Brokeback Mountain


2h 14m 2005

Brief Synopsis

Early one morning in Signal, Wyoming, Ennis Del Mar and Jack Twist meet while lining up for employment with local rancher Joe Aguirre. The world which Ennis and Jack have been born into is, at once, changing rapidly and yet scarcely evolving. Both young men seem certain of their set places in the he

Film Details

MPAA Rating
Release Date
Jan 2005
Premiere Information
Venice Film Festival: 2 Sep 2005; Los Angeles, San Francisco and New York openings: 9 Dec 2005
Production Company
Focus Features; River Road Entertainment
Distribution Company
Focus Features
Country
United States
Location
New Mexico, USA; Calgary, Alberta, Canada; Calgary, Alberta, Canada; Canadian Rockies, Alberta, Canada; Cowley, Alberta, Canada; Fort MacLeod, Alberta, Canada; New Mexico, United States
Screenplay Information
Based on the short story "Brokeback Mountain" by Annie Proulx in The New Yorker (13 Oct 1997).

Technical Specs

Duration
2h 14m

Synopsis

In 1963, just outside Signal, Wyoming, hardened ranch foreman Joe Aguirre hires two nineteen-year-old farm boys to tend a large herd of sheep for the summer on Brokeback Mountain. Hard-working and coarse, Ennis Del Mar and Jack Twist are eager for the wages and the camping in open wilderness the job requires. Aguirre assigns Jack to tend the sheep, but demands that he tent beside the herd each night to protect them from predators. Further, he insists that Jack do so without a campfire, despite the cold temperatures, to avoid alerting the rangers, who require that the herders stay on designated campsites miles from the herd. Jack can return to the site for breakfast and dinner, made by Ennis, who is hired to cook and attend to weekly supply runs. The next day, Jack and Ennis get to know each other over a drink. Desperate to avoid farm work with his strict father, outgoing Jack earns his living riding rodeo bulls. The more reserved Ennis, orphaned at a young age, was reared by his sister and brother in poverty after the bank foreclosed on their farm. That afternoon, Jack and Ennis load the mules, saddle the horses and herd over a thousand sheep onto Brokeback Mountain's vast pastures. In the first few weeks, the men settle into a routine with little communication. Ennis only reveals that he is marrying his sweetheart Alma in the fall, while Jack rants about the hours commuting between the herd and camp each day. On Ennis' first supply rendezvous, a bear spooks the mules and horse, throwing him to the ground and causing him to search for hours for their supplies. Wounded, Ennis returns late to camp, where a concerned Jack tends to him. Later, Ennis, hoping to appease Jack, who is tired of canned beans, shoots an elk for meat and offers to camp with the sheep. As the days linger on, the intimate physical conditions of the camp and nightly whiskey drinking by the campfire open the men to teasing and talking. Jack proudly displays his rodeo belt buckle and admits his disappointment that his father, also a bull rider, never came to see him ride, while Ennis divulges that he was forced to quit high school to earn a living on his own and cares little for rodeoing, of which his father disapproved. Encouraged that Ennis has finally opened up, Jack mocks his own rodeo enthusiasm with bumbling antics and jokingly calls himself a "sinner" while explaining his Pentecostal upbringing, and a relaxed Ennis admits he is still a virgin. One night, Ennis, too drunk to return to the sheep, attempts to sleep by the campfire, but when it dies out, Jack orders the shivering man into his small tent. Late that night, Jack reaches for Ennis, who briefly resists but then draws Jack into a passionate kiss and the two have quick, rough sex. When Ennis returns to camp that evening after tending the sheep, he tells Jack that their night together was a "one shot thing." Both quietly agree that they are not "queer" and continue their lovemaking that evening, more tenderly than before. The men continue to spend their nights together in the ensuing weeks, but after a snow storm hits the mountain, Aguirre, who has spotted the men in intimate horseplay through binoculars, orders them to bring the herd down early, claiming that more storms are expected. Jack tries to ease the tension by playfully lassoing his sullen lover, but Ennis is so overcome with unfamiliar emotions at the prospect of their summer ending that he violently punches Jack in the face. Having returned the herd to Aguirre, Ennis watches Jack's truck pull away after a cursory farewell and is soon fighting back nausea and tears, unable to accept either his love for Jack or the end of their affair. The next summer, Jack returns to Aguirre after a year on the rodeo circuit, but the foreman hatefully berates him for "stemming the rose" with Ennis and refuses to rehire him. Meanwhile, Ennis works as a ranchhand and lives with his wife Alma and their two baby daughters, Alma, Jr. and Jenny, in a small apartment above a laundromat in Riverton, Wyoming. Resisting