Lauren Bacall


Actor
Lauren Bacall

About

Also Known As
Betty Joan Perske
Birth Place
New York City, New York, USA
Born
September 16, 1924
Died
August 12, 2014

Biography

Lauren Bacall was one of those movie stars who were so original and iconic that the molecular structure of the audience seemed to shift when she was on screen. Marlene Dietrich, Bette Davis, Katherine Hepburn, Greta Garbo - they too possessed an ineffable power to dominate the screen by their physical presence alone. But what made Bacall unique was that she demonstrated this authority at...

Photos & Videos

Dark Passage - Lobby Cards
Key Largo - Publicity Stills
Harper - Movie Poster

Family & Companions

Humphrey Bogart
Husband
Actor. Married from May 21, 1945 until his death on January 14, 1957.
Frank Sinatra
Companion
Actor, singer. At one time engaged to be married; Sinatra ended relationship when news of their engagement was leaked to the press in 1958.
Jason Robards Jr
Husband
Actor. Married on July 4, 1961; divorced on September 10, 1969.
Len Cariou
Companion
Actor, singer. Were romantically involved when they co-starred in "Applause".

Bibliography

"By Myself and Then Some"
Lauren Bacall, HarperCollins (2005)
"Now"
Lauren Bacall, Alfred A. Knopf (1994)
"Lauren Bacall: By Myself"
Lauren Bacall, Alfred A. Knopf (1979)
"Bogart & Bacall"
Joseph Hyams (1976)

Notes

Inducted into the Theatre Hall of Fame in 1998

After seeing her in "To Have and Have Not," Billy Wilder referred to Bacall as "The girl with 'the look,'" and the phrase stuck. Bacall herself would later claim that one of the trademark features of "The Look," the chin held very low, practically against her chest so that her eyes would have to look up sharply, and seductively, was a way to keep her head from shaking from sheer nervousness during her earliest days of filming "To Have and Have Not" (1944).

Biography

Lauren Bacall was one of those movie stars who were so original and iconic that the molecular structure of the audience seemed to shift when she was on screen. Marlene Dietrich, Bette Davis, Katherine Hepburn, Greta Garbo - they too possessed an ineffable power to dominate the screen by their physical presence alone. But what made Bacall unique was that she demonstrated this authority at such a young age. She was only 19 years old when she stood toe-to-toe with the formidable Humphrey Bogart in "To Have and Have Not" (1944), director Howard Hawks' film adaptation of Ernest Hemingway's novel. Her husky voice and sultry eyes were more than a match for Bogie, both on screen and off. He would go on to marry his much younger co-star and together they began one of Hollywood's most famed personal and professional partnerships. But Bacall was not dependent upon Bogart for her later success. She continued to be a movie star and Broadway diva long after Bogart died in 1957, establishing herself as one of the greatest female entertainers of her generation - not to mention, one tough broad. Her death on August 12, 2014 brought tributes from fans, friends, and fellow actors.

Lauren Bacall was born Betty Joan Perske on Sept. 16, 1924, in New York City, NY. Unlike Bogart, who came from a wealthy Manhattan family, Bacall's upbringing was strictly middle-class; her father was a salesman and her mother was a secretary. Her parents divorced when she was five, leaving Bacall to live with her mother, to whom she was extremely close. She had no contact with her father after her parents split, but strong father figures like Hawks and Bogart would play key roles in her early success. After studying at the American Academy of Dramatic Arts and working as a model to pay the bills, Bacall appeared on the cover of Harper's Bazaar magazine. Slim Keith, Hawks' socialite wife, saw the cover and was so taken with Bacall's beauty that she convinced her husband to give the young model a screen test for his next film, "To Have and Have Not" - the film which would make Bacall an overnight sensation and spawn one of the most famous lines in film history, voiced by the husky-voiced actress to her future husband: "You know how to whistle, don't you, Steve? You just put your lips together and... blow." One look at the Bazaar cover, and Hawk's acquiesced to auditioning the unknown.It was a test in more ways than one. Bacall, who was Jewish, had heard that Hawks was anti-Semitic. Intimidated and inexperienced, she allowed her agent to conceal her religious background from Hawks and offered no resistance when Hawks suggested she change her name from "Betty" to "Lauren." Additionally, what became known as Bacall's alluring "look" -chin down; smoldering eyes looking up - was created by the actress out of necessity. She literally was so nervous that keeping her chin closer to her chest was the only way to prevent her head from shaking once the camera started rolling.

