Stanley Kubrick


Director
Stanley Kubrick

About

Birth Place
Bronx, New York, USA
Born
July 26, 1928
Died
March 06, 1999
Cause of Death
Heart Attack

Biography

One of the most consistently fascinating filmmakers in the latter half of the 20th century, director Stanley Kubrick saw his seminal work praised and damned with equal vigor, though oftentimes found that his film's reputations grew over time. Just as his singularly brilliant visual style won him great acclaim, his unconventional sense of narrative and seeming lack of overt emotionalism o...

Photos & Videos

2001: A Space Odyssey Pressbook
Paths of Glory - Movie Posters
Lolita - Pressbook

Family & Companions

Toba Etta Metz
Wife
Born on January 24, 1930; highschool sweethearts; married in 1947; divorced in 1952; worked as dialogue director on "Fear and Desire" (1953).
Ruth Sobotka
Wife
Dancer. Married in January 1955; divorced c. 1957; was art director in "The Killing" (1956); also acted in "Killer's Kiss" (1955) as the heroine's sister in the flashback sequences.
Susanne Christiane Harlan
Wife
Painter, former actor. Married in April 1958; appeared in "Paths of Glory" (1957) as the young woman singing the German song at end; had been previously married to Werner Bruhns with whom she had a daughter Katherine; mother of Kubrick's two daughters; survived him.

Bibliography

"Kubrick"
Michael Herr, Grove Press (2000)
"Kubrick: Inside a Film Artist's Maze"
Thomas Allen Nelson, Indiana University Press (2000)
"Stanley Kubrick Directs"
Alexander Walker, W.W. Norton & Co. (1999)
"Eyes Wide Open: A Memoir of Stanley Kubrick"
Frederic Raphael, Ballantine (1999)

Notes

"I'm distrustful in delegating authority, and my distrust is usually well founded." --Stanley Kubrick.

"I tried with only limited success to make the film as real as possible but I was up against a pretty dumb script which was rarely faithful to what is known about Spartacus. If I ever needed convincing of the limits of persuasion a director can have on a film where someone else is the producer and he is merely the highest paid member of the crew, 'Spartacus' provided proof to last a lifetime." --Stanley Kubrick quoted in "World Film Directors" Volume II 1945-1985, edited by John Wakeman (New York: H W Wilson Company.)

Biography

One of the most consistently fascinating filmmakers in the latter half of the 20th century, director Stanley Kubrick saw his seminal work praised and damned with equal vigor, though oftentimes found that his film's reputations grew over time. Just as his singularly brilliant visual style won him great acclaim, his unconventional sense of narrative and seeming lack of overt emotionalism often elicited critical scorn. Emerging onto the filmmaking scene with films like "Killer's Kiss" (1953) and "The Killing" (1956), Kubrick truly arrived with his bleak antiwar epic "Paths of Glory" (1957). After playing the role of director-for-hire on the sword and sandal epic "Spartacus" (1960), Kubrick entered the pantheon of great filmmakers with "Dr. Strangelove or: How I Stopped Worrying and Learned to Love the Bomb" (1964), often cited as the finest political satire ever made. Continuing that tradition, he directed the technically brilliant "2001: A Space Odyssey" (1968), which was hailed as the best science fiction film of all time, though not without earning some detractors for its lack of emotion. Kubrick courted controversy with the ultraviolent "A Clockwork Orange" (1971) before making what many considered to be one of his best films, "Barry Lyndon" (1975). With "The Shining" (1980), Kubrick waded into the horror genre with exacting aplomb, though he misfired a bit with the uneven Vietnam picture "Full Metal Jacket" (1987). Twelve years later, Kubrick directed his final film, "Eyes Wide Shut" (1999), which managed to garner its share of controversy even after his death prior to its release. Cited by many filmmakers from Steven Spielberg to Woody Allen as being a source of inspiration, Kubrick remained a unique artist capable of a wide diversity in a medium often dominated by repetition and mediocrity. Though his ambitious and often obsessive vision sometimes exceeded his capacity to satisfy the demands of mainstream filmmaking, Kubrick nonetheless laid claim to a distinctive style of cinema often imitated, but never duplicated.

