Lakota Woman: Return to Wounded Knee


2h 1994

Brief Synopsis

A Native woman's activism leads her to take part in an armed confrontation with the U.S. government.

Film Details

Also Known As
La femme Lakota Canada, Lakota Woman: Seige at Wounded Knee
Genre
Drama
Historical
Adaptation
Release Date
1994
Production Company
Alter Image Inc; Cinelease, Inc.; Cinema Research Corporation; Clairmont Camera, Inc.; Fotokem Film & Video; Mato; Michelson's Food Services Inc; NBC News; TNT
Distribution Company
Turner Home Entertainment Company
Location
South Dakota, USA

Technical Specs

Duration
2h

Synopsis

The true story of a contemporary American Indian woman's journey to spiritual awareness amid the bloody turmoil of the 1973 seige at Wounded Knee Reservation, South Dakota. Part of a series of telefilms for TNT with Native American themes.

Cast

Irene Bedard

Mary Crow Dog

Joseph Runningfox

Leonard Crow Dog

Tantoo Cardinal

Emily Moore

August Schellenberg

Dick Wilson

Floyd Westerman

Grandfather Fool Bull

Floyd Westerman

Grandfather Fool Bull

Pato Hoffmann

Spencer

Michael Horse

Dennis Banks

Lawrence Bayne

Russell Means

Nancy Parsons

Sister Mary Margaret

Dean Norris

Red Arrow

Tim Sampson

Pedro Bissonette

Scott Means

John Standing

Gary Bullock

Fbi Agent Rainey

John Harnagel

Father Hochbauer

Casey Camp-horinek

Aunt Elsie Flood

Dawn Lavand

Young Mary

Dawn Little Sky

Grandma Moore

Nathan Bison

Joe Little Horse

Virginia Mercado

Young Barbara

Angel Mcfarland

Barbara

Richard Swallow

Webster

Norman Roach

Clyde Bellecourt

James Abourezk

District Attorney

Richard Whitman

Carter Camp

Michael Spears

Stat Man

Ellen Moves Camp

Choach Means

Archie Little

Fools Crow

Lois Red Elk

Gladys Bissonette

Owen Lebeau

Buddy Lamont

Wi-waste-win Conroy

Little Girl

Melanie Two Eagle

Charlene

Amy Moore Davis

Nadine

Jennifer White-plume

Receptionist

David Bald Eagle

Old Man At Headquarters

Julie Recountre

Old Woman At Headquarters

Mekasi Horinek

Young Man At Headquarters

Vic Camp

Webster'S Friend

Mark J Nelson

Codelle

Van Burnette

Driver Goon

Bob Faubert

Merle

Van Horse

Shotgun

Don Strong

Store Manager

Reno Lodge

Thief In Jail

Mike Kenny

Jailer

Monty Bass

Raymond Yellow Thunder

Mark Barney

1st Hare Brother

Kevin Gusmano

2nd Hare Brother

Carter Camp

Aim Warrior

Jake Walker

Sheriff In Gordon

Eliza Morrison

Lizzie Fast Horse

Randall K Brown

Archeology Student

Merritt Olson

Archeology Professor

Mary Olguin

Traditional Singer

Doreen Gardener

Sarah Bad Heart Bull

J Miller Tobin

Sheriff In Custer

Tamara Taylor

1st Reporter

Brian O'meara

2nd Reporter

Dora Hernandez

Woman At Calico (Elder)