Things did not get easier for Bacall when the actual "To Have and Have Not" production began, as apart from being totally green, she began to fall in love with her seasoned, gruff leading man. Bogart's third and often violent marriage to actress Mayo Methot was breaking up and he was miserable. An admirable man not prone to cheating on wives, he nonetheless grew more smitten each day with his young co-star, setting his sights on her despite their 25-year age difference. They started a clandestine affair after several weeks of shooting - mainly to prevent the unhinged Methot from wreaking havoc on either one of them. However, soon after the film was released, not only did Bacall become an overnight movie star with her first film role, she became - more importantly to her - Mrs. Humphrey Bogart. On May 21, 1945, the couple tied the knot during a modest Connecticut ceremony, with the supposed tough guy crying unashamedly at the sight of his "Baby" (as he called her) walking up the aisle.

Coming off such heady stuff, Warner Bros. was anxious to showcase their new vixen quickly, unfortunately choosing the spy drama "Confidential Agent" (1945) and miscasting her opposite refined French actor, Charles Boyer. The film garnered her the worst reviews of her career. She wisely decided to recreate the magic of her debut by appearing in three movies with Bogart back-to-back-to-back. "The Big Sleep" (1946), based on the Raymond Chandler novel with a screenplay by the legendary writer William Faulkner, earned critical raves and box office success, despite everyone involved professing that they did not understand the convoluted plot. Directed by Hawks, the film showcased Bacall's smoldering sexuality and Bogart's genuine infatuation with his wife and co-star. Despite the incomprehensible storyline, Bacall's and Bogart's chemistry was electric and the film was a smash for post-war audiences looking for grit and reality.

Thee couple followed it up with the thriller "Dark Passage" - the least memorable of their four flicks - with Bogart playing a man who escapes from prison to prove his innocence and Bacall essaying the beautiful, young artist sympathetic to his cause. A complex film noir like "The Big Sleep," the sizzling heat generated between its two stars more than compensated for the movie's shortcomings. "Key Largo" (1948), their fourth and final film, again featured the familiar formula of Bogart as the vulnerable anti-hero and Bacall as the tough but tender woman who helps him uncover the courage beneath his hard shell - all set against the backdrop of a Florida hotel under siege by both a hurricane and the notorious gangster, Johnny Rocco (Edward G. Robinson). Directed by John Huston, "Key Largo" was a worldwide success and cemented Bacall and Bogart as one of the greatest film partnerships ever.

At the peak of her popularity, Bacall turned her attention beyond movies to more personal interests. She and Bogart started a family - which could include son Stephen and daughter Leslie - and with her husband's influence, she became an outspoken proponent of progressive politics, with the couple criticizing the anti-Communist attacks of the House Un-American Activities Committee and befriending President Harry Truman. The Life magazine image of Bacall draped seductively on top of Truman's piano while he played became an instant sensation and one of the most indelible photo-ops of the post-war era. Despite being a full-time mother and passionate politico, she continued to work, but very selectively. She was superb as a femme fatale in "Young Man with a Horn" (1950) opposite Kirk Douglas, proving that she did not need her husband's star power to ignite sparks on screen. The romantic romp "How to Marry a Millionaire" (1953) showcased Bacall's comedic talents and contrasted her sharp-witted sultriness against the baby-doll sexuality of Marilyn Monroe. She provided a shot of vinegar to the sugary Douglas Sirk melodrama "Written on the Wind" (1956), proving more than a match for her co-stars Rock Hudson and Robert Stack. She also showed her mettle by taking on some of Hollywood's biggest power players, engaging in a long-running feud with Jack Warner, the head of Warner Brothers, over the quality of scripts sent to her. Since Bogart was Warner's biggest star and, even then, an American institution, Warner backed down before the increasingly ballsy Bacall did.

But the actress could not win every battle. After little over a decade of married bliss, the epic love story took a decidingly tragic turn. During the 1950s, Bogart's health started a long, slow decline - due, it turned out, to his massive cigarette habit. Diagnosed with throat cancer, he became increasingly weak and unable to work. To make matters worse, his cancer was not discussed in polite company - as was the etiquette of the time. Bacall - only 30 odd years old - made the decision to put career aside so she could nurse her ailing husband and spend time with their children. This gave her an unfair reputation for being difficult, but Bacall could have cared less when it came to her beloved Bogie - the one man who had shaped her entire life up until that point. It was a tribute to her professionalism that she shot one of her best comedies, "Designing Women" (1957), during Bogart's last, sad days.

When Bogart died on Jan. 14, 1957, Bacall was on her own for the first time in her adult life. She had more than a few personal and professional missteps in the wake of her loss. An affair with Frank Sinatra, Bogart's good friend and a member of the Bogie-founded Holmby Hills Rat Pack, ended badly, as it was more a fling of two people united in grief. However, Bacall was ill- prepared to deal with womanizing men like Sinatra, so was traumatized when Sinatra coldly dumped her. Without her husband's clout in her corner, she struggled to find good roles, as well. The tepid drama "The Gift of Love" (1958) was beneath her and the British War film "North West Frontier" (1959) was better, but did nothing to erase the power of her early work.