his longing for Jack, Ennis regularly pressures Alma into having anal sex despite her aversion to it and vents his frustration by picking fights with other men. In Texas, Jack marries self-assured barrel racer Lureen Newsome and works as a salesman for the Newsome farm equipment business, where he endures daily belittlement from Lureen's father, L. D. Four years after his summer on Brokeback, Jack, having heard that Ennis lives in Riverton, sends a postcard there to arrange for them to meet when he drives through. On the appointed day, Ennis eagerly embraces and kisses Jack upon his arrival as a stunned Alma surreptitiously witnesses the scene. Claiming to Alma that he and Jack will be drinking all night, Ennis instead makes love to Jack at a hotel then returns home the next morning only to say that he is going on a weekend fishing trip, leaving Alma in utter despair. While camping, Jack speaks of ranching together, but Ennis stubbornly refuses anything but secretly meeting a few times a year. He then recounts his father's vile warning: When Ennis was a child, he learned about ranchers Earl and Rich, who lived quietly together until other ranchers beat Earl to death to punish them for their homosexuality. Ennis' father forced his two young sons to see Earl's mutilated corpse, his penis torn from his body, as gruesome and haunting deterrent from the unacceptable behavior. Although sympathetic, Jack complains that every four years is not enough, but Ennis warns "If you can't fix it, you gotta stand it." Ennis and Jack then meet several times a year in Wyoming for their romantic camping trips under the pretext of "fishing," enduring the long absences. Meanwhile Alma, unable to tolerate Ennis' emotional distance and refusal to get a better paying job to support the family, divorces him and marries her boss, grocery store owner Monroe. Learning of Ennis' divorce, Jack arrives unannounced in Riverton to spend an unscheduled weekend together, but Ennis claims that he must remain in Wyoming for the girls, who are visiting him that weekend. Heartbroken, Jack seeks solace by visiting a male prostitute in Mexico. On Thanksgiving, after dining with Alma, Monroe and the girls, Ennis, unable to admit his homosexuality, physically attacks Alma when she finally confronts him about his affair with "nasty Jack." After he meets again with Jack, Ennis explains his growing paranoia that others can sense his homosexuality. When Jack suggests that he begin a new life in Texas, Ennis once again vehemently insists that he cannot leave because of his responsibilities. Soon after, Ennis begins dating saucy waitress Cassie and introduces her to the now teenage Alma, Jr., who bluntly states that her father will not marry again. Meanwhile, Jack, unknown to Ennis, continues to have love affairs with other closeted homosexuals. On one of their camping trips, Jack and Ennis, now in their thirties, share a marijuana joint and talk about their unsatisfactory lives. After Ennis informs him that they cannot meet again until November, not August as they had planned, Jack beseeches his lover to stop creating distance between them. Surmising that Jack is seeking sex elsewhere, Ennis jealously rages, blames Jack for his own homosexual behavior and finally weeps in Jack's arms. While comforting Ennis, Jack remembers him as he was on Brokeback Mountain, when he relished their tenderness and was comfortable with their love. Later in Riverton, after Cassie tearfully confronts him for ceasing contact, Ennis, unable to tell her where his love really lies, offers her no explanation. Weeks later, Ennis' postcard to Jack is returned with "deceased" stamped on it, prompting him to call Lureen for the first time. Lureen tells him that Jack died accidentally when he drowned in his own blood after a tire rim flew off and knocked him unconscious, but the shocked Ennis believes that Jack was beaten to death for his homosexuality. Learning that Jack wanted his ashes scattered at Brokeback Mountain, Ennis drives to the Twist family's farm in Lightning Flat, Wyoming to carry out the request. Jack's father John's abhorrence of his deceased son is evident as he recounts that Jack had promised to take over the family farm with a divorced man he met recently. John then refuses to give Ennis the ashes, but Jack's demure mother shows him to Jack's childhood room, where Ennis finds a shirt he had believed was lost on Brokeback, still stained with blood from their fight, hanging inside Jack's shirt. Cradling it, Ennis mourns his lover and returns to Jack's mother, who silently accepts Ennis' love for her son by offering him a bag to carry the memento. Sometime later, nineteen-year-old Alma, Jr. visits her father in his meager trailer to announce her upcoming marriage and leaves her jacket behind. As he gingerly places the jacket on his closet shelf, Ennis gazes at the two shirts, Jack's and his, hanging one inside the other next to a postcard of Brokeback Mountain, still longing to be with his first and only love.