Born on July 26, 1928 in the Bronx, NY, Kubrick was raised by his father, Jacques, a doctor, and his mother, Gertrude. When he was 12, Kubrick's father taught him how to play chess, sparking a lifelong obsession with the game, while also introducing his son to photography after giving him a Graflex camera. Despite being a rather poor student throughout his childhood - he later described himself as a "school misfit" - Kubrick spent time honing his camera skills while attending William H. Taft High School. For almost a year, he was the school's official photographer despite his below average grades. He eventually graduated in 1946. During this time, Kubrick took more of a professional interest in photography and began finding ways to sell his pictures while becoming deeply serious about chess after he joined the Marshall Chess Club. The death of President Franklin D. Roosevelt provided an opportunity for the young photographer when he snapped a photo of a distraught newspaper dealer, which he sold to Look magazine. He was soon hired as a staff photographer and spent the next several years working for the magazine while briefly attending classes at City College and Columbia University.

Kubrick married his first wife and high school sweetheart, Toba Metz, in 1947, only to divorce in 1952. Also during this time, he began taking an interest in film, particularly documentaries, and was persuaded by a friend to make short documentaries for a provider of newsreels to movie theaters. Kubrick agreed and self-financed his first film, "Day of the Fight" (1951), a 16-minute look at middleweight boxer Walter Cartier's preparations for his match against contender Bobby James on April 17, 1950. He moved on to direct the medium-length documentary, "The Seafarers" (1953), which basically served as a promotional film to recruit sailors into the Seafarers International Union. Despite the rather hum-drum nature of the film, it did feature a sideways dolly shot that served as an early demonstration of what later became one of his signature techniques. Kubrick moved on to narrative filmmaking with "Fear and Desire" (1953), a war film made with a handful of actors and crew, one of whom was his first wife. Because of the low production values and continuity errors on display, Kubrick pulled the film from circulation, only to find it back in the public after letting the copyright lapse into the public domain some years later.

Kubrick went on to direct his second low budget feature, "Killer's Kiss" (1955), a film noir about a second-rate boxer who tries to flee New York with his dance hall girlfriend (Irene Kane), only to run afoul of her gangster boss (Frank Silvera). Working with producer James B. Harris, Kubrick graduated to professional cast and crew with his next effort, "The Killing" (1956), a well-paced and assured noir about a race track heist spearheaded by a career criminal (Sterling Hayden) looking to make one last score. Kubrick's first major feature effort suffered at the box office while failing to garner praise from critics of that time. "The Killing" did, however, earn respectability over time and earned its place as one of the classics of the genre. Kubrick went on to direct his first truly great film, "Paths of Glory" (1957), which marked his emergence as a major director. Sharp, intelligent and superbly acted, the World War I saga featured star and producer Kirk Douglas as a French colonel who defends three soldiers accused of cowardice against an incompetent general (Adolphe Menjou) determined to execute them for his own failure. A box office disappointment upon its release and banned in both France and Germany, "Paths of Glory" was a critical hit that ensured its stature throughout the years as one of the finest antiwar films ever made.

Although his next effort seemed to be more of a personal effort for producer-star Kirk Douglas than the director, Kubrick demonstrated that he could function within mainstream Hollywood with the sword-and-sandal epic "Spartacus" (1960), the first and only feature film he did as a work-for-hire. Brought in a week into shooting after original director Anthony Mann was replaced by Douglas, Kubrick nonetheless established his presence right away by promptly firing the movie's cinematographer. A loosely historical look at the titular Thracian slave (Douglas) who dared to take on the Roman Empire with a large scale slave revolt, "Spartacus" retained Kubrick's rather bleak outlook despite being a major Hollywood production and one of the more expensive ones to make at the time. Several critics praised the visual aspects of the widescreen, Technicolor epic, which some considered to be a notch or two above the standard spectacle of the day, while also highlighting the underlying themes between the aesthetics of warfare and its human consequences. Meanwhile, the film earned six Academy Award nominations, mainly in more technical categories, and took home four.

