Katharine Hepburn


Actor
Katharine Hepburn

About

Also Known As
Katharine Houghton Hepburn
Birth Place
Hartford, Connecticut, USA
Born
May 12, 1907
Died
June 29, 2003
Cause of Death
Natural Causes

Biography

A true iconoclast known for her intelligence, determination and fierce demeanor Katharine Hepburn demonstrated remarkable staying power in a screen career that spanned more than six decades, winning three of her four Best Actress Oscars after the age of 60. An overnight sensation upon winning her first Academy Award for "Morning Glory" (1933), the headstrong actress soon chafed under the...

Photos & Videos

Guess Who's Coming to Dinner - Movie Poster
The Philadelphia Story - Lobby Card Set
The Philadelphia Story - Behind-the-Scenes Photos

Family & Companions

Ludlow Ogden Smith
Husband
Married in 1928; divorced in 1934; Hepburn insisted that he change his name to S Ogden Ludlow so that she wouldn't become known as 'Kate Smith'.
Leland Hayward
Companion
Agent.
Howard Hughes
Companion
Producer, businessman. Conducted a three-year relationship; reportedly purchased the film rights of "The Philadelphia Story" for her.
Spencer Tracy
Companion
Actor. Acted together in nine films, from "Woman of the Year" (1942) to "Guess Who's Coming to Dinner" (1967).

Bibliography

"An Affair to Remember: The Remarkable Love Story of Katharine Hepburn and Spencer Tracy"
Christopher Andersen, William Morrow (1997)
"Knowing Hepburn and Other Curious Experiences"
James Prideaux, Faber and Faber (1996)
"Me"
Katharine Hepburn, Alfred A. Knopf (1991)
"The Private World of Katharine Hepburn"
John Bryson, Little, Brown (1990)

Notes

Reportedly, Hepburn turned down the American Film Institute's Life Achievement Award. Bette Davis became the first female recipient instead.

"When I started out, I didn't have any desire to be an actress or to learn how to act. I just wanted to be famous." --Katharine Hepburn.

Biography

A true iconoclast known for her intelligence, determination and fierce demeanor Katharine Hepburn demonstrated remarkable staying power in a screen career that spanned more than six decades, winning three of her four Best Actress Oscars after the age of 60. An overnight sensation upon winning her first Academy Award for "Morning Glory" (1933), the headstrong actress soon chafed under the constraints of the male-dominated studio system. Brash and outspoken – she was one of the first American female celebrities to wear trousers – her prickly public image and a series of poor project choices earned her a reputation as "box office poison" until "The Philadelphia Story" (1940) allowed her to take control over her career as few actresses had before. From then on, Hepburn carefully cultivated roles that were largely reflections of her own unique persona. She perfected the battle-of-the-sexes comedy formula with the love of her life, Spencer Tracy, in such films as "Woman of the Year" (1942) and "Adam’s Rib" (1949), then entered a second phase of her career with the prim "spinster" roles first seen in "The African Queen" (1951). For many, these iconic performances would eventually outshine her earlier triumphs. Hepburn’s final film with Tracy in "Guess Who’s Coming to Dinner" (1967) won her another Oscar, as did her pairing with Peter O’Toole in "The Lion in Winter" (1968) and Henry Fonda in "On Golden Pond" (1981). An unrepentantly private person, Hepburn maintained a reclusive, yet deeply satisfying life up until her passing at the age of 96.

Katharine Houghton Hepburn was born in Hartford, CT on May 12, 1907 to Katharine Houghton and Dr. Thomas Norval Hepburn. Progressive, well educated members of the social elite, her parents’ individuality and strong opinions greatly shaped the young Hepburn and her five siblings. Her mother was a suffragist who advocated birth control, while her surgeon father was an outspoken educator on the realities and dangers of venereal disease. She was a bona fide tomboy from an early age – even referring to herself as "Jimmy" at one point – wearing her hair short, and excelling at such physical activities as tennis, swimming and golf. Hepburn’s idyllic life was shaken to its core when, at age 14, she discovered the body of her beloved older brother, Thomas, hanging from a rafter while visiting at the home of a family friend in New York. While her family refused to acknowledge the death as a suicide – they awkwardly insisted that it must have been some experiment or magic trick gone wrong – Hepburn was noticeably altered by the traumatic experience. The once outgoing and precocious teenager suddenly became withdrawn and sullen, so much so that she was eventually removed from the prestigious Oxford School and tutored privately at home. Having been away from the social dynamic of school for several years by the time she entered Bryn Mawr College, Hepburn’s first semesters at the university proved difficult, as attested by her low grades.

It was the theater and a newly discovered love of acting that brought Hepburn out of her shell. Needing a satisfactory GPA to participate in the college’s drama program, she increased her academic efforts in order to land roles in such university productions as "The Woman in the Moon." After graduating from Bryn Mawr in 1928, Hepburn embarked on a stage career, making her professional debut as a lady-in-waiting in a Baltimore stock production of "The Czarina." Despite making her Broadway debut in 1928’s short-lived "These Days," the young actress’ first professional experiences were punctuated by negative reviews and even outright dismissals. While briefly considering an early retirement from the stage, she married wealthy Pennsylvanian businessman Ludlow Ogden Smith that same year. Later, she would admit with a profound sense of regret that the marriage had been an impulsive act of convenience, and that it was unfair to Smith, who appeared to love her deeply. The stage still called to her, however, and soon Hepburn was back to work with stock theater companies in Massachusetts and Connecticut. Her relationships with directors and her fellow actors continued to be rocky until she landed a role seemingly tailor-made for her unique attitudes and attributes. Cast as the Greek heroine Antiope in "The Warrior’s Husband" (1932), an updating of "Lysistrata," Hepburn made her return to Broadway with an entrance that called for her to leap onto the stage with a stag slung across her athletic shoulders. Both the show and Hepburn received strong notices, and before long Hollywood came calling.

