Olivia De Havilland


Actor
Olivia De Havilland

About

Also Known As
Olivia Mary De Havilland, Olivia Dehavilland
Birth Place
Japan
Born
July 01, 1916
Died
July 26, 2020

Biography

One of the premiere leading ladies of Hollywood’s Golden Age, actress Olivia de Havilland first became known for her roles as demure ingénues opposite cinema’s most popular male stars. The older sister and professional contemporary of actress Joan Fontaine, de Havilland began her career as a contract star for Warner Bros. Pictures in 1935. Her breakout film, the swashbuckling adventure "...

Photos & Videos

A Midsummer Night's Dream (1935) - Scene Stills
Princess O'Rourke - Movie Poster
The Heiress - Movie Poster

Family & Companions

Howard Hughes
Companion
Producer, industrialist, aviator, inventor. Dated in the 1930s.
Jimmy Stewart
Companion
Actor. Dated in the 1940s; expected him to propose; when he didn't, terminated the relationship.
John Huston
Companion
Director, screenwriter, actor. Involved in the 1940s; reunited in 1950s after her divorce.
Marcus Aurelius Goodrich
Husband
Novelist. Married in 1946; divorced in 1952; born c. 1898 in Texas; died on October 20, 1991 of heart failure at age 93 in a Richmond, Virginia nursing home; great grandfather was a signer of the Texas Declaration of Independence; wrote the 1941 best-seller, "Delilah".

Bibliography

"Olivia de Havilland"
Judith Kass, Pyramid Books (1976)
"Every Frenchman Has One"
Olivia de Havilland (1962)

Notes

Received the Women's National Press Club Award in 1949.

She was thrice given the LOOK Magazine Award in 1941, 1948 and 1949.

Biography

One of the premiere leading ladies of Hollywood’s Golden Age, actress Olivia de Havilland first became known for her roles as demure ingénues opposite cinema’s most popular male stars. The older sister and professional contemporary of actress Joan Fontaine, de Havilland began her career as a contract star for Warner Bros. Pictures in 1935. Her breakout film, the swashbuckling adventure "Captain Blood" (1936) opposite Errol Flynn, was the first entry in one of filmdom’s greatest romantic onscreen pairings. She appeared with Flynn in seven more features, including "The Adventures of Robin Hood" (1938) and made history the following year with her role as the noble Melanie Hamilton Wilkes, best friend of flawed heroine Scarlett O’Hara (Vivien Leigh) in the timeless classic "Gone with the Wind" (1939). Behind the scenes, a rumored sibling rivalry between her and Fontaine was the subject of Hollywood gossip for decades. The actress won her first Academy Award for her starring role in the melodrama "To Each His Own" (1946). Embracing flawed, unglamorous characters, de Havilland garnered acclaim for her work in "The Snake Pit" (1948) and picked up a second Oscar with "The Heiress" (1949). By the 1950s, de Havilland’s film output decreased substantially, with her appearance opposite fellow icon Bette Davis in "Hush... Hush, Sweet Charlotte" (1964) being one of her more notable late-career efforts. A true luminary of the silver screen, de Havilland would always be remembered for the elegance and grace she possessed both on and off camera.

Olivia Mary de Havilland was born in Tokyo, Japan on July 1, 1916. She was the eldest daughter of Walter de Havilland, a lawyer, and the former Lilian Augusta Ruse, an actress who went by the stage name, Lilian Fontaine. Her younger sister was actress Joan Fontaine, from whom de Havilland was estranged for more than eight decades, due some said, to professional rivalry. But it surely went deeper than that, since both became accomplished actresses and even Oscar winners. The family moved from Tokyo when the future Academy Award winner was two years old, and settled in Saratoga, CA. De Havilland attended high school at Los Gatos High School, where an acting award was named after her, and also went to Notre Dame Convent Catholic Girls' School in Belmont, CA. De Havilland's career began with a co-starring role in "Alibi Ike" (1935). She appeared as Hermia in the stage production of "A Midsummer Night's Dream," a character she later reprised in the film version that was produced by Warner Bros. in 1935. After being signed to the studio – one famous for its male-driven output of gangster films and the occasional musical – a string of "damsel in distress" roles followed. It was a character that became her trademark onscreen persona, due in part to the limitations for actresses at Warner Bros., but also one she ultimately grew frustrated with.

