E. Y. Harburg


Lyricist

About

Also Known As
E. Harburg, Irwin Hochberg, E.Y. Harburg (Yip), Edgar Y Harburg, Yip Harburg
Birth Place
New York City, New York, USA
Born
April 08, 1896
Died
March 05, 1981
Cause of Death
Heart Attack While Driving

Family & Companions

Alice Richmond
Wife
Married 1923; divorced.
Edelaine Gorney
Wife
Silent screen actor. Married 1943; previously married to Jay Gorney who wrote songs with Harburg.

Bibliography

"Who Put the Rainbow in 'The Wizard of Oz'?: Yip Harburgh, Lyricist"
Harold Meyerson and Ernie Harburg, University of Michigan Press (1993)
"At This Point in Rhyme"
E Y Harburg, Crown (1976)
"Rhymes for the Irreverent"
E Y Harburg, Grossman (1965)

Biography

Filmography

 

Writer (Feature Film)

Finian's Rainbow (1968)
Screenwriter
Broadway Gondolier (1935)
Story

Producer (Feature Film)

Meet the People (1944)
Producer

Music (Feature Film)

A Star is Born (2018)
Song
Wonder (2017)
Song
Ghostbusters (2016)
Song Performer
Born to Be Blue (2015)
Song
The Wedding Ringer (2015)
Song
Blended (2014)
Song
Glass Chin (2014)
Song
RoboCop (2014)
Song
Killing Them Softly (2012)
Song
9 (2009)
Song
Australia (2008)
Song
Miss Pettigrew Lives for a Day (2008)
Song
Milk (2008)
Song
Kit Kittredge: An American Girl (2008)
Song
Fred Claus (2007)
Song
The Water Horse (2007)
Song
The Break-Up (2006)
Song
Alpha Dog (2006)
Song
The Notorious Bettie Page (2006)
Song
Bewitched (2005)
Song
50 First Dates (2004)
Song
Down With Love (2003)
Song
Finding Forrester (2000)
Song
Small Time Crooks (2000)
Song
Little Nicky (2000)
Song
Bicentennial Man (1999)
Song
Molly (1999)
Song
You've Got Mail (1998)
Song
Meet Joe Black (1998)
Song
Sphere (1998)
Song
One True Thing (1998)
Song
Excess Baggage (1997)
Song
Selena (1997)
Song
My Fellow Americans (1996)
Song
One Fine Day (1996)
Song
The English Patient (1996)
Words And Music ("It'S Only A Paper Moon")
Georgia (1995)
Song ("Optimistic Voices")
The Wizard of Oz in Concert (1995)
Song
Forrest Gump (1994)
Song
That's Entertainment! III (1994)
Theme Lyrics
My Life (1993)
Song
Sleepless In Seattle (1993)
Song
Made In America (1993)
Song
The Water Engine (1992)
Theme Lyrics
A League of Their Own (1992)
Song
The Fisher King (1991)
Song
Grand Canyon (1991)
Song
The Naked Gun 2 1/2: The Smell of Fear (1991)
Song
Ray's Male Heterosexual Dance Hall (1989)
Theme Lyrics
Man Against the Mob: The Chinatown Murders (1989)
Theme Song
Heaven (1987)
Song ("Over The Rainbow")
Round Midnight (1986)
Song
Before Stonewall (1985)
Song
Racing With The Moon (1984)
Song
Jazz in Exile (1982)
Song
Joe Albany... A Jazz Life (1980)
Song
The Great Man's Whiskers (1973)
Song
Dr. Phibes Rises Again (1972)
Composer
The Abominable Dr. Phibes (1971)
Composer
Alex in Wonderland (1970)
Composer
I Could Go On Singing (1963)
Composer
Gay Purr-ee (1962)
Composer
All the Fine Young Cannibals (1960)
Composer
Paris Holiday (1958)
Composer
The Helen Morgan Story (1957)
Composer
Interrupted Melody (1955)
Composer
I'll Cry Tomorrow (1955)
Composer
The Stooge (1953)
Composer
April in Paris (1953)
Composer
California (1947)
Composer
Centennial Summer (1946)
Composer
Wake Up and Dream (1946)
Composer
Too Young to Know (1945)
Composer
The Great Morgan (1945)
Composer
Kismet (1944)
Composer
Meet the People (1944)
Composer
Song of Russia (1944)
Composer
Hollywood Canteen (1944)
Composer
Thousands Cheer (1944)
Composer
Can't Help Singing (1944)
Composer
Cabin in the Sky (1943)
Composer
Du Barry Was a Lady (1943)
Composer
Princess O'Rourke (1943)
Composer
Presenting Lily Mars (1943)
Composer
Babes on Broadway (1942)
Composer
Ship Ahoy (1942)
Composer
Cairo (1942)
Composer
Rio Rita (1942)
Composer
Panama Hattie (1942)
Composer
Second Chorus (1940)
Composer
The Wizard of Oz (1939)
Composer
Babes in Arms (1939)
Composer
At the Circus (1939)
Composer
The Devil's Saddle Legion (1937)
Composer
Merry-Go-Round of 1938 (1937)
Composer
Stage Struck (1936)
Composer
The Singing Kid (1936)
Composer
Gold Diggers of 1937 (1936)
Composer
Manhattan Moon (1935)
Music
Moonlight and Pretzels (1933)
Composer
Take a Chance (1933)
Composer
Leave It to Lester (1930)
Composer
Queen High (1930)
Composer
Roadhouse Nights (1930)
Composer
The Sap From Syracuse (1930)
Composer
Applause (1930)
Composer
Follow the Leader (1930)
Composer
Glorifying the American Girl (1929)
Composer