In 1961, Kubrick left the United States for England in 1961 in search of greater independence and control of his films. It was there that he worked for the remainder of his career, developing and producing meticulously crafted, yet markedly different films. The first was "Lolita" (1962), an adaptation of Vladimir Nabokov's controversial novel about Humbert Humbert (James Mason), a middle-aged man who develops an infatuation with Dolores Haze, a promiscuous 14-year-old girl (Sue Lyon). But because of censorship and the public mores of the time, Kubrick was forced to reduce the sexual relationship between Humbert and the girl to nothing more than mere suggestion. In fact, Kubrick later commented that if he had known how difficult the censors were going to be, he never would have made the movie at all. Also featuring comedic actor Peter Sellers, who donned several disguises to play various personas from his greatly expanded character, Clare Quilty, "Lolita" was as controversial as Vladimir Nabokov's original book despite its watered-down content. With little advertising, the film did well enough upon its release and earned several award nominations for the main cast, as well as an Oscar win for Nabokov for adapting his own material.

The ironic touch displayed in "Lolita" exploded to cosmic proportions with the black comedy "Dr Strangelove or: How I Learned to Stop Worrying and Love the Bomb" (1964). Beginning as a serious thriller about the possibility of nuclear Armageddon, Kubrick decided instead to inject stark humor into the script after seeing the inherent comedy in the idea of mutual assured destruction. Peter Sellers again was the star and this time played three distinct roles: a British attaché to a crazed American general (Sterling Hayden), the mild-mannered President of the United States, who tries to call off the attack while battling a gung-ho general (George C. Scott), and the titular Dr. Strangelove, a wheelchair-bound former Nazi scientist who routinely calls the president Mein Führer and struggles with a hand that wants to give the Nazi salute. With such classic moments as Seller's president breaking up a fight and declaring "Gentlemen, you can't fight in here. This is the war room," to the Air Force captain played by Slim Pickens waving his cowboy hat and riding to mankind's doom atop a falling nuclear bomb, "Dr. Strangelove" marked a true achievement for the director, who created what many considered to have been the best political satire of the 20th century.

Despite some moral backlash, the successes of "Lolita" and "Strangelove" earned Kubrick the freedom to choose his own subjects and, more importantly, to exert total control over the filmmaking process. The first product of this license was the science-fiction classic "2001: A Space Odyssey" (1968). Having set out to make what he called the "proverbial good science fiction movie," Kubrick spent five years making "2001," which started with a collaboration with science fiction author, Arthur C. Clarke, who wrote his novel of the same name while penning the script with the director. A stark and often esoteric look at human evolution, technology and alien life, "2001" was a visually hypnotic film that contained little dialogue and few explicit explanations, but was chock full of filmic metaphors and groundbreaking special effects that remained industry standards for the next decade. Though it received mixed reviews following its initial release, "2001" grew over time - as many Kubrick films had a tendency to do - into becoming what many considered to be the finest science fiction movies ever made, and arguably one of the best in any genre. Featuring such memorable moments as a senior astronaut (Keir Dullea) killing the wayward Hal 9000, to that same character transforming from a human into an extraterrestrial life form, "2001" was without a doubt Kubrick's finest achievement.

Further cementing his anti-establishment reputation, Kubrick followed "2001" with "A Clockwork Orange" (1971), adapted from the novel by Anthony Burgess. Depicting a disturbing future set in totalitarian England, the film followed Alex (Malcolm McDowell), a Beethoven-loving amoral punk who leads his gang of droogs on a series of ultra-violent assaults until he is captured by authorities and subjected to nasty behavior-modification therapy. With an initial X-rating, "A Clockwork Orange" opened to come degree of controversy due several acts of onscreen violence, including a brutal rape scene that was made notorious by Alex singing "Singin' in the Rain" while beating a man and woman senseless. Forced to recut portions of the film, the director nonetheless displayed a highly visceral visual style punctuated by a camera that moved with an audacity unrivaled in contemporary cinema. Meanwhile, the film received high praise from critics and earned an Academy Award nomination for Best Picture. Kubrick next directed "Barry Lyndon" (1975), a bold attempt to bring modern techniques to bear upon a narrative set in the 18th century. Kubrick spent as much technical effort and expertise recreating the lighting and imagery of William Makepeace Thackeray's novel, as he had done inventing a future in his two previous films. Although a commercial failure, "Barry Lyndon" fit logically into the Kubrick canon, a dour fable of humanity trapped in the same determinism that had colored his previous work. And much like his previous work, the film earned a greater appreciation long after its release, with some critics citing it as one of his finest films.