The young ingénue starred opposite their newest star, swashbuckler Errol Flynn in popular films like "Captain Blood" (1935), "The Charge of the Light Brigade" (1936), and as Maid Marian in the timeless classic, "The Adventures of Robin Hood" (1938). Such was their personal chemistry, the pair became of Tinseltown's most attractive and dynamic onscreen couples, appearing in eight films together. But despite rumors of any on-set romance, a la Tracy and Hepburn, de Havilland claimed she never fell for Flynn's infamous advances. The actor – who bedded virtually every woman he set his eyes on – reportedly grew fond of the actress during the filming of "Captain Blood," and by the time they were filming "The Charge of the Light Brigade," he was hooked – most likely because she was the one woman to turn him down. The dashing actor was also unhappily married to actress Lili Damita at the time. In truth, the older Flynn intimidated De Havilland, who was barely in her 20s. Plus, she was rumored to have been wary of his unusual courting tactics of playing jokes on her. He was reported to have placed a dead snake in her underwear as a prank, which she, not surprisingly, did not find too amusing. But the actress did reveal that in spite of it all, she was still quite taken with Flynn. In an interview, she said, "He was a charming and magnetic man. I had a crush on him, and later I found he did for me. In fact, he proposed, but he was not divorced from Lili Damita so it was just as well that I said no." De Havilland was also romantically linked to John Huston, James Stewart and Howard Hughes in the early 1940s. She married Marcus Goodrich, a novelist, in 1946; the pair divorced in 1953. They had a son, Benjamin, who died in 1991.

De Havilland's landing the part of Melanie in the epic film "Gone with the Wind" was no easy feat for the young actress who yet to make the A-list, despite her successes with Flynn. She was still under contract with Warner in 1938 when the film's original director, George Cukor, called her to audition for the role of Melanie. The 22-year-old accepted the offer, knowing fully that she was doing something illegal. Driving herself to Cukor's office, she read for him and got the part. Almost. Warner Bros. refused to loan her out to MGM, even after she begged Jack Warner to let her do the movie. She was so desperate, she turned to Warner's wife for help, explaining how much the role meant to her. After his wife intervened, Warner let de Havilland be in the cast of what is still one of the most celebrated movies of all time. Her touching performance earned her an Academy Award nomination for Best Actress in a Supporting Role. Only she and co-star Clark Gable were shut out of wins, as Vivien Leigh as Scarlett O'Hara and Hattie McDaniels as the O'Hara servant, Mammy, both earned acting Oscars, as did the picture and its producer, David O. Selzick and the film's second director, Victor Fleming (Cukor had been replaced after Gable threw his weight around, uncomfortable with the homosexual Cukor's focus on the female characters; insisting the man's man Fleming take over the reigns).

The actress may have portrayed the demure, damsel in distress role to perfection, but in reality, de Havilland became wary of always playing the "love interest." She even mounted a famous for its time lawsuit against Warner Bros. that ultimately gave actors more creative freedom than ever before. In 1941, de Havilland sued the company over the terms of her contract. Her contract was already expired, but the studio told her that six months had been added to it for times that she had been on suspension; the studios were allowed then to suspend actors for rejecting a role and the period of suspension to be added to the contract period. Most actors accepted the situation, but de Havilland fought the system by suing the studio. The Screen Actors Guild backed her up, and she eventually won. The decision was one of the most important legal rulings in Hollywood. It was the first time actors were extended more freedom over their careers. The ruling was known as, and still is, referred to as the "de Havilland law." Warner Bros. vowed to never hire the actress again.

She need not have worried about any bad blood shed at Warner Bros. In the mid-1940s, de Havilland gained critical acceptance for playing more serious roles she has always wished to play. She won the Best Actress Academy Awards for "To Each His Own" (1946), where her character became pregnant out of wedlock, and also for "The Heiress" (1949). She received much praise for her Oscar-nominated performance in "The Snake Pit" (1948), one of the first movies to bring to light the controversial issue of mental illness. In the movie, de Havilland's character was committed to an insane asylum; the role was very unglamorous and a stark contrast to her previous roles.

