The Last Flight


1h 17m 1931
The Last Flight

Brief Synopsis

Four disillusioned Army buddies roam post-WWI Europe.

Film Details

Also Known As
Single Lady, Spent Bullets
Genre
Drama
Adventure
Adaptation
Release Date
Aug 29, 1931
Premiere Information
New York premiere: 19 Aug 1931
Production Company
First National Pictures, Inc.
Distribution Company
First National Pictures, Inc.
Country
United States
Screenplay Information
Based on the novel Single Lady by John Monk Saunders (New York, l931).

Technical Specs

Duration
1h 17m
Sound
Mono
Color
Black and White
Theatrical Aspect Ratio
1.37 : 1
Film Length
8 reels

Synopsis

After World War I, Cary Lockwood, Shep Lambert, Bill Talbot and Francis, pilots who are suffering from shell shock, band together in Paris. Feeling they have no future, the men drink continually. One night, as they make the rounds of nightclubs, they meet Nikki, a wealthy but aimless woman. The four ex-flyers adopt her as their mascot. An American reporter named Frink makes a pass at Nikki, but she shows no interest in him. The men move to Nikki's hotel where they continue drinking. Nikki is curious about Cary, so when he leaves to visit the cemetary, she tags along. At the cemetary, he tells her the story of Heloise and Abelard. Realizing that she has interfered with his plans for the day, Nikki starts to cry. Cary is sympathetic until she announces that at least his story has provided names for her two turtles. Cary suddenly gets angry and decides to leave for Portugal. After learning of his plans, Nikki and the other men, including Frink, follow him. On the train, Frink tries to force himself on Nikki. She is defended by the other men, who now hate Frink. During a bullfight in Lisbon, Bill leaps into the ring and is fatally gored. After leaving Bill at the hospital, the others visit a carnival. Outside a shooting gallery, Cary and Frink quarrel and Frink threatens to shoot Cary. Without thinking, Francis shoots Frink and Shep is fatally wounded in the crossfire. After the shooting, Francis disappears for good. Cary tells Nikki that after the war, all they had left was their comradeship. Touched, she begs to stay with him.

Film Details

Also Known As
Single Lady, Spent Bullets
Genre
Drama
Adventure
Adaptation
Release Date
Aug 29, 1931
Premiere Information
New York premiere: 19 Aug 1931
Production Company
First National Pictures, Inc.
Distribution Company
First National Pictures, Inc.
Country
United States
Screenplay Information
Based on the novel Single Lady by John Monk Saunders (New York, l931).

Technical Specs

Duration
1h 17m
Sound
Mono
Color
Black and White
Theatrical Aspect Ratio
1.37 : 1
Film Length
8 reels

Articles

The Last Flight


During production of The Last Flight (1931), star Richard Barthelmess told a reporter, "This is the most unusual picture I have ever made. It is a story of four aviators' lives after the war. It is a down-to-earth, human tale done with utter simplicity. It will be either a great attraction or a dismal flop." As it turned out, the film got great reviews but was a commercial disappointment. In recent years it has been rediscovered as a neglected gem of early 1930s filmmaking.

John Monk Saunders' screenplay was based on his own novel Single Lady, which had also been serialized in Liberty magazine under the title Nikki and Her War Birds. The film itself was actually released in some parts of the country with that title.

"The Last Flight," however, is the better title, since the character of Nikki is not the central one but rather shares the proceedings equally with the four disaffected flying aces who have just survived World War I. The title also carries metaphorical weight that is matched by the ambitions of the script and film. The fliers are all injured somehow -- physically, psychologically, or both -- and instead of returning to America right away, they stay in Paris and float from bar to bar, café to café, drinking their anxieties away with martinis and sidecars. They are shattered souls using drink as a wall from reality, and when they come upon Nikki (Helen Chandler) in a nightclub, they see her as a bird of the same feather. She is a rich girl aimlessly wandering through life, and she joins their little group of drinking buddies. A romance develops between Chandler and Barthelmess, and near the end of the movie the action shifts to Portugal, but overall The Last Flight is a virtually plotless film that remains utterly captivating due to the fascinating characters and convincing atmosphere of 1919 Paris, the era of the "lost generation."

Renowned film historian William Everson once wrote that the picture "certainly translates into filmic terms the Fitzgerald-Hemingway fever and tragedy of the 'lost generation' far more poignantly and convincingly than any other movie I can recall, and it is certainly superior in every way to the much later adaptation of Hemingway's The Sun Also Rises (1957), to which it has some striking parallels."