Edgar Bear Runner

Reasonable Man

Forrest O'brien

Old Priest

Duane Chalmers

Aim Warrior

Ari Sloane

Post Reporter

Grete Bodogaard Heikes

Der Stern Reporter

Robert Del Sesto

Dr Pat

Charles Abourezk

Lawyer

Michael Kneip

Federal Agent Richards

Dave Rauschenberger

Federal Agent Perrini

Richard Dream Walker

Rocky Madrid

Irene Handren-seals

Mrs Clearwater

Steven P. Saeta

Federal Marshal

Jonathan Gill

Wovoka

James Hatzell

Marshal

Nat Bocking

Lead Person

Joseph Running Fox

Crew

James Abourezk

Thanks

James Abourezk

Advisor

John K Adams

Sound Effects

Roy Alfred

Song

Rosemary Amendola

Publicity

Patricia Androff

Hair Assistant

Jeri Archer

Assistant Production Coordinator

Barbara Ayers

Wardrobe Supervisor

Dennis Banks

Thanks

Bridget M Bardach

Craft Service

Perry Barndt

Stunt Player

Monty Bass

Grip

Steve Battaglia

Set Production Assistant

Clyde Bellecourt

Thanks

Fred Berner

Producer

Big Brother And The Holding Company

Song Performer

George Billinger Iii

Camera Operator

R Bloom

Song

Lois Bonfiglio

Executive Producer

Clarence Brown

Dolly Grip

Carter Camp

Technical Advisor

Matthew Carlisle

Assistant Director

John Cboins

Accounting Assistant

Duane Chalmers

Song Performer

Duane Chalmers

Song

Delia Circelli

Production Coordinator

Marvin Clifford

Thanks

Marvin Clifford

Sound Department

Sue Conners

Art Department Coordinator

Leonard Crow Dog

Thanks

Mary Crow Dog

From Autobiography ("Lakota Woman")

Loren Cuny

Stunt Player

Johlyn Dale

Post-Production Supervisor

Brian Davidson

Other

Benny Davis

Song

Rick Davis

Transportation Coordinator

Jed M Dodge

Dialogue Editor

Randall Dudley

Set Production Assistant

John Dunn

Costume Designer

Robbie Dunn

Stunt Player

Robby Dunn

Stunt Player

Bernadette Echo Hawk

Camera

Bruce Ellison

Thanks

Richard Erdoes

From Autobiography ("Lakota Woman")

