Douglas Fairbanks


Actor, Executive, Producer
Douglas Fairbanks

About

Also Known As
Douglas Elton Ulman Fairbanks
Birth Place
New York City, New York, USA
Born
December 09, 1909
Died
May 07, 2000
Cause of Death
Parkinson's Disease

Biography

More voguishly handsome than his father, the Prince of Pickfair Douglas Fairbanks Jr lacked Senior's ability to completely dominate a film and make lackadaisical scripting and monotonous directing almost bearable, but he was certainly an extremely likable and talented actor in his own right. Coaxed into movies by Jesse Lasky, anxious to have the pull of the Fairbanks name, he alienated h...

Photos & Videos

Having Wonderful Time - Movie Posters
The Prisoner of Zenda (1937) - Lobby Cards
Gunga Din - Behind-the-Scenes Photos

Family & Companions

Joan Crawford
Wife
Actor. Married on June 3, 1929; divorced in 1933.
Mary Lee Hartford
Wife
Married from April 22, 1939 until her death in September 1988.
Vera Shelton
Wife
Merchandiser. Married on May 30, 1991 in New York; merchandiser for the Home Shopping Network; met 26 years before marriage in Acapulco, Mexico.

Bibliography

"A Hell of a War"
Douglas Fairbanks Jr., St. Martin's Press (1993)
"The Salad Days"
Douglas Fairbanks Jr., Doubleday (1988)
"The Fairbanks Album"
Douglas Fairbanks Jr. and Richard Schickel (1975)
"Knight Errant"
Brian Connell (1955)

Notes

"The Salad Days: An Autobiography by Douglas Fairbanks Jr" and "A Hell of a War" are the first two installments of a proposed tri-part autobiography.

He has actively supported film preservation.

Biography

More voguishly handsome than his father, the Prince of Pickfair Douglas Fairbanks Jr lacked Senior's ability to completely dominate a film and make lackadaisical scripting and monotonous directing almost bearable, but he was certainly an extremely likable and talented actor in his own right. Coaxed into movies by Jesse Lasky, anxious to have the pull of the Fairbanks name, he alienated his father by debuting as a juvenile lead at the age of 13 in "Stephen Steps Out" (1923), causing Senior to remain hostile to his career for many years. On his way to full-fledged stardom, Fairbanks took his turn on the boards in a 1927 production of John Van Druten's "Young Woodley" before practically upstaging the great Greta Garbo with his off-beat riveting performance as her alcoholic brother in "A Woman of Affairs" (1928). He also gave filmgoers a special treat, doing impressions of John Barrymore, John Gilbert and his own father in "Our Modern Maidens" (1929), the picture which brought him and first wife Joan Crawford together.

Fairbanks saw his star gradually rise during the early 30s beginning with pictures like Howard Hawks' "Dawn Patrol," Robert Milton's "Outward Bound" and Mervyn Le Roy's "Little Caesar" (all 1930). He gave a fine handling of the male lead in "Morning Glory" (1933) managing to avoid being blown off the screen by Katharine Hepburn in her first Oscar-winning performance. Soon thereafter, he went to Britain to play the Tsar in "Catherine the Great" (1934, opposite Elisabeth Bergner), and remained there for close to three years, making his next five movies as well as his first foray into producing with Raoul Walsh's "Jump for Glory" (1937). Fairbanks could swashbuckle with the best of them as he displayed in pictures like "The Prisoner of Zenda" (also 1937), "Gunga Din" (1939) and "The Corsican Brothers" (1941), but it may have been Max Ophuls' "The Exile" (1947), which he also scripted, that displayed his physical prowess at its best. Critic David Thomson, however, takes issue, claiming it was a mistake to compete with Douglas Fairbanks Sr. as a swashbuckler and that screen evidence suggests Junior would have been more successful as a gigolo, weakling or black sheep of the family. Fairbanks' cultured presence and voice also made him a natural for comedies like "The Rage of Paris" and "Joy of Living" (both 1938).