Time heals all wounds, some say, but it apparently did not apply to the feud between the De Havilland sisters. De Havilland's relationship (or lack thereof) with her sister, Joan Fontaine, was one for the books. The sisters' decades-long rivalry – they stopped speaking to each other in 1976 – was fraught with hostility and jealousy that many say must have stemmed from childhood, when de Havilland ripped her sister's hand-me-downs, forcing Joan to sew them back together. Their mother must have added fuel to the fire, as she reportedly favored her elder daughter over Fontaine. During their acting careers, the sisters chased after the same roles, and were pitted against each other for several acting awards. In 1942, both sisters were up for the Best Actress award; Fontaine took home the Oscar for her role in Alfred Hitchcock's "Suspicion" (1941) over de Havilland's nomination for "Hold Back the Dawn" (1941). During the ceremony, after Fontaine's name was announced as the winner, she reportedly rejected her sister's outstretched hand, ready to congratulate her. De Havilland was humiliated by the gesture.

De Havilland continued to make films after the 1950s, but her roles were far and few between as Hollywood turned its eyes on toward younger, more permissive actresses. She reportedly turned down the role of Blanche Dubois in "A Streetcar Named Desire" (1951) because of its suggestive themes and racy dialogue. The role went to her "Gone with the Wind" co-star, Vivien Leigh, who won an Oscar. De Havilland continued to make movies until the 1970s and made several television appearances, most notably as the Dowager Empress Maria in the 1986 miniseries "Anastasia: The Mystery of Anna" (NBC), which earned her a Golden Globe award and an Emmy nomination. Having finally had her fill of Hollywood, the actress moved to Paris for the remainder of her life. She was a presenter at the 75th Annual Academy Awards in 2003 and was reportedly working on an autobiography, still the graceful, classy lady even into her ninth decade.

Filmography

 

Cast (Feature Film)

The Woman He Loved (1988)
Bessie Merryman
Bette Davis: The Benevolent Volcano (1984)
The Royal Romance of Charles and Diana (1982)
Agatha Christie's Murder Is Easy (1982)
The Fifth Musketeer (1979)
The Swarm (1978)
Airport '77 (1977)
The Screaming Woman (1972)
Pope Joan (1972)
The Adventurers (1970)
Deborah Hadley
Lady in a Cage (1964)
Mrs. Hilyard
Hush...Hush, Sweet Charlotte (1964)
Miriam Deering
Light in the Piazza (1962)
Margaret Johnson
Libel (1959)
Lady [Margaret] Loddon
The Proud Rebel (1958)
Linnett Moore
The Ambassador's Daughter (1956)
Joan Fiske
That Lady (1955)
Ana de Mendoza [Princess of Eboli]
Not As a Stranger (1955)
Kristina [Hedvigson]
My Cousin Rachel (1953)
Rachel Sangalletti Ashley
The Heiress (1949)
Catherine Sloper
The Snake Pit (1948)
Virginia Stuart Cunningham
The Dark Mirror (1946)
Terry Collins/Ruth Collins
Devotion (1946)
Charlotte Brontë
To Each His Own (1946)
Jody Norris
The Well Groomed Bride (1946)
Margie
Government Girl (1944)
Elizabeth "Smokey" Allard
Thank Your Lucky Stars (1943)
Herself
Princess O'Rourke (1943)
Princess Maria, also known as Mary Williams
The Male Animal (1942)
Ellen Turner
They Died with Their Boots On (1942)
Elizabeth [Libby] Bacon
In This Our Life (1942)
Roy Timberlake
The Strawberry Blonde (1941)
Amy Lind
Hold Back the Dawn (1941)
Emmy Brown
My Love Came Back (1940)
Amelia Cornell
Santa Fe Trail (1940)
Kit Carson Halliday
Wings of the Navy (1939)
Irene Dale
The Private Lives of Elizabeth and Essex (1939)
Lady Penelope Gray
Raffles (1939)
Gwen [Manders]
Dodge City (1939)
Abbie Irving
Gone With the Wind (1939)
Melanie Hamilton [Wilkes]
The Adventures of Robin Hood (1938)
Maid Marian
Four's a Crowd (1938)
Lorri Dillingwell
Gold Is Where You Find It (1938)
Serena Ferris
Hard to Get (1938)
Margaret [Richards]
It's Love I'm After (1937)
Marcia West
Call It a Day (1937)
Catherine Hilton
The Great Garrick (1937)
Germaine [Dupont, Countess de la Corbe]
Anthony Adverse (1936)
Angela Guisseppi also known as Mlle. Georges
The Charge of the Light Brigade (1936)
Elsa Campbell
The Irish in Us (1935)
Lucille Jackson
Alibi Ike (1935)
Dolly Stevens
Captain Blood (1935)
Arabella Bishop
A Midsummer Night's Dream (1935)
Hermia, in love with Lysander

