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90th Anniversary of Columbia Pictures
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90th Anniversary of Columbia Pictures

Columbia Pictures, named in 1924 for the word that represents a national personification of the United States, began its life as part of Hollywood's "Poverty Row," but during the 1940s joined the list of major studios and today continues to prosper as part of the Columbia Tri-Star Motion Picture Group.

TCM celebrates the company's 90th anniversary with a 24-hour festival of Columbia films, beginning with Frank Capra's early success Lady for a Day (1933) and continuing with his smash hit It Happened One Night (1934), which totally reversed the studio's fortunes. The trend-setting screwball comedy swept the Academy Awards and made major players of Capra and studio head Harry Cohn. Columbia contract player Jean Arthur emerged as a comedy star with The Whole Town's Talking (1935), and Rosalind Russell solidified her position as a top comedienne at the studio with her fast-talking performance in His Girl Friday (1940).

In the 1940s a box-office bonanza came along in the ravishing form of Rita Hayworth, who emerged as Columbia's biggest star with such hits as Cover Girl (1944) and Gilda (1946). Award-winning Columbia successes through the decades have included From Here to Eternity (1953), On the Waterfront (1954), The Way We Were (1973), Gandhi (1982) and The Remains of the Day (1993).
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