William Dieterle's direction is stylish throughout. After a stunning opening war montage, comprised of superbly edited stock footage from The Dawn Patrol (1930), The Patent Leather Kid (1927), Lilac Time (1928) and Chances (1931), the action shifts to an army hospital where we learn the extent of the fliers' injuries, and then to Paris, where the bulk of the film is made up of dialogue scenes in mostly interior settings. That the atmosphere of postwar Paris is so richly felt despite these limitations is a testament to Dieterle's skill with actors and camera. There are some highly imaginative visuals, such as a flashback seen in a clock face, and gliding camerawork unusual for the era. The bar and nightclub interiors are convincingly smoky and laden with believable background action. And the actors rarely are shown without drinks in hand. One would be hard-pressed to find another movie with more drinking going on.

This was Dieterle's first English-language film, but surely his experience as an actor and director for stage and screen in Germany -- dating back to 1920 -- had him well-prepared. Dieterle had actually been in Hollywood for a couple of years before The Last Flight, directing German-language versions of Warner Brothers films. (It was common practice in the early days of talkies for foreign-language versions of American films to be shot side by side with their counterparts.) As the 1930s wore on, Dieterle became one of Warner Brothers' top house directors.

Leading man Richard Barthelmess made an uneven transition from silents to talkies, but he did manage to turn out good performances in such notable sound films as this one and also The Dawn Patrol, The Cabin in the Cotton (1932), Heroes for Sale (1933), and Only Angels Have Wings (1939).

The entire cast of The Last Flight is excellent, but special standouts are Helen Chandler, David Manners, and cowboy star Johnny Mack Brown in a rare non-western. Chandler in particular is great in a very offbeat role. Her Nikki could easily be a daffy screwball-comedy heiress in another movie; here it's a lower-key, somewhat zoned-out character whom Chandler imbues with the suggestion of something mysterious going on beneath the spacey exterior. One senses that something has shattered Nikki inside in much the same way that the war has shattered the male characters, but we never quite know what it is.

The character of Nikki certainly flummoxed the Variety reviewer, who began his review: "If the crowd can understand that girl character in this picture the film is an undoubted grosser." While he couldn't grasp Nikki, he did admire the film overall, praising the direction ("Dieterle's style and work point him to a worthy spot in the megaphoning field") and script ("The dialog is apt, sometimes brittle and most times natural. Barthelmess even uses 'lousy' once").

The New York Times also gave a very strong review, calling the film "a curious but often brilliant study of the post-war psychology of four injured aviators.... It is for the most part an impressive piece of work and although it is replete with bizarre ideas, it is always interesting."

Screenwriter John Monk Saunders was at this time married to Fay Wray, who had just starred opposite Barthelmess in The Finger Points (1931), written by Saunders.

Director: William Dieterle
Screenplay: John Monk Saunders (screenplay and novel "Single Lady"); Byron Morgan (continuity)
Cinematography: Sid Hickox
Art Direction: Jack Okey
Music: David Mendoza (uncredited)
Film Editing: Al Hall
Cast: Richard Barthelmess (Cary Lockwood), David Manners (Shep Lambert), John Mack Brown (Bill Talbot), Helen Chandler (Nikki), Elliot Nugent (Francis), Walter Byron (Frink).
BW-77m.