Hepburn made her feature film debut in director George Cukor’s marital melodrama "A Bill of Divorcement" (1932) opposite no less than John Barrymore. The film was a commercial success and Hepburn’s critically-lauded performance made her a star virtually overnight. Newly signed to a contract with RKO Studios, she went on to appear in the less successful "Christopher Strong" (1933), followed by a starring role opposite Douglas Fairbanks, Jr. in the romantic-drama "Morning Glory" (1933). Hepburn’s compelling turn as an aspiring actress in only her third film won the 25-year-old her first Academy Award for Best Actress. In a move typical of Hepburn, she did not attend the ceremony to receive the statuette – a snub she would repeat three more times during her historic career. She reteamed with Cukor – who would become a life-long friend – for an adaptation of Louisa May Alcott’s "Little Women" (1933), which went on to become a massive success and was later regarded by Hepburn as one of the finest performances she would ever commit to film. Having achieved the stardom she so desperately sought, Hepburn callously divorced "Luddy" Smith in 1934, and although she later freely admitted to treating him horridly during their time together, the two remained close friends throughout the remainder of his life.

Hepburn’s sudden rise to stardom experienced a just as swift, drastic change in trajectory after the release of "Spitfire" (1934), in which she was terribly miscast as an Ozark mountain hillbilly. The film was a commercial flop. The actress’ humiliation was only exacerbated when her return to Broadway later that year in "The Lake" opened to disastrous critical reviews, with her performance inspiring the famous Dorothy Parker quip, "Miss Hepburn runs the gamut of emotions from A to B." After two more feature films sank at the box-office, Hepburn earned a modicum of redemption for her Oscar-nominated turn as a social climber in the hit romance "Alice Adams" (1935), her first of three films with George Stevens. Her next film, Cukor's "Sylvia Scarlett" (1936), in which Hepburn disguises herself as a boy throughout most of the movie, was most notable as an early example of Hepburn’s then-controversial androgynous fashion sense, in addition to being her first onscreen pairing with leading man Cary Grant. Nevertheless, it performed dismally at theaters and was dismissed by critics, as were her next three pictures. It seemed as if the overnight sensation was on her way to becoming a Hollywood has-been after only five years in the business.

Unfortunately, Hepburn’s admirable work alongside a strong ensemble cast in Gregory La Cava's "Stage Door" (1937) did little to break the trend. Neither did her reteaming with Grant for director Howard Hawks’ screwball romantic-comedy "Bringing Up Baby" (1938), which although a commercial failure at the time of its release was later considered a masterpiece of the genre. Now on the Independent Theater Owners Association’s "box office poison" list and being offered B-movies by her studio, the financially enabled Hepburn bought her way out of her contract with RKO. She then took her talents to Columbia Pictures, where she continued to fine-tune her chemistry with Grant in the Cukor-directed comedy "Holiday" (1938), based on a play by Phillip Barry for which she had served as an understudy a decade earlier. Despite strong critical notices for her work with Grant – one of Hollywood’s biggest leading men at the time – it too, was a flop. In a move unprecedented at the time, the actress took her career firmly into her own hands when she agreed to appear in Barry’s latest play "The Philadelphia Story," in addition to securing its film rights with the assistance of millionaire Howard Hughes, her lover at the time. When the production became a sensation on Broadway, every major studio came to Hepburn with offers to film it. Strong-willed and crafty, she secured a deal with MGM that allowed her to not only star in the film, but choose its director and her co-stars, as well. Directed by Cukor and featuring Grant and Jimmy Stewart, "The Philadelphia Story" (1940) was one of the most successful movies of the year. Her delightful performance as spoiled socialite Tracy Lord all but erased the "box office poison" stigma that had plagued her just two years prior.

With her career literally saved by "The Philadelphia Story," Hepburn collaborated with playwright Barry once again for the romantic-drama "Without Love" on Broadway in 1942 with a role written specifically for her. She was paired with respected actor Spencer Tracy for the first time in George Stevens’ "Woman of the Year" (1942). The film with Tracy soon sparked what would be the most significant, meaningful romantic relationship Hepburn would ever have. "Woman of the Year" was another success at theaters and prompted several reviewers to comment on the palpable onscreen chemistry of its co-stars. She reteamed with Cukor and Tracy for the dark mystery "Keeper of the Flame" (1942) and then again in an adaptation of Barry’s wartime romantic-drama "Without Love" (1945). While neither effort featured any of the comedy and easy banter so prevalent in "Woman of the Year," and both met with a tepid reception from the critics, the Tracy-Hepburn combination proved to be a favorite with movie fans who flocked to buy tickets. By now, Hepburn had entered into a romantic relationship with the married Tracy, a troubled artist who battled alcoholism and Irish-Catholic guilt when it came to his failed marriage. For her part, Hepburn committed herself to the man, even scaling back her professional endeavors in order to be by his side as much as possible. The majority of Hepburn’s film output throughout the 1940s was alongside Tracy, and she often credited him for her strong box office standing over those years.

The second half of the decade included the noir "Undercurrent" (1946), another teaming with Tracy in the American West drama "The Sea of Grass" (1947) and the classical music biopic "Song of Love" (1947). In what was becoming a trend, her pictures with Tracy tended to perform better than those without. Also at the time, her open criticism of the communist witch-hunts in Washington, D.C. had generated a not insubstantial amount of backlash from the movie-going public and threatened to hurt her draw at theaters. Once again, she rebounded with Tracy in director Frank Capra’s political drama "State of the Union" (1948) and the "battle of the sexes" comedy "Adam’s Rib" (1949), with the latter film considered by many to be the perfect pairing of the duo. At an age when most actresses began to contemplate a gradual retreat from the spotlight, Hepburn underwent a sort of second-phase renaissance in her career. In 1950, she returned to Broadway and tackled Shakespeare for the first time by playing Rosalind, the headstrong, cross-dressing heroine in "As You Like It." The actress then pushed herself even further for her role as the prim missionary Rose Sayer in director John Huston’s "The African Queen" (1951), co-starring Humphrey Bogart. While filming on location in the Congo, Hepburn became seriously ill with dysentery, and the harrowing ordeal of the film’s production later became the subject of a memoir. It also became a massive box office hit, earned her yet another Oscar nomination, and proved that she could still have success without Tracy. Most importantly, Rose Sayer marked the first of a series of acclaimed roles that cast Hepburn as an eccentric, independent and strong-willed "spinster."

