Judy Garland


Actor, Singer
Judy Garland

About

Also Known As
Baby Gumm, Frances Gumm, Frances Ethel Gumm
Birth Place
Grand Rapids, Minnesota, USA
Born
June 10, 1922
Died
June 22, 1969
Cause of Death
Accidental Drug Overdose

Biography

One of the most talented and iconic show business legends of all time, Judy Garland rose from vaudeville to film stardom on the strength of her gloriously expressive and powerful voice. Signed to MGM, she became a superstar thanks to nine films with Mickey Rooney as well as the iconic role of Dorothy Gale in "The Wizard of Oz" (1939), where she introduced her signature song, "Over the Ra...

Photos & Videos

Strike Up the Band - Behind-the-Scenes Photos
Summer Stock - Judy Garland 'Get Happy' Photos
The Pirate - Behind-the-Scenes Stills

Family & Companions

David Rose
Husband
Orchestra leader, composer. Born on June 24, 1909; married on July 28, 1941; Garland filed for divorce in June 1944; divorced in 1945; died on August 23, 1990.
Tyrone Power
Companion
Actor. Had relationship c. 1942-43.
Vincente Minnelli
Husband
Director. Married on June 15, 1945; separated in 1949; divorced in 1951; born in 1903; died on July 25, 1986.
Sid Luft
Husband
Manager. Born c. 1915; married in 1951; divorced in 1965.

Bibliography

"Get Happy: The Life of Judy Garland"
Gerald Clarke, Random House (2000)
"Me and My Shadows, a Family Memoir: Living with the Legacy of Judy Garland"
Lorna Luft (1998)
"Judy Garland: The Secret Life of an American Legend"
David Shipman (1993)
"Judy Garland: World's Greatest Entertainer"
John Fricke, Henry Holt & Co (1992)

Notes

Biographers have variously reported that Garland had "affairs" with Orson Welles, Yul Brynner, Frank Sinatra, Peter Lawford, David Begelman, Dirk Bogarde, Glenn Ford and Joseph L Mankiewicz, to name a few.

Her mother billed her as the "little girl with the leather lungs".

Biography

One of the most talented and iconic show business legends of all time, Judy Garland rose from vaudeville to film stardom on the strength of her gloriously expressive and powerful voice. Signed to MGM, she became a superstar thanks to nine films with Mickey Rooney as well as the iconic role of Dorothy Gale in "The Wizard of Oz" (1939), where she introduced her signature song, "Over the Rainbow." Garland went on to sparkle in classics like "Meet Me in St. Louis" (1944), "Easter Parade" (1948), her Oscar-nominated comeback "A Star is Born" (1954), where she introduced her second signature song, "The Man That Got Away," and her Oscar-nominated turn in "Judgment at Nuremberg" (1961). Driven by a ruthless stage mother, hooked on prescription drugs from a young age at the behest of MGM, and eventually suicidal, Garland suffered from personal demons that threatened to overwhelm her, leading to five unsuccessful marriages and three children, including Liza Minnelli in 1946. Throughout her life of highs and lows, her inestimable talent showed through nowhere better than in live performance. Those who saw her perform live spoke of the experience in almost mystical terms, especially a comeback performance captured on the Grammy-winning Judy at Carnegie Hall, widely considered the greatest night in show business history. Literally giving her life for her art, Garland poured her soul out in every song and in every scene, achieving immortality of the highest order and recognition as one of the greatest entertainers of all time.

Born June 10, 1922 in Grand Rapids, MN, Frances Ethel Gumm was the youngest of three daughters born to two vaudevillians-turned-movie theater managers. Nicknamed "Baby," the young girl made her stage debut as a two-year-old singing "Jingle Bells" with her sisters. Their mother put together a musical act for the three girls, now known as The Gumm Sisters, and they cut their professional teeth in local productions, with the tiny Garland proving the undisputed standout. After a gay sex scandal involving their father threatened to ruin the family's name, the Gumms moved to California in 1926, where they began the arduous process of breaking into big-time show business. Around this time, she adopted the stage name "Judy Garland," as Frances Gumm was deemed not marquee-friendly. With national vaudeville experience under their belts, the siblings became "The Garland Sisters" and appeared in several short films, but when the eldest sister decided to get married, the act broke up.

Summoned to MGM for an audition, Garland landed a contract in 1935. Enormously gifted and winsome in a girl-next-door way, the young girl was shy and self-conscious about her appearance. In fact, she suffered emotional damage from being constantly compared against more glamorous studio peers like Lana Turner and described by studio head Louis B. Mayer as his "little hunchback." As frequently happened with contract players, she was loaned out to Twentieth Century Fox for her first full-length feature "Pigskin Parade" (1936). Back at Metro, Garland earned her breakthrough with her deceptively simple, plaintive rendition of "You Made Me Love You" sung to a photograph of MGM's leading man Clark Gable in "Broadway Melody of 1938" (1937). Using her tremulous vibrato and imbuing the song with that paradoxical fragility and resilience that would become her hallmark, she emerged as a star-in-the-making. MGM quickly snatched her back and began the grooming process. The studio put her in her first leading role opposite frequent co-star and good friend Mickey Rooney in "Thoroughbreds Don't Cry" (1937). The irrepressible teens became a sensation, hitting upon the winning "let's put on a show!" format that made the duo irresistible to audiences, exemplified in the smash "Love Finds Andy Hardy" (1938). Her professional success came at a price, however, as the young actress was given drugs - uppers to lose weight and downers to go to sleep - by the studio in order to help her maintain her immense workload. This cycle of addiction - as well as feeling that her childhood had in essence been stolen from her by her mother and MGM - would haunt Garland for the rest of her life.