by Jeremy Arnold

Sources:
William Everson, New School film society program notes

The Last Flight

The Last Flight

During production of The Last Flight (1931), star Richard Barthelmess told a reporter, "This is the most unusual picture I have ever made. It is a story of four aviators' lives after the war. It is a down-to-earth, human tale done with utter simplicity. It will be either a great attraction or a dismal flop." As it turned out, the film got great reviews but was a commercial disappointment. In recent years it has been rediscovered as a neglected gem of early 1930s filmmaking. John Monk Saunders' screenplay was based on his own novel Single Lady, which had also been serialized in Liberty magazine under the title Nikki and Her War Birds. The film itself was actually released in some parts of the country with that title. "The Last Flight," however, is the better title, since the character of Nikki is not the central one but rather shares the proceedings equally with the four disaffected flying aces who have just survived World War I. The title also carries metaphorical weight that is matched by the ambitions of the script and film. The fliers are all injured somehow -- physically, psychologically, or both -- and instead of returning to America right away, they stay in Paris and float from bar to bar, café to café, drinking their anxieties away with martinis and sidecars. They are shattered souls using drink as a wall from reality, and when they come upon Nikki (Helen Chandler) in a nightclub, they see her as a bird of the same feather. She is a rich girl aimlessly wandering through life, and she joins their little group of drinking buddies. A romance develops between Chandler and Barthelmess, and near the end of the movie the action shifts to Portugal, but overall The Last Flight is a virtually plotless film that remains utterly captivating due to the fascinating characters and convincing atmosphere of 1919 Paris, the era of the "lost generation." Renowned film historian William Everson once wrote that the picture "certainly translates into filmic terms the Fitzgerald-Hemingway fever and tragedy of the 'lost generation' far more poignantly and convincingly than any other movie I can recall, and it is certainly superior in every way to the much later adaptation of Hemingway's The Sun Also Rises (1957), to which it has some striking parallels." William Dieterle's direction is stylish throughout. After a stunning opening war montage, comprised of superbly edited stock footage from The Dawn Patrol (1930), The Patent Leather Kid (1927), Lilac Time (1928) and Chances (1931), the action shifts to an army hospital where we learn the extent of the fliers' injuries, and then to Paris, where the bulk of the film is made up of dialogue scenes in mostly interior settings. That the atmosphere of postwar Paris is so richly felt despite these limitations is a testament to Dieterle's skill with actors and camera. There are some highly imaginative visuals, such as a flashback seen in a clock face, and gliding camerawork unusual for the era. The bar and nightclub interiors are convincingly smoky and laden with believable background action. And the actors rarely are shown without drinks in hand. One would be hard-pressed to find another movie with more drinking going on. This was Dieterle's first English-language film, but surely his experience as an actor and director for stage and screen in Germany -- dating back to 1920 -- had him well-prepared. Dieterle had actually been in Hollywood for a couple of years before The Last Flight, directing German-language versions of Warner Brothers films. (It was common practice in the early days of talkies for foreign-language versions of American films to be shot side by side with their counterparts.) As the 1930s wore on, Dieterle became one of Warner Brothers' top house directors. Leading man Richard Barthelmess made an uneven transition from silents to talkies, but he did manage to turn out good performances in such notable sound films as this one and also The Dawn Patrol, The Cabin in the Cotton (1932), Heroes for Sale (1933), and Only Angels Have Wings (1939). The entire cast of The Last Flight is excellent, but special standouts are Helen Chandler, David Manners, and cowboy star Johnny Mack Brown in a rare non-western. Chandler in particular is great in a very offbeat role. Her Nikki could easily be a daffy screwball-comedy heiress in another movie; here it's a lower-key, somewhat zoned-out character whom Chandler imbues with the suggestion of something mysterious going on beneath the spacey exterior. One senses that something has shattered Nikki inside in much the same way that the war has shattered the male characters, but we never quite know what it is. The character of Nikki certainly flummoxed the Variety reviewer, who began his review: "If the crowd can understand that girl character in this picture the film is an undoubted grosser." While he couldn't grasp Nikki, he did admire the film overall, praising the direction ("Dieterle's style and work point him to a worthy spot in the megaphoning field") and script ("The dialog is apt, sometimes brittle and most times natural. Barthelmess even uses 'lousy' once"). The New York Times also gave a very strong review, calling the film "a curious but often brilliant study of the post-war psychology of four injured aviators.... It is for the most part an impressive piece of work and although it is replete with bizarre ideas, it is always interesting." Screenwriter John Monk Saunders was at this time married to Fay Wray, who had just starred opposite Barthelmess in The Finger Points (1931), written by Saunders. Director: William Dieterle Screenplay: John Monk Saunders (screenplay and novel "Single Lady"); Byron Morgan (continuity) Cinematography: Sid Hickox Art Direction: Jack Okey Music: David Mendoza (uncredited) Film Editing: Al Hall Cast: Richard Barthelmess (Cary Lockwood), David Manners (Shep Lambert), John Mack Brown (Bill Talbot), Helen Chandler (Nikki), Elliot Nugent (Francis), Walter Byron (Frink). BW-77m. by Jeremy Arnold Sources: William Everson, New School film society program notes

Quotes

Trivia

Notes

The films pre-release titles were Spent Bullets and Single Lady. The novel is based on a series of stories featuring the character "Nikki," which were published in Liberty Weekly (15 November 1930-17 January 1931). This was German-born director William Dieterle's first English language picture. He had worked in Hollywood directing several German-language versions of American features since the late 1920s. Variety indicates that William Wellman was originally scheduled to direct. PCA files indicate that censors objected to sexual innuendo and skimpy clothing in some scenes in the film. Modern sources add Yola d'Avril and Luis Alberni to the cast. Modern sources call the film one of the few cinematic treatments of "The Lost Generation." Following the film's release, a musical adaptation entitled Nikki opened on Broadway on September 29, 1931 with Douglass Montgomery, Fay Wray, and Archie Leach, prior to his adoption of the name Cary Grant.