The success of "African Queen," however, did not mean the end of her roles as a romantic foil to Tracy. Written specifically for the pair, "Pat and Mike" (1952) gave Hepburn the opportunity to exhibit her natural athleticism as a talented sportswoman who, despite the odds, finds herself attracted to a rough-around-the-edges sports promoter (Tracy). Another hit for the star duo, it proved to be one of Hepburn’s favorite onscreen appearances with Tracy. With renewed focus on her stage work, she traveled to London’s West End for a 1952 mounting of George Bernard Shaw’s "The Millionairess," before bringing the production to Broadway later that same year. In one of the deeper professional regrets of her life, Hepburn attempted without success to film and star in an adaptation of the production. The disappointment was assuaged somewhat by her continued exploration of Shakespeare on stage in Stratford, Connecticut and on tour throughout the 1950s in productions of The Merchant of Venice," "Much Ado About Nothing," "Twelfth Night" and "Anthony and Cleopatra" and others. She also added more acclaimed "spinster" roles to her résumé with starring turns in director David Lean’s European romance "Summertime" (1955) and opposite Burt Lancaster in "The Rainmaker" (1956). The following year she combined her now familiar spinster character with her earlier headstrong leading lady persona for the romantic-comedy "Desk Set" (1957), once again opposite Tracy.

Hepburn gave the "old maid" role a malevolent twist as the conniving Aunt Violet in the big screen adaptation of Tennessee Williams’ southern gothic "Suddenly, Last Summer" (1959). Co-starring Elizabeth Taylor and Montgomery Clift, the film earned Hepburn strong notices, although by all accounts she found working with director Joseph L. Mankiewicz to be a frustrating experience. After a three-year break from filmmaking, she returned with one of the finest performances of her career as the drug-addicted Mary Tyrone in director Sidney Lumet's memorable screen version of Eugene O'Neill's semi-autobiographical "Long Day's Journey Into Night (1962). It would be several more years before Hepburn returned to screens, however, as she spent the ensuing five years caring for the love of her life, Tracy, whose health had rapidly declined, partially as a result of diabetes worsened by his continued alcoholism. While it was true that Tracy never considered divorcing his estranged wife, he and Hepburn were deeply in love, and her devotion to the actor knew no bounds. Fully aware that they were running out of time, the onscreen couple performed their cinematic swan song in director Stanley Kramer’s interracial drama, "Guess Who's Coming to Dinner" (1967), co-starring Sidney Poitier and Hepburn’s own niece, Katharine Houghton. As Tracy delivers a short speech on the nature of enduring love near the end of the film, Hepburn can be seen visibly weeping in the background. This was no mere performance, as the actress was moved to actual tears, knowing full well how near the end her beloved "Spence" truly was. Spencer Tracy died a scant 17 days after "Guess Who’s Coming to Dinner" had completed production. Tracy was posthumously nominated for an Oscar, while Hepburn won her second Academy Award as Best Actress for her performance. Stating that the memories would be too painful to relive, Hepburn claimed to have never watched the completed film.

Not surprisingly, the grieving Hepburn turned to work for strength and solace, taking on the role of Eleanor of Aquitaine opposite Peter O’Toole in "The Lion in Winter" (1968). The role earned the 61-year-old actress her third Best Actress Oscar. Less revered was her turn as "The Madwoman of Chaillot" (1969), a performance criticized as misguided by reviewers and ignored by audiences. Still eager to take risks, Hepburn – never known for her singing ability – appeared in her first and only Broadway musical, "Coco" in late 1969. Although the show, which ran for nearly a year, garnered only mediocre reviews, praise for the actress’ gutsy performance of the iconoclastic designer Coco Chanel was nearly universal. After a pair of minor feature film efforts, the star of stage and screen made her first forays into the medium of television with the movies "The Glass Menagerie" (ABC, 1973) and "Love Among the Ruins" (ABC, 1975). Both were Nielsen winners and the latter production, co-starring Laurence Olivier, earned Hepburn her only Emmy Award. In a bit of stunt casting, Universal Pictures hoped an amalgam of "The African Queen" and "True Grit" (1969) would yield another hit film with "Rooster Cogburn" (1975). Co-starring John Wayne, the "True Grit" sequel was only moderately successful in comparison to its revered cinematic forbearers.

Over the next three years Hepburn performed on Broadway again in a well-received production of the comedy "A Matter of Gravity," filmed one of her biggest box-office failures with the family adventure "Olly Olly Oxen Free" (1978) and enjoyed one last collaboration with Cukor on the TV movie "The Corn Is Green" (CBS, 1979). Two years later, she was once again paired with a legendary leading man for the nostalgic family drama "On Golden Pond" (1981). Her inspiring performance as Ethel Thayer, the devoted, energetic wife of an aging professor suffering from memory loss (Henry Fonda) earned the actress a record-setting fourth Academy Award. She appeared for the last time on Broadway later that year and into the next as the star of "The West Side Waltz." Her final starring role in a feature film was "Grace Quigley" (1984), a dark comedy about an elderly woman (Hepburn) who instead of waiting to die of old age, hires a young hit man (Nick Nolte) to kill her. The film, the polar-opposite of "Golden Pond," may have sunk like a stone at theaters, but Hepburn never regretted taking the role. The octogenarian continued to work intermittently throughout the 1980s and 1990s in the made-for-television films "Mrs. Delafield Wants to Marry" (CBS, 1986), "Laura Lansing Slept Here" (NBC, 1988) and "The Man Upstairs" (CBS, 1992).