She was an emerging teen starlet when Metro awarded her the coveted role of Dorothy Gale in "The Wizard of Oz" (1939). A generational classic from its almost yearly airings on television and a beloved cultural touchstone, the film was a modest box office success in its day. A timeless fairy tale featuring a talented cast and the magic of movie making at its finest, the film would cement Garland's best qualities and her performance would become iconic. Her famous rendition of the movie's best-known song, the Oscar-winning "Over the Rainbow" would become her signature theme for the rest of her life. While history would mark "The Wizard of Oz" as a classic, 1939's "Babes in Arms" with Mickey Rooney solidified her standing with the studio and turned her into one of MGM's most bankable performers. For her charmingly spirited performance and her superlative singing in both pictures, she earned a special Academy Juvenile Award from the Oscars in early 1940. She and Rooney went on to be paired in a string of films, including several in the popular Andy Hardy series, including "Andy Hardy Meets Debutante" (1940). That same year, she scored with "Strike Up the Band" and "Little Nellie Kelly," and she went on to enliven run-of-the-mill projects like "Ziegfeld Girl" (1941) with her sterling rendition of "I'm Always Chasing Rainbows." The actress proved a fine partner for Gene Kelly in the Busby Berkeley-directed "For Me and My Girl" (1942), while "Girl Crazy" (1943) also offered her a fine opportunity to perform another Rodgers and Hart score and remained the best of the three films made from that source material.

Off-screen, Garland began a relationship with musician David Rose, and on her 18th birthday, they became engaged. The studio intervened because he was still married to singer-actress Martha Raye at the time. They agreed to wait a year to allow for his divorce to become final and were wed on July 27, 1941. Garland, who had aborted her pregnancy by him in 1942, agreed to a trial separation in January 1943, and they divorced in 1944. No matter how much she glittered onscreen, in her private life, Garland continued to spiral into self-destruction, struggling with addictions and weight issues. With so much barely controlled chaos swirling around her and no other reality than the heightened world of studio life, it was perhaps unsurprising that Garland was becoming quite troubled. Nevertheless, she had been trained that the show must go on, and for her entire life, the consummate performer would power through the pain to entertain.

In 1944, Garland starred as Esther Smith in the warmly nostalgic "Meet Me in St. Louis," directed by her future second husband Vincente Minnelli, whom she would marry in 1945. Onscreen, she seemed to glow as she introduced three new standards, gloriously delivered: "The Trolley Song," "The Boy Next Door" and "Have Yourself a Merry Little Christmas." The following year, she and Minnelli re-teamed for one of her rare non-singing performances in the unjustly overlooked wartime drama "The Clock" (1945). Her next picture, "The Harvey Girls" (1946), cast her as a frontier waitress and introduced the Oscar-winning song "On the Atchison, Topeka and the Santa Fe," but she also proved effective impersonating stage star Marilyn Miller in that year's ersatz Jerome Kern biopic "Till the Clouds Roll By." After time off to give birth to daughter Liza Minnelli in 1946, Garland roared back in 1948 with several fine performances despite being overworked. She made a perfect partner for Fred Astaire in the Irving Berlin musical "Easter Parade" (1948), made a final feature appearance with Rooney in "Words and Music" (1948) and filmed "The Pirate" (1948) opposite Gene Kelly. The signs of her fragile psyche were beginning to manifest themselves on set, however, and during filming of the latter picture, Garland had a nervous breakdown and was placed in a sanitarium. Although she recovered enough to complete filming, she soon attempted suicide by cutting at her wrists with a broken glass.The combination of Garland's mental issues, her increasing dependency on sleeping pills and the pressures of maintaining a Hollywood career took their toll, and her professionalism suffered, with the actress sometimes arriving late, unprepared or unable to work. She was replaced by Ginger Rogers in "The Barkleys of Broadway" (1949), Betty Hutton in "Annie Get Your Gun" (1950) and Jane Powell in "Royal Wedding" (1950), taking the latter setback so hard that she cut her neck with a broken water glass, which was sensationalized into the lurid tale that Garland had slit her own throat. MGM finally dropped her in 1950, and at age 28 with a young daughter and two failed marriages, Judy Garland was set adrift personally and professionally.