Approaching age 40, Bacall married again; this time to the distinguished actor Jason Robards, whom many thought resembled Bogie in both looks and temperament. In 1961, Bacall had a child with Robards, Sam, and once again seemed more focused on family than films. She worked sparingly throughout the 1960s, dabbling in TV and appearing in just three films: "Shock Treatment" (1964), "Sex and the Single Girl" (1964), and "Harper" (1966). By 1969, her marriage to Robards was over, done in by his alcoholism. Bacall was now middle-aged and on her own again. Amazingly, it marked the beginning of one of the most triumphant periods of her career.

Bacall shifted focus, training to be a stage actress and had found success in the play "Cactus Flower" during the mid-60s. But in 1970, she threw caution to the wind and took on the role of aging stage diva, Margo Channing, in the Broadway musical, "Applause" (1970). The play was a musical version of the classic film "All About Eve" (1950), in which Bette Davis - Bacall's idol - had created the Channing role. Although she was not much of a singer, Bacall threw herself into the play and it became a fantastic success. Bacall won the Tony Award for Best Actress in a Musical and powered the play through a national tour and a London staging. Adapted for TV, "Applause" (CBS, 1973) earned Bacall more rave reviews and an Emmy nomination.

Rejuvenated by her Broadway success, the comeback kid returned to movies after an eight-year hiatus, lending class and elegance to the all-star ensemble cast in "Murder on the Orient Express" (1974). She backed up John Wayne in his last movie, the western "The Shootist" (1976). She and Wayne lived on opposite sides of the political spectrum but they were good friends; both exemplifying tough-talking but fair-minded individualism. Those traits certainly enlivened any film she appeared in, whether it was Robert Altman's sickly comedy "H.E.A.L.T.H." (1980) or the psychodrama misfire "The Fan" (1981). Bacall had more success and better material to work with when she returned to the stage. In 1981, she re-invented the role made famous by old pal Katherine Hepburn in the stage version of the movie "Woman of the Year" (1942). As with "Applause," the play was a smash and garnered Bacall more lavish reviews.

The actress took most of the 1980s off, but picked up again at the end of the decade. Now in her sixties, she found good parts as hard to come by as ever, but she soldiered on in roles that seemed interesting to her. She appeared in "Mr. North" (1988), a comedy notable primarily because it was directed by Danny Huston, the son of her late friend and director John Huston. She did a nice, quick turn in the horror thriller "Misery" (1990) and re-teamed with director Robert Altman for "Ready to Wear" (1994). Barbra Streisand - another smart, tough and talented Jewish girl from New York - directed Bacall in "The Mirror Has Two Faces" (1996), guiding her to her only Oscar nomination and a Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Female Actor in a Supporting Role.

As Bacall entered her eighties, her appetite for the avant-garde seemed to increase. She made two unusual movies in supporting roles to Nicole Kidman. The experimental drama "Dogville" (2003) and the intriguing but unsatisfying thriller "Birth" (2004) were not box office hits, but were at least ambitious. Lars Van Trier, the Danish director of "Dogville," then cast her in his next film "Manderlay" (2005). An unconventional story of racism in the American South, "Manderlay" also failed to reach a wide audience, but allowed Bacall to work with some top-notch actors like Danny Glover and Willem Dafoe. She lent her acerbically witty charm to Paul Schrader's "The Walker" (2007), another fascinating failure featuring Lily Tomlin, Ned Beatty and Kristin Scott Thomas. Unconcerned about box office projections or production budgets - including her own salary - Bacall embraced the experience of working with interesting actors and directors. She next co-starred opposite Brian Cox and British actor James Fox in the dark comedy "Wide Blue Yonder" (2010). Her final big-screen role came in the art-underworld drama "The Forger" (2012), starring Josh Hutcherson and Hayden Panettiere. In 2014, she guest-starred in an episode of the long-running animated hit "Family Guy" (Fox 1999- ) as a flirtatious friend of the late mother of lead character Peter Griffin (Seth MacFarlane). Lauren Bacall suffered a massive stroke at her New York City home on August 12, 2014. She was 89 years old.