Notoriously taking a long time to make a movie, Kubrick next adapted Stephen King's horror novel "The Shining" (1980), a slow-moving, but hypnotic horror film about struggling writer Jack Torrance (Jack Nicholson), who serves as the winter caretaker to the remote Overlook Hotel, only to go mad and try to kill his naïve wife (Shelley Duvall) and telepathic son (Danny Lloyd). Thanks to Nicholson's manic performance, which included the famous line "Here's Johnny!" as he chops down a bathroom door with an axe to kill his wife, "The Shining" was the recipient of diametrically opposed reviews from critics and audiences. A financial success at the time of release, it eventually earned a better reputation over time. Meanwhile, Stephen King took issue with Kubrick's take on his material, saying that he actually hated the adaptation despite some memorable visuals because of the director's apprehension with tackling the novel's supernatural elements. Eventually, King's opinions about the film mellowed years later.

Kubrick waited seven years to release his next movie, "Full Metal Jacket" (1987), an adaptation of Gustav Hasford's Vietnam war novel The Short-Timers (1979) that was essentially two movies in one. The first section focused on Private Joker (Matthew Modine), who arrives at Marine basic training on Parris Island where the recruits endure a barrage of insults from their gunnery sergeant (R. Lee Ermey), leading to the mental disintegration and eventual suicide of a slow-witted grunt (Vincent D'Onofrio). The second part followed Joker to the jungles of Vietnam, where he serves as a combat correspondent and comes across his fellow recruits, all of whom have turned jaded from seeing the horrors of war. Though compelling and well-acted, "Full Metal Jacket" paled in comparison to the tropical splendor of Francis Ford Coppola's "Apocalypse Now" (1979) and the emotional reality on display in Oliver Stone's "Platoon" (1986). More than 10 years passed until Kubrick allowed his next film "Eyes Wide Shut" (1999), starring Tom Cruise and Nicole Kidman, to see the light of day. True to form, the pedantic filmmaker labored excessively, assigning great importance to each and every image the camera would record and endlessly reshooting scenes until achieving the exact look he desired in this sexual psychodrama about a Manhattan doctor (Tom Cruise) who gets drawn into a ritualistic sexual underworld after his wife (Nicole Kidman) admits to having fantasies about another man.

On March 7, 1999, just four days after screening a final cut of "Eyes Wide Shut" for friends and family prior to its release, Stanley Kubrick died from a heart attack in his sleep. He was 70. Naturally, the director managed to court controversy even after his death when Warner Bros. took control of "Eyes Wide Shut" and digitally altered an orgy scene in order to receive an R-rating instead of the dreaded NC-17 tag. Some critics decried the studios decision to alter Kubrick's vision of the film, though it was eventually restored upon its release on DVD. Meanwhile, director Steven Spielberg directed "A.I.: Artificial Intelligence" (2001), which Kubrick began developing as far back as the early 1970s. Throughout the ensuing decades, Kubrick had extended conversations with Spielberg about the project and eventually gave his blessing for him to direct it in 1995. It took Kubrick's death for the film to get off the ground and it was eventually released in the following millennium. The film starred child actor Haley Joel Osment as a young android who sets off on a journey in a dystopian future in order to discover if he is anything more than just a robot. Hailed by most critics, who cited that Kubrick would have been pleased with the results, "A.I." benefited from the infusion of the director's bleak outlook and Spielberg's bright optimism - all of which helped put a cap on Kubrick's brilliant cinematic career.

