Before Night Falls


2h 5m 2001

Brief Synopsis

The story of Cuban poet and novelist Reinaldo Arenas. Raised in the Oriente Province of Cuba in the 1940s, Arenas began his life-long love of the sea and water. Leaving home as a young adolescent, he moves to Havana where he finds himself swept up in the revolutionary spirit and joins a circle of wr

Film Details

MPAA Rating
Release Date
Jan 26, 2001
Premiere Information
World premiere in Venice, Italy: 3 Sep 2000; New York Film Festival opening: 6 Oct 2000; Los Angeles opening: 22 Dec 2000
Production Company
Grandview Pictures
Distribution Company
Fine Line Features
Country
United States
Location
Mexico; New York City, New York, USA; Mérida, Yucatan, Mexico; New York City, New York, United States; Veracruz, Veracruz, Mexico
Screenplay Information
Based on the book Antes que anochezca ( Before Night Falls ) by Reinaldo Arenas (Barcelona, 1992).

Technical Specs

Duration
2h 5m

Synopsis

In 1943, three-month-old Reinaldo Arenas, abandoned by his father, is taken by his mother to her parents' home in Cuba's Oriente province. As a young boy, Reinaldo lives a life of "absolute poverty and freedom," and develops a love of nature, especially the trees, which he believes have a secret life, and the rain, which envelops the countryside. One day, Reinaldo is approached by a handsome stranger, who gives him two pesos, and when his mother throws rocks at the man, Reinaldo deduces that he is his father. Reinaldo never sees his father again and continues living with his taciturn grandfather, powerful grandmother and unhappy aunts. At school, Reinaldo shows a great gift for poetry, and even carves poems into the trees on his family's farm. When his teacher informs his grandfather of Reinaldo's talents, the infuriated old man chops down one of Reinaldo's trees and moves the family to the town of Holguín, where he opens a grocery store. In 1958, Reinaldo and his best friend Carlos decide to run away from home and join Fidel Castro's guerrillas in their attempt to overthrow dictator Fulgencio Batista. Before they leave, Carlos dares Reinaldo have sex with prostitute Lolin, but only by thinking of Carlos is Reinaldo able to perform. Later that night, Reinaldo runs away, but Carlos is too afraid to join him. Alone, Reinaldo walks along a country road until the next day, when he is picked up by a peasant named Cuco Sanchez. When Reinaldo admits that he is going to Velasco to join the rebels, Sanchez tells him that the guerrillas are no longer there and orders him to return home. After Castro gains control of Cuba, the peasants believe that life will soon be better for everyone. By 1964, Reinaldo has moved to Havana and begun studying at a state-run college for agricultural accountants. Reinaldo has not forgotten his love of writing, however, and when he enters the National Library's Young Writer's Contest, a moving excerpt from his novel in progress convinces librarian María Teresa Freye de Andrade and influential writers Herbeto Zorilla Ochoa and Virgilio Piñera to hire him to work at the library. Reinaldo is thrilled to be surrounded by so many books, and one day after work, meets the charismatic Pepe Malas. Although Reinaldo is aware of his own homosexuality, he at first repulses the bisexual Pepe's advances, but soon falls in love with him. Pepe finds Reinaldo an old typewriter and a small apartment, and Reinaldo devotes himself to finishing his first novel, Celestina antes del alba ( Singing from the Well ). Reinaldo submits his manuscript to the writers' union contest, then spends an evening out with Pepe. Reinaldo is deeply hurt when Pepe ignores him to pursue a woman, and leaves to spend the night with another friend, Tomas Diego. Shortly after, Reinaldo is reading on a beach when he is approached by a swimmer, Lázaro Gómez Carriles, although the stunningly handsome young man violently rejects Reinaldo's advances. Reinaldo is cheered, however, when his novel