Soldiers Three


1h 27m 1951
Soldiers Three

Brief Synopsis

Three British officers look for adventure in 19th-century India.

Film Details

Also Known As
Rudyard Kipling's Soldiers Three
Genre
Drama
Action
Adventure
Release Date
Apr 20, 1951
Premiere Information
New York opening: 29 Mar 1951
Production Company
Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Corp.
Distribution Company
Loew's Inc.
Country
United States
Screenplay Information
Suggested by the poem "Gunga Din" by Rudyard Kipling in his Barrack Room Ballads (London, 1892).

Technical Specs

Duration
1h 27m
Sound
Mono (Western Electric Sound System)
Color
Black and White
Theatrical Aspect Ratio
1.37 : 1
Film Length
8,268ft (9 reels)

Synopsis

In 1918, retired General Brunswick tells officers in a London men's club the true story of how he got his promotion years before: In Mirzabad, India, a source of irritation to infantry colonel Brunswick and his devoted aide, Captain Pindenny, are three privates, Archibald Ackroyd, Dennis Malloy and Jock Sykes, who, though excellent combat soldiers, spend their free time drinking and brawling. One afternoon, Brunswick receives word that he must march his battalion to rendezvous with cavalry troops led by Colonel Groat. The privates are interrupted in some drunken revelries and compelled to join the rest of the soldiers in the march. At an encampment near the town of Chotapur, Ackroyd masterminds a plan to enable him, Malloy and Sykes to go into town, where they spend the night drinking and gambling. They return to camp the next day, still drunk, and carried on an elaborate litter. Their arrival causes embarrassment for Brunswick, who has just been met by Groat and learned that his rival will be taking over the command. Brunswick and Pindenny pretend that the men have been on a secret mission, but later, after the privates get into a fistfight with some of Groat's men, a frustrated Brunswick tells Ackroyd, Sykes and Molloy that they must be separated. To accomplish this, Brunswick says that one of them, and he does not care who, will be made a sergeant. Although none want the dubious honor, Ackroyd is selected after Sykes bribes Molloy to vote with him. At first the three friends are merely sad, but soon start to argue over Ackroyd's new status as a sergeant. As the battalion begins its march back to Mirzabad, Ackroyd is openly hostile to his former friends, just as they are to him. One night, a group of herders move their cattle through the encampment, causing considerable disruption. After they leave, Pindenny sends Ackroyd to assess the situation and learns that the rifle tent was pilfered. Off the record, Pindenny asks Ackroyd to select some men to recover the weapons, and Ackroyd agrees on condition that Pindenny take his sergeant's stripes away. With Pindenny leading Ackroyd, Molloy, Sykes and the others, the herders are located across a nearby river. Because he cannot swim, Sykes holds onto a raft containing the men's clothes. When he loses hold of the raft and goes under, Ackroyd saves his life, thus reuniting the three old friends. Once on shore, Ackroyd, who is the only one who kept on trousers, is sent to find more clothes. One of his female friends, Crenshaw, who lives nearby, gives Ackroyd clothing, but they are all articles of women's lingerie. The men are able to overcome the herders and retake the guns, but must return to camp in the lingerie. Pindenny, who has appropriated Ackroyd's army trousers, leads the band back to the encampment riding one of the bulls. Although the mission was successful, Groat is disgusted by Brunswick's unorthodox command, and the frustrated Brunswick implores the men not to try to help him any more. The next day, Groat tells Brunswick that he must assign fifty men, twenty-five of the best from each of their commands, to advance with ammunition to the deserted Fort Imara. Brunswick soon deduces that the men are being sent into rebel territory as a sacrifice to save the rest of the regiment, and detests Groat for the order. The men leave, including Pindenny, Molloy and Sykes, but not Ackroyd because Pindenny had been unable to demote him back to private, and another sergeant is assigned. After they leave, Brunswick is ordered to march to another barracks and wait, but when he hears that Ackroyd has deserted, Brunswick sees his chance and takes his men to Imara, purportedly in pursuit of a deserter. Meanwhile, at Imara, the English soldiers are overrun by rebels led by Manik-Rao. The survivors take refuge in the ammunition room, which Manik-Rao bolts shut. This is observed on a hilltop by Ackroyd, who then sneaks into camp, overpowers a rebel guard and changes clothes with him. Moments after Manik-Rao offers the English one last chance to surrender before the ammunition room is dynamited, Ackroyd sneaks up to a side window to talk with the men. Just then, they hear the bugles of Brunswick's battalion in the background. Ackroyd is subsequently sent back and forth to report on what is happening. Brunswick is met by rebel leader Govind-Lal, Manik-Rao's estranged father, who offers to surrender to prevent a bloodbath. Manik-Rao refuses to follow his father's wishes and says that the English will die first, then sets the fuse on the dynamite. The English then start shooting at the rebels and in the melee, Ackroyd kills Manik-Rao and snuffs out the dynamite fuse in time to save his comrades. After Brunswick's troops crash through the fort's gates, they are finally victorious. Later, when Brunswick meets with Groat, expecting to be court-martialed, he learns that Groat had planned for events to unfold as they had, knowing that Brunswick would not allow his men to die. Groat also informs him that the ammunition was actually blanks. Brunswick is then promoted to general and Ackroyd's punishment for desertion is removal of his stripes. At the end of his story, Brunswick offers a toast to Ackroyd, Sykes and Molloy, "The Queen's hard bargain."