Filmography

 

Cast (Feature Film)

Ernest & Celestine (2013)
Voice
Cameraman: The Life and Work of Jack Cardiff (Do Not Use) (2011)
Herself
Scooby-Doo! and the Goblin King (2008)
The Grand Witch
These Foolish Things (2007)
The Walker (2007)
Manderlay (2005)
Birth (2004)
Eleanor
Howl's Moving Castle (2004)
Voice
Dogville (2003)
Ma Ginger
The Venice Project (1999)
Get Bruce (1999)
Herself
Diamonds (1999)
Howard Hawks: American Artist (1997)
Le Jour et la nuit (1997)
Sonia
Bogart: The Untold Story (1996)
My Fellow Americans (1996)
The Mirror Has Two Faces (1996)
Hannah Morgan
From the Mixed-Up Files of Mrs. Basil E. Frankweiler (1995)
A Foreign Field (1994)
Ready to Wear (1994)
Slim Chrysler--Ex-Fashion Editor
The Portrait (1993)
Kisses (1991)
Host
A Star For Two (1991)
All I Want for Christmas (1991)
Misery (1990)
Dinner At Eight (1989)
Tree of Hands (1989)
Marsha Archdale
Gregory Peck: His Own Man (1988)
Mr. North (1988)
Bacall On Bogart (1988)
Narrator
Appointment with Death (1988)
John Huston: The Man, The Movies, The Maverick (1988)
Herself
The Fan (1981)
Health (1980)
Perfect Gentlemen (1978)
Lizzie Martin
The Shootist (1976)
Murder on the Orient Express (1974)
Harper (1966)
Mrs. Sampson
Shock Treatment (1964)
Dr. Edwina Beighley
Sex and the Single Girl (1964)
Sylvia Broderick
Flame Over India (1960)
The Gift of Love (1958)
Julie Beck
Written on the Wind (1957)
Lucy Moore Hadley
Designing Woman (1957)
Marilla Hagen
The Cobweb (1955)
Meg Faverson Rinehart
Blood Alley (1955)
Cathy Grainger
Woman's World (1954)
Elizabeth Burns
How to Marry a Millionaire (1953)
Schatze Page
Young Man with a Horn (1950)
Amy North
Bright Leaf (1950)
Sonia Kovac
Key Largo (1948)
Nora Temple
Dark Passage (1947)
Irene Jansen
Two Guys from Milwaukee (1946)
Herself
The Big Sleep (1946)
Vivian Rutledge
Confidential Agent (1945)
Rose Cullen
To Have and Have Not (1944)
Marie Browning, also known as Slim

Misc. Crew (Feature Film)

Cameraman: The Life and Work of Jack Cardiff (Do Not Use) (2011)
Other
Get Bruce (1999)
Other
Katharine Hepburn: All About Me (1993)
Archival Footage
John Huston: The Man, The Movies, The Maverick (1988)
Other

Cast (Special)

New York at the Movies (2002)
Intimate Portrait: Judy Garland (2001)
Greta Garbo: A Lone Star (2001)
Narrator
AFI Life Achievement Award: A Tribute to Barbra Streisand (2001)
Performer
SAG Awards Show (2000)
Presenter
One-on-One With David Frost: Lauren Bacall (2000)
Intimate Portrait: Lauren Bacall (1999)
The 56th Annual Golden Globe Awards (1999)
Presenter
Radio City Music Hall: The Story Behind the Showplace (1999)
The Man Who Had Everything (1999)
Narrator
The 55th Annual Golden Globe Awards (1998)
Presenter
Etosha, Africa's Untamed Wilderness (1998)
Narration
Intimate Portrait: Anjelica Huston (1998)
Narration
The Music of Kander and Ebb: Razzle Dazzle (1997)
The Kennedy Center Honors (1997)
The 54th Annual Golden Globe Awards (1997)
Presenter
Oscar Levant: Brillant Shadow (1997)
Broadway '97: Launching the Tonys (1997)
Presenter
The 16th Annual Cable ACE Awards (1995)
Presenter
The 49th Annual Tony Awards (1995)
Presenter
The Kennedy Center Honors: A Celebration of the Performing Arts (1994)
Performer
An American Reunion: New Beginnings, Renewed Hope (1993)
50th Annual Golden Globe Awards (1993)
Performer
The Whole Shebang (1993)
Host ("General Motors Playwrights Theater")
The Parallax Garden (1993)
Host ("General Motors Playwrights Theater")
Leonard Bernstein's 75th (1993)
What Is This Thing Called Love? (1993)
Leonard Bernstein: The Gift of Music (1993)
Narration
The Alistair Cooke Salute (1992)
I Remember You (1992)
Host ("General Motors Playwrights Theater")
Hale the Hero (1992)
Host ("General Motors Playwrights Theater")
The Full Wax (1992)
Avenue Z Afternoon (1992)
Host ("General Motors Playwrights Theater")
Merry Christmas, Baby (1992)
Host ("General Motors Playwrights Theater")
Unpublished Letters (1991)
Host ("General Motors Playwrights Theater")
The 19th Annual American Film Institute Life Achievement Award: A Salute to Kirk Douglas (1991)
Performer
Hope For the Tropics (1991)
Host
It's Called the Sugar Plum (1991)
Host ("General Motors Playwrights Theater")
The Last Act Is a Solo (1991)
Clara (1991)
The Kennedy Center Honors: A Celebration of the Performing Arts (1991)
Performer
Adlai Stevenson: The Man From Libertyville (1990)
The Kennedy Center Honors: A Celebration of the Performing Arts (1990)
Performer
That's What Friends Are For (1990)
Edward R. Murrow: This Reporter (1990)
The American Film Institute Salute to Gregory Peck (1989)
Performer
Richard Burton: In From the Cold (1989)
From the Heart... The First International Very Special Arts Festival (1989)
Bernstein at 70 (1989)
The 59th Annual Academy Awards Presentation (1987)
Performer
Secrets Women Never Share (1987)
Parade of Stars (1983)
The American Film Institute Salute to John Huston (1983)
Host
The Wayne Newton Special (1982)
Circus of the Stars (1979)
Happy Endings (1975)
Applause (1973)
Margo Channing
The Light Fantastic, Or How to Tell Your Past, Present and Maybe Your Future Through Social Dancing (1967)
Host
The Petrified Forest (1955)
Gabby Maple