With Tracy and the majority of her Hollywood contemporaries now gone, Hepburn addressed many of the mysteries and misconceptions surrounding her astonishing life and career in the extraordinarily candid documentary "Katharine Hepburn: All About Me" (TNT, 1993). After a television turn opposite Anthony Quinn in "This Can't Be Love" (CBS, 1994), she returned to features one last time with "Love Affair" (1994), in her only supporting role as a film actress. The second remake of a 1939 romantic-drama of the same name, the 87-year-old’s performance proved to be one of the liveliest elements of the rather torpid tear-jerker starring real-life couple, Warren Beatty and Annette Bening. Although clearly physically frail, Hepburn’s legendary internal spark still burned brightly. That same year, she made her last screen appearance in the made-for-television "One Christmas" (NBC, 1994), based on a story by Truman Capote. Creating a character for Hepburn that was not in Capote's original tale, screenwriter Duane Poole wrote a sequence reminiscent of Tracy's final soliloquy in "Guess Who's Coming to Dinner," allowing her to essentially sum up her life, in the event it turned out to be her last scene on film, which—other than a few documentary cameos—it was. Hepburn’s health – unshakable for so long – finally began to deteriorate in the late-1990s, as the devastating effects of Parkinson’s disease took their toll. Actress Katharine Hepburn died at her home in Old Saybrook, Connecticut on June 29, 2003 at the age of 96.

By Bryce Coleman

Filmography

 

Cast (Feature Film)

The Line King: The Al Hirschfeld Story (1996)
Herself
Love Affair (1994)
One Christmas (1994)
This Can't Be Love (1994)
Marion Bennette
Katharine Hepburn: All About Me (1993)
The Man Upstairs (1992)
Fonda On Fonda (1992)
MGM: When the Lion Roars (1992)
Laura Lansing Slept Here (1988)
Laura Lansing
The Great Depression (1988)
Going Hollywood: The War Years (1988)
Herself
Bacall On Bogart (1988)
Mrs. Delafield Wants to Marry (1986)
The Spencer Tracy Legacy (1986)
Grace Quigley (1985)
Grace Quigley
On Golden Pond (1981)
The Corn Is Green (1979)
Lilly Moffat
Olly, Olly, Oxen Free (1978)
Miss Pudd
Love Among the Ruins (1975)
Rooster Cogburn (1975)
The Glass Menagerie (1973)
A Delicate Balance (1973)
The Trojan Women (1971)
Hecuba
The Madwoman of Chaillot (1969)
Countess Aurelia
The Lion in Winter (1968)
Queen Eleanor of Aquitaine
Guess Who's Coming to Dinner (1967)
Christina Drayton
Long Day's Journey Into Night (1962)
Mary Tyrone
Suddenly, Last Summer (1959)
Mrs. [Violet] Venable
Desk Set (1957)
Bunny Watson
The Rainmaker (1956)
Lizzie Curry
The Iron Petticoat (1956)
Capt. Vinka Kovelenko
Summertime (1955)
Jane Hudson
Pat and Mike (1952)
Pat Pemberton
The African Queen (1951)
Rose Sayer
Adam's Rib (1949)
Amanda Bonner
State of the Union (1948)
Mary Matthews
The Sea of Grass (1947)
Lutie Cameron
Song of Love (1947)
Clara Wieck Schumann
Undercurrent (1946)
Ann Hamilton
Without Love (1945)
Jamie Rowan
Dragon Seed (1944)
Jade [Tan]
Stage Door Canteen (1943)
Woman of the Year (1942)
Tess Harding
Keeper of the Flame (1942)
Christine Forrest
The Philadelphia Story (1940)
Tracy Lord
Holiday (1938)
Linda Seton
Bringing Up Baby (1938)
Susan [Vance]
Stage Door (1937)
Terry Randall [Sims]
Quality Street (1937)
Phoebe Throssel [also known as Livvy Throssel]
A Woman Rebels (1936)
Pamela Thistlewaite
Sylvia Scarlett (1936)
Sylvia Scarlett, also known as Sylvester Scarlett
Mary of Scotland (1936)
[Queen] Mary Stuart
Break of Hearts (1935)
Constance Dane Roberti
Alice Adams (1935)
Alice Adams
The Little Minister (1934)
Babbie [Barbara]
Spitfire (1934)
Trigger Hicks
Little Women (1933)
Jo [March]
Christopher Strong (1933)
Lady Cynthia Darrington
Morning Glory (1933)
Eva Lovelace
A Bill of Divorcement (1932)
Sidney [Fairfield]

Writer (Feature Film)

Katharine Hepburn: All About Me (1993)
Writer

Misc. Crew (Feature Film)

The Line King: The Al Hirschfeld Story (1996)
Other
Katharine Hepburn: All About Me (1993)
Archival Footage
Going Hollywood: The War Years (1988)
Other

Cast (Special)

They Called Me Kathy (1999)
Narrator
The Roots of Roe (1997)
Voice
The First 100 Years: A Celebration of American Movies (1995)
Michael Jackson... The Legend Continues (1992)
Night of 100 Stars III (1990)
The Kennedy Center Honors: A Celebration of the Performing Arts (1990)
Michael Jackson (1988)
Unauthorized Biography: Jane Fonda (1988)
Happy Birthday, Hollywood! (1987)
James Stewart: A Wonderful Life (1987)
Hepburn And Tracy (1984)
George Stevens: A Filmmaker's Journey (1984)
Herself
The Men Who Made the Movies: George Cukor (1973)
Herself
Hollywood: The Selznick Years (1961)

