The Torch


1h 27m 1950

Film Details

Also Known As
Beloved, Del odio nace el amor, The General and the Señorita
Release Date
Jun 1950
Premiere Information
Los Angeles opening: 9 Jun 1950
Production Company
Kaladore Corp.
Distribution Company
Eagle-Lion Films, Inc.
Country
Mexico and United States
Location
Cholula,Mexico; Mexico City,Mexico
Screenplay Information
Based on the Mexican film Enamorada written by Íñigo de Martino Noriega and Emilio Fernández (1946).

Technical Specs

Duration
1h 27m
Sound
Mono
Color
Black and White
Theatrical Aspect Ratio
1.37 : 1
Film Length
7,580ft (9 reels)

Synopsis

María Dolores, daughter of Don Carlos Peñafiel, a successful glass maker in Cholula, Mexico, is soon to be married to a North American doctor, Robert Stanley. However, after a Revolutionary army troop led by General José Juan Reyes captures Cholula, the wedding appears in jeopardy. When the town's wealthy families, along with the local priest Father Sierra, gather at Don Carlos' house, Father Sierra tries to reassure María Dolores by telling her that he and Reyes attended school together and were like brothers. Reyes's troops, however, take many townsmen prisoners and place several in front of firing squads. Don Carlos and some others are taken to see Reyes, who greets his old friend Father Sierra warmly, but demands money and supplies, particularly from the merchant Fidel Bernal, whom he despises for having capitalized on the Revolution. When Bernal eventually agrees to help Reyes, even offering the general his wife, Reyes has him shot. Dr. Stanley then requests a pass to Mexico City in order to buy medicines and to bring back María Dolores' wedding dress and Reyes agrees. After Father Sierra assures Reyes that he is not hiding any of the rich people's money, he learns that Reyes is caring for a little girl, Adelita, his goddaughter, whose parents were killed while fighting alongside him. Later, Reyes accosts María Dolores in the street, and she slaps his face, knocking him down. Despite this rebuff Reyes declares that she is the girl he will marry and begins to court her, seeking Father Sierra's advice about her. As Don Carlos is about to be shot by a firing squad led by Reyes's second-in-command, Bocanegra, Reyes suddenly appears and orders that Don Carlos be freed. That evening, Reyes pays María Dolores a formal visit, but she behaves like a shrew toward him. Reyes is not discouraged, however, and continues to court her, even though she spurns him at every encounter. One day, in front of the church, Reyes tells María Dolores that were it not for the accidental social advantages of her birth, she might have been one of his camp followers, women whom he greatly respects. She strikes him and is struck, in turn, by him. When Father Sierra attempts to intervene, Reyes strikes him as well, but despite this, Father Sierra defends Reyes's basic philosophy to María Dolores. After an influenza epidemic in Cholula causes many people, including Adelita, to become very ill, the troops agitate to leave. Reyes, however, forbids anyone to leave and determines to eradicate the epidemic. When María Dolores and her father try to leave, they are brought before Reyes, who tells them that if they still want to go, they can. However, upon seeing the severity of the epidemic, they choose to stay and help the sick. Robert finally returns and although he has no medicines to cure the people, he states that quinine and compresses will reduce their fever and sets to work with María Dolores' help. Reyes asks María Dolores to forgive him for his behavior and she, feeling an attraction to him, does so. Later, all are devastated when Adelita dies. Reyes and Father Sierra then receive word that a federal army is nearing Cholula with orders to destroy Reyes's troops and take him dead or alive, and Reyes decides to retreat in order to save the town and its inhabitants. As the wedding ceremony of María Dolores and Robert is beginning in her home, Reyes and his troops pass by. María Dolores runs from the ceremony to join him and follows at his side as he rides on.

Film Details

Also Known As
Beloved, Del odio nace el amor, The General and the Señorita
Release Date
Jun 1950
Premiere Information
Los Angeles opening: 9 Jun 1950
Production Company
Kaladore Corp.
Distribution Company
Eagle-Lion Films, Inc.
Country
Mexico and United States
Location
Cholula,Mexico; Mexico City,Mexico
Screenplay Information
Based on the Mexican film Enamorada written by Íñigo de Martino Noriega and Emilio Fernández (1946).

Technical Specs

Duration
1h 27m
Sound
Mono
Color
Black and White
Theatrical Aspect Ratio
1.37 : 1
Film Length
7,580ft (9 reels)

Quotes

Trivia

Notes

This film, which had a working title of Beloved, was a remake of the 1946 Mexican film Enamorada, which starred Pedro Armendáriz and María Félix, and was photographed by Gabriel Figueroa and directed by Emilio Fernández. Enamorada opened in Mexico City on December 25, 1946, and was released in New York in an English sub-titled version in early December 1949. Modern sources state that when Paulette Goddard saw Enamorada, she decided that it would make a good vehicle for her. Accordingly, Armendáriz, Figueroa and Fernández returned to Cholula in Southern Mexico three years later and reshot most of the film with Goddard assuming Félix's role. Most of the supporting cast was also replaced. Certain shots from Enamorada involving Armendáriz and his troops were reused in The Torch. Although the films' storylines are quite similar in content, the opening sequence in the glass blowing factory and the entire influenza epidemic and the death of Adelita were added for The Torch. In the Mexican film, the North-American fiancé is an engineer who is constructing a reservoir in the area. Enamorada also contains a lengthy philosophical discussion between the general and the priest.
       Contemporary reviews of The Torch commented unfavorably on the mixture of stark realism and broad comedy, which was expanded for the American film. Mexican sources include producer Benito Alazraki as co-writer of the screenplay of Enamorada, although he is not credited onscreen. Fernández's credited co-writer on Enamorada is listed as Íñigo de Martino, not de Martino Noriega. A modern Mexican source also lists the actress portraying "Adelita" as Antonia Daneem, (although her name is incorrectly spelled "Kaneem" in the onscreen credits) and states that this is a pseudonym for Rosa María Vázquez. In Mexico City, The Torch was advertised as the English version of Enamorada, and opened under the title Del odio nace el amor on November 14, 1951.