Cast (Special)

The 75th Annual Academy Awards (2003)
The 60th Annual Academy Awards Presentation (1988)
Performer
The Night of 100 Stars II (1985)

Cast (Short)

Cavalcade of the Academy Awards (1940)
Herself
Dixie Hails "Gone With the Wind" (1940)
Herself
A Day at Santa Anita (1937)
Herself
The Making of a Great Motion Picture (1936)
Herself
A Dream Comes True The Making of an Unusual Motion Picture (1935)
Herself

Misc. Crew (Short)

Stars on Horseback (1943)
Archival Footage

Cast (TV Mini-Series)

Anastasia: The Mystery of Anna (1986)
North and South: Book II (1986)
Roots: The Next Generations (1979)

Life Events

1919

Moved to California with her mother and sister after parent's divorce

1933

Appeared in local production of "A Midsummer Night's Dream" while a freshman in college; seen by director Max Reinhardt and hired for his stage and screen versions of the play

1934

Professional stage debut as Hermia in Max Reinhardt's production of "A Midsummer Night's Dream" at the Hollywood Bowl

1935

Made film debut in Max Reinhardt's "A Midsummer Night's Dream"

1935

First of eight co-starring appearances with Errol Flynn, "Captain Blood"; also first of nine collaborations with director Michael Curtiz

1935

First film released, "Alibi Ike"

1935

Signed by Warner Bros. to a seven-year contract

1939

Received Academy Award nomination as Best Supporting Actress for her role as Melanie in "Gone With the Wind"; fellow cast member Hattie McDaniel carried off the prize

1941

Received Academy Award nomination as Best Actress for "Hold Back the Dawn"; lost to sister Joan Fontaine

1941

Last co-starring appearance with Errol Flynn, "They Died With Their Boots On"

1943

Engaged in long-running dispute with Warner Bros. when they tried to add on the time she was suspended to her seven-year contract; her lawyer won the case and the court verdict became known as the de Havilland decision

1946

Earned first Best Actress Oscar as a woman who gives her child up in "To Each His Own"

1948

Nominated for a Best Actress Academy Award as an inmate in a mental institution in "The Snake Pit"

1949

Won her second Oscar as Best Actress for "The Heiress"

1958

Ninth and last film with Curtiz, "Proud Rebel"

1962

Starred on Broadway in "A Gift of Time"

1964

Offered a marvelous turn as Bette Davis' conniving cousin in Robert Aldrich's "Hush Hush, Sweet Charlotte"

1966

TV debut in "Noon Wine" on "ABC Stage 67"

1972

TV-movie debut in gothic horror story, "The Screaming Woman" (ABC)

1977

Acted in "Airport '77"

1979

Last feature to date, "The 5th Musketeer"

1979

Played Mrs Warner in the ABC miniseries "Roots: The Next Generations"

1986

Received Golden Globe Award (and Emmy nomination) for her portrayal of the Dowager Empress Maria in the NBC miniseries "Anastasia: The Mystery of Anna"

1988

Last screen appearance to date as Wallace Simpson's Aunt Bessie in the CBS movie "The Woman He Loved"