Film Details

Also Known As
Rudyard Kipling's Soldiers Three
Genre
Drama
Action
Adventure
Release Date
Apr 20, 1951
Premiere Information
New York opening: 29 Mar 1951
Production Company
Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Corp.
Distribution Company
Loew's Inc.
Country
United States
Screenplay Information
Suggested by the poem "Gunga Din" by Rudyard Kipling in his Barrack Room Ballads (London, 1892).

Technical Specs

Duration
1h 27m
Sound
Mono (Western Electric Sound System)
Color
Black and White
Theatrical Aspect Ratio
1.37 : 1
Film Length
8,268ft (9 reels)

Articles

Soldiers Three


Twelve years after netting critical acclaim and commercial success for mining the writings of Rudyard Kipling in Gunga Din (1939) at RKO, producer Pandro S. Berman was all too ready to adapt another rousing yarn of Colonial India for MGM. With an impressive cast and a story bearing significant echoes to the prior film, Soldiers Three (1951) falls short of attaining similar classic status, but is still a diverting entertainment.

To his great dismay, Col. Brunswick (Walter Pidgeon) has been transferred from his duties tracking the insurrectionist leader Govind-Lal (Richard Hale) and given a new detail at a remote base in Hyderalipore. Not only has his command been made subordinate to Col. Groat (Frank Allenby), but he finds himself saddled with the antics of a trio of shiftless, defiant and hard-drinking privates: Archibald Ackroyd (Stewart Granger), Jock Sykes (Robert Newton) and Dennis Malloy (Cyril Cusack). Brunswick foists off the discipline of these ne'er-do-wells on his adjutant, Capt. Pindenny (David Niven); his solution is to promote Ackroyd to sergeant, in the hopes of fostering resentment on the parts of Sykes and Malloy.

The bonds forged by combat and carousing prove too great for these tactics, however, and when Sykes and Malloy face certain attack after they're assigned to provide escort for a desperately needed ammunition convoy, Ackroyd deserts so that they may face the odds together. As it turns out, the convoy has been targeted by the renegade Malik Rao (Michael Ansara), and Brunswick finds himself compromised by the obstinate Groat's insistence that no reinforcements be spared in case of attack.