Crew

Kate Abernathy

Post prod Assistant

John Adshead

Key grip

Stephen Alaimo

Composer

Colin Allen

Lamp op trainee

Marit Allen

Costume Design

Gregg Allman

Composer

Jill Antal

Payroll accountant

Joan Armstrong

Prod paramedic

Marty Arthur

Extras craft service

Mike Arzillo

Dresser

Alan Bak

Senior prod Supervisor

Tom Bak

Senior prod Supervisor

Dean Baker

Head carpenter

Jeff Baker

Tech Supervisor

Laura Ballinger

Art Director

Chris Bang

2d Assistant B-cam

Gabriel Bardwell

Carpenter

Richard Barrett

Carpenter

Liat Baruch

Assistant to Mr. Gyllenhaal

Tracey Baryski

Art Director

Al Basaraba

Driver

Darryl Bateman

Driver

Dwight Beard

Wrangler

Judy Becker

Production Design

Karen Bedard

Script Supervisor

Neil Bell

Assistant to Mr. Ledger

Tom Benz

Unit Production Manager

Christine Bergren

Music legal and clearances by

Katalin Berta

Costumes

Dusty Bews

Wrangler

Guy Bews

[Stunt] driver

T J Bews

Animal Coordinator

T. J. Bews

Rodeo hazer

Frank Biro

Driver

Bobby Braddock

Composer

Renée Bravener

Assistant Costume Designer

Kim Breckenridge

Driver

Ray Breckenridge

Driver

Richard Brouillet

Scenic carpenter

Devora Brown

Truck Costume Supervisor

Val Brown

Accounting clerk

Allen Bruisedhead

Wrangler

Wright Bruisedhead

Wrangler

Stephen Bruton

Composer

Gerry Robert Byrne

Post prod Supervisor

David Campbell

Strings Arrangements

Rick Canelli

ADR recordist

Kam Chan

Foley Editor

Barbara Chandler

Scenic painter

Ryan Chatfield

Assistant chef

Alic Chehade

C-Camera op

Quynh Chestnut

Pattern cutter

Kirk Chiswell

1st Assistant B-cam

Keith Church

Catering

Catherine Coley

Visual Effects prod Secretary

Patricia Compton

2d Assistant accountant

Drake Conrad

Scanning and rec

Hudson Cooley

Prod Coordinator

Marko Costanzo

Foley artist

Michael Costigan

Executive Producer

Alfie Creighton

Driver

Patricia Cuccia

Set Decoration

Tim Cyr

Technical Advisor

Cameron Dales

Production Assistant

Robert Darwell

Legal services provided by

Catherine Davis

Set Decoration

Robert Demuth

Assistant chef

Stew Depasse

Driver

Rob Doak

Video assist/Playback

Fred Dunphy

Driver

Michelle Dunta

Clearances by

Alain Duperron

Scenic carpenter

Randy Dye

Wrangler

Bob Dylan

Composer

Steve Earle

Composer

Craig Eastman

Composer

Loraine Edwards

Alberta match set dec

Tom Edwards

Lead dresser

Joy Ellison

Dialect coach

Richard Emerson

Orch/Conductor

Kurt Enger

Prod intern

Osvaldo Farres

Composer

Jeffrey Fayle

Set Costume Supervisor

Scott Ferguson

Co-producer

Scott Ferguson

Unit Production Manager

Chris Fielder

1st Assistant Sound Editor

Sean Finnan

Production Assistant

Colin Fitzgerald

Grip trainee

Erin Flasch

Canadian casting Assistant

Tyler Flewelling

Production Assistant

Jay Floyd

Clearances by

Mike Fox

ADR recordist

Mike Fox

ADR mixer

Christian Fraser

Ennis stunt double

Kelly Fraser

Costume Supervisor

Kimberley French

Still Photographer

Stuart Friesen

Sign painter

Terry Gadsden

Composer

Jay Gallagher

ADR recordist

Mark Gamache

Production Assistant

Rick Garcia

Composer

Eugene Gearty

Re-rec mixer

Eugene Gearty

Supervisor Sound Editor

Gerald Gerlinsky

Const foreman

Paul Getto

Assistant to Mr. Schamus

Jason Giberson

Scanning and rec

Don Gillespie

Wrangler

Evan Godfrey

Production Assistant

Annie Godin