Photo Collections

A Midsummer Night's Dream (1935) - Scene Stills
Here are some scene stills from the all-star Warner Bros. production of A Midsummer Night's Dream (1935), directed by Max Reinhardt and William Dieterle.
Princess O'Rourke - Movie Poster
Princess O'Rourke - Movie Poster
The Heiress - Movie Poster
The Heiress - Movie Poster
In This Our Life - Scene Stills
Here are a number of scene stills from Warner Bros' In This Our Life (1942), starring Bette Davis, Olivia De Havilland, and Dennis Morgan.
Libel - Lobby Cards
Here are several Lobby Cards from MGM's Libel (1959), starring Dirk Bogarde and Olivia De Havilland. Lobby Cards were 11" x 14" posters that came in sets of 8. As the name implies, they were most often displayed in movie theater lobbies, to advertise current or coming attractions.
The Snake Pit - Movie Poster
Here is the American one-sheet movie poster for The Snake Pit (1948), starring Olivia de Havilland. One-sheets measured 27x41 inches, and were the poster style most commonly used in theaters.
Anthony Adverse - Olivia de Havilland Behind-the-Scenes Photo
Here is a photo of Olivia de Havilland, taken behind-the-scenes during production of Warner Bros' Anthony Adverse (1936).
Gone With the Wind - Behind-The-Scenes Photos
Here are a number of photos taken behind-the-scenes during production of David O. Selznick's Gone With the Wind (1939), starring Clark Gable and Vivien Leigh and directed by Victor Fleming and George Cukor.
The Charge of the Light Brigade - Lobby Cards
Here are a few Lobby Cards from Warner Bros' The Charge of the Light Brigade (1936), starring Errol Flynn and Olivia De Havilland. Lobby Cards were 11" x 14" posters that came in sets of 8. As the name implies, they were most often displayed in movie theater lobbies, to advertise current or coming attractions.
Anthony Adverse - Scene Stills
Here are some scene stills from Warner Bros' Anthony Adverse (1936), directed by Mervyn LeRoy and starring Fredric March and Olivia de Havilland.
Waterloo Bridge (1940) - Behind-the-Scenes Photos
Here are a few behind-the-scenes photos taken during the making of Waterloo Bridge (1940), starring Vivien Leigh and Robert Taylor.
Dodge City - Movie Posters
Here is a group of American movie posters from Dodge City (1939), starring Errol Flynn, Olivia de Havilland, and Ann Sheridan.
Gone With the Wind (1939) Japanese Roadshow Program
This a rare Japanese souvenier program provided to audiences for a 70mm exhibition roadshow of Gone With the Wind (1939). Although no date is given, this was likely from the early or late 70's, when large format roadshows of American classics were common in Asia.
They Died with Their Boots On - Movie Poster
Here is the American one-sheet movie poster for They Died with Their Boots On (1942), starring Errol Flynn and Olivia de Havilland. One-sheets measured 27x41 inches, and were the poster style most commonly used in theaters.

Videos

Movie Clip

Light In The Piazza (1962) - Two Butterflies Poolside in Florence, the mentally-challenged Amerian Clara (Yvette Mimieux) frolics with Italian George Hamilton (as "Fabrizio"), mother Margaret (Olivia de Havilland) and friend (Isabel Dean) overseeing, in Light In The Piazza, 1962.
Strawberry Blonde, The (1941) - We Have A Lady Present Biff (James Cagney) is ready to abandon buddy Hugo (Jack Carson) when he finds out the friend Virginia (Rita Hayworth) has brought to their clandestine date is a nurse, the headstrong Amy (Olivia de Havilland), early in Raoul Walsh's The Strawberry Blonde, 1941.
Proud Rebel, The (1958) - The Dog's Not For Sale Breeder Bates (James Westerfield) appears as Chandler and his mute son (Alan Ladd and son David), with their awesome dog, wrangle the sheep the Burleighs (Thomas Pittman, Dean Jagger, Dean Stanton) stampeded onto their employer’s (Olivia de Havilland) crops, in The Proud Rebel, 1958.
Proud Rebel, The (1958) - I'll Pay His Fine Southerner Chandler (Alan Ladd) in Illinois, framed by the Burleighs (Thomas Pittman, Dean Jagger, Dean Stanton), who poured liquor on him after starting a fight, Henry Hull the judge, bystander Linnett (Olivia de Havilland) backing his mute son (Ladd’s son David), in The Proud Rebel, 1958.
Snake Pit, The (1948) - Where Do I Sign? Spouse Robert (Mark Stevens) is recounting his marriage and early problems with his wife, now-institutionalized Virginia (Olivia de Havilland) for her psychiatrist Dr. Kik (Leo Genn), early in The Snake Pit, 1948, based on the book by one-time inmate Mary Jane Ward.
Snake Pit, The (1948) - I Don't Like A Zoo Apparent in this very early scene just how deluded Virginia (Olivia De Havilland) is, even to her fellow mental patient Grace (Celeste Holm), in Anatole Litvak's chilling The Snake Pit, 1948.
Snake Pit, The (1948) - Now Then, Virginia Under examination by a review board and seeking her release, Virginia (Olivia De Havilland) fails to exhibit stability, in Anatole Litvak's 1948 hit The Snake Pit.
Snake Pit, The (1948) - One Of The Sick Ones Inmate Virginia (Olivia De Havilland) with her internal monologue, at the inmate's social club with her caring husband Robert (Mark Stevens), in director Anatole Litvak's The Snake Pit, 1948.
My Cousin Rachel (1952) - Opening, They Used To Hang Our Murderers John Sutton as Ambrose speaks, then Richard Burton narrates, recalling his own childhood, Henry Koster directing, in Burton’s Hollywood debut, with elaborate plotting from the Daphne Du Maruier novel, opening My Cousin Rachel, 1952, co-starring Olivia de Havilland.
My Cousin Rachel (1952) - She Died On Her Wedding Night First meeting of Richard Burton as Philip Ashley and his cousin-by-marriage, Olivia de Havilland, the title character, the widow he suspects murdered her husband, the cousin who raised him, then left him his entire estate at Cornwall, in My Cousin Rachel, 1952, from the Daphne Du Maurier novel.
My Cousin Rachel (1952) - She Has Done For Me More of Richard Burton’s narration, as Philip Ashley, raised on the Cornwall coast, by his cousin Ambrose, who’s married a strange woman in Italy, with trusted neighbors the Kendalls (Ronald Squire, Audrey Dalton), receiving shocking news, in My Cousin Rachel, 1952.
Hold Back The Dawn (1941) - Those Are Not Her Eyes Having learned he can enter the U.S. if he marries an American, Romanian con man George (Charles Boyer) charms schoolteacher Emmy (Olivia De Havilland), stranded with students in a Mexican border town, in Hold Back The Dawn, 1941, from a largely autobiographical story by Ketti Frings.