Soldiers Three plays out today like a typical, big-budget costume adventure, but its box office receipts in its day were disappointing, and many of the cast and crew would later regard the film without much warmth. Director Tay Garnett, an underrated filmmaker who brought his usual steady hand to the proceedings, made this observance in his autobiography Light Your Torches and Pull Up Your Tights (Arlington House): "[The cast and story] should have made a good picture, but the miscasting of one principal, which I failed to recognize until it was too late, threw the show completely out of balance. Trying to restore equilibrium with jokes and gags was like trying to cure bubonic plague with warm beer."

Granger was similarly dismissive in his memoir Sparks Fly Upward (Putnam's). "Work on the film was pleasant with Tay laughing hysterically at every scene we shot. If everybody in the audience had laughed half as much when the film was shown we would have had a winner, but of course they didn't. Bob Newton was absolutely impossible, bless him, and arrived practically every morning incoherent with booze."

Granger did derive satisfaction in working with the project's second unit director, the legendary stuntman Yakima Canutt. "He had been champion cowboy at all the rodeos for years and was built like the proverbial brick sh*thouse. It was a pleasure to work with this big gentle Indian, and we became good friends. But the script. Oh dear! If Metro had planned to ruin my career they couldn't have chosen a better subject."

The screenplay was the work of Tom Reed, Malcolm Stuart Boylan and Marguerite Roberts. Amongst that handful of exceptions to the essentially male-dominated world of screenwriting during Hollywood's golden age, Roberts stood out for her facility with macho fare. According to Lizzie Francke's Script Girls: Women Screenwriters in Hollywood, Clark Gable had remarked during her tenure at MGM that she "writes men with more balls than any other guy on this lot." The year that Soldiers Three was released, Roberts was brought up before HUAC, and her refusal to name names derailed her career for years. She ultimately appreciated the irony when her most celebrated project, True Grit (1969), netted political opposite John Wayne his only performing Oscar®.

Producer: Pandro S. Berman
Director: Tay Garnett
Screenplay: Malcolm Stuart Boylan, Tom Reed, Marguerite Roberts,
Based on the novel by Rudyard Kipling Cinematography: William Mellor
Film Editing: Robert Kern
Art Direction: Malcolm Brown, Cedric Gibbons
Music: Adolph Deutsch, Alex Hyde
Cast: Stewart Granger (Pvt. Archibald Ackroyd), Walter Pidgeon (Col. Brunswick), David Niven (Capt. Pindenny), Robert Newton (Pvt. Bill Sykes), Cyril Cusack (Pvt. Dennis Malloy), Greta Gynt (Crenshaw).
BW-92m.