wins honorable mention in the contest, and he is introduced to renowned writer José Lezama Lima. Believing in Reinaldo's talent, Piñera helps him to edit his book and soon it is published in Cuba to great acclaim. As the 1960s continue, Reinaldo and his friends, including the Abreu brothers, enjoy the sexual revolution that young people throughout Cuba are participating in despite the political repression of Castro's government. Eventually Reinaldo and his friends begin to see sex as a weapon with which to fight the regime that persecutes homosexuals, artists and intellectuals, although not all of their compatriots can withstand the pressure. After Zorilla Ochoa is arrested and forced to make a televised confession, renouncing his friends and his writings, his wife commits suicide, and Reinaldo himself experiences more persecution. Lezama Lima arranges for Reinaldo to meet his friends, Jorge and Margarita Camacho, who are soon to return to France after visiting Cuba. The Camachos, fans of Reinaldo's writing, agree to smuggle out his next book, El mundo alucinante ( Hallucinations ), which he has been unable to publish in Cuba. Later, on 26 October 1974, Reinaldo and Pepe lounge on the beach with two young men in their late teens, and after Pepe has a temper tantrum that distracts Reinaldo, the two youths steal Reinaldo's swim fins. Reinaldo reports the theft and is horrified when the thieves accuse him of molesting them. Reinaldo is jailed but takes advantage of the loose security to slip out an unlocked door. He then attempts to swim to Florida in an inner tube, but fails, and slashes his wrists in a deserted beach house. After he recovers from his unsuccessful suicide attempt, Reinaldo hides in Havana's Lenin Park, and is aided by his friend, Juan Abreu, who brings him food and money. Reinaldo is captured eventually and taken to the notorious El Morro Castle prison, where he is incarcerated not as a political prisoner but a suspected rapist, murderer and CIA agent. Reinaldo's reputation as a writer spreads throughout the prison, however, and soon he amasses a fortune in cigarettes by writing letters for other inmates. Using his cigarettes to buy paper and pencils, Reinaldo completes another novel and befriends Bon Bon, a glamorous transvestite, who smuggles the manuscript out of the prison by hiding it in his rectum and passing it to visitors. Reinaldo's scheme is uncovered, however, and he is punished by being held in a tiny, filthy cell without any contact. When he is dragged out, Reinaldo is taken to see Lt. Victor, and although Reinaldo distracts himself by fantasizing about the attractive officer, Victor terrorizes him into making a confession renouncing his former life. After his release, Reinaldo goes to live with Blanca Romero, a friend, and helps her to sell off the contents of a walled-up convent next to her apartment building. At Blanca's, Reinaldo again meets Lázaro and the two become devoted friends. Some of Blanca's compatriots scheme to escape Cuba in a hot-air balloon, but the balloon is stolen by Pepe, who dies when it crashes to the ground. Later, in 1980, after Lázaro is able to leave Cuba in an exodus of people claiming asylum at the Peruvian embassy, Reinaldo learns that Castro has agreed to let criminals, homosexuals and the mentally insane leave Cuba. Soon Reinaldo and Lázaro are reunited in New York, where they are overwhelmed with happiness at their freedom. Reinaldo continues to write but remains poor despite receiving critical acclaim, and when he falls ill with AIDS, cannot receive proper medical attention because he does not have insurance. Unable to continue working, Reinaldo decides to kill himself, and after telling Lázaro that he is the most "authentic" boy he has ever met, makes him promise that he will not awaken in a hospital. Lázaro reluctantly agrees, and after Reinaldo falls asleep from an overdose of pills, his loyal friend smothers him with a plastic bag.