Trailer

Alibi Ike - (Original Trailer) A brash baseball star gets mixed up with gamblers and a pretty young girl in Alibi Ike (1935), starring Joe E. Brown.
Devotion (1946) -- (Original Trailer) The Bronte sisters and their brother fight personal demons in the film biography, Devotion (1946),with Ida Lupino & Olivia de Havilland.
Wings Of The Navy - (Original Trailer) Pilot brothers (George Brent, John Payne) vie for the same woman (Olivia de Havilland) in Wings Of The Navy (1939).
Adventures of Robin Hood, The -- (Re-issue Trailer) The Sherwood Forest legend (Errol Flynn) leads his Merry Men in a battle against the wicked Prince John in The Adventures of Robin Hood (1938).
Irish in Us, The -- (Original Trailer) An' begorrah, why would we be runnin' a James Cagney-Pat O'Brien comedy, now? Blame it on The Irish in Us (1935).
Anthony Adverse - (Original Trailer) Seven Oscar nominations went to Anthony Adverse (1936), Warner Brothers' adaptation of the best selling novel about 18th-Century Italy.
My Love Came Back -- (Original Trailer) A millionaire helps a pretty lady violinist (Olivia de Havilland) with her career in My Love Came Back (1940).
Hard to Get - (Original Trailer) An unemployed architect falls in love with an heiress in Hard To Get (1938), the musical that introduced the song, "You Must Have Been A Beautiful Baby."
Great Garrick, The - (Original Trailer) Director James Whale (The Bride Of Frankenstein) brings his quirky view to this portrait of 18th Century Britain's most famous actor.
Call It a Day - (Original Trailer) An average day brings a variety of comic problems to members of a British family in Call It A Day (1937) starring Olivia de Havilland.
5th Musketeer, The - (Original Trailer) France's King Louis XIV (Beau Bridges) tries to use his look-alike brother to political advantage in The 5th Musketeer (1979) co-starring Ian McShane and Rex Harrison.
Gone With the Wind (1939) -- (1961 Re-Issue Trailer) Scarlett O'Hara (Vivien Leigh) fights to save her beloved plantation and find love during the Civil War in Gone With the Wind (1939).