Marta Evry

Assistant Editor

Russell C. Fager

Sound Mixer

Lee Fowler

Transportation Captain

Connie Francis

Song Performer

Irene Fredericks

Costume Designer

Leigh French

Voice Casting

Mike Geiger

Storyboard Artist

Hanay Geiogamah

Co-Producer

B Gentry

Song

Lakota George

Thanks

Carrie Gerlach

Publicity

Alan Gitlin

Camera Assistant

David Goldstein

Camera Assistant

Geraldine Gordon

Thanks

Candy Hamilton

Casting Associate

Tom Harjo

Key Grip

Catherine Harper

Foley

W Harrison

Song

David Harshbarger

Property Master

Gene Hartline

Stunt Coordinator

James Hatzell

Other

Vanessa Hayes

Casting Associate

Rene Haynes

Casting

Richard Horowitz

Music

Bones Howe

Music Supervisor

Jody Hummer

Extras Agent/Coordinator

Robert C Jackson

Dialogue Editor

T James

Song

Tommy James

Song Performer

Selina Jayne

Makeup Assistant

Selina Jayne

Hair Assistant

Derek Jennings

Production Assistant

C L Johnson

Stunt Player

Keii Johnson

Stunt Player

Janis Joplin

Song

Rick H Josephsen

Special Effects Coordinator

Gary Keller

Thanks

Bill Kerby

Screenwriter

Ossama Khuluki

Foley

Deanne King

Casting Associate

Henry Kingi

Stunt Player

Margo Kingon

Other

Rowland Kirks

Location Manager

Jay Koiwai

Other

Teusa Koiwai

Other

Toyomichi Kurita

Director Of Photography

Duke Lammers

Thanks

Melvin Lee

Thanks

Brian Legrandy

Camera Assistant

Pam Leonte

Script Supervisor

E Leslie

Song

Gloria Little

Wardrobe

Rosalie Little Thunder

Other

Poxy Lone Hill

Wardrobe

P Lucia

Song

Alex J Lunderman

Thanks

John Lybrand

Other

Vicki R Lybrand

Transportation

Stephen Marsh

Production Designer

Thomas William Marshall

Other

Dave Martin

Other

Stephen B Martinez

Dolly Grip

Wayne Massarelli

Makeup Artist

G Lynn Maughan

Foreman

Joyce Mcneal

Stunt Player

Russell Means

Thanks

Larry Misselhorn

Other

Larry Molnar

Costumes

Richard Moves Camp

Advisor

Don Murray

Dialogue Consultant

Ted Murry

Song

H Jane Nauman

Other

Darlene Nichols

Extras Agent/Coordinator

H Nichols

Song

Michael Thomas O'brien

Caterer

David O'dell

Boom Operator

Richard Oswald

Assistant Director

Nicole Panter

Assistant

Robin Peyton

Set Decorator

Carlos Pinero

Dga Trainee

Theo Pingarelli

Camera Assistant

Larry Pourier

Other

Georg Rice

Production Assistant

Rosie Richards

Production Assistant

Wayne Richards

Stunt Player

Stephanie Robideaux

Stunt Player

Layne Robinson

Foreman

George Marshall Ruge

Stunt Player

Don Ruleaux

Other

Paul G Ryan

Photography

Ellen Ryba

Costume Supervisor

Elizabeth Sackler

Thanks

Tommi Saenz

Production Assistant

Tommi Saenz

Stunt Player

Steven P. Saeta

Unit Production Manager

Steven P. Saeta

Co-Producer

Sue Savage

Other

Phillip Seretti

Sound Supervisor

Phillip Seretti

Sound Re-Recording Mixer

Robert M. Sertner

Executive Producer (Native American Series)

Abner Silver

Song

Misty Skedgell

Publicity

Clifton Skye

Thanks

Ari Sloane

Associate Producer

Margo Smith

Song Performer

Norma Smith

Production Accountant

Rusty Smith

Art Director

Tracy Smith

Accounting Assistant

John Yellowbird Steele

Thanks

Patty Swallow

Thanks

Ken Tilsen

Thanks

J Miller Tobin

Production Associate

John Trudell

Thanks

Chris Tufty

Director Of Photography (2nd Unit)

Webster Two Hawk

Thanks

Frank Von Zerneck

Executive Producer (Native American Series)

Janja Vujovich

Sound Department

Lynn Waldrop

Costumes

Jacky Ward

Song Performer

Andrew Watts

Best Boy

Kathy Welch

Accounting Assistant

Marty Wereski

Music Editor

Robert Whipple

Set Production Assistant

Alex White Plume

Thanks

Ryan Whitefeather

Thanks

Jim Wilkey

Stunt Player

Joani Yarbrough

Hair Stylist

Katina Zinner

Editor

Film Details

Also Known As
La femme Lakota Canada, Lakota Woman: Seige at Wounded Knee
Genre
Drama
Historical
Adaptation
Release Date
1994
Production Company
Alter Image Inc; Cinelease, Inc.; Cinema Research Corporation; Clairmont Camera, Inc.; Fotokem Film & Video; Mato; Michelson's Food Services Inc; NBC News; TNT
Distribution Company
Turner Home Entertainment Company
Location
South Dakota, USA

Technical Specs

Duration
2h

Award Nominations

Best Actress

1995
Irene Bedard

Articles

Lakota Woman


Lakota Woman: Siege at Wounded Knee (1994) is based on the autobiographical book by Mary Crow Dog, a half-white, half-Native woman whose difficult life growing up on the Pine Ridge Reservation in South Dakota and in a Catholic boarding school illustrated the continuing struggle of Native Americans against discrimination, abuse, and oppression. Members of Crow Dog's family had been at the 1890 massacre at Wounded Knee, a confrontation between U.S. troops and the Lakota in which nearly 150 Lakota were killed and many more froze to death in the three-day blizzard immediately following the conflict. In the early 1970s, Mary became involved with the American Indian Movement (AIM). Fed up with conditions on the reservation, the overall state of government corruption and betrayal, and what AIM saw as institutional policies of oppression, genocide and racism, the group occupied Wounded Knee in February 1973; they demanded investigations into misuses of tribal funds, the American government's policies toward the Oglala Sioux tribe, and the 371 treaties between the Native Nations and the federal government, all of which had been broken by the U.S. The conflict ended after 71 days, two deaths, and nearly 1200 arrests. Lakota Woman: Siege at Wounded Knee looks at all these events through Mary's eyes and was shot on location at various sites in South Dakota.<.

Viewers may not necessarily recognize the star of this made-for-TV movie by sight, but her voice should certainly ring a bell. Irene Bedard made her film debut in Lakota Woman as Mary Crow Dog; a year later she broke through to major success as the physical model for and voice of the title character in the Disney animated hit Pocahontas (1995). She voiced the character a few more times for video games and made-for-video features, and has lent her vocal talents to episodes of several animated television series, including The Real Adventures of Johnny Quest and The Spectacular Spider-Man.