Music (Special)

Taxicab Confessions 2003: Girls Like It Hot (2003)
Song ("Over The Rainbow")
Taxicab Confessions: New York, New York (2003)
Song
Hot! Hot! Hot! The Best of Taxicab Confessions 3 (2001)
Song
Taxicab Confessions 2001: All's Fare in Love & Vegas (2001)
Song
Singing Positive (1995)
Song
Abbey Lincoln, You Gotta Pay the Band (1993)
Theme Lyrics
Michael Feinstein & Friends (1991)
Song
The Wonderful Wizard Of Oz: 50 Years Of Magic (1990)
Theme Lyrics
Bloomer Girl (1956)
Songs

Music (TV Mini-Series)

Unconditional Love (2002)
Song
The Ernest Green Story (1993)
Song

Life Events

1929

Debut as songwriter, wrote lyrics to songs by Jay Gorney; wrote for "The Ever Ready Radio Hour"

1929

First song in a Broadway show, "Earl Carroll's Sketchbook"

1929

Wrote first songs for features (with Gorney), "What I Wouldn't Do For That Man" for Helen Morgan in "Applause" and "It Can't Go On Like This" also for Morgan in "Road House Nights"

1930

First hit song, "I'm Yours"

1932

Wrote "Brother, Can You Spare a Dime?" with Gorney

1932

Began collaborating with composer Harold Arlen; over the course of their collaboration, they would write 111 songs

1940

First collaboration with composer Burton Lane

1947

"Finian's Rainbow" opened on Broadway

1950

Blacklisted while working on feature musical "Huckleberry Finn" with music by Lane

1951

Returned to Broadway with "Flahooley"

1962

Returned to features after being blacklisted; wrote lyrics to Arlen's music for animated feature "Gay Purr-ee"

1968

Final Broadway show, "Darling of the Day"