by Jay S. Steinberg
Soldiers Three

Soldiers Three

Twelve years after netting critical acclaim and commercial success for mining the writings of Rudyard Kipling in Gunga Din (1939) at RKO, producer Pandro S. Berman was all too ready to adapt another rousing yarn of Colonial India for MGM. With an impressive cast and a story bearing significant echoes to the prior film, Soldiers Three (1951) falls short of attaining similar classic status, but is still a diverting entertainment. To his great dismay, Col. Brunswick (Walter Pidgeon) has been transferred from his duties tracking the insurrectionist leader Govind-Lal (Richard Hale) and given a new detail at a remote base in Hyderalipore. Not only has his command been made subordinate to Col. Groat (Frank Allenby), but he finds himself saddled with the antics of a trio of shiftless, defiant and hard-drinking privates: Archibald Ackroyd (Stewart Granger), Jock Sykes (Robert Newton) and Dennis Malloy (Cyril Cusack). Brunswick foists off the discipline of these ne'er-do-wells on his adjutant, Capt. Pindenny (David Niven); his solution is to promote Ackroyd to sergeant, in the hopes of fostering resentment on the parts of Sykes and Malloy. The bonds forged by combat and carousing prove too great for these tactics, however, and when Sykes and Malloy face certain attack after they're assigned to provide escort for a desperately needed ammunition convoy, Ackroyd deserts so that they may face the odds together. As it turns out, the convoy has been targeted by the renegade Malik Rao (Michael Ansara), and Brunswick finds himself compromised by the obstinate Groat's insistence that no reinforcements be spared in case of attack. Soldiers Three plays out today like a typical, big-budget costume adventure, but its box office receipts in its day were disappointing, and many of the cast and crew would later regard the film without much warmth. Director Tay Garnett, an underrated filmmaker who brought his usual steady hand to the proceedings, made this observance in his autobiography Light Your Torches and Pull Up Your Tights (Arlington House): "[The cast and story] should have made a good picture, but the miscasting of one principal, which I failed to recognize until it was too late, threw the show completely out of balance. Trying to restore equilibrium with jokes and gags was like trying to cure bubonic plague with warm beer." Granger was similarly dismissive in his memoir Sparks Fly Upward (Putnam's). "Work on the film was pleasant with Tay laughing hysterically at every scene we shot. If everybody in the audience had laughed half as much when the film was shown we would have had a winner, but of course they didn't. Bob Newton was absolutely impossible, bless him, and arrived practically every morning incoherent with booze." Granger did derive satisfaction in working with the project's second unit director, the legendary stuntman Yakima Canutt. "He had been champion cowboy at all the rodeos for years and was built like the proverbial brick sh*thouse. It was a pleasure to work with this big gentle Indian, and we became good friends. But the script. Oh dear! If Metro had planned to ruin my career they couldn't have chosen a better subject." The screenplay was the work of Tom Reed, Malcolm Stuart Boylan and Marguerite Roberts. Amongst that handful of exceptions to the essentially male-dominated world of screenwriting during Hollywood's golden age, Roberts stood out for her facility with macho fare. According to Lizzie Francke's Script Girls: Women Screenwriters in Hollywood, Clark Gable had remarked during her tenure at MGM that she "writes men with more balls than any other guy on this lot." The year that Soldiers Three was released, Roberts was brought up before HUAC, and her refusal to name names derailed her career for years. She ultimately appreciated the irony when her most celebrated project, True Grit (1969), netted political opposite John Wayne his only performing Oscar®. Producer: Pandro S. Berman Director: Tay Garnett Screenplay: Malcolm Stuart Boylan, Tom Reed, Marguerite Roberts, Based on the novel by Rudyard Kipling Cinematography: William Mellor Film Editing: Robert Kern Art Direction: Malcolm Brown, Cedric Gibbons Music: Adolph Deutsch, Alex Hyde Cast: Stewart Granger (Pvt. Archibald Ackroyd), Walter Pidgeon (Col. Brunswick), David Niven (Capt. Pindenny), Robert Newton (Pvt. Bill Sykes), Cyril Cusack (Pvt. Dennis Malloy), Greta Gynt (Crenshaw). BW-92m. by Jay S. Steinberg

Quotes

Trivia

Notes

The opening title card reads, "Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer presents Rudyard Kipling's Soldiers Three." Although the screen credits read "Suggested by the Rudyard Kipling Stories," the central story of the three brawling soldiers most closely resembles the plot of the 1939 RKO Radio film Gunga Din, which was inspired by Kipling's poem of the same name. That film was directed by George Stevens, and starred Cary Grant, Victor McLaglen and Douglas Fairbanks, Jr. (See AFI Catalog of Feature Films, 1931-40.) Soldiers Three has no character similar to "Gunga Din," however, and the three main characters are privates rather than sergeants. Robert Coote, who portrayed "Major Mercer" in Soldiers Three, also appeared in Gunga Din, but in a different role. Kipling's poem also inspired the 1962 M-G-M production Sergeants 3, which was set on the American frontier. That film was directed by John Sturges and starred Frank Sinatra, Dean Martin, Peter Lawford and Sammy Davis, Jr. (See AFI Catalog of Feature Film, 1961-70.) Although a news item includes Keith McConnell in the cast, his appearance in the released film has not been confirmed.