Bedard has also appeared in a number of live-action films and TV movies. The daughter of an Inupiat Eskimo and a French Canadian/Cree, she has played Lakota more than once, as well as Patuxet, Navajo, Mashantucket, and Onandaga/Mohawk as Minnehaha, Longfellow's character in a film version of his famous poem, Song of Hiawatha (1997). Proving that Hollywood makes little distinction among Native American nations and tribes, she was also cast once again as Algonquian, playing Pocahontas's mother in The New World (2005), Terrence Malick's retelling of the Jamestown story, which was fictionalized in the earlier Disney film.

Bedard was nominated for a Golden Globe for her performance as Mary Crow Dog. Lakota Woman was also nominated for the Humanitas Prize, an award created in 1974 "to celebrate television programs which affirm the dignity of the human person, explore the meaning of life, enlighten the use of human freedom and reveal to each person our common humanity." Lakota Woman also won the Bronze Wrangler Western Heritage Award from the National Cowboy and Western Heritage Museum in Oklahoma City.

Director Frank Pierson started his career in 1960 as a writer on the Western television series Have Gun - Will Travel. His writing has earned him two Academy Award® nominations (Cat Ballou, 1965, and Cool Hand Luke, 1967) and one Oscar®, for Dog Day Afternoon (1975). He began his directorial career with a 1962 episode of Have Gun - Will Travel. Although most of his work has been for television, he also directed the theatrical features A Star Is Born (1976) and King of the Gypsies (1978), among others.

The cast of Lakota Woman: Siege at Wounded Knee boasts a number of Native American actors, including Joseph Runningfox as Mary's husband, Leonard Crow Dog, a Lakota medicine man and spiritual leader who revived the traditional Ghost Dance of his people for the first time in eight decades during the Siege at Wounded Knee and later served two years of a 21-year sentence for incidents connected to the siege. The Crow Dogs continued to be active in American Indian social issues and were heavily involved in helping the Navajo and Hopi fight forced relocation from their land on Big Mountain, Arizona. They later divorced and she reverted to her birth name Mary Brave Bird. Mary's son Pedro was the only child born at the occupied Wounded Knee during the siege.

Director: Frank Pierson
Producers: Lois Bonfiglio, Robert M. Sertner, Ari Sloane, Frank von Zerneck
Screenplay: Bill Kerby, based on the book by Mary Crow Dog and Richard Erdoes
Cinematography: Toyomichi Kurita, Christopher Tufty
Editing: Katina Zinner
Art Direction: Russell J. Smith
Original Music: Richard Horowitz
Cast: Irene Bedard (Mary Crow Dog), Joseph Runningfox (Leonard Crow Dog), Lawrence Bayne (Russell Means), Tantoo Cardinal (Mary's mother).
C-112m. Closed Captioning. Descriptive Video.

by Rob Nixon
Lakota Woman

Lakota Woman

Lakota Woman: Siege at Wounded Knee (1994) is based on the autobiographical book by Mary Crow Dog, a half-white, half-Native woman whose difficult life growing up on the Pine Ridge Reservation in South Dakota and in a Catholic boarding school illustrated the continuing struggle of Native Americans against discrimination, abuse, and oppression. Members of Crow Dog's family had been at the 1890 massacre at Wounded Knee, a confrontation between U.S. troops and the Lakota in which nearly 150 Lakota were killed and many more froze to death in the three-day blizzard immediately following the conflict. In the early 1970s, Mary became involved with the American Indian Movement (AIM). Fed up with conditions on the reservation, the overall state of government corruption and betrayal, and what AIM saw as institutional policies of oppression, genocide and racism, the group occupied Wounded Knee in February 1973; they demanded investigations into misuses of tribal funds, the American government's policies toward the Oglala Sioux tribe, and the 371 treaties between the Native Nations and the federal government, all of which had been broken by the U.S. The conflict ended after 71 days, two deaths, and nearly 1200 arrests. Lakota Woman: Siege at Wounded Knee looks at all these events through Mary's eyes and was shot on location at various sites in South Dakota.

Quotes

Trivia

Miscellaneous Notes

Aired in United States October 16, 1994

Released in United States on Video February 21, 1995

Estimated budget: $7,000,000

Broadcast as a presentation of Turner Broadcasting's company-wide Native American initiative, "The Native Americans. Behind the Legends. Beyond the Myths."