Under the guidance of new manager Sid Luft - who became husband number three in 1952 - she began the second phase of her career, embarking on the first of her concert tours with now legendary appearances at London's Palladium and a 19-week engagement at Broadway's Palace Theatre, which shattered all attendance records and garnered her a special Tony Award. With a rejuvenated career and a second child, daughter Lorna Luft, born in 1952, she set about to reconquer Hollywood with a project dear to her heart: a musical remake of "A Star is Born" (1954). With Moss Hart rewriting the original award-winning script, George Cukor directing, and original songs by Harold Arlen (who had composed "Over the Rainbow") and Ira Gershwin, the film came to be one of the year's most anticipated. Although Warner Bros. was unhappy with the original three-hour-plus running time and cut more than 30 minutes from the film, it still proved to be an artistic and personal triumph for Garland, who reportedly called the film "the story of my life." The finished motion picture picked up six Oscar nominations including well-deserved ones for Garland as Best Actress, as well as one for the song "The Man That Got Away," which became another of the singer's second signature numbers. The box office success and critical acclaim reaped by the film and the goodwill toward Garland for a spectacular comeback created a near universal belief that she would win the Best Actress Oscar. She took home the Best Actress Golden Globe and was hospitalized after giving birth to her son, Joseph Luft, so was unable to attend the Oscar ceremony. While a television crew waited in her hospital room for the winner to be announced, Grace Kelly's name was called and they packed up and unceremoniously left. Roundly deemed one of the biggest upsets in Oscar history, TIME said Garland had given "just about the greatest one-woman show in modern movie history." With her film career failing to reignite, Garland returned to live performing, first in Las Vegas and then returning to Broadway's Palace Theater.

Three years later, she collapsed and was hospitalized. The diagnosis was hepatitis and the singer was reportedly told that she would remain a semi-invalid. As if to prove the doctors wrong, Garland resumed her grueling performance schedule, which also included a 1960 Democratic fundraiser for John F. Kennedy, and landed her first screen role in seven years. Cast as a concentration camp survivor called to testify about her experiences in "Judgment at Nuremberg" (1961), she offered a heartbreaking performance. Along with the equally troubled Montgomery Clift, Garland was a standout in the large cast and both she and Clift earned Oscar nominations for their supporting roles. It was a fine cap to a year that had also seen her triumph in a concert at Carnegie Hall that was considered by many to be "the greatest night in show business history," spawning the classic two-album set Judy at Carnegie Hall, which won four Grammys and would remain a best-seller for decades.

Sadly, Garland was only able to make three more film appearances. John Cassavetes cast her as a teacher who becomes too involved with one of her mentally challenged students in "A Child is Waiting" (1962), she lent her vocals to the animated meow-sical "Gay Purr-ee" (1962), and single-handedly saved the soap opera-esque "I Could Go on Singing" (1963) with her powerhouse voice. Turning to the relatively new medium of television, she headlined a series of electrifying television specials as well as her own variety series "The Judy Garland Show" (CBS, 1963-64). While not a ratings winner, the show earned her three Emmy nominations and was later considered a time capsule that captured many wonderful performances, including several with Garland singing with daughter Liza. When the show was canceled, Garland found herself drowning in financial and health woes, and she embarked on a disastrous tour of Australia. She was cast as the aging Broadway queen Helen Lawson in "Valley of the Dolls" (1967) but was replaced by Susan Hayward when she was unable to show up.

Ever the trouper, Garland continued to perform live up until just before her death of an accidental overdose of prescription pills 12 days after her 47th birthday in 1969. Recognized as one of the greatest stars of all time, Garland's legacy only continued to grow after her death, especially among the LGBT community, who embraced her as their ultimate icon. In fact, many suggested that Garland's death and funeral were one of the causes for the influential Stonewall Riots. Considered the ultimate vaudeville and musical performer with history's most poignant voice, Garland continued to fascinate, inspiring projects such as "Life with Judy Garland: Me and My Shadows" (ABC, 2001) and a proposed Anne Hathaway biopic "Get Happy: The Life of Judy Garland" (TBD). Although her life and career encompassed enormous amounts of both the sublime and the tragic, Judy Garland gave everything she had to her art and left behind an unparalleled body of work and a bittersweet but still beautiful legacy.

By Jonathan Riggs

Filmography

 

Cast (Feature Film)