Filmography

 

Director (Feature Film)

Eyes Wide Shut (1999)
Director
Full Metal Jacket (1987)
Director
The Shining (1980)
Director
Barry Lyndon (1975)
Director
A Clockwork Orange (1971)
Director
2001: A Space Odyssey (1968)
Director
Dr. Strangelove or: How I Learned To Stop Worrying and Love the Bomb (1964)
Director
Lolita (1962)
Director
Spartacus (1960)
Director
Paths of Glory (1958)
Director
The Killing (1956)
Director
Killer's Kiss (1955)
Director
Fear and Desire (1953)
Director
The Seafarers (1952)
Director

Cast (Feature Film)

Making The Shining (1980)
Himself

Cinematography (Feature Film)

Killer's Kiss (1955)
Photography
Fear and Desire (1953)
Photography

Writer (Feature Film)

A.I.: Artificial Intelligence (2001)
Story By
Eyes Wide Shut (1999)
Screenplay
Full Metal Jacket (1987)
Screenplay
The Shining (1980)
Screenplay
Barry Lyndon (1975)
Screenplay
A Clockwork Orange (1971)
Screenwriter
2001: A Space Odyssey (1968)
Screenwriter
Dr. Strangelove or: How I Learned To Stop Worrying and Love the Bomb (1964)
Screenwriter
Paths of Glory (1958)
Screenwriter
The Killing (1956)
Screenwriter
Killer's Kiss (1955)
Story

Producer (Feature Film)

Eyes Wide Shut (1999)
Producer
Full Metal Jacket (1987)
Producer
The Shining (1980)
Producer
Barry Lyndon (1975)
Producer
A Clockwork Orange (1971)
Producer
2001: A Space Odyssey (1968)
Producer
Dr. Strangelove or: How I Learned To Stop Worrying and Love the Bomb (1964)
Producer
Killer's Kiss (1955)
Producer
Fear and Desire (1953)
Producer

Editing (Feature Film)

Killer's Kiss (1955)
Editing
Fear and Desire (1953)
Editing

Visual Effects (Feature Film)

2001: A Space Odyssey (1968)
Sp Photographer Effects dsgn & Director

Film Production - Main (Feature Film)

The Seafarers (1952)
Photography

Production Companies (Feature Film)

2001: A Space Odyssey (1968)
Company
Dr. Strangelove or: How I Learned To Stop Worrying and Love the Bomb (1964)
Company

Special Thanks (Feature Film)

Hedwig and the Angry Inch (2001)
Special Thanks To

Misc. Crew (Feature Film)

The Fantasy Film Worlds of George Pal (1985)
Assistant
2010 (1984)
Other
Terror in the Aisles (1984)
Other

Director (Short)

The Flying Padre (1951)
Director
Day of the Fight (1951)
Director

Cast (Short)

Day of the Fight (1951)
Himself

Cinematography (Short)

Day of the Fight (1951)
Director Of Photography
The Flying Padre (1951)
Cinematographer

Writer (Short)

The Flying Padre (1951)
Writer

Producer (Short)

Day of the Fight (1951)
Producer

Editing (Short)

Day of the Fight (1951)
Editor

Misc. Crew (Short)

Day of the Fight (1951)
Sound

Life Events

1945

Photograph taken by Kubrick of a newsdealer on the day of President Franklin Roosevelt's death bought by Look magazine; Kubrick subsequently hired as a photographer for the magazine and worked there from 1946-1950

1951

First short film as director (also screenwriter, director of photography and producer), the 16-minute documentary "Day of the Fight", about boxer Walter Cartier whom Kubrick had photographed for Look magazine

1953

First medium-length film as director (also director of photography), the documentary "The Seafarers"

1953

First feature film as director (also director of photography, editor and producer), "Fear and Desire"

1955

Founded (with James B Harris) Harris-Kubrick Productions; partnership lasted through "Lolita" (1962)

1956

Scripted first Harris-Kubrick production "The Killing" from Lionel White's thriller "Clean Break"