Visual Effects line prod

Pat Goettler

Graphic artist

Eugene Gogowich

On-set greens

Lawrence Gooch

Driver

Deb Green

Canadian casting

Mary Lou Green

Department head, hair

Elizabeth Greenberg

Casting Associate

Doss Griffiths

Driver

Darren Grout

Paramedic

Ron Guffnett

Composer

Peter Gurr

Security Coordinator

Merle Haggard

Composer

Anne Hannan

Prod accountant

Rick Hannigan

Prod Supervisor

Steven Hanulik

Office prod Assistant

Jody Hargraves

Driver

Barbara Harris

ADR voice casting

Chris Hassen

1st Assistant C-cam

Colt Hausman

Paint intern

Michael Hausman

1st Assistant Director

Michael Hausman

Executive Producer

Ivan Hawkes

Key rigging grip

Annie Haywood

Scenic paint Coordinator

Felix Heeb

Scanning and rec

Clair Hein

Scenic carpenter

Otto Helmig

Const buyer

Edsel Hilchie

Loc scout

Chris Hinton

Col timer

Chyanne Hodgson

Barrel racer

Brad Hohle

Dolby Sound consultant

Trevor Holbrook

1st Assistant A-cam

Michael Holland

Legal services provided by

Buddy Holly

Composer

Clinton Holmes

Wrangler

Gerry Hornbeck

Animal management

Ed Huery

Trainee loc Manager

Samantha Hughes

Paramedic

Charmaine Husum

On set painter

Shirley Irvine

Extras craft service

Lynn Ivall

Rodeo hazer

Kenton Jakub

ADR Editor

Tori James

Assistant art Director

Rene Jansen

Set buyer

Rick Janzen

Sign painter

Kirk Jarrett

Stunt Coordinator

Jessie Johnsen

Painter

Mark Jones

Driver

Avy Kaufman

Casting

Brad Kaughman

Paint foreman

Frank Kern

Foley Supervisor

Anibal Kerpel

Music scoring mixer

Anibal Kerpel

Music Editor

Ara Khanikian

Inferno artist

Fred Kinck-petersen

Composer

Alby King

Wrangler

Carla Klepper

Driver

Cody Klepper

Loc scout

Dan Klepper

Transportation Coordinator

Chris Kosloski

Grip

Florence Krisko

Dog trainer

Annette Kudrak

Music Editor

Drew Kunin

Prod Sound mixer

Dan Kuzmenko

Production Assistant

Ruth Lafarge

Bear trainer

Bruno-olivier Laflamme

3D artist

Jean-françois Lafleur

3D artist

Alexandre Lafortune

3D artist

Avi Laniado

Mix tech

George A. Lara

Foley recordist/eng

Terrance Laudermilch

Re-Recording

Dave Leader

Bull fighter #1

Corey Lee

Grip

David Lee

Assistant to Mr. Lee New York

Loyola Lewis

Scenic painter

David Linck

Unit Publicist

Tom Lloyd

Transportation capt

Alyson Lockwood

Extras casting

Jim Long

Composer

Garth Longmore

2d Assistant A-cam

François Lord

3D artist

Rick Lovegrove

Dresser

Quentin Lowry

Jack stunt double

Larry Lucoe

Scenic painter

Jurgen Lutze

Const Coordinator

Christine Macdonald

Scenic painter

Dave Macdonald

Driver

Jason Mackenzie

Painter

Meagen Mackenzie

Stand-in

Lachlan Mackintosh

Sheep wrangler

Chris Macrae

Set Dresser

Shane Madden

Technical Advisor

Diana Madureira

Prod Coordinator

Film Details

MPAA Rating
Release Date
Jan 2005
Premiere Information
Venice Film Festival: 2 Sep 2005; Los Angeles, San Francisco and New York openings: 9 Dec 2005
Production Company
Focus Features; River Road Entertainment
Distribution Company
Focus Features
Country
United States
Location
New Mexico, USA; Calgary, Alberta, Canada; Calgary, Alberta, Canada; Canadian Rockies, Alberta, Canada; Cowley, Alberta, Canada; Fort MacLeod, Alberta, Canada; New Mexico, United States
Screenplay Information
Based on the short story "Brokeback Mountain" by Annie Proulx in The New Yorker (13 Oct 1997).