That's Entertainment! III (1994)
A Child Is Waiting (1963)
Jean Hansen
I Could Go On Singing (1963)
Jenny Bowman
Gay Purr-ee (1962)
Mewsette
Judgment at Nuremberg (1961)
Irene Hoffman
Pepe (1961)
Andy Hardy Comes Home (1958)
"Betsy Booth" from Andy Hardy Meets Debutante
A Star Is Born (1954)
Vicki Lester [also known as Esther Blodgett]
Summer Stock (1950)
Jane Falbury
In the Good Old Summertime (1949)
Veronica Fisher
The Pirate (1948)
Manuela
Easter Parade (1948)
Hannah Brown
Words and Music (1948)
Till the Clouds Roll By (1947)
Marilyn Miller
The Harvey Girls (1946)
Susan Bradley
Ziegfeld Follies (1946)
A Great Lady in "An Interview"
The Clock (1945)
Alice Maybery
Meet Me in St. Louis (1944)
Esther Smith
Thousands Cheer (1944)
Girl Crazy (1943)
Ginger Gray
Presenting Lily Mars (1943)
Lily Mars
Babes on Broadway (1942)
Penny Morris
For Me and My Gal (1942)
Jo Hayden
Ziegfeld Girl (1941)
Susan Gallagher
Life Begins for Andy Hardy (1941)
Betsy Booth
Andy Hardy Meets Debutante (1940)
Betsy Booth
Strike Up the Band (1940)
Mary Holden
Little Nellie Kelly (1940)
Nellie Kelly/Little Nellie Kelly
Babes in Arms (1939)
Patsy Barton
The Wizard of Oz (1939)
Dorothy [Gale]
Love Finds Andy Hardy (1938)
Betsy [Booth]
Everybody Sing (1938)
Judy Bellaire
Listen, Darling (1938)
"Pinkie" Wingate
Broadway Melody of 1938 (1937)
Betty Clayton
Thoroughbreds Don't Cry (1937)
Cricket West
Pigskin Parade (1936)
Sairy Dodd

Music (Feature Film)

The Lego Movie (2014)
Song Performer
9 (2009)
Song Performer
Taking Woodstock (2009)
Song Performer
Australia (2008)
Song Performer
Milk (2008)
Song Performer
Sex and the City (2008)
Song Performer
P.S. I Love You (2007)
Song Performer
The Family Stone (2005)
Song Performer
Surviving Christmas (2004)
Song Performer
Down With Love (2003)
Song Performer
Catch Me If You Can (2002)
Song Performer
The Next Best Thing (2000)
Song Performer
Hanging Up (2000)
Song Performer
Little Nicky (2000)
Song Performer
Molly (1999)
Song Performer
Made In America (1993)
Song Performer
The Long Day Closes (1992)
Song Performer
Before Stonewall (1985)
Song Performer
Hero (1983)
Song Performer
Terms Of Endearment (1983)
Song Performer

Cast (Special)

Judy Garland: By Myself (2004)
Herself
More of the Best of the Hollywood Palace (1993)
Judy Garland and Liza Minnelli at the Palladium (1992)
A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to Hollywood (1967)
Guest
The Judy Garland Show (1956)
The Judy Garland Show (1955)

Music (Special)

Twas the Night (2001)
Song Performer
Judy Garland and Liza Minnelli at the Palladium (1992)
Song Performer ("Once In A Lifetime" "Just In Time" "The Man That Got Away" "Together" "Love, Love, Hurray For Love" "After You'Ve Gone" "By Myself" "How About You" "Lover" "You And The Night And The Music" "It All Depends On You" "His Is The Only Music That Makes Me Dance" "Get Happy" "Happy Days Are Here Again" "He'S Got The Whole World In His Hands" "San Francisco" "Over The Rainbow" "Chicago")
Judy Garland: The Concert Years (1985)
Song Performer

Cast (Short)

World News - 1954 (1954)
Herself
Strictly G.I. (1943)
Herself
We Must Have Music (1941)
Herself
Cavalcade of the Academy Awards (1940)
Herself
Electrical Power (1939)
Herself
If I Only Had a Brain (1939)
Hollywood Goes to Town (1938)
Herself
Judy Garland Sings "Silent Night" (1937)
Herself
Bubbles (1930)
Herself
Starlet Revue (1929)
Herself

Music (Short)

Judy Garland "If I Forget You" (1940)
Singer

Misc. Crew (Short)

Judy Garland (1962)
Archival Footage

Life Events

1924

First musical stage appearance, singing "Jingle Bells" at her parents' theater in Minnesota (December 26)

1926

Family moved to California

1929

Film debut with siblings in "Starlet Revue/The Big Revue"

1929

Appeared in Warner Bros. Vitaphone shorts with siblings

1934

Performed with sisters at the World's Fair, held in Chicago; met George Jessel who suggested they change their surname to Garland

1934

Changed billing to Judy Garland, taking her first name after a popular song of the day

1935

Oldest sister's marriage forced breakup of singing trio

1935

Auditioned for and was signed by MGM; seven-year contract commenced on October 1

1935

Network radio debut on "Shell Chateau Hour"

1936

Signed to a recording contract by Decca Records

1936

Appeared in the short "Every Sunday" opposite fellow teen-star-in-the-making, Deanna Durbin

1936

Feature film acting debut in "Pigskin Parade"

1937

First appearance with Mickey Rooney, "Thoroughbreds Don't Cry"

1939

Achieved star status with roles in "The Wizard of Oz" and "Babes in Arms" awarded an honorary Academy Award as outstanding juvenile performer for the former, in which she also introduced the Oscar-winning song that became her signature, "Over the Rainbow"

1940

Made exhibitors poll of top ten boxoffice stars; placed 10th

1943

Made solo concert debut in Philadelphia (July)

1944

Delivered memorable performance in "Meet Me in St. Louis"; introduced popular standards "The Boy Next Door". "The Trolley Song" and "Have Yourself a Merry Little Christmas"