Writer (Special)

They Called Me Kathy (1999)
Writer

Special Thanks (Special)

They Called Me Kathy (1999)
Writer

Misc. Crew (Special)

George Stevens: A Filmmaker's Journey (1984)
Other

Misc. Crew (Short)

Katherine Hepburn (1962)
Archival Footage

Life Events

1915

First performed publicly at age 8 as part of a women's suffrage rally (date approximate)

1919

Appeared in amateur stage productions at age 12 (date approximate)

1928

First came to the attention of the American public as Veronica Sims in "These Days" on Broadway

1928

Moved to Baltimore to join stock company; with company made professional stage acting debut as lady-in-waiting in "Czarina"

1928

Broadway debut in "Night Hostess"

1929

First US stage tour, "Death Takes a Holiday"

1932

Film acting debut in "A Bill of Divorcement"; also marked first collaboration with director George Cukor

1932

Broadway starring role as Antiope, the Amazon queen, in the comedy, "The Warrior Husband", led to film contract

1932

Moved to Hollywood; signed with RKO at $1500/week; originally had no interest in movies and came up with the $1500 figure thinking the studio would consider it ridiculously high; RKO surprised her by agreeing to it

1933

Enjoyed considerable popular and critical success in "Little Women" and "Morning Glory" (for which she won her first Best Actress Oscar)

1934

Her brief, unsuccessful return to Broadway in "The Lake" prompted the famous put-down in a drama review by Dorothy Parker: "Miss Hepburn runs the gamut of emotions from A to B"

1935

Hit picture, "Alice Adams", restored her diminished boxoffice stature momentarily; received Best Actress Oscar nomination

1936

Career mired in temporary slump due to boxoffice failure of several films; labelled 'box office poison' in 1938 by motion picture exhibitors; other stars named included Fred Astaire, Joan Crawford and Marlene Dietrich

1937

Toured the USA in a stage adaptation of Charlotte Bronte's classic novel "Jane Eyre"

1938

Bought out RKO contract rather than appear in "Mother Carey's Chickens"; role subsequently was played by Ruby Keeler

1938

Lent to Columbia to play leading role in screen adaptation of Philip Barry's "Holiday"

1939

Enjoyed resounding Broadway success in the role of Tracy Lord in Barry's "The Philadelphia Story", to which she acquired the movie rights

1940

Sold the film rights to "The Philadelphia Story" to MGM, with whom she signed a contract; stipulated that she reprise role of Tracy Lord; also had a say in choice of co-stars and director; film's popularity rejuvenated her career in movies; earned Best Actress Academy Award nomination

1941

Narrated war-time short subject, "Women in Defense"

1942

Returned to Broadway to star in Barry's "Without Love" (without heat), insisted the radiators be turned off because they made too much noise and played to freezing audiences in the winter

1942

First of nine co-starring film appearances opposite Spencer Tracy, "Woman of the Year"; received Oscar nomination as Best Actress

1945

Starred in the film version of "Without Love" opposite Spencer Tracy

1949

Made one of her best-remembered films opposite Tracy, "Adam's Rib"

1950

Returned to Broadway to play Rosalind in a production of Shakespeare's "As You Like It"

1951

Journeyed to Africa to act opposite Humphrey Bogart in her first film shot largely on location outside the USA, "The African Queen"; earned fifth Best Actress Oscar nomination

1952

Last feature film collaboration with director George Cukor, "Pat and Mike", co-starring Spencer Tracy

1952

Made London stage debut in a production of George Bernard Shaw's "The Millionairess"; also brought the production to Broadway

1955

Oscar-nominated for her turn as a spinster in Venice in "Summertime"

1955

Toured Australia with Britain's Old Vic theatrical company in productions of Shakespeare's "The Merchant of Venice", "The Taming of the Shrew" and "Measure for Measure"

1956

Received another Best Actress Academy Award nomination for "The Rainmaker"

1957

Performed in productions of "The Merchant of Venice" and "Much Ado About Nothing" with the American Shakespeare Festival

1959

Earned eighth Best Actress Oscar nomination for "Suddenly, Last Summer"

1960

Returned to the American Shakespeare Festival to act in productions of "Twelfth Night" and "Antony and Cleopatra"

1962

Returned to films after an absence of three years to co-star in an adaptation of Eugene O'Neill's "Long Day's Journey Into Night" directed by Sidney Lumet; garnered a Best Actress Academy Award nomination

1967

Returned to films after a five year absence to co-star with Tracy in their last film together (and the last of his career), "Guess Who's Coming to Dinner"; won second Academy Award as Best Actress

1968

Starred as Eleanor of Aquataine in "The Lion in Winter"; became most nominated actress and first to win three Best Actress Oscars; tie with Barbra Streisand was first and (to date) only instance in that category in the Academy's history

1969

Earliest TV appearances include being one of the interviewees for the NBC documentary TV special "Hollywood: The Selznick Years"

1969

Over 30 years after being named 'box office poison' in a poll of motion picture exhibitors, made the annual top ten list of box office stars conducted each year by Quigley Publications

1973

Made TV acting debuts in an ABC adaptation of Tennessee Williams' "The Glass Menagerie"; received first Emmy nomination

1975

Collaborated again with director George Cukor on his first TV-movie, "Love Among the Ruins" (ABC), co-starred with Laurence Olivier; won Emmy Award

1976

Returned to Broadway as star of "A Matter of Gravity"

1977

Portrayed by Tovah Feldshuh in the TV biography "The Amazing Howard Hughes" (CBS)

1979

Last collaboration with George Cukor, the TV-movie remake of "The Corn Is Green" (CBS)

1981

Earned an unprecendented fourth Best Actress Academy Award for "On Golden Pond"; first screen teaming with Henry Fonda