Cast

Olatz Lopez Garmendia

Reinaldo's mother

Giovani Florido

Young Reinaldo

Loló Navarro

Reinaldo's grandmother

Sebastián Silva

Reinaldo's father

Carmen Beato

Teacher

Cy Schnabel

Smallest school child

Olmo Schnabel

Smallest school child

Vito Maria Schnabel

Teenage Reinaldo

Pedro Armendariz

Reinaldo's grandfather

Diego Luna

Carlos

Lia Chapman

Lolin

Sean Penn

Cuco Sanchez

Jerzy Skolimowski

Professor

Aquiles Benites

Translator

Eva Piaskowska

Pretty blonde student

Javier Bardem

Reinaldo Arenas

Patricia Reyes Spíndola

María Teresa Freye de Andrade

Michael Wincott

Herberto Zorilla Ochoa

Hector Babenco

Virgilio Piñera

Andrea Di Stefano

Pepe Malas

Marlene Díaz

Woman in car #1

Olga Borayo

Woman in car #2

Santiago Magill

Tomas Diego

Manolo García

Faustino

Lola Schnabel

Girl with keys

Ofelia Medina

Landlady

Lois Barragan

Woman, UNEAC

Eduardo Antonio

Nightclub singer

Stella Schnabel

Valeria

Olivier Martinez

Lázaro Gómez Carriles

Manuel González

José Lezama Lima

Maurice Compte

Nicolas Abreu

Claudette Maillé

María Luisa Lima

John Ortiz

Juan Abreu

Vincent Laresca

Jose Abreu

Rene Rivera

Recruit driver

Chanel Puertas

Blonde on the beach

Manolo Rivero

Royal gay

Nemo

Pedro the bus driver

Andrea Fassler

French tourist

Magda

Santería dancer

Julian Bucio

Violent soldier

Jorge Zaráte

Prosecutor

Najwa Nimri

Fina Zorilla Ochoa

Francisco Gatorno

Jorge Camacho

Marisol Padilla Sanchez

Margarita Camacho

Jorge Zamora

Kid with kite

Noel Medina

Policeman on beach

Jorge Zepeda

State security on beach

Julyan Diaz

Teenager #1

Eduardo Arroyuelo

Teenager #2

Antonio Zavala

Stranger in Lenin Park

Eloy Ganuza

State security in Lenin Park

Khotan

Young man with bird

Rene Pereira

Antonio

Abel Woolrich

Hungry inmate

Mario Oliver

Gay inmate

Robertico Valdez

Singing prisoner

Johnny Depp

Bon Bon/Lieutenant Victor

Claudio Osoria

Guard at El Morro

Alfredo Villa

Armando Garcia

Diahnne Dèa

Blanca Romero

Caridad Martinez

Dancer in the convent

Zulema Cruz

Zulema

Annie Gil

Blanca's teenage daughter

Filiberto Estrella

Dwarf

Juan Cristobal Murillo

Immigration officer

Filiberto Hebra

Man at Mariel Harbor

Matthías Ehrenberg

Officer at Mariel Harbor

Jack Schnabel

Mr. Greenberg

Esther Schanbel

Mrs. Greenberg

Xavier Domingo

Death

Eric Springer

Orderly

Jimmy Nugent

Taxi driver

Crew

Walter Adee

2d Props, New York

Alfredo Aguilar

Catering Assistant

Dante Aguilar

Unit Manager, Mexico

Mario Alberto Aguilar

Picture cars Assistant

Pedro Alanís

Paint foreman

Luis Antonio Alegría

Assistant Electrician

Sean Alexander

Set prod Assistant, New York

Efraín Alfaro Ramírez

Driver

Juan Manuel Alvarez

Electrician

Edgar Ambriz

Electrician

Laurie Anderson

Addl Music

Laurie Anderson

Composer

Maite Argüelles

Art Department Coordinator

Alejandro Arroyo Labra

Transportation capt

Ernesto Avila Gutiérrez

Driver

K. C. Bailey

Stills Photographer, New York

Ana Ballesteros

Caterer

Randall Balsmeyer

Visual Effects Supervisor

David Baron

2d Assistant Camera, New York

Dennis Bastian

Office prod Assistant, New York

Joanie Bauert

Insurance services, New York

Israel Becerril

Leadman

Claudia Becker

Casting Director, Mexico

E. Benitez

Composer

Michael Berenbaum

Editing

Guillermo Bermúdez

Cable man

Andy Bernard

Art Director, New York

David F. Bianculli

Office prod Assistant, New York

Liza Bigger

Set prod Assistant, New York

Alfredo Biteri

Boom op, New York

Glenn Blachnik

Company Electrician, New York

John T. Bobick

2d grip, New York

Juana Bocanegra Colín

ANDA delegate

Ralph Brandafino

1st Assistant Camera, New York

Keri Bruno

Assistant to Mr. Schnabel, Mexico

Juan Bryan

Driver, New York

Julián Bucio

Stunts

John J. Buckmad

Driver, New York

Mark Burchard

Wardrobe Supervisor, New York

Carter Burwell

Music Composition

Allan Byer

Sound mixer, New York

Sandra Cabriada Morales

Set Decoration

Jacqueline Campbell

Set prod Assistant, New York

Virginia Campos Ch.

Hairstylist

Deborah Canfield

Swing gang, New York

Phil Canfield

Leadman, New York

T. Kelly Canfield

Swing gang, New York

L. A. Carton Iv

Set prod Assistant, New York

Chuck Casey

Wardrobe Supervisor, New York

Flavio Castilleros

1st Assistant accountant

Hortensia Castro

2d Assistant accountant

Joe Cazan

Driver, New York

Adrián Cervantes

Production Assistant

Lázaro Cervantes Aguilar

Special Effects Assistant

Enrique Cetina Burgos

Driver

Kam Chan

Foley Editor, New York

Sylvie Chesneau

Script Supervisor

Jimmy Clark

Driver, New York

Craig Cobb

Associate Editor, New York

David J. Conelli

Driver, New York

Marco Polo Constandze

Video assist op

Fernando Coria

Company grip

Martin Corkidi

Production Assistant

Adela Cortázar

Key Wardrobe Assistant

Joe Cortese

Set prod Assistant, New York

Kelley Cribben

Post prod Supervisor, New York

José Cruz Garduño

Driver

Byron Crystal

Extras casting, New York

Nicholas Cupkovic

Company Electrician, New York

Joe Dapello, Schreck Rose & Dapello

Prod attorney, New York

Robyn J. Davis

Prod Coordinator, U.S.