1945

Played rare non-singing role in the romance, "The Clock", directed by Vincente Minnelli

1946

Starred in "The Harvey Girls"

1948

Last film appearance with Rooney, a guest cameo in "Words and Music" in which the two sang "I Wish I Were in Love Again"

1948

Teamed with Fred Astaire in "Easter Parade"

1950

Dropped by MGM

1951

Began series of legendary live concert appearances at the London Palladium (April 9)

1951

Played NYC's Palace Theater

1954

Returned to films after a four-year absence in "A Star Is Born"; received first Oscar nomination as Best Actress ; last film for seven years

1956

Las Vegas debut (July)

1956

Returned to NYC's Palace Theater for eight-week run (September 26)

1959

Hospitalized and diagnosed with hepatitis; reportedly was told she would remain a semi-invalid

1960

Performed with Frank Sinatra at a Democratic fundraiser for the presidential campaign of John F Kennedy

1961

Returned to features in cameo role as a concentration camp survivor who testifies in "Judgment at Nuremberg"; received Best Supporting Actress Oscar nomination

1961

Triumphed in a concert at NYC's Carnegie Hall (April 23), recording won Grammy Award

1962

Offered fine dramatic turn in John Cassavetes' "A Child Is Waiting"

1963

Last film, "I Could Go on Singing"

1964

Toured Australia and then appeared in London with daughter Liza Minnelli at the Palladium

1967

Final appearance at NYC's Palace Theater (summer)

1968

Gave last US concert in Philadelphia (July 30)