1985

Last feature film for nine years, "Grace Quigley"

1986

Hosted the PBS documentary tribute, "The Spencer Tracy Legacy: A Tribute by Katharine Hepburn"

1993

Hosted and starred in "Katharine Hepburn: All About Me," an autobiographical documentary produced by TNT

1994

Last screen performance the NBC-TV movie "One Christmas"

1994

Returned to feature films to play a supporting 'guest star' role in "Love Affair"; provided the high point (as Warren Beatty's feisty aunt) of this soulless remake of "An Affair to Remember" (1957)

Photo Collections

Guess Who's Coming to Dinner - Movie Poster
Here is the American one-sheet movie poster for Guess Who's Coming to Dinner (1967). One-sheets measured 27x41 inches, and were the poster style most commonly used in theaters.
The Philadelphia Story - Lobby Card Set
Here is a set of Lobby Cards from The Philadelphia Story (1940), starring Katharine Hepburn, Cary Grant, and James Stewart. Lobby Cards were 11" x 14" posters that came in sets of 8. As the name implies, they were most often displayed in movie theater lobbies, to advertise current or coming attractions.
The Philadelphia Story - Behind-the-Scenes Photos
Here are a number of Behind-the-Scenes photos taken during production of The Philadelphia Story (1940), directed by George Cukor and starring Cary Grant, Katharine Hepburn, and James Stewart.
Dragon Seed - Movie Poster
Dragon Seed - Movie Poster
The Little Minister - Katharine Hepburn Publicity Still
The Little Minister - Katharine Hepburn Publicity Still
Christopher Strong - Lobby Cards
Here are a few Lobby Cards from Christopher Strong (1933), starring Katharine Hepburn. Lobby Cards were 11" x 14" posters that came in sets of 8. As the name implies, they were most often displayed in movie theater lobbies, to advertise current or coming attractions.
Suddenly, Last Summer - Movie Poster
Here is the American One-Sheet Movie Poster from Suddenly, Last Summer (1959). One-sheets measured 27x41 inches, and were the poster style most commonly used in theaters.
Woman of the Year - Publicity Art
Here are a couple of specialty drawings created by MGM for newspaper reproduction to publicize Woman of the Year (1942), starring Spencer Tracy and Katherine Hepburn.
Stage Door - Lobby Cards
Here are a few Lobby Cards from RKO's Stage Door (1937), starring Katharine Hepburn and Ginger Rogers. Lobby Cards were 11" x 14" posters that came in sets of 8. As the name implies, they were most often displayed in movie theater lobbies, to advertise current or coming attractions.
Woman of the Year - Kapralik Trade Ad
Here is a trade ad for MGM's Woman of the Year (1942), starring Spencer Tracy and Katharine Hepburn. The art is by mixed-media caricaturist Jaques Kapralik. Trade Ads were placed by studios in industry magazines like Variety and The Hollywood Reporter.
The Iron Petticoat - Movie Posters
Here are a number of movie posters from The Iron Petticoat (1956), starring Bob Hope and Katharine Hepburn and released by MGM in the United States.
The Iron Petticoat - Publicity Stills
Here are a few stills taken to help publicize the MGM release The Iron Petticoat (1956), starring Bob Hope and Katharine Hepburn. Publicity stills were specially-posed photos, usually taken off the set, for purposes of publicity or reference for promotional artwork.
The Iron Petticoat - Lobby Card Set
Here is a set of Lobby Cards from The Iron Petticoat (1956), starring Bob Hope and Katharine Hepburn. Lobby Cards were 11" x 14" posters that came in sets of 8. As the name implies, they were most often displayed in movie theater lobbies, to advertise current or coming attractions.
The Lion in Winter - Movie Posters
Here are a few variations of the one-sheet movie poster for The Lion in Winter (1968), starring Peter O'Toole and Katharine Hepburn. One-sheets measured 27x41 inches, and were the poster style most commonly used in theaters.
Undercurrent - Lobby Card
Here is a Lobby Card from Undercurrent (1946). Lobby Cards were 11" x 14" posters that came in sets of 8. As the name implies, they were most often displayed in movie theater lobbies, to advertise current or coming attractions.
The Iron Petticoat - Behind-the-Scenes Photos
Here are a few photos taken behind-the-scenes during production of The Iron Petticoat (1956), filmed in England and starring Bob Hope and Katharine Hepburn.
Adam's Rib - Movie Poster
Here is the American one-sheet movie poster for Adam's Rib (1949). One-sheets measured 27x41 inches, and were the poster style most commonly used in theaters.
Without Love - Publicity Stills
Here are a few Publicity Stills from Without Love (1945), starring Spencer Tracy and Katharine Hepburn. Publicity stills were specially-posed photos, usually taken off the set, for purposes of publicity or reference for promotional artwork.
Adam's Rib - Publicity Art
Here is a specialty drawing created by MGM for newspaper and magazine reproduction to publicize Adam's Rib (1949), starring Spencer Tracy and Katharine Hepburn.
Stage Door - Movie Posters
Here are a few original-release American movie posters for Stage Door (1937), starring Katharine Hepburn, Ginger Rogers, and Adolphe Menjou.
Bringing Up Baby - Behind-the-Scenes Photos
Here are several behind-the-scenes photos taken during the shooting of Bringing Up Baby (1938). Look for director Howard Hawks and stars Katharine Hepburn and Cary Grant.
Alice Adams - Title Lobby Card
Here is the Title Lobby Card from Alice Adams (1935), starring Katharine Hepburn. Lobby Cards were 11" x 14" posters that came in sets of 8. As the name implies, they were most often displayed in movie theater lobbies, to advertise current or coming attractions.
Mary of Scotland - Scene Stills
Here are some scene stills from RKO's Mary of Scotland (1936), directed by John Ford and starring Katharine Hepburn and Fredric March.
Holiday - Movie Posters
Here are a few original-release American movie posters from Holiday (1938), starring Cary Grant and Katharine Hepburn.
Quality Street - Movie Posters
Here are a few original-release American movie posters from Quality Street (1937), starring Katharine Hepburn and Franchot Tone.
Woman of the Year - Movie Poster
Here is the American one-sheet movie poster for Woman of the Year (1942). One-sheets measured 27x41 inches, and were the poster style most commonly used in theaters.
The African Queen - Movie Poster
Here is the American one-sheet movie poster for The African Queen (1951). One-sheets measured 27x41 inches, and were the poster style most commonly used in theaters.
Little Women (1933) - Movie Poster
Here is the American one-sheet movie poster for Little Women (1933). One-sheets measured 27x41 inches, and were the poster style most commonly used in theaters.
Without Love - Movie Poster
Here is the American one-sheet movie poster for Without Love (1945). One-sheets measured 27x41 inches, and were the poster style most commonly used in theaters.
The Philadelphia Story - Movie Poster
Here is the American one-sheet movie poster for The Philadelphia Story (1941). One-sheets measured 27x41 inches, and were the poster style most commonly used in theaters.
Spitfire - Advertising Art
Here are a few pieces of advertising art prepared for Spitfire (1934), staring Katharine Hepburn. Unused as poster art, they probably appeared in specialty magazine ads.
Spitfire - Publicity Stills
Here are a few Publicity Stills from Spitfire (1934), featuring Katharine Hepburn, Ralph Bellamy, and Robert Young. Publicity stills were specially-posed photos, usually taken off the set, for purposes of publicity or reference for promotional artwork.
Katharine Hepburn - State Express Cigarette Card
This is a small cigarette card of actress Katharine Hepburn. These trading cards were included in Cigarette packs in the 30's and 40's and were collectible items. Customers could even purchase books to organize and collect these cards. State Express was an active Cigarette Card producer, creating a wide range of cards featuring famous people of which film stars were an often popular draw.