Technical Specs

Duration
2h 14m

Award Wins

Best Adapted Screenplay

2005

Best Adapted Screenplay

2006
Larry Mcmurtry

Best Adapted Screenplay

2006
Diana Ossana

Best Director

2005

Best Director

2006
Ang Lee

Best Music Original Dramatic Score

2006
Gustavo Santaolalla

Best Score

2005

Award Nominations

Best Actor

2005
Heath Ledger

Best Cinematography

2005

Best Picture

2005

Best Supporting Actor

2005

Best Supporting Actress

2005

Quotes

Trivia

Notes

In the onscreen closing credits for Brokeback Mountain special thanks is given to a number of individuals as well as towns in which the film was shot, including many towns in Canada and New Mexico. The film included clips from various television shows, including Kojak and several Canadian broadcasts of sporting events. A closing statement reads "For Shen Lee//In loving memory of Geraldine Peroni." Another closing credit reads "Produced with the participation of the Alberta Film Development Program of The Alberta Foundation for the Arts."
       Pulitzer Prize-winning author Annie Proulx first published the short story "Brokeback Mountain," on which the film was based, in The New Yorker in 1997. The story won a National Magazine Award, among other honors, and was later published in a collection of Proulx's short stories entitled Close Range: Wyoming Stories (New York, 1999), with a preface not included in the original The New Yorker publication. The preface, set after "Jack Twist's" death, describes a morning in which "Ennis Del Mar," having been laid off his ranchhand job, must consider moving in with his married daughter "Alma, Jr.," while pleasant thoughts linger from his most recent dream of "Jack."
       In October 1997, as noted in the film's presskit, Diana Ossana shared the story with her longtime writing partner, native Texan and Pulitzer Prize-winning author Larry McMurtry. Several of McMurtry's own novels have been adapted into Academy Award-winning films, including The Last Picture Show (1971, see below) and Terms of Endearment (1983) and Texasville (1990). Moved by Proulx's ability to capture the pent-up emotions of the cowboy characters and by the work's powerful love story, Ossana and McMurtry optioned the story from Proulx soon after, for the first time using their own money, as opposed to seeking studio funding.
       Ossana and McMurtry then wrote the screenplay together, finishing by the end of 1997. On August 27, 1998, Daily Variety reported that Gus Van Sant was signed to direct the picture for Sony Pictures Entertainment (SPE) and by October 18, 1998, a Los Angeles Times article noted that Columbia Pictures, a subsidiary of SPE, had been assigned the picture. A September 4, 2005 New York Times article noted that Van Sant approached the then sixteen-year-old Jake Gyllenhaal for a lead role. According to a December 13, 2005 Los Angeles Times article, producer Scott Rudin also optioned the film after reading Ossana and McMurtry's screenplay, while actor Joaquin Phoenix expressed interest in playing "Jack." Baseline Studio Systems' website adds that Billy Crudup, Josh Hartnett and Colin Farrell had been mentioned as stars. However, Rudin and Van Sant had casting difficulties and Rudin's option expired before the project was made. Producer Joel Schumacher also was briefly attached to the picture.
       According to a September 5, 2001 Daily Variety article, Academy Award-winning screenwriter and producer James Schamus optioned the screenplay in 2001 for independent production company Good Machine, whose principals were Schamus, David Linde and Ted Hope. Schamus, who had tried to get the film made earlier, approached Academy Award-winning director Ang Lee, with whom he had worked regularly on films, including Sense and Sensibility (1995), The Ice Storm (1997) and Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon (2000). However, Lee was already committed to making The Hulk (2003), which Schamus was also producing, and passed. In 2002, Universal Studios merged Good Machine with their USA Films division to form Focus Features, which was headed by Schamus and Linde. By 2003, Schamus signed Lee to direct the film for Focus Features.
       On January 14, 2004, Daily Variety reported that Australian Heath Ledger and Gyllenhaal were cast in the picture. When approached, Ledger committed to play the part of Ennis without having spoken or met with Lee, who noted in the presskit that Ledger's performance was "underplayed powerfully." The presskit also stated that Ledger and Gyllenhaal were coached to perfect their accents, which had to vary as their characters aged. Actor Randy Quaid, who played the part of "Joe Aguirre," had previously acted in several Westerns, including roles in The Last Picture Show and Texasville. Actress Michelle Williams, who garnered attention for her supporting role as Ledger's wife "Alma" in the film, began a relationship with Ledger during shooting of Brokeback Mountain and subsequently had a child with the actor in 2005. Some sources add Steve Eichler, Barb Mitchell, Haley Ramm and Ken Roberts to the cast.