1969

Final concert appearance in Copenhagen, Denmark

Photo Collections

Strike Up the Band - Behind-the-Scenes Photos
Here are some photos taken behind-the-scenes during production of MGM's Strike Up the Band (1940), starring Mickey Rooney and Judy Garland and directed by Busby Berkeley.
Summer Stock - Judy Garland 'Get Happy' Photos
Here are a number of scene stills of Judy Garland performing the "Get Happy" number from Summer Stock (1950).
The Pirate - Behind-the-Scenes Stills
Here are a few stills taken behind-the-scenes during production of MGM's The Pirate (1948), featuring Judy Garland, directer Vincente Minnelli, and their newborn daughter Liza.
The Wizard of Oz - Behind-the-Scenes Stills
Here are some photos taken behind-the-scenes during production of MGM's The Wizard of Oz (1939), directed by Victor Fleming.
Little Nellie Kelly - Kapralik Trade Ad
Here is a trade ad for MGM's Little Nellie Kelly (1940), starring Judy Garland. The art is by mixed-media caricaturist Jaques Kapralik. Trade Ads were placed by studios in industry magazines like Variety and The Hollywood Reporter.
The Wizard of Oz - Judy Garland Wardrobe Stills
Here are a few early wardrobe and makeup stills taken of Judy Garland as Dorothy from The Wizard of Oz (1939). Such test stills were taken prior to principal photography to approve the look and design of costumes.
Babes on Broadway - Kapralik Trade Ad
Here is a trade ad for MGM's Babes on Broadway (1942), starring Judy Garland and Mickey Rooney. The art is by mixed-media caricaturist Jaques Kapralik. Trade Ads were placed by studios in industry magazines like Variety and The Hollywood Reporter.
The Clock - Behind-the-Scenes Photos
Here are a few behind-the-scenes photos taken during the making of The Clock (1945), starring Judy Garland and Robert Walker.
Annie Get Your Gun - Judy Garland photos
Here are a few costume test stills from Annie Get Your Gun (1950) featuring Judy Garland in the lead role. Garland was replaced in the role with Betty Hutton early in production.
The Harvey Girls - Judy Garland Publicity Stills
Here are a few stills of Judy Garland, taken to publicize her film, The Harvey Girls (1946).
Girl Crazy (1943) - Behind-the-Scenes Photo
Here is a photo of Judy Garland, taken behind-the-scenes during production of MGM's Girl Crazy (1943), co-starring Mickey Rooney.
Easter Parade - Irving Berlin Behind-the-Scenes Photos
Here are several photos taken behind-the-scenes during production of MGM's Easter Parade (1948), featuring songwriter Irving Berlin and the film's cast and crew.
In the Good Old Summertime - Publicity Stills
Here are some Publicity Stills from MGM's In the Good Old Summertime (1949), starring Judy Garland and Van Johnson. Publicity stills were specially-posed photos, usually taken off the set, for purposes of publicity or reference for promotional artwork.
Meet Me in St. Louis - Garland and O'Brien Publicity Stills
Here are a few stills of Judy Garland and Margaret O'Brien, taken to help publicize MGM's Meet Me in St. Louis (1944). Publicity stills were specially-posed photos, usually taken off the set, for purposes of publicity or reference for promotional artwork.
Babes in Arms - Premiere Photo
Here is a photo of Judy Garland and Mickey Rooney at Grauman's Chinese Theater in Hollywood for the premiere of Babes in Arms (1939).
Judgment at Nuremberg - Movie Poster
Here is the American one-sheet movie poster for Judgment at Nuremberg (1961), directed by Stanley Kramer. One-sheets measured 27x41 inches, and were the poster style most commonly used in theaters.
A Star is Born (1954) - Lobby Card
Here is a Lobby Card from A Star is Born (1954), starring Judy Garland and James Mason. Lobby Cards were 11" x 14" posters that came in sets of 8. As the name implies, they were most often displayed in movie theater lobbies, to advertise current or coming attractions.
The Clock - Publicity Stills
Here are a few Publicity Stills from The Clock (1945), starring Judy Garland and Robert Walker. Publicity stills were specially-posed photos, usually taken off the set, for purposes of publicity or reference for promotional artwork.
Presenting Lily Mars - Wardrobe Still
Here is a wardrobe still of Judy Garland in costume for Presenting Lily Mars (1943). Such tests stills were taken prior to principal photography to approve the look and design of costumes.
Ziegfeld Girl - Publicity Still Series
Here is a series of stills taken to help publicize MGM's Ziegfeld Girl (1941), starring Judy Garland, Lana Turner, and Hedy Lamarr. Publicity stills were specially-posed photos, usually taken off the set, for purposes of publicity or reference for promotional artwork.
Ziegfeld Girl - Magazine Photo Spread
Here is a promotional magazine photo spread featuring MGM's Ziegfeld Girl (1941) and stars Judy Garland, Lana Turner and Hedy Lamarr.
The Harvey Girls - Movie Posters
Here is a group of American movie posters from The Harvey Girls (1946), including a 1-sheet signed by several in the cast and crew.
Life Begins for Andy Hardy - Movie Posters
Here are a few original release movie posters for MGM's Life Begins for Andy Hardy (1941), starring Mickey Rooney and Judy Garland.
In the Good Old Summertime - Scene Stills
Here are several scene stills from MGM's In the Good Old Summertime (1949), starring Judy Garland and Van Johnson.
Andy Hardy Meets Debutante Publicity Stills
Here are a few publicity stills from MGM's Andy Hardy Meets Debutante (1940), starring Mickey Rooney. Publicity stills were specially-posed photos, usually taken off the set, for purposes of publicity or reference for promotional artwork.
Love Finds Andy Hardy - Publicity Stills
Here are some publicity stills from Love Finds Andy Hardy (1938), starring Mickey Rooney and Judy Garland. Publicity stills were specially-posed photos, usually taken off the set, for purposes of publicity or reference for promotional artwork.
The Harvey Girls - Lobby Card
Here is a lobby card from MGM's The Harvey Girls (1946), starring Judy Garland, John Hodiak, and Angela Lansbury. Lobby Cards were 11" x 14" posters that came in sets of 8. As the name implies, they were most often displayed in movie theater lobbies, to advertise current or coming attractions.
Crisis - Behind-the-Scenes Photos
Here are a few photos taken behind-the-scenes of Crisis (1950), directed by Richard Brooks.
The Wizard of Oz - Movie Posters
Here are a few original-release American movie posters from MGM's The Wizard of Oz (1939), starring Judy Garland.
Thousands Cheer - Movie Poster
Here is the American one-sheet movie poster for Thousands Cheer (1944). One-sheets measured 27x41 inches, and were the poster style most commonly used in theaters.
For Me and My Gal - Movie Posters
Here are a few original-release American movie posters from For Me and My Gal (1942), starring Judy Garland and Gene Kelly.
Words and Music - Movie Poster
Here is the American one-sheet movie poster for the MGM musical Words and Music (1948). One-sheets measured 27x41 inches, and were the poster style most commonly used in theaters.
The Pirate - Movie Posters
Here are a few original-release American movie posters from MGM's The Pirate (1948), starring Judy Garland and Gene Kelly.
Ziegfeld Girl - Movie Posters
Here are a few original-release American movie posters for Ziegfeld Girl (1941), starring Judy Garland, Hedy Lamarr, Lana Turner, and James Stewart.
Babes in Arms - Judy Garland Publicity Stills
Here are a few photos of Judy Garland, taken to help publicize MGM's Babes in Arms (1939).
For Me and My Gal - Behind-the-Scenes Photos
Here are a few photos taken behind-the-scenes during production of For Me and My Gal (1942), directed by Busby Berkeley, and starring Judy Garland and Gene Kelly.
Judy Garland - Cigarette Card
This is a small cigarette card of actress Judy Garland from Thousands Cheer (1943). These trading cards were included in Cigarette packs in the 30's and 40's and were collectible items. Customers could even purchase books to organize and collect these cards. This particular example is from Mexico.