Andy Day

Gaffer, New York

José De Jesús Macías

Assistant Electrician

José De Jesús Macías

Driver

Rodrigo De La Cruz

Picture cars Assistant

Juan De La Rosa

Parking Assistant, New York

Humberto Delgado

Key grip

José Delgado

Composer

Joseph Donohue Iii

Dolly grip, New York

Presendieu Jean Edouard

Driver, New York

Matthías Ehrenberg

Associate Producer

Matthías Ehrenberg

Unit Production Manager

Javier Enríquez

Gaffer

Johan Esbensen

Office prod Assistant, New York

Antonio Escobar

Composer

Juan José Espinosa

Composer

José A. Fajardo

Composer

Michael Farrow

Music scoring mixer

Jill Fassalori

Set prod Assistant, New York

Mariestela Fernández

Costume Design

Robert Fernandez

Re-rec mixer, New York

Gabriela Fernández Suárez

Wardrobe coordinator

Pedro Ferrez Valiente

Composer

Luis Figueroa

Set Dresser

Melanio Filiberto Hebra

Dial coach

John Finn

Prod accountant, New York

Ofelia Flores Cárdenas

Catering Assistant

Mike Fradianni

Company Electrician, New York

Laurie Freedman

Set dec, New York

Florian Fricke

Composer

Pablo García

Extras cast Assistant

Adán García

On set painter

Manolo García

Key hair

Miguel Angel García

Best Boy

Ariel García Espinosa Raymat

Dial coach

Raúl García Esquivel

Picture cars Coordinator

David García Hernández

Catering Assistant

Juan Pablo García Tames

Set Designer

Sergio García Terrazas

1st Assistant Camera

Héctor Gil

On set dresser

Daniel Daza Gómez

Stills Photographer

Lázaro Gómez Carriles

Writer

Judi Goodman

Hairdresser, New York

Susan Goulder

Assistant set dec, New York

Jonathan Graham

Const grip, New York

Rodolfo Granados

Sculpture

Xavier Pérez Grobet

Director of Photography

Jorge Guerrero

Extras cast coordinator

Giselle Gurza

2d 2d Assistant Director

Giselle Gurza

1st team Coordinator, New York

Yvette Gurza

2d 2d Assistant Director

Richard Guterding

Driver, New York

Zeferino Gutiérrez Hernández

Wardrobe Assistant

Anne Haywood

Const scenic, New York

Melanio Filiberto Hebra

Consultant

Fred Heid

Col timer

Bob Hein

Supervisor Sound Editor, New York

Jonás Hendrix

Production Assistant

Josefina Hernández

Catering Assistant

Pedro Hernández

Company grip

Humberto Herrera Rodríguez

Driver

Sean Hogan

1st Assistant accountant, New York

Lys Hopper

Loc Manager, New York

Dennis Horwath Vázquez

Sign painter

Antonio Huerta

Assistant Electrician

Mike Hunold

Company Electrician, New York

Alejandro Iturriaga

Production Assistant

Susan Jacobs

Music Supervisor

Pamela Jaeckle

Unit Manager, U.S.