Promo

Family

Walter Augustus de Havilland
Father
Patent attorney. Divorced c. 1919.
Lillian Augusta Ruse
Mother
Actor. Divorced Walter de Havilland c. 1919; married George M Fontaine.
George M Fontaine
Step-Father
Joan Fontaine
Sister
Actor.
Geoffrey de Havilland
Cousin
Businessman. Founded de Havilland aviation company, a precursor of British Aerospace.
Benjamin Briggs Goodrich
Son
Statistical analyst, international banking representative. Born in 1949; died of heart disease brought on by treatment for Hodgkin's disease (with which he was diagnosed at age 19) in October 1991 at age 42 in Paris, France; father, Marcus Goodrich; worked for Lockheed Missile and Space Company in Sunnyvale, California and for the Texas Commerce Bank of Houston.
Gisele Galante
Daughter
Journalist, lawyer. Born in 1956; father, Pierre Galante.

Companions

Howard Hughes
Companion
Producer, industrialist, aviator, inventor. Dated in the 1930s.
Jimmy Stewart
Companion
Actor. Dated in the 1940s; expected him to propose; when he didn't, terminated the relationship.
John Huston
Companion
Director, screenwriter, actor. Involved in the 1940s; reunited in 1950s after her divorce.
Marcus Aurelius Goodrich
Husband
Novelist. Married in 1946; divorced in 1952; born c. 1898 in Texas; died on October 20, 1991 of heart failure at age 93 in a Richmond, Virginia nursing home; great grandfather was a signer of the Texas Declaration of Independence; wrote the 1941 best-seller, "Delilah".
Pierre Galante
Husband
Magazine editor. Met at the 1953 Cannes Film Festival; married on April 2, 1955; divorced in 1979; editor of PARIS MATCH; moved back in with de Havilland c. 1998 after being hospitalized; died on September 25, 1998.

Bibliography

"Olivia de Havilland"
Judith Kass, Pyramid Books (1976)
"Every Frenchman Has One"
Olivia de Havilland (1962)

Notes

Received the Women's National Press Club Award in 1949.

She was thrice given the LOOK Magazine Award in 1941, 1948 and 1949.

De Havilland received an honorary doctorate from the University of Hertfordshire in 1998

Asked if she had ever been able to just sit back and watch "Gone With the Wind" objectively: "In times past, no. But that's exactly how I did it this time. It's the power of that movie to reach out and pull you, draw you in to the story, and into all the characters. I could identify with them all. I was identifying with Rhett! With Mammy! With the lot. It has a quality of intimacy in itself. You feel that you belong to them and they to you."There was one exception to that objectivity. I did remember what this film meant to both David and Irene Selznick, his wife at the time, and the immense emotional investment they put into that film. They had very high standards, and I kept thinking of Daivd's love for that film when we were making it. (She becomes teary-eyed.) In a way, it's a beautiful thing, not only to see that the film endures but all his [Selznick's] love and passion too."---Olivia de Havilland in LOS ANGELES TIMES, June 17, 1998.

About reading opposite George Cukor (as Scarlett O'Hara) for an audience of David O Selznick to earn the role of Melanie in "GWTW": "George gave a very pasionate performance, clutching the drapes. I thought it was the wildest spectacle imaginable, but a part of me kept control and played it as if Scarlett was there. It was a miracle that I managed to do it. And it was because of that scene that I was chosen."---Olivia de Havilland quoted in THE NEW YORK TIMES, June 22, 1998.

"Clark [Gable] was truly afraid of the role. He'd invested his whole career in it, and had more to lose than anyone. Everybody in America had an idea of Rhett Butler. And the question was whether Clark could fulfill their fantasies . . ."I'm ashamed to say it. But while I admire Ashley, understand him and like his sense of principle, in the end, it's Rhett that I'd want."I think many women have asked themselves that question, which is one reason the film remains so vital. Actually, it seems more extraordinary than ever."I can't believe that at the end of this century, almost 60 years after we made it, it's still such a wonderful favorite. That makes me very happy, and very proud."---De Havilland to NEW YORK POST, June 22, 1998.

"I have taken a long vacation, but I wouldn't object to a fascinating part in a first-rate project, something I felt I could do well or would understand and interpret in an effective way. Then I would say, 'Yes.' The offers still come, but not what I'm looking for."---Olivia de Havilland, to Associated Press writer Bob Thomas in 1998

"I loved her. I loved everything she stood for. In those days the particular qualities that made her so admirable, and she's a deeply feminine person, were endangered and they are in a perpetual state of danger."---Olivia de Havilland on playing Melanie in "Gone With the Wind" to CNN.com, December 1, 2004.