Videos

Movie Clip

Girl Crazy (1943) - Grinding Coffee Their first meeting in their last co-starring MGM Musical, frisky Mickey Rooney as east-coast publishing-heir playboy Danny, banished to college out west, meets taller and prettier Judy Garland, whom we’ll learn is the college post-mistress Ginger, in the all-Gershwin full-tilt Freed Unit production, Girl Crazy, 1943.
Girl Crazy (1943) - But Not For Me Feeling a fairly complex disappointment for having become vested in the college beauty pageant, post-mistress Ginger (Judy Garland) finds another George & Ira Gershwin tune from the original Broadway hit, good guy Rags (Ragland) attempting consolation, in MGM's Girl Crazy, 1943, also starring Mickey Rooney.
Girl Crazy (1943) - Could You Use Me? One of only a couple numbers they perform together in their last MGM co-starring vehicle, it’s fallen to pretty college post-mistress Ginger (Judy Garland) to take departing playboy-heir student to the train to go home, his only regret in leaving her behind, with a George & Ira Gershwin tune, in Girl Crazy, 1943.
Girl Crazy (1943) - Embraceable You The boys at Cody College throw a birthday for their beloved post-mistress Ginger (Judy Garland) who offers George and Ira Gershwin's Embraceable You, including an extended performance with dance director Charles "Chuck" Walters, in return, in Girl Crazy, 1943, also starring Mickey Rooney.
Star is Born, A (1954) - Your Face Is Just Dandy At first failing to recognize her in studio make-up, Norman (James Mason) takes over the preparations for Esther (Judy Garland) before her screen test, an intimate scene from George Cukor's A Star Is Born, 1954.
Meet Me in St. Louis (1944) - The Boy Next Door Esther (Judy Garland) performs "The Boy Next Door" by Hugh Martin and Ralph Blane in Meet Me in St. Louis, 1944, directed by Vincente Minnelli.
Meet Me In St. Louis (1944) - Real Christmas Spirit Frolicking with snowmen, Christmas 1903, brother Lon (Henry H. Daniels Jr.) put out with Esther, Tootie and Rose (Judy Garland, Margaret O'Brien, Lucille Bremer) over social challenges until family maid Katie (Marjorie Main) finds a solution, in Vincente Minnelli's Meet Me In St. Louis, 1944.
Gay Purr-ee (1962) - Mewsette Following the credits, Morey Amsterdam narrates as we meet star Judy Garland voicing heroine Mewsette, Robert Goulet her suitor Jaune-Tom, his song by Harold Arlen and E.Y. Harburg, and Red Buttons the sidekick Robespierre, in Warner Bros. Gay Purr-ee, 1962.
Gay Purr-ee (1962) - Roses Red, Violets Blue Mewsette (voice by Judy Garland) has decided to leave her country home to discover Paris, and her celebrations to a tune by Harold Arlen and E.Y. Harburg are overheard by the maybe dangerous Meowrice (Paul Frees), in the Warner Bros. animated feature Gay Purr-ee, 1962
Pigskin Parade (1936) - What's Wrong With Texas? New York high school coach Jack Haley and wife Patsy Kelly arrive for his new gig at fictional Texas State, greeted by Johnny Downs as Carson, Betty Grable his girl, with Dixie Dunbar, Arline Judge and Fred Kohler Jr. as running back Biff, in Pigskin Parade, 1936, from Twentieth Century-Fox.
That's Entertainment! (1974) - Open, Singin' In The Rain Frank Sinatra opens the narration with some of the history of the song by Nacio Herb Brown and Arthur Freed, especially as it relates to movies and to MGM, in the studio’s hit 50th anniversary documentary feature, That’s Entertainment!, 1974.
Till The Clouds Roll By (1946) - Look For The Silver Lining One of the best ever matches of a star with a song in an MGM musical biography variety feature, the number directed by the star's husband Vincente Minnelli, Judy Garland plays Marilyn Miller, singing the Jerome Kern-Buddy DeSylva standard, in the Kern bio-pic from the Freed Unit, Till The Clouds Roll By, 1946.

Trailer

Clock, The - (Original Trailer) A G.I. en route to Europe falls in love during a whirlwind two-day leave in New York City in The Clock (1945).
Love Finds Andy Hardy - (Original Trailer) A small-town boy tries to juggle two girlfriends at once in Love Finds Andy Hardy (1938), starring Mickey Rooney and Judy Garland.
Girl Crazy (1943) - (Original Trailer) A womanizing playboy finds true love when he's sent to a desert college in Girl Crazy (1943) starring Judy Garland and Mickey Rooney.
Easter Parade (1948) -- (Re-issue Trailer) When his partner leaves him, a vaudeville star trains an untried performer to take her place in Easter Parade (1948) starring Judy Garland & Fred Astaire.
Wizard of Oz, The (1939) -- (1949 Re-issue Trailer) A Kansas farm girl dreams herself into a magical land where she must fight a wicked witch to escape in The Wizard of Oz (1939), starring Judy Garland.
Words And Music - (Original Trailer) Judy Garland, Lena Horne and Perry Como perform the songs of Rodgers and Hart in Words And Music (1948).
Presenting Lily Mars - (Original Trailer) A small-town girl fights for her chance on Broadway in Presenting Lily Mars (1943) starring Judy Garland.
Ziegfeld Follies - (Original Trailer) Legendary showman Flo Ziegfeld imagines the kind of Follies he could produce with MGM's musical stars in Ziegfeld Follies (1946) starring Judy Garland.
Babes On Broadway - (Original Trailer) Judy Garland and Mickey Rooney "put on a show" in Busby Berkeley's Babes On Broadway (1941).
Pirate, The - (Original Trailer) An actor (Gene Kelly) poses as a notorious buccaneer to court a romantic Caribbean girl (Judy Garland) in The Pirate (1948).
For Me and My Gal - (Original Trailer) An unscrupulous song-and-dance man uses his wife and his best friend to get ahead in For Me and My Gal (1942) with Gene Kelly & Judy Garland.
Gay Purr-Ee - (Original trailer) Gay Purr-Ee (1962), an animated musical in which a French country cat becomes entranced with Parisian city life and featuring the voices of Judy Garland and Robert Goulet.