Music (Special)

Bernstein at 70 (1989)
Song Performer

Cast (Short)

Motion Picture Theatre Celebration (1955) (1955)
Herself
1955 Motion Picture Theatre Celebration (International) (1955)
Herself

Cast (TV Mini-Series)

Too Rich: the Secret Life of Doris Duke (1999)
The Ice Queen's Mittens (1991)
Voice Of Freezelda

Life Events

1942

Appeared in short-lived Broadway production "Johnny 2x4"

1942

Crowned "Miss Greenwich Village"

1943

Spotted on cover of March 1943 issue of <i>Harper's Bazaar</i> by Howard Hawks' wife; Hawks tested her and signed her to a seven-year studio contract

1944

Made acting debut as the female lead in "To Have and Have Not" opposite Humphrey Bogart, directed by Hawks

1946

Appeared with Bogart in comedy "Two Guys from Milwaukee"

1947

Suspended temporarily from acting for refusing to act in Western "Stallion Road" opposite Ronald Reagan

1948

Last of four co-starring films for Bacall and Bogart, "Key Largo"

1950

Last film for Warner Bros., "Bright Leaf" co-starring Gary Cooper

1951

Journeyed to Africa with Bogart for filming of John Huston's adventure classic "The African Queen" (did not appear in film) instead of staying in Hollywood to star in "Storm Warning"; Ginger Rogers replaced her in role; after many rifts, parted with Warner Bros.

1951

Made radio debut on the series "Bold Venture"

1953

Acted in first film for three years, "How to Marry a Millionaire"

1954

Made one of earliest TV appearances on "Light's Diamond Jubilee," an all-star variety special celebrating the 75th anniversary of Edison's discovery of the light bulb

1955

Acted opposite Bogart in NBC adaptation of "The Petrified Forest"; Bogart recreated role of Duke Mantee, which he had played on Broadway and in film nearly 20 years earlier

1959

First starred on Broadway in comedy "Goodbye Charlie"

1959

First film which was not a U.S. Production, "North West Frontier"; last film for five years

1964

Returned to films after a five-year absence to appear in "Shock Treatment"; also marked first film in which she was not female lead (played by Carol Lynley)

1965

Starred on Broadway in hit comedy "Cactus Flower"; played 900 performances over several years

1967

Hosted ABC variety special "The Light Fantastic, or How to Tell the Past, Present, and Maybe Your Future Through Social Dancing"

1970

Starred on Broadway in "Applause," a musical adaptation of classic comedy-drama film "All About Eve"; stayed with the show for 18 months and then took show on tour

1972

Made London stage debut in "Applause"

1973

Reprised the role of Margo Channing from "Applause" in a CBS TV adaptation of the stage musical

1978

Made TV-movie debut in "Perfect Gentlemen," co-starring Ruth Gordon and Sandy Dennis

1979

Published first autobiographical work <i>By Myself</i>

1979

Served as ringmaster for CBS variety special "Circus of the Stars"

1980

Portrayed by Kathryn Harrold in TV-movie biopic "Bogie" (CBS), Bacall claimed she never saw the movie, nor did she want to

1981

Returned to Broadway in another musical adaptation "Woman of the Year," based on 1942 film starring Katharine Hepburn and Spencer Tracy

1985

Starred in a touring, Broadway-bound revival of the Tennessee Williams play "Sweet Bird of Youth"; show closed before making it to New York

1988

Appeared as herself in interview and compilation documentary "John Huston: The Man, The Movies, The Maverick"

1988

Hosted and narrated the PBS documentary about Humphrey Bogart, "Bacall on Bogart"