Videos

Movie Clip

Undercurrent (1946) - Flowers And Her Boys Alan (Robert Taylor) flips a bit, coming home to his new wife Ann (Katharine Hepburn) and servant George (Leigh Whipper), during their first stay at his old family home, in Vincente Minnelli's Undercurrent, 1946.
Keeper Of The Flame, The (1942) - I Envisioned An Older Man 25 minutes into the picture the first appearance of co-top-billed Katherine Hepburn, as Christine Forrest, mourning widow of national hero Robert, as she meets enterprising and acclaimed reporter O’Malley (Spencer Tracy), who has snuck into her house, in George Cukor’s Keeper Of The Flame, 1942.
Woman Of The Year (1942) - Should We Abolish Baseball? Opening scene, sports writer Sam (Spencer Tracy) joins pals (Roscoe Karns, William Tannen) and barkeep (William Bendix), as they hear high-brow columnist Tess (Katharine Hepburn) on the radio, in Woman Of The Year, 1942, original screenplay by Michael Kanin and Ring Lardner Jr.
State Of The Union (1948) - You've Cut Some Corners Industrialist Matthews (Spencer Tracy) visiting with political boss Conover (Adolphe Menjou), doesn't realize his estranged wife Mary (Katharine Hepburn) has arrived, then discussing a run for the White House, in Frank Capra's State Of The Union, 1948.
State Of The Union (1948) - Twelve Commandments Continuing their first scene together, maid Norah (Margaret Hamilton) in the middle as estranged wife Mary (Katharine Hepburn) discovers how close her potential-candidate husband Grant (Spencer Tracy) has become with his powerful mistress, in State Of The Union, 1948.
African Queen, The (1951) - Opening, German East Africa Opening titles and introduction of key characters Rose (Katharine Hepburn), "Brother" (Robert Morley), Alnut (Humphrey Bogart) and the boat called The African Queen, 1951, directed by John Huston.
African Queen, The (1951) - On Account Of The War Captain Charlie Alnut (Humphrey Bogart) has tea with missionaries Brother (Robert Morley) and Sister (Katharine Hepburn) where they discuss gastric noise and war, in John Huston's The African Queen, 1951.
African Queen, The (1951) - Skinny Old Maid! Rose (Katharine Hepburn) gets familiar with the phenomenon of Charlie (Humphrey Bogart) drinking, as he makes clear his disgust with her determination to sail on, in John Huston's The African Queen, 1951.
African Queen, The (1951) - Clean Habits A soliloquy for Charlie (Humphrey Bogart) after Rose (Katharine Hepburn) has dumped all his gin into the river, in John Huston's The African Queen, 1951.
African Queen, The (1951) - Any Mere Physical Experience... Grizzled launch captain Charlie Alnut (Humphrey Bogart) is disappointed when bereaved missionary Rose (Katharine Hepburn) enjoys her first run on the rapids, and is determined to press on with her plan to attack the Germans, in John Huston's The African Queen, 1951.
African Queen, The (1951) - We Showed 'Em! Having just evaded the German fort, Rose (Katharine Hepburn) and Charlie (Humphrey Bogart) hit another stretch of rapids, which they pass to their mutual surprise, in John Huston's The African Queen, 1951.
Philadelphia Story, The (1941) - They Grew Up Together Complexity as Tracy (Katharine Hepburn) performs for impostor society wedding guests (really reporters) Mike (James Stewart) and Liz (Ruth Hussey), fiancè George (John Howard) arrives, and her ex, Dexter (Cary Grant) crashes in The Philadelphia Story, 1941.