Kenton Jakub

ADR Editor, New York

Borys Jarymovych

Designer

César Jiménez Rodríguez

Set Dresser

Steve Kasow

Assistant Music Editor, New York

Todd Kasow

Music Editor, New York

James F. Kelly

Driver, New York

Frank Kern

Foley Editor, New York

Jon Kilik

Presented By

Jon Kilik

Producer

Jon Kilik

Unit prod Manager, New York

Michael Kingsley

Office prod Assistant, New York

Lauren Klain

Set prod Assistant, New York

Robert H. Klatt

Swing gang, New York

Gordon Krause

Const Coordinator, New York

Christopher Lagunes Villavencio

Set Dresser

Albert Lasser

F/X Editor, New York

Ernesto Lecuona

Composer

Wayne T. Leonard

Swing gang, New York

Anthony Lettich

Driver, New York

Geof Lipman

Dolby Sound consultant

Marissa Littlefield

ADR Editor, New York

Patrice Canfield Longo

Swing gang, New York

Roberto Lopez

Loc Assistant, New York

Sandra López

Assistant makeup

Olatz Lopez Garmendia

Executive Producer

Olatz Lopez Garmendia

Music Supervisor

Fernando López Urquijo

Greens Assistant

David F. Lowry

Key grip, New York

Gerard Lowry

Company grip, New York

Jerry Lowry

Company grip, New York

Martin Lowry

Company grip, New York

Susana Loyo

Prod Secretary

Ana Lozano

Key makeup

Gloria "pekas" Lozano

Prod Coordinator, Mexico

María De Jesús Luna

Wardrobe Assistant

Gabriel Luna De La Fuente

Composer

Amy Lynn

Key 2d Assistant Director, New York

Michelle Macirella

Office prod Assistant, New York

Scott Maguire

Loader, New York

Gustav Mahler

Composer

Eduardo Marquez Acevedo

Driver

Adolfo Cruz Martínez

Wardrobe Assistant

Eniac Martínez

Addl still Photographer

Isabel Martínez

Prod accountant

Pedro Neri Martínez

Greens foreman

Caridad Martínez Menocal

Choreographer

Miguel Matamoros

Composer

Glenn Mazzilo

Boom op, New York

Jeff Mazzola

Props master, New York

John Mcnay

Driver, New York

Sylvia Menno

Dial Editor, New York

Faustino Miro

Composer

Michael G. Mooradian

Office prod Assistant, New York

Beny More

Composer

Francisco Moreno Morales

Driver

Juan Manuel Moreno Morales

Transportation Coordinator

Ennio Morricone

Composer

Regis J. Mullaney

Driver, New York

Carlos Munguía

Wardrobe Assistant

Antonio Muñohierro

Art Director

Betsy Nagler

Boom op, New York

Film Details

MPAA Rating
Release Date
Jan 26, 2001
Premiere Information
World premiere in Venice, Italy: 3 Sep 2000; New York Film Festival opening: 6 Oct 2000; Los Angeles opening: 22 Dec 2000
Production Company
Grandview Pictures
Distribution Company
Fine Line Features
Country
United States
Location
Mexico; New York City, New York, USA; Mérida, Yucatan, Mexico; New York City, New York, United States; Veracruz, Veracruz, Mexico
Screenplay Information
Based on the book Antes que anochezca ( Before Night Falls ) by Reinaldo Arenas (Barcelona, 1992).