1991

Hosted TNT special "Kisses," a history of the kiss in movies

1991

Hosted a series of made-for-TV dramatic presentations "General Motors Playwrights Theater" (A&E), several programs aired each TV season; first installment, "Clara"

1995

Inducted into the French Order of Arts and Sciences

1996

Received sole Academy Award nomination as Best Supporting Actress for playing Barbra Streisand's critical mother in "The Mirror Has Two Faces"

1998

Made rare TV acting appearance as a guest on an episode of the CBS medical drama "Chicago Hope"

1999

Appeared as a brothel owner in "Diamonds"; reunited on screen with Kirk Douglas

1999

Returned to Broadway as star of the Noel Coward play "Waiting in the Wings"

1999

Starred in the title role of the CBS miniseries "Too Rich: The Secret Life of Doris Duke"

2004

Played Kidman's mother in "Birth," helmed by Jonathan Glazer

2004

Starred with Nicole Kidman and Stellan SkarsgÄrd in "Dogville," directed by Lars Von Trier

2005

Co-starred in "Manderlay," the second part of Lars von Trier's U.S.A. trilogy

2007

Cast opposite Woody Harrelson and Kristin Scott Thomas in crime drama "The Walker"

2012

Co-starred in "The Forger" with Josh Hutcherson and Alfred Molina

Photo Collections

Dark Passage - Lobby Cards
Dark Passage - Lobby Cards
Key Largo - Publicity Stills
Here are a few photos taken to help publicize Warner Bros' Key Largo (1948), starring Humphrey Bogart, Lauren Bacall, Edward G. Robinson, and Claire Trevor. Publicity stills were specially-posed photos, usually taken off the set, for purposes of publicity or reference for promotional artwork.
Harper - Movie Poster
Harper - Movie Poster
How to Marry a Millionaire - Publicity Stills
How to Marry a Millionaire - Publicity Stills
The Big Sleep - Lobby Card Set
Here is a set of Lobby Cards from The Big Sleep (1946). Lobby Cards were 11" x 14" posters that came in sets of 8. As the name implies, they were most often displayed in movie theater lobbies, to advertise current or coming attractions. Warner Bros. sets during this period were printed in duotone rather than full color.
Designing Woman - Behind-the-Scenes Photos
Here are a few photos taken behind-the-scenes during production of MGM's Designing Woman (1957), starring Gregory Peck and Lauren Bacall.
Written on the Wind - Movie Poster
Here is the American one-sheet movie poster for Written on the Wind (1957). One-sheets measured 27x41 inches, and were the poster style most commonly used in theaters.
Dark Passage - Movie Posters
Here is a group of American movie posters from Dark Passage (1947), including the 1-sheet, the 6-sheet, and two styles of 22 x 28 half-sheets.
To Have and Have Not - Behind-the-Scenes Photos
Here are a few photos taken during the making of To Have and Have Not (1945), featuring director Howard Hawks and stars Humphrey Bogart and Lauren Bacall.
The Big Sleep - Behind-the-Scenes Photos
Here are a few photos taken behind-the-scenes of Howard Hawks' The Big Sleep (1946), starring Humphrey Boagart and Lauren Bacall.
To Have and Have Not - Publicity Stills
Here are a few photos of Humphrey Bogart and Lauren Bacall, taken to help publicize To Have and Have Not (1945). Publicity stills were specially-posed photos, usually taken off the set, for purposes of publicity or reference for promotional artwork.
Key Largo - Behind-the-Scenes Photos
Here are several behind-the-scenes photos taken during the shooting of Key Largo (1948), directed by John Huston.
The Big Sleep - Publicity Stills
Here are photos of Humphrey Bogart and Lauren Bacall, taken to help publicize The Big Sleep (1946). Publicity stills were specially-posed photos, usually taken off the set, for purposes of publicity or reference for promotional artwork.
To Have and Have Not - Movie Posters
Here is a group of American movie posters of To Have and Have Not (1945), starring Humphrey Bogart and Lauren Bacall.