Trailer

Guess Who's Coming To Dinner - (Original Trailer) Spencer Tracy's last film and last with Katharine Hepburn was this story of a liberal couple tested when their daughter brings home a black fiancee.
African Queen, The - (Original Trailer) Humphrey Bogart won a Best Actor Oscar portraying a grizzled skipper who pilots missionary Katharine Hepburn aboard The African Queen (1951).
Keeper of the Flame - (Original Trailer) A reporter digs into the secret life of a recently deceased political hero in Keeper of the Flame (1942) with Katharine Hepburn & Spencer Tracy.
Bringing Up Baby - (Re-issue Trailer) A madcap heiress (Katharine Hepburn) upsets the staid existence of a straitlaced scientist (Cary Grant) in Howard Hawks' classic screwball comedy, Bringing Up Baby (1938).
On Golden Pond - (Original Trailer) Best Actor and Best Actress awards went to Henry Fonda and Katharine Hepburn for On Golden Pond (1980).
Long Day's Journey Into Night - (Wide release trailer) Katharine Hepburn and a great cast star in Sidney Lumet's movie of Long Day's Journey Into Night (1962), Eugene O'Neill's play about his own family's terrible secrets.
Desk Set - (Original Trailer) Computer expert Spencer Tracy tries to prove his electronic brain can replace Katharine Hepburn's research staff in Desk Set (1957).
Song of Love - (Original Trailer) Katharine Hepburn, Paul Henreid and Robert Walker star in Song of Love (1947), the true story of Clara Schumann's battle to restore her husband's health and resist the romantic overtures of Johannes Brahms.
Iron Petticoat, The - (Original Trailer) American Bob Hope shows Russian Katharine Hepburn the bright side of capitalism in The Iron Petticoat (1956)
Pat and Mike (animated trailer) Romance blooms between a female athlete (Katharine Hepburn) and her manager (Spencer Tracy) in Pat and Mike (1952).
Woman of the Year - (Original Trailer) Opposites distract when a sophisticated political columnist falls for a sportswriter in Woman of the Year (1942), the first film to team Spencer Tracy & Katharine Hepburn, directed by George Cukor.
Rooster Cogburn - (Original Trailer) John Wayne and Katharine Hepburn star in their one movie together, Rooster Cogburn (1975), a sequel to the Academy Award-winning True Grit.

Promo

Family

Katharine Hepburn
Mother
Suffragette, birth control activist.
Thomas N Hepburn
Father
Surgeon. Urologist who attempted to educate the public about venereal disease; died in 1962.
Peg Hepburn
Sister
Robert Hepburn
Brother
Richard Hepburn
Brother
Died on October 18, 2000 at age 89.
Marianne Hepburn Grant
Sister
Deceased.
Katharine Houghton
Niece
Actor. Played daughter of Hepburn and Spencer Tracy in the film "Guess Who's Coming to Dinner" (1967).

Companions

Ludlow Ogden Smith
Husband
Married in 1928; divorced in 1934; Hepburn insisted that he change his name to S Ogden Ludlow so that she wouldn't become known as 'Kate Smith'.
Leland Hayward
Companion
Agent.
Howard Hughes
Companion
Producer, businessman. Conducted a three-year relationship; reportedly purchased the film rights of "The Philadelphia Story" for her.
Spencer Tracy
Companion
Actor. Acted together in nine films, from "Woman of the Year" (1942) to "Guess Who's Coming to Dinner" (1967).

Bibliography

"An Affair to Remember: The Remarkable Love Story of Katharine Hepburn and Spencer Tracy"
Christopher Andersen, William Morrow (1997)
"Knowing Hepburn and Other Curious Experiences"
James Prideaux, Faber and Faber (1996)
"Me"
Katharine Hepburn, Alfred A. Knopf (1991)
"The Private World of Katharine Hepburn"
John Bryson, Little, Brown (1990)
"The Making of 'The African Queen' or How I Went to Africa with Bogart, Bacall and Huston and Almost Lost My Mind"
Katharine Hepburn, Alfred A. Knopf (1987)
"Tracy and Hepburn"
Garson Kanin (1971)

Notes

Reportedly, Hepburn turned down the American Film Institute's Life Achievement Award. Bette Davis became the first female recipient instead.

"When I started out, I didn't have any desire to be an actress or to learn how to act. I just wanted to be famous." --Katharine Hepburn.

"She has a face that belongs to the sea and the wind, with large rocking-horse nostrils and teeth that you just know bite an apple every day." --Cecil Beaton.

"She makes dialogue sound better than it is by a matchless clarity and beauty of diction, and by a fineness of intelligence and sensibility that illuminates every shade of meaning in every line she speaks" --writer-director Garson Kanin.

"As an actress, she's a joy to work with. She's in there trying every moment. There isn't anything passive about her; she 'gives'. And as a person, she's real. There's no pretense about her. She's the most completely honest woman I've ever met." --Cary Grant.

"She talks at you as though you were a microphone ... She lectured the hell out of me on temperance and the evils of drink. She's actually kind of sweet and lovable, though, and she's absolutely honest and absolutely fair about her work. None of this late on the set or demanding close-ups or that kind of thing. She doesn't give a damn how she looks. She doesn't have to be waited on, either ... I don't think she tries to be a character. I think she IS one." --Humphrey Bogart.

"I've had a fascinating life. I don't think I'm the least bit peculiar, but people tell me I am." --Katharine Hepburn

"The single most important thing anyone needs to know about me is that I am totally, completely the product of two damn fascinating individuals who happened to be my parents." --Katharine Hepburn.

"I have always lived my life exactly as I wanted. I've tried to please no one but myself and very likely displeased a great number in the process ... But I'm entirely content. I can sit back in my old age and not regret a single thing. It's what I wish for you, my dear. A life with no regrets." --Hepburn's character in "One Christmas", quoted in USA Today, December 19, 1994.

"It is the most minor of gifts and not a very high-class way to earn a living. After all, Shirley Temple could do it at the age of 4"---Hepburn on Acting People March 08, 1982