       The film began shooting in May 2004 in Alberta, Canada, in locations including the Canadian Rockies, Cowley, Fort MacLeod and Calgary. Members of the Calgary Gay Rodeo Association advised and consulted with the production, and also appear in several scenes. According to the presskit, the film, with an estimated budget of over $12 million, was the least expensive film Lee had made since his early work, the 1994 Taiwanese film Eat Drink Man Woman.
       Although Brokeback Mountain followed the short story plot, often using dialogue from the text verbatim, there were several differences between the screenplay and the short story: In the film, the character "Cassie," Ennis' girl friend after his divorce, is fleshed out, as is Jack's relationship with his in-laws. The film also includes more scenes about Jack's homosexual affairs outside of his relationship with Ennis. In addition, the closing scene in the film includes a visit from a teenaged Alma, Jr., which is not included in the short story.
       Brokeback Mountain had a limited release on December 9, 2005 in Los Angeles, New York City and San Francisco, then had a platform release, opening in an increasing number of cities throughout December 2005 and January 2006. The film was extremely well received by critics, and widely publicized and attended. While many articles and press members praised the film as the first mainstream "gay cowboy" film, Ossana and McMurtry maintained that the film was essentially a love story. Many press interviews lauded Ledger and Gyllenhaal for breaking a Hollywood taboo by acting in intimate homosexual scenes, citing possible risk to their careers for the portrayal. Among the many lines often quoted in the press and sometimes lampooned by comedians soon after the picture's release was Jack's frustrated lament to Ennis during their last trip together, "I wish I knew how to quit you."
       In addition to being named one of AFI's ten Movies of the Year for 2005, Brokeback Mountain garnered many accolades, including the Golden Lion Award for Best Picture at the Venice International Film Festival, where the film had its premiere in September 2005; New York Film Critics Circle awards for Best Picture, Best Director and Best Actor (Ledger); and the Los Angeles Film Critics Association Award for Best Picture and Best Director. In addition, Gyllenhaal was named Best Supporting Actor by the Los Angeles Film Critics Association and the National Board of Review, which also listed the film on its Top Ten list. The film also won the following Broadcast Film Critics Association Awards: Best Picture, Best Director (Lee) and tied for Best Supporting Actress (Williams) with Amy Adams in Junebug.
       Brokeback Mountain won Academy Awards for Best Directing, Original Score and Adapted Screenplay and was nominated for Best Cinematography, Actor (Ledger), Supporting Actor (Gyllenhaal), Supporting Actress (Williams) and Best Picture. Many in the press considered Brokeback Mountain the front-runner for the Oscar for Best Picture. Consequently, when the film lost to Crash (see below), some critics, among them Kenneth Turan of the Los Angeles Times, wrote articles accusing the Academy members of being homophobic for their choice over Brokeback Mountain. Prouxl wrote a letter to the British newspaper The Guardian, published on March 11, 2006, stating not only that the ^Crash win was undeserved, but that Ledger and Gyllenhaal portrayal of characters based on "imagination and a few cold words on the page" deserved more recognition, as opposed to the Oscar winner for Best Actor, Philip Seymour Hoffman, and his portrayal of well-known and documented author Truman Capote in Capote (see below).
       In March 2006, Quaid, who claimed that the film was falsely represented to him as a low budget art house film as a ruse to secure him on a very low salary, sued the filmmakers for $10 million in damages. On May 5, 2006 Los Angeles Times article reported that Quaid had dropped the suit after Focus Features agreed to pay him a bonus for his work on the film.
       The picture also received Golden Globe awards for Best Motion Picture-Drama, Best Director, Best Screenplay and Best Original Song. Additional Golden Globe nominations included Best Actor (Ledger) and Best Supporting Actress (Williams). Other accolades for the film included a Producers Guild award for Best Picture-Theatrical, a Best Director award to Lee by the Directors Guild of America and a Best Adapted Screenplay Award from the Writers Guild of America. The film also received Screen Actors Guild nominations for Best Performance by an Actor in a Leading Role (Ledger), Best Performance by an Actor in a Supporting Role (Gyllenhaal), Best Performance by an Actress in a Supporting Role (Williams) and Outstanding Performance by a Cast; Independent Spirit Award nominations for Best Feature, Best Director, Best Male Lead (Ledger) and Best Supporting Female (Williams).