1957

Adapted (along with Calder Willingham and Jim Thompson) Humphrey Cobb's World War I novel "Paths of Glory", starring Kirk Douglas; as an indictment of war, compared to Lewis Milestone's "All Quiet on the Western Front" and Jean Renoir's "La Grande Illusion"

1957

Signed contract with MGM but released after making no films

1960

Hired by Marlon Brando to direct the Western "One-Eyed Jacks"; left the project after six months; Brando went on to direct (date approximate)

1960

Replaced Anthony Mann as the director of "Spartacus", at the time the most expensive movie ever made in America

1961

Moved to Great Britain, which stood in for America in "Lolita"; based in London ever since

1963

Scripted along with Terry Southern and Peter George from George's novel "Red Alert" the apocalyptic black comedy "Dr Strangelove, or How I Learned to Stop Worrying and Love the Bomb"; also directed, produced and served as special photographic effects designer; Kubrick garnered Academy Award nominations for Best Picture, Best Director and Best Screenplay

1968

Wrote, produced, directed and designed the effects for "2001: A Space Odyssey"; received Oscar for Best Special Effects and nominations as Best Director and for Best Screenplay

1971

Produced, directed and adapted "A Clockwork Orange" from the Anthony Burgess novel; received Academy Award nominations for Best Screenplay and Best Picture and as Best Director

1975

Last feature for five years, "Barry Lyndon"; wrote, produced and directed; again personally nominated for Best Picture, Best Director and Best Screenplay

1980

Returned to features with screen adaptation of Stephen King's "The Shining"

1987

First feature in seven years, "Full Metal Jacket", based on Gustav Hasford's novel "The Short Timers"; shared an Academy Award nomination for Best Screenplay

1996

Announced casting of Tom Cruise and Nicole Kidman in feature "Eyes Wide Shut" and began lensing in November; completed shooting in 1998; film released posthumously in the summer of 1999

2001

"A.I. Artificial Intelligence", a film based on his unproduced screenplay, written and directed by Steven Spielberg released

Photo Collections

2001: A Space Odyssey Pressbook
Here is the original campaign book (pressbook) for 2001: A Space Odyssey (1968). Pressbooks were sent to exhibitors and theater owners to aid them in publicizing the film's run in their theater.
Paths of Glory - Movie Posters
Paths of Glory - Movie Posters
Lolita - Pressbook
Here is the campaign book (pressbook) for MGM's Lolita (1962), directed by Stanley Kubrick. Pressbooks were sent to exhibitors and theater owners to aid them in publicizing the film's run in their theater.
2001: A Space Odyssey - Behind-the-Scenes Photos
Here are several photos taken behind-the-scenes during production of 2001: A Space Odyssey, featuring director Stanley Kubrick and writer Arthur C. Clarke.
The Killing - Movie Poster
Here is the American one-sheet movie poster for Stanley Kubrick's The Killing (1956). One-sheets measured 27x41 inches, and were the poster style most commonly used in theaters.

