glory (1987)
Producer
The Emerald Forest (1985)
Producer
Nemo (1983)
Producer
Angel (1982)
Executive Producer
Excalibur (1981)
Executive Producer
Exorcist II: The Heretic (1977)
Producer
Zardoz (1974)
Producer
Deliverance (1972)
Producer

Misc. Crew (Feature Film)

The Professor and the Madman (2017)
Other
Chris & Don: A Love Story (2007)
Other
I Dreamt I Woke Up (1991)
Other

Director (Special)

Lee Marvin: A Personal Portrait By John Boorman (1998)
Director

Cast (Special)

Close Encounters with Vilmos Zsigmond (2016)
Himself
Me and Me Dad (2012)
Intimate Portrait: Jamie Lee Curtis (2000)

Cast (Short)

The Rock (1967)
Himself

Life Events

1951

Served in British Army

1955

Began working for Independent Television News as assitant editor; while there launched ITN magazine program "Day by Day"

1958

Moved to Southern Television; began producing documentaries

1960

Moved to BBC-TV, where he became head of the Documentary Film Unit in Bristol

1965

Feature film directing debut, "Having a Wild Weekend/Catch Us If You Can"

1966

Made documentary on D.W. Griffith, "The Great Director," for BBC

1967

US directing debut, "Point Blank", a gangster film starring Lee Marvin; subsequently hailed as a genre landmark

1968

Reteamed with Marvin for "Hell in the Pacific", also starring Toshiro Mifune

1969

First screenwriting credit, "Leo the Last", starring Marcello Mastroianni; also directed; a hit in France, it was a box-office disaster in Britain and America

1972

Made a strong recovery directing "Deliverance"; first credit as producer but would produce all pictures from here on; received two Oscar nominations for Best Picture and Best Director

1974

Wrote and directed "Zardoz", an unconventional piece of science fiction starring Sean Connery

1977

Bombed horribly with sequel, "Exorcist II: The Heretic"

1981

Achieved dream project, a film based on Arthurian legend, "Excaliber"

1985

Had box office success with "The Emerald Forest"; completely convincing performance by director's son Charley as the kidnapped son raised by rain forest Indians

1985

Became governor of British Film Institute

1987

Scored a hit with "Hope and Glory", an autobiographical tale of growing up in Britain during "the Blitz"; served as narrator, in addition to directing, writing and producing; received three Oscar nominations

1990

Became a co-editor and contributor to PROJECTIONS, an annual British film journal (date approximate)

1991

Made a remarkable one-hour film, "I Dreamt I Woke Up", a personal essay-meditation on cinema, landscape and myth made for a BBC Scotland series, "The Director's Place"

1994

Named Commander of the British Empire

1995

Returned to tropical environs and political realities for "Beyond Rangoon"

1995

US TV directing debut, "Two Nudes Bathing" segment of Showtime's "Picture Windows"

1998

Named Best Director at Cannes Filme Festival for "The General" (also wrote screenplay), black-and-white film (first since his debut feature) reteamed him with actor Jon Voight

1998

Helmed "Lee Marvin: A Personal Portrait by John Boorman" (aired on AMC in November)

2001

Helmed "The Tailor of Panama" based on the John Le Carre novel

2005

Produced and Directed "Country of My Skull" starring Samuel L. Jackson and Juliette Binoche

Photo Collections

Zardoz - Movie Poster
Zardoz - Movie Poster
Point Blank - Behind-the-Scenes Photos
Here are a few shots taken behind-the-scenes during production of Point Blank (1967), directed by John Boorman and starring Lee Marvin and Angie Dickinson.

Videos

Movie Clip

Having A Wild Weekend (1965) -- To Kill The Cat Shooting at the Ministry Of Defence urban-warfare training site at the evacuated village of Imber, Wiltshire, Dave Clark (of the featured Dave Clark Five) as stunt-man Steve (who had worked as a stunt-man before his band took off) with semi-girlfriend model Dinah (Barbara Ferris) getting odd feedback from dazed early-hippie Yeano (Ronald Lacey) and his friends, decides to split, just as the army arrives, in Having A Wild Weekend, 1965.
Hope And Glory (1987) -- What Are All The Pink Bits? The first scenes at school in bomb-damaged World War II London, Bill (Sebastian Rice Edwards, his character based on writer-director John Boorman) and his sister (Geraldine Muir) arrive late, and the headmaster (Gerald James) and a teacher (Barbara Pierson) take strident measures, in Hope And Glory, 1987.
Deliverance (1972) -- Downstream Would Be A Good Idea City dwellers Lewis (Burt Reynolds) and Ed (Jon Voight) find the river, then less-experienced partners Drew (Ronny Cox) and Bobby (Ned Beatty) join them as they launch their canoes, John Boorman directing from the ever-profane script by the novelist James Dickey, early in Deliverance, 1972.
Deliverance (1972) -- The System's Gonna Fail Still in their first afternoon on the north-Georgia river, Lewis (Burt Reynolds) with Bobby (Ned Beatty) and Ed (Jon Voight) with Drew (Ronny Cox), mark their first successful run and share some private moments, in John Boorman’s film from James Dickey’s novel, Deliverance, 1972.
Having A Wild Weekend (1965) -- Meat For Go Dave, leader of the band playing stunt-man "Steve," off to work with the rest of the Dave Clark Five, director John Boorman spoofing an ad campaign featuring his not-girlfriend Dinah (Barbara Ferris), early in Having A Wild Weekend, 1965.
Having A Wild Weekend (1965) -- Catch Us If You Can The first scene from director John Boorman in his first film, introducing the Dave Clark Five, with their hit tune and morning workout, not so silly in that they play stunt men, singer Mike Smith first on the trampoline, from Having A Wild Weekend, 1965.
Deliverance (1972) -- You Play A Mean Banjo! Trying to arrange the delivery of their vehicles downstream, Drew (Ronny Cox) takes up the famous banjo-guitar duet, Billy Redden the partner, canoe trippers Burt Reynolds, Jon Voight and Ned Beatty observing, banjo recording by the composer Eric Weissberg, early in John Boorman’s Deliverance, 1972.
Point Blank (1967) -- Open, How Did I Get Here? The opening, which has been noted to have apparent French New Wave influences, of director John Boorman's acclaimed Point Blank, 1967, in which Walker (Lee Marvin) wakes up recalling the caper staged with his wife (Sharon Acker) and buddy (John Vernon).
Point Blank (1967) -- I'm Glad You're Not Dead Lots of sound and editing flash as Walker (Lee Marvin, speaking not a word) finds his wife Lynne (Sharon Acker), who sided with his robbery partner who double-crossed and shot him, in an early scene from John Boorman's revenge-thriller Point Blank, 1967.
Point Blank (1967) -- Most Accidents Happen... More technical virtuosity and crunching noise as Walker (Lee Marvin) takes used-car dealer "Big John" Stegman (Michael Strong) for a ride in John Boorman's landmark Point Blank, 1967.
Point Blank (1967) -- Battle Of Alcatraz The second part of the opening of John Boorman's Point Blank, 1967, in which Walker (Lee Marvin), shot by his partner in crime, wakes up at abandoned Alcatraz as the credits roll, then appears on a tourist boat, shadowed by a mysterious Keenan Wynn.
Point Blank (1967) -- Men Everywhere Walker (Lee Marvin) and Chris (Angie Dickinson), the sister of his late wife who betrayed him in a robbery scheme, casing the Huntley House (still operating, much gentrified) in Santa Monica, stalking the bad guys in John Boorman's Point Blank, 1967.