1971

Last stage musical "The Children's Crusade" opened at University of Vermont

Videos

Movie Clip

Cabin In The Sky (1943) - A Thing Called Joe Little Joe (Eddie "Rochester" Anderson) comes back to life, prompting Petunia (Ethel Waters) into her sparkling performance of "Happiness Is A Thing Called Joe" by Harold Arlen and E.Y. Harburg, in MGM's Cabin In The Sky, 1943.
Gold Diggers Of 1937 (1936) - Life Insurance Song From director Lloyd Bacon and Warner Bros., opening with William Davidson as the insurance big-wig pulling bons vivants Rosmer (Dick Powell) and sidekick Oglethorpe (Lee Dixon) to the Atlantic City convention stage for a nutty original by Harold Arlen and E.Y. “Yip” Harburg, in Gold Diggers Of 1937, 1936, also starring Glenda Farrell and Joan Blondell.
Gold Diggers Of 1937 (1936) - Speaking Of The Weather Dick Powell and Joan Blondell, who married in September of 1936, before this picture was released December 26, with as cute a number as any they did, another Harold Arlen and Yip Harburg original, begun after she, the newly hired secretary, ribs him, the dilettante insurance salesman, for not finding her a job, in Gold Diggers Of 1937, 1936.
Ship Ahoy (1942) - I'll Take Tallulah Like many Eleanor Powell numbers, another suggesting she was the best dancer of her generation, devised by Billy Connolly, Bert Lahr and Red Skelton warbling, Tommy Dorsey's band, song by Burton Lane and Yip Harburg, clever bit for drummer Buddy Rich, in Ship Ahoy, 1942.
Ship Ahoy (1942) - Poor You Frank Sinatra is the dandied-up singer performing Burton Lane and E.Y. Harburg's "Poor You," with Tommy Dorsey's band in the Eleanor Powell and Red Skelton vehicle Ship Ahoy, 1942.
Gay Purr-ee (1962) - Mewsette Following the credits, Morey Amsterdam narrates as we meet star Judy Garland voicing heroine Mewsette, Robert Goulet her suitor Jaune-Tom, his song by Harold Arlen and E.Y. Harburg, and Red Buttons the sidekick Robespierre, in Warner Bros. Gay Purr-ee, 1962.
Gay Purr-ee (1962) - Roses Red, Violets Blue Mewsette (voice by Judy Garland) has decided to leave her country home to discover Paris, and her celebrations to a tune by Harold Arlen and E.Y. Harburg are overheard by the maybe dangerous Meowrice (Paul Frees), in the Warner Bros. animated feature Gay Purr-ee, 1962
April In Paris (1952) - Life Is Such A Pleasure Imagining himself president, bumbling diplomat S. Winthrop Putnam (Ray Bolger) launches into a specialty tune by Vernon Duke and E.Y. Harburg, Leroy Prinz the credited choreographer, in the Warner Bros. musical April In Paris, 1952, starring Doris Day.
Finian's Rainbow (1968) - Me Magnetic Feather Finian (Fred Astaire) has sneaked into the night in Misstucky, U.S.A., to bury the pot of gold he's brought from Ireland, convinced it will grow, when he meets leprechaun Og (Tommy Steele, his first scene), who has a complaint, in Finian's Rainbow, 1968.
Finian's Rainbow (1968) - Look To The Rainbow Petula Clark sings the Burton Lane and E.Y. Harburg tune, as she and Fred Astaire (playing her Irish father) traverse the United States, in Francis Coppola's charming, if geographically incoherent, opening credit sequence, from Finian's Rainbow, 1968.
Finian's Rainbow (1968) - Something Sort Of Grandish Irish Sharon (Petula Clark) has just fished leprechaun Og (Tommy Steele) from the well at her new home in the U-S-A, though he doesn't realize she's fallen for another, as they deliver a tune by Burton Lane and E.Y. Harburg, in Finian's Rainbow, 1968.
Finian's Rainbow (1968) - Follow The Fellow Fred Astaire (as Finian, fresh from Ireland), age 68, in his last musical, leads Petula Clark (as daughter Sharon), who was convinced she couldn't dance with him, into their first number, all the American kids supporting, Francis Coppola directing, in Finian's Rainbow, 1968.

Family

Ernest Harburg
Son
Margaret Harburg
Daughter

Companions

Alice Richmond
Wife
Married 1923; divorced.
Edelaine Gorney
Wife
Silent screen actor. Married 1943; previously married to Jay Gorney who wrote songs with Harburg.

Bibliography

"Who Put the Rainbow in 'The Wizard of Oz'?: Yip Harburgh, Lyricist"
Harold Meyerson and Ernie Harburg, University of Michigan Press (1993)
"At This Point in Rhyme"
E Y Harburg, Crown (1976)
"Rhymes for the Irreverent"
E Y Harburg, Grossman (1965)