Videos

Movie Clip

2001: A Space Odyssey (1968) - Jupiter And Beyond Just a portion of the trippy part, Dave (Keir Dullea) has left the mother-ship in an "EVA" pod, after hearing secret instructions, and sees weird stuff as he approaches Jupiter, late in Stanley Kubrick's 2001: A Space Odyssey, 1968.
2001: A Space Odyssey (1968) - HAL 9000 Introduction of the HAL 9000 computer (voice by Douglas Rain) and the two not-hibernating members of the Jupiter mission on the spaceship Discovery One, Dave (Keir Dullea) and Frank (Gary Lockwood), in Stanley Kubrick's 2001: A Space Odyssey, 1968.
2001: A Space Odyssey (1968) - Monolith Second stanza of Stanley Kubrick's "Dawn Of Man" sequence, the apes awaken one morning to find what will become known as "the monolith," early in 2001: A Space Odyssey, 1968.
2001: A Space Odyssey (1968) - Fight The ending of director Stanley Kubrick's "Dawn Of Man" sequence, the apes have become carnivorous and homicidal, and a bone thrown in the air leads to one of the most famous edits in film history, in 2001: A Space Odyssey, 1968.
Dr. Strangelove (1964) - Doomsday Machine President Muffley (Peter Sellers) asks Ambassador de Sadesky (Peter Bull) why the Soviets would build a "Doomsday Machine," leading to the first appearance of the title character (also Sellers), in the war room during the nuclear crisis, in Stanley Kubrick's Dr. Strangelove Or: How I Learned To Stop Worrying And Love The Bomb, 1964.
Dr. Strangelove (1964) - Wing Attack Plan R Major "King" Kong (Slim Pickens) on his strategic bomber gets word from radio-man Goldberg (Paul Tamarin) of unexpected orders, Lt. Zogg (James Earl Jones) voicing the crews' concerns, in Stanley Kubrick's Dr. Strangelove Or: How I Learned To Stop Worrying And Love The Bomb, 1964.
Dr. Strangelove (1964) - Get Premier Kissoff In the war room, President Muffley (Peter Sellers) entertaining advice from General Turgidson (George C. Scott), whose renegade commander has ordered a nuclear attack on the Soviet Union, in Stanley Kubrick's Dr. Strangelove Or: How I Learned To Stop Worrying And Love The Bomb, 1964.
Dr. Strangelove (1964) - It Is My Clear Duty Director Stanley Kubrick executes this exchange mostly in one take, Lieutenant Mandrake (Peter Sellers) confronting General Ripper (Sterling Hayden) about clear evidence that there's not a war on, in Dr. Strangelove Or: How I Learned To Stop Worrying And Love The Bomb, 1964.
Paths Of Glory (1958) - They're Scum Following the failed assault on the German position, Gen. Mireau (George MacReady) seems to have lost perspective, Col. Dax (Kirk Douglas) both defiant and hoping to preserve their relationship, Gen. Broulard (Adolphe Menjou) officiating, discussing military justice, in Stanley Kubrick’s Paths Of Glory, 1958.
Spartacus (1960) - Have We Learned Nothing? Producer and title character Kirk Douglas is disgusted with his fellow slave gladiators, making their former masters fight after their rebellion, confronting colleague Crixus (John Ireland), looking to inspire action against Rome, planning to find some ships, in Stanley Kubrick’s Spartacus, 1960.
Paths Of Glory (1958) - What Did He Have To Say About Patriotism? Gen. Mireau (George MacReady), who was reluctant until tempted with a promotion, visits Col. Dax (Kirk Douglas) in his bunker promoting the assault on the German position known as the “Ant Hill,” Richard Anderson the cynical aide, in Stanley Kubrick’s WWI drama Paths Of Glory, 1958.
Spartacus (1960) - A Disease Called Human Slavery Vic Perrin's crisp narration, from the screenplay by Dalton Trumbo, given his first screen credit by producer and star Kirk Douglas after years on the Hollywood blacklist, the introduction of Douglas and some of his tormentors, Stanley Kubrick directing, in Spartacus, 1960.

Trailer

Promo

Family

Jacques Leon Kubrick
Father
Doctor. The son of Polish and Romanian Jews; married Kubrick's mother on October 30, 1927.
Gertrude Kubrick
Mother
Barbara Mary Kubrick
Sister
Born on May 21, 1934.
Jan Harlan
Brother-In-Law
Filmmaker. Made series of documentaries about Kubrick.
Katherine Kubrick
Daughter
Natural daughter of Werner Bruhns and Christiane Kubrick; looked upon Kubrick as her father and adopted his surname.
Anya Renata Kubrick
Daughter
Born on April 6, 1959; mother, Susanne Christiane Harlan; survived him.
Vivian Kubrick
Daughter
Screenwriter. Born on August 5, 1960; mother, Susanne Christiane Harlan; shot documentary film of Kubrick making "The Shining" (for which she worked in the art department), screened on the BBC arts program "Arena" in 1980, parts of which made it into another documentary "The Invisible Man", shown on England's Channel 4 in 1996; had a bit part in "2001" (1968); composed the original music for "Full Metal Jacket" (1987) under the pseudonym Abigail Mead; survived him.