Videos

Movie Clip

Cobweb, The (1955) - I Am Sometimes A Little Dictatorial Lively meeting of inmates at the pricey Midwestern psychiatric clinic, chaired by Holcomb (Edgar Stehli), bothered by Oscar Levant, Jan Arvan, Ruth Clifford and Jarma Lewis, Richard Widmark the doctor arriving, Lauren Bacall seems to be on staff, Susan Strasberg and John Kerr backing an initiative, early in Vincente Minnelli’s The Cobweb, 1955.
To Have And Have Not (1944) - A Stray Bullet In French Martinique, boat captain Harry (Humphrey Bogart), with would-be thief Marie (Lauren Bacall), is making his deadbeat client pay up when Nazi-backed goons come after Frenchy (Marcel Dalio) and comrades, Capitane Renarde (Dan Seymour) mopping up, in To Have And Have Not, 1944.
Written On The Wind (1957) - Not Duties, Pleasures Right-hand man Mitch (Rock Hudson) has persuaded Lucy (Lauren Bacall), secretary in a Manhattan ad agency, to meet his playboy Texas oil-family scion and virtual-brother Kyle (Robert Stack) at "21," early in Douglas Sirk's Written On The Wind, 1957.
Written On The Wind (1957) - Welcome To Hadley First appearance of oil tycoon Hadley (Robert Keith), atop his tower in the town named after him, with protege Mitch (Rock Hudson), joined soon by his sobered-up son Kyle (Robert Stack), introducing his new wife Lucy (Lauren Bacall), in Douglas Sirk's Written On The Wind, 1957.
Written On The Wind (1957) - Open, November 1956 Dramatic and fancy opening from director Douglas Sirk, Robert Stack as "Kyle" and Lauren Bacall as wife "Lucy" featured, from Written On The Wind, 1957, also starring Rock Hudson and Dorothy Malone.
Bright Leaf (1950) - Roll Me A Cigarette Royle (Gary Cooper) with ex-girlfriend turned brothel owner Sonia (Lauren Bacall), back in his North Carolina hometown looking to get into the cigarette business, in Michael Curtiz's turn-of-the-century melodrama Bright Leaf, 1950.
Bright Leaf (1950) - You Can Let Go Now Aspiring cigarette entrepeneur Royle (Gary Cooper) returning to his North Carolina hometown circa 1894, catching the eye of Sonia (Lauren Bacall) then insulting Margaret (Patricia Neal) and her aunt (Elizabeth Patterson), in Bright Leaf, 1950, directed by Michael Curtiz.
Cobweb, The (1955) - You're Going To Hate Yourself In The Morning Finally some background on Lauren Bacall, as Mrs. Rinehart, on staff at the psychiatric hospital, in the workshop visited by patient Stevie (John Kerr) who is, on the whole, grateful that she’s arranged for him to paint the new drapes, in Vincente Minnelli’s The Cobweb, 1955, from a novel by William Gibson.
How To Marry A Millionaire - Those Income Tax People Director Jean Negulesco beginning with slick shots of Manhattan, landing in Midtown East at Sutton Place, equally sharp Lauren Bacall (as "Schatze") confers with the rental agent (Percy Helton), in How To Marry A Millionaire, 1953, also starring Betty Grable and Marilyn Monroe.
How To Marry A Millionaire (1953) - Only One Cure For Loneliness Director Jean Negulesco has skipped the actual event at “The Oil Institue,” instead following gold-digging models Schatze (Lauren Bacall, with William Powell), Loco (Betty Grable, with Fred Clark) and Pola (Marilyn Monroe, with Alex D’Arcy) dining with the men they met, in How To Marry A Millionaire, 1953.
Two Guys From Milwaukee (1946) - Aren't You Lauren Bacall? Manicurist Connie (Joan Leslie) drags boyfriend Buzz (Jack Carson) along to see off now former-prince Henry (Dennis Morgan), catching the plane for Milwaukee, and she tricks them both, and Warner Bros. executes the only known Bogart-Bacall cameo, the finalè in Two Guys From Milwaukee, 1946.
How To Marry A Millionaire (1953) - Is There A Mr. Texaco? Now gathered in their posh Sutton Place apartment setting about grabbing husbands, Schatze (Lauren Bacall), Pola (Marilyn Monroe) and Loco (Betty Grable) begin by selling the rented piano, in Jean Negulesco's How To Marry A Millionaire, 1953.