Trailer

Family

George Boorman
Father
Pub landlord. Of Dutch parentage.
Ivy Boorman
Mother
Telsche Boorman
Daughter
Screenwriter. Born in Ireland; graduated from Sorbonne University; married to publisher Lionel Rotcage, with whom she has one daughter, Daphne; co-wrote the screenplay for "Where the Heart Is" (1990) with Boorman; won 1995 Cesar for script "Gauzon maudit", co-written with Josiane Balasko.
Charley Boorman
Son
Actor. Born c. 1967; made first film appearance at age three as Jon Voight's son in "Deliverance"; co-starred in father's "The Emerald Forest" and "Hope and Glory".
Katrine Boorman
Daughter
Actor. Appeared in father's "Zardoz", "Excalibur", and "Hope and Glory".

Companions

Christel Boorman
Wife
German-born; married in 1957; designed costumes for "Zardoz" and "The Emerald Forest".

Bibliography

"Zardoz"
John Boorman (with Bill Stair) (1974)
"Money into Light"
John Boorman

Notes

"All my films use the Arthurian legend as a template; it happens to a large extent unconsciously." --John Boorman in Film Comment, July-August 1995.

"People often ask me, 'Why do you take these difficult projects--the jungle, battling rivers?' and I give various answers. But the real answer is that the only way I'm able to achieve momentarily this kind of transcendence we're talking about is when I'm making a picture in extraordinarily difficult circumstances, when I'm extended to the very limits. Then, from time to time, I'm able to reach that condition where I'm not looking at myself; I'm unselfconscious and fearless. That to me is the ultimate joy of filmmaking, when I occasionally reach that level.

"I had spent my childhood on rivers and with boats, so I handle these things fairly well, but when we started shooting the canoe sequence in 'Deliverance', when it came to it to get these actors into these boats and do this stuff, I reached a level where I could canoe those rapids myself with absolute confidence. I just knew I could do it and I did. I would always canoe the stretch of rapids first so that the actors could see that even I could do it. That's one example." --John Boorman, interviewed by Gavin Smith, Film Society of Lincoln Center (1995)

Asked whether he was flattered or agitated by the Mel Gibson vehicle "Payback" (1999), which is a remake of his "Point Blank": "When I was trying to get 'Point Blank' made with Lee Marvin, I had the producer send him the script and when I met with him (afterward), I said, 'What do you think?' He said, 'It's terrible, but the character's fascinating.' We had a number of meetings and one night, about two in the morning, he said to me, 'Well, here's what I'll do. I'll do the picture with you on one condition ...' He took the script and threw it out the window, and it fell to the ground where, apparently Mel Gibson picked it up."I take the view that I made the remake and Mel Gibson is doing the original." --John Boorman to Los Angeles Times, May 20, 1998

On James Dickey during the "Deliverance" shoot: "He was drunk all the time, and he was losing his distinction between fact and fantasy. He said to me, 'Everything in that book happened to me.' Well, when I saw him get into a canoe, I realized it wasn't true." --Boorman in GQ, October 1998.

"I prepared that picture ['A Simple Plan']. I cast it. I did rewrites with the author ... and then Paramount canceled it two weeks before we were to start shooting. ... the studio decided to make 'A Simple Plan' after all, and then decided to start production much earlier than I could possibly do it, and they brought in someone else to direct it [Sam Raimi]. He only had four weeks to prepare. He used my cast, my script, my locations ... People say a director has done 70 percent of the work on a film before shooting starts--so I feel it's as much my film as his." --John Boorman quoted by Marilyn Beck and Stacy Jenel Smith in their syndicated column "Hollywood", October 14, 1998