Companions

Toba Etta Metz
Wife
Born on January 24, 1930; highschool sweethearts; married in 1947; divorced in 1952; worked as dialogue director on "Fear and Desire" (1953).
Ruth Sobotka
Wife
Dancer. Married in January 1955; divorced c. 1957; was art director in "The Killing" (1956); also acted in "Killer's Kiss" (1955) as the heroine's sister in the flashback sequences.
Susanne Christiane Harlan
Wife
Painter, former actor. Married in April 1958; appeared in "Paths of Glory" (1957) as the young woman singing the German song at end; had been previously married to Werner Bruhns with whom she had a daughter Katherine; mother of Kubrick's two daughters; survived him.

Bibliography

"Kubrick"
Michael Herr, Grove Press (2000)
"Kubrick: Inside a Film Artist's Maze"
Thomas Allen Nelson, Indiana University Press (2000)
"Stanley Kubrick Directs"
Alexander Walker, W.W. Norton & Co. (1999)
"Eyes Wide Open: A Memoir of Stanley Kubrick"
Frederic Raphael, Ballantine (1999)
"Perspectives on Stanley Kubrick"
Mario Falsetto (editor), G.K. Hall & Co. (1997)
"Stanley Kubrick: A Biography"
Vincent LoBrutto, Donald I. Fine, Inc. (1996)
"Stanley Kubrick: Inside a Film Artist's Maze"
Thomas Allen Nelson (1982)
"Kubrick"
Michel Cimet (1980)
"Stanley Kubrick: A Guide to References and Resources"
Wallace Coylee (1980)
"A Cinema of Loneliness"
Robert Philip Kolker (1980)
"Stanley Kubrick: A Film Odyssey"
Gene D. Philips (1975)
"The Films of Stanley Kubrick"
Daniel De Vries (1973)
"The Making of Kubrick's 2001"
Jerome Agel (editor) (1970)

Notes

"I'm distrustful in delegating authority, and my distrust is usually well founded." --Stanley Kubrick.

"I tried with only limited success to make the film as real as possible but I was up against a pretty dumb script which was rarely faithful to what is known about Spartacus. If I ever needed convincing of the limits of persuasion a director can have on a film where someone else is the producer and he is merely the highest paid member of the crew, 'Spartacus' provided proof to last a lifetime." --Stanley Kubrick quoted in "World Film Directors" Volume II 1945-1985, edited by John Wakeman (New York: H W Wilson Company.)

"There is no doubt that there's a deep emotional relationship between man and his machines, which are his children. The machine is beginning to assert itself in a very profound way, even attracting affection and obsession."There is a sexiness to beautiful machines. The smell of a Nikon camera. The feel of an Italian sports car, or a beautiful tape recorder. ... Man has always worshipped beauty, and I think there's a new kind of beauty afoot in the world." --Stanley Kubrick to The New York Times in 1968, at the time of the release of "2001."

"He does not believe in biting the hand that might strangle him." --critic Hollis Alpert.

"He is a brilliant filmmaker, but he does not do well in the final test--as a man." --"A Clockwork Orange" star Malcolm McDowell on Kubrick.

" ... I think the enemy of the filmmaker is not the intellectual or the member of the mass public, but the kind of middlebrow who has neither the intellectual apparatus to analyze and clearly define what is meant nor the honest emotional reaction of the mass film audience member. And unfortunately, I think that a great many of these people in the middle are occupied in writing about films. I think that it is a monumental presumption on the part of film reviewers to summarize in one terse, witty, clever Time Magazine-style paragraph what the intention of the film is. That kind of review is usually very superficial, unless it is a truly bad film, and extremely unfair." --Stanley Kubrick to Robert Emmett Ginna from an unpublished 1960 interview (From Entertainment Weekly, April 9, 1999.)

"He didn't like stupidity, razzmatazz, celebrity. Stanley refused to accept that drainage of his spirit." --novelist and friend David Cornwall (aka John Le Carre), quoted in Newsweek, March 22, 1999.

"He not only understood humanity, he understood it too well. He had no love of humanity. He was a misanthrope." --Alexander Walker, author of "Stanley Kubrick Directs."