Promo

Family

Frank Gumm
Father
Theater owner, former entertainer. Died on November 17, 1935.
Ethel Gumm
Mother
Former entertainer. Died on January 5, 1953.
Will Gilmore
Step-Father
Married Ethel Gumm c. 1939.
Mary Jane Gumm
Sister
Singer. Born on September 24, 1915; performed with siblings as the Gumm Sisters; committed suicide in May 1964.
Dorothy Virginia Gumm
Sister
Born on July 4, 1917; performed with siblings as the Gumm Sisters.
Liza May Minnelli
Daughter
Actor, singer. Born on March 12, 1946; father, Vincente Minnelli.
Lorna Luft
Daughter
Singer, actor. Born on November 21, 1952; father, Sid Luft; was married to Jake Hooker with whom she had daughter Vanessa Hooker and son Jesse Hooker; married arranger Colin Friedman in 1996.
Joseph Wiley Luft
Son
Musician. Born on March 29, 1955; father, Sid Luft.

Companions

David Rose
Husband
Orchestra leader, composer. Born on June 24, 1909; married on July 28, 1941; Garland filed for divorce in June 1944; divorced in 1945; died on August 23, 1990.
Tyrone Power
Companion
Actor. Had relationship c. 1942-43.
Vincente Minnelli
Husband
Director. Married on June 15, 1945; separated in 1949; divorced in 1951; born in 1903; died on July 25, 1986.
Sid Luft
Husband
Manager. Born c. 1915; married in 1951; divorced in 1965.
Tom Green
Companion
Engaged briefly in 1965.
Mark Herron
Husband
Married on November 14, 1965 in Las Vegas; divorced in April 1967; died on January 13, 1996.
Mickey Deans
Husband
Married on March 15, 1969; wrote book "Weep No More My Lady".

Bibliography

"Get Happy: The Life of Judy Garland"
Gerald Clarke, Random House (2000)
"Me and My Shadows, a Family Memoir: Living with the Legacy of Judy Garland"
Lorna Luft (1998)
"Judy Garland: The Secret Life of an American Legend"
David Shipman (1993)
"Judy Garland: World's Greatest Entertainer"
John Fricke, Henry Holt & Co (1992)
"The Complete Judy Garland: The Ultimate Guide to Her Career in Films, Records, Concerts, Radio and Television, 1935-1969"
Emily R Coleman, Harper & Row (1990)
"Rainbow's End: The Judy Garland Show"
Coyne Steven Sanders, William Morrow (1990)
"Zing!: The Early Life and Career of Judy Garland"
Rita E Piro, Three B Books (1988)
"My Life Over the Rainbow: Judy Garland's Story as Told to Lorna Smith"
Vantage (1987)
"Judy: Portrait of an American Legend"
Thomas J Watson & Bill Chapman, McGraw-Hill (1986)
"Heartbreaker"
John Meyer, Doubleday (1983)
"Judy & Liza"
James Spada with Karen Swenson, Doubleday (1983)
"Judy"
Gerold Frank, Harper & Row (1975)
"Rainbow: The Stormy Life of Judy Garland"
Christopher Finch, Grosset & Dunlap (1975)
"Judy with Love"
Lorna Smith, Robert Hale Publishers (1975)
"Judy Garland"
Anne Edwards, Simon & Schuster (1974)
"Little Girl Lost: The Life and Hard Times of Judy Garland"
Al Diorio Jr., Arlington House (1973)
"Weep No More My Lady"
Mickey Deans and Ann Pinchot, G.K. Hall & Co. (1972)
"The Other Side of the Rainbow With Judy Garland on the Dawn Patrol"
Mel Torme, William Morrow (1970)
"Judy: The Films and Career of Judy Garland"
Joe Morella and Edward Epstein, Citadel Press (1969)
"Judy Garland"
Brad Steiger, Ace Books (1969)
"Rainbow: A Star-Studded Tribute to Judy Garland"
edited by Ethlie Ann Vare, Boulevard Books

Notes

Biographers have variously reported that Garland had "affairs" with Orson Welles, Yul Brynner, Frank Sinatra, Peter Lawford, David Begelman, Dirk Bogarde, Glenn Ford and Joseph L Mankiewicz, to name a few.

Her mother billed her as the "little girl with the leather lungs".

"My life was a combination of absolute chaos and absolute solitude." --Judy Garland in 1960

"There was no prototype for Garland except Garland herself." --director George Cukor