Technical Specs

Duration
2h 5m

Award Nominations

Best Actor

2000

Quotes

Trivia

Notes

The acting and crew credits for this film appear at the end of the picture, and the first time the actors are listed, without character names, Javier Bardem, Olivier Martinez and Andrea Di Stefano receive individual title cards. When the actors are credited with their characters names, they are listed in order of appearance. An end credit dedicates the picture to Lázaro Gómez Carriles, one of the picture's three screenwriters and Reinaldo Arenas' longtime companion. The end credits are seen over footage from the 1960 short film entitled PM (Journal), written and directed by Orlando Jiménez Leal and Saba Cabrera, which was banned in Cuba in 1961. One of the end titles notes that archival footage was obtained courtesy of National Geographic Television; "The Other Cuba," Orlando Leal; "Havana," Zoila Estrada; Educational & Television Films, LTD; and Best Shot Stock Footage.
       Voice-over narration by Javier Bardem, as his character "Reinaldo Arenas," is heard intermittently throughout the film. Some portions of Reinaldo's narration, as well as some dialogue, is in Spanish, with English subtitles. Much of the narration is taken directly from Arenas' posthumously published memoir Before Night Falls. As reported in interviews with director Julian Schnabel, the picture is also based on several of Arenas' novels, including El mundo alucienante (Hallucinations), and poems, such as "The Parade Begins" and "The Parade Ends." Portions of these works are directly quoted in the film, some in Spanish with English subtitles, and others in English. The sequence during which Arenas is interviewed in New York is based on an actual interview with Arenas conducted by Jana Bokova for her BBC television documentary Havana.
       As noted in the film, Cuban-born Arenas (1943-1990) was a gifted poet and novelist who spent most of his young adulthood in Havana. Only one of Arenas' books, Celestina antes del alba (Singing in the Well), was published in Cuba during his lifetime; most of his manuscripts were smuggled out of the country and published abroad. When Hallucinations was published in France, as Le monde hallucinanat, it won a National Book Award for Best Foreign Novel of 1969. Persecuted in his native country both for his writing and his homosexuality, Arenas was arrested after being falsely accused of child molestation and imprisoned in El Morro Castle for several years. After his release, Arenas was forced to work in labor camps and kept under close surveillance by Fidel Castro's government. In 1980, Arenas was among the thousands of Cubans permitted by Castro to immigrate to the United States. After briefly living in Miami, Arenas moved to New York, where, despite having contracted AIDS, he continued to write. In 1990, no longer able to work, Arenas committed suicide at the age of 47.
       According to a January 19, 2001 Entertainment Weekly article, Schnabel first asked Benicio Del Toro to play Arenas, and cast Spanish actor Javier Bardem as Lázaro Gómez Carriles. After Del Toro turned down the part of Arenas, Schnabel asked Bardem to take the role. Bardem initially refused because he did not speak English and was wary of Arenas's anti-Communist politics, according to a January 15, 2001 Variety article. Bardem did accept the part, however, after intensive English lessons, reading Arenas' books and studying life in Cuba. Bardem not only had to learn English but how to speak Spanish with a Cuban accent. As noted in several reviews, Bardem bears a striking resemblance to Arenas. Olatz Lopez Garmendia, who plays Reinaldo's mother, is Schnabel's wife, and Vito Maria Schnabel, who plays Reinaldo as a teenager, is their son.
       According to a June 13, 2001 Time Out article, Schnabel invested $8,000,000 of his own money in the production. The picture was filmed on location in Veracruz and Mérida, Mexico and New York City over a period of approximately 60 days in the fall of 1999. According to the film's official website, scenes set at the notorious El Morro Castle, a 17th century Spanish colonial fortress that was used as a prison in Cuba before being turned into a tourist attraction, were shot at Mexico's San Juan de Ulúa, another Spanish fortress later used as a prison.
       Bardem was chosen as the best actor of 2000 by the National Board of Review and the National Society of Film Critics. He also received Golden Globe and Academy Award nominations for Best Actor. Before Night Falls won the Grand Jury Prize at the International Venice Film Festival and was nominated for several other awards, including the Independent Spirit Awards for Best Feature. Additionally, the film was selected as one of AFI's top ten films of the year.

Miscellaneous Notes

Voted one of the 10 best films of 2000 by the American Film Institute (AFI).

Winner of the 2000 award for Best Actor (Javier Bardem) from the National Board of Review of Motion Pictures.

Winner of the 2000 award for Best Actor (Javier Bardem) from the National Society of Film Critics.

Winner of the Volpi Cup for Best Actor (Javier Bardem) and a Grand Jury Prize (Jullian Schnabel) at the 2000 Venice International Film Festival.

Expanded Release in United States January 12, 2001

Limited Release in United States December 22, 2000

Released in United States 2000

Released in United States 2001

Released in United States June 2001

Released in United States October 2000

Released in United States on Video May 22, 2001

Released in United States September 2000

Released in United States Winter December 22, 2000

Shown at New York Film Festival September 22 - October 9, 2000.

Shown at Rotterdam International Film Festival (On the Waterfront) January 24 - February 4, 2001.

Shown at San Sebastian International Film Festival September 21-30, 2000.

Shown at Sydney Film Festival June 8-22, 2001.

Shown at Toronto International Film Festival (Special Presentation) September 7-16, 2000.

Shown at Venice International Film Festival (in competition) August 30 - September 9, 2000.

Began shooting August 27, 1999.

Completed shooting November 5, 1999.

Released in United States 2000 (Shown at New York Film Festival September 22 - October 9, 2000.)

Released in United States 2000 (Shown at Venice International Film Festival (in competition) August 30 - September 9, 2000.)

Released in United States 2001 (Shown at Rotterdam International Film Festival (On the Waterfront) January 24 - February 4, 2001.)

Expanded Release in United States January 12, 2001

Released in United States on Video May 22, 2001

Released in United States June 2001 (Shown at Sydney Film Festival June 8-22, 2001.)

Released in United States September 2000 (Shown at San Sebastian International Film Festival September 21-30, 2000.)

Released in United States September 2000 (Shown at Toronto International Film Festival (Special Presentation) September 7-16, 2000.)

Released in United States October 2000 (Shown at AFI Fest 2000: The American Film Institute Los Angeles International Film Festival October 19-26, 2000.)

Released in United States October 2000 (Shown at AFI/Los Angeles International Film Festival (Special Screening) October 19-26, 2000.)

Limited Release in United States December 22, 2000

Released in United States Winter December 22, 2000