Miscellaneous Notes

Released in United States Winter December 9, 2005

Released in United States on Video April 4, 2006

Released in United States 2005

Released in United States September 2005

Shown at Venice International Film Festival (Competition) August 31-September 10, 2005.

Based on a short story written by E Annie Proulx and first published in the "New Yorker." It is also included in Proulx's short story collection "Close Range: Wyoming Stories" published by Scribner in 2000.

Scott Rudin was previously attached to produce.

Billy Crudup, Josh Hartnett and Colin Farrell were mentioned to star.

Literary Sale Date 06/29/1998

At one time, project was being eyed for Gus Van Sant to direct and Columbia to distribute, but it ended up in development at Good Machine when Sony's option expired.

Released in United States Winter December 9, 2005

Released in United States on Video April 4, 2006

Released in United States 2005 (Shown at Venice International Film Festival (Competition) August 31-September 10, 2005.)

Released in United States September 2005 (Shown at Telluride Film Festival September 2-5, 2005.)

Winner of four 2005 awards including Best Film, Best Director, Best Adapted Screenplay and Best Supporting Actor (Jake Gyllenhaal) by the British Academy of Film and Television Arts (BAFTA).

Winner of four 2005 Satellite Awards including Best Motion Picture - Drama, Best Director, Best Original Song ("A Love That Will Never Grow Old") and Best Film Editing by the International Press Academy (IPA).

Winner of the 2005 award for Best Adapted Screenplay by the Writers Guild of America.

Winner of the 2005 award for Best Picture by the Producer's Guild of America.

Winner of the 2005 award for Outstanding Directorial Achievement in Feature Film by the Directors Guild of America (DGA).

Winner of the two 2005 awards including Director and Film of the Year by the London Critics' Circle.

Winner of three 2005 awards including Best Film, Best Director and Best Actor (Heath Ledger) by the New York Film Critics Circle (NYFCC).

Winner of three 2005 awards including Best Film, Best Director and Best Actor (Heath Ledger) by the San Francisco Film Critics Circle (SFFCC).

Winner of two 2005 awards including Best Cinematography and Best Original Score by the Chicago Film Critics Association (CFCA).

Winner of two 2005 awards including Best Director and Best Supporting Actor (Jake Gyllenhaal) by the National Board of Review (NBR).

Winner of two 2005 awards including Best Film and Best Director by the Boston Society of Film Critics (BSFC).

Winner of two 2005 awards including Best Film and Best Director by the Los Angeles Film Critics Association (LAFCA).

Voted one of the 10 best films of 2005 by the American Film Institute (AFI).