Trailer

Big Sleep, The - (Original Trailer) Private eye Philip Marlowe (Humphrey Bogart) investigates a society girl's involvement in the murder of a pornographer in The Big Sleep.
Young Man with a Horn - (Original Trailer) A young trumpet player (Kirk Douglas) is torn between an honest singer (Doris Day) and a manipulative heiress (Lauren Bacall) in Young Man with a Horn (1950).
Harper - (Original Trailer) A broken-down private eye (Paul Newman) sets out to find a rich woman's missing husband in Harper (1966).
How to Marry a Millionaire - (Original Trailer) Three models pool their resources to rent a posh penthouse in hopes of snaring rich husbands in How to Marry a Millionaire (1953) starring Lauren Bacall, Marilyn Monroe & Betty Grable.
Designing Woman - (Original Trailer) Gregory Peck, in character as sportswriter "Mike Hagen," leads off the trailer to Vincente Minnelli's Designing Woman, 1957, co-starring Lauren Bacall, from an original idea by MGM fashion designer Helen Rose.
Dark Passage - (Original Trailer) A man falsely accused of his wife's murder escapes to search for the real killer in Dark Passage, 1947, starring Humphrey Bogart and Lauren Bacall.
Blood Alley - (Original Trailer) John Wayne breaks out of a Chinese jail and dodges Communist agents through the road to Hong Kong called Blood Alley, 1955, with Lauren Bacall in tow.
Gift of Love, The - (Original Trailer) A dying woman (Lauren Bacall) arranges an adoption to leave her husband with some consolation in The Gift of Love (1958).
Murder on the Orient Express - (Original Trailer) Belgian detective Hercule Poirot investigates the murder of a mysterious businessman on a train ride in Murder on the Orient Express (1974)starring Albert Finney.
Confidential Agent - (Original Trailer) Charles Boyer and Lauren Bacall go undercover to fight the fascists in Confidential Agent (1945).
Written On The Wind - (Original Trailer) A family of Texas oil millionaires explodes into melodrama in director Douglas Sirk's Written On The Wind (1956).
Sex and The Single Girl - (Original Trailer) A journalist (Tony Curtis) sets out to expose a female sex expert (Natalie Wood) in Sex and The Single Girl (1964) inspired by the self-help book by Helen Gurley Brown.

Promo

Family

William Perske
Father
Of Polish descent.
Natalie Perske
Mother
Of Russian, Rumanian and French descent; parents divorced when Bacall was a little girl.
Stephen Humphrey Bogart
Son
TV news producer. Born January 6, 1949; father Humphrey Bogart.
Leslie Howard Bogart
Daughter
Nurse, yoga teacher. Born August 23, 1952; father Humphrey Bogart; named after actor Leslie Howard, who helped Bogart get his breakthrough role in the play, "The Petrified Forest".
Sam Robards
Son
Actor. Father Jason Robards.

Companions

Humphrey Bogart
Husband
Actor. Married from May 21, 1945 until his death on January 14, 1957.
Frank Sinatra
Companion
Actor, singer. At one time engaged to be married; Sinatra ended relationship when news of their engagement was leaked to the press in 1958.
Jason Robards Jr
Husband
Actor. Married on July 4, 1961; divorced on September 10, 1969.
Len Cariou
Companion
Actor, singer. Were romantically involved when they co-starred in "Applause".

Bibliography

"By Myself and Then Some"
Lauren Bacall, HarperCollins (2005)
"Now"
Lauren Bacall, Alfred A. Knopf (1994)
"Lauren Bacall: By Myself"
Lauren Bacall, Alfred A. Knopf (1979)
"Bogart & Bacall"
Joseph Hyams (1976)

Notes

Inducted into the Theatre Hall of Fame in 1998

After seeing her in "To Have and Have Not," Billy Wilder referred to Bacall as "The girl with 'the look,'" and the phrase stuck. Bacall herself would later claim that one of the trademark features of "The Look," the chin held very low, practically against her chest so that her eyes would have to look up sharply, and seductively, was a way to keep her head from shaking from sheer nervousness during her earliest days of filming "To Have and Have Not" (1944).

Probably the most famous words ever written about Bacall are those of novelist, essayist and film critic James Agee, remarking on her debut in "To Have and Have Not" (1944)"Lauren Bacall has cinema personality to burn and she burns both ends against an unusually little middle...She has a javelin-like vitality, a born dancer's eloquence of movement, a fierce female shrewdness, and a special sweet-sourness. With these faculties, plus a stone-crushing confidence and a trombone voice, she manages to get across the toughest girl a piously regenerate Hollywood has dreamed of in a long, long while."---film critic James Agee

Received an honorary degree from Columbia University in 1998.

"Yeah, once you pass the age of 25, you're in trouble. The preoccupation with youth and with endless trips to the plastic surgeon begining at age 18 is just horrific. But I'm very lucky. Believe me, I'm grateful every day for that fact that I'm still working, and I intend to keep working until I drop, Which I hope will not be today or tomorrow. [laughs] But I think the reason I've continued to work is that I've never stopped, and also that I've spent 20 years starring in plays and musicals and being in the public eye."---Bacall talks about aging in Hollywood to Interview Magazine April 2004

She acknowledges that updating her life sometimes proved to be painful, especially recalling the loss in a year's span of many close friends, "... each of them very important to me; it was like an epidemic." Among them: Roddy McDowall, songwriter Adolph Green, playwright Peter Stone, actors Alec Guinness, John Gielgud, Gregory Peck and Katharine Hepburn, and writer-director George Axelrod."The (losses) chip away at your own life, and the world gets smaller," Bacall on writing "By Myself and Then Some," a follow-up to her 1978 memoir, "By Myself" Cnn.com, April 4, 2005.