After his World War II heroics, Fairbanks acted in a handful of pictures before temporarily retiring as an actor after "Mr. Drake's Duck" in 1951. Though he produced a few features during the 50s, he turned primarily to television, hosting, producing and sometimes acting in the British anthology series "Douglas Fairbanks Jr. Presents" (1953-57), and of his remaining rare screen performances, almost all were for TV, notably "The Crooked Hearts" (ABC, 1972, with Rosalind Russell), "Arthur Hailey's 'Strong Medicine'" (Syndicated, 1986) and the ABC Mystery Movie "Auntie Sue" (1989). He made his feature swan song in "Ghost Story" (1981), acting with fellow old timers Fred Astaire, Melvyn Douglas and John Houseman. Fairbanks favored the stage in his later career, playing Professor Henry Higgins in a 1968-69 national tour of "My Fair Lady," as well as touring in "Present Laughter and "Sleuth," among other shows. As one of the last links to a glorious Hollywood past, he has frequently turned up in numerous feature and TV documentaries "American Cinema" (PBS, 1995), the Oscar-nominated "The Battle Over Citizen Kane" (1995) and segments of A&E's "Biography" devoted to Loretta Young and John Wayne.

Filmography

 

Cast (Feature Film)

Mary Pickford: The Muse of the Movies (2008)
Himself
Mary Pickford: A Life on Film (2000)
Interviewee
From Russia to Hollywood: The 100-Year Odyssey of Chekhov and Shdanoff (1999)
Vivien Leigh: Scarlett And Beyond (1990)
Auntie Sue (1989)
Going Hollywood: The War Years (1988)
Himself
Ghost Story (1981)
The Hostage Tower (1980)
Malcolm Philpott
Churchill the Man (1973)
Narration
The Crooked Hearts (1972)
The Funniest Man in the World (1969)
Narrator
Chase a Crooked Shadow (1958)
Himself
Mr. Drake's Duck (1951)
Donald Drake
State Secret (1950)
The Fighting O'Flynn (1949)
The O'Flynn
That Lady in Ermine (1948)
Colonel/Duke
Sinbad the Sailor (1947)
Sinbad [the Sailor, also known as Prince Ahmed]
The Exile (1947)
Charles Stuart
The Corsican Brothers (1941)
Mario [Franchi]/Lucien [Franchi]
Safari (1940)
Jim Logan
Angels over Broadway (1940)
Bill O'Brien
Green Hell (1940)
Keith Brandon
The Sun Never Sets (1939)
John Randolph
Rulers of the Sea (1939)
David Gillespie
Gunga Din (1939)
[Sergeant Thomas] Ballantine
Having Wonderful Time (1938)
Chick [Kirkland]
Joy of Living (1938)
Dan [Brewster]
The Rage of Paris (1938)
Jim Trevor
The Young in Heart (1938)
Richard, her brother
The Prisoner of Zenda (1937)
Rupert of Hentzau
When Thief Meets Thief (1937)
Ricky Morgan
Accused (1937)
Tony Seymour
The Amateur Gentleman (1936)
Barnabas Barty, also known as John Beverly
Man of the Moment (1935)
Mimi (1935)
Success at Any Price (1934)
Joe Martin
The Rise Of Catherine The Great (1934)
Grand Duke Peter
Captured! (1933)
[Jack] Digby
Morning Glory (1933)
Joseph Sheridan
Parachute Jumper (1933)
Bill Keller
The Life of Jimmy Dolan (1933)
Jimmy [Dolan later known as Jack Dougherty]
The Narrow Corner (1933)
Fred [Blake]
Scarlet Dawn (1932)
[Baron] Nikita Krasnoff
L'athl├Ęte incomplet (1932)
Fred Miller
Union Depot (1932)
Chic
It's Tough to Be Famous (1932)
Scotty McClenahan
Love Is a Racket (1932)
Jimmy Russell
Little Caesar (1931)
Joe Massaro
I Like Your Nerve (1931)
Larry O'Brien
L'aviateur (1931)
Chances (1931)
Jack Ingleside
Outward Bound (1930)
Henry
One Night at Susie's (1930)
Dick
Loose Ankles (1930)
Gil Hayden
Party Girl (1930)
Jay Rountree
The Dawn Patrol (1930)
Douglas Scott
The Way of All Men (1930)
Billy Bear
The Little Accident (1930)
Norman
The Show of Shows (1929)
Ambrose
Fast Life (1929)
Douglas Stratton
The Careless Age (1929)
Wyn
The Jazz Age (1929)
Steve Maxwell
The Forward Pass (1929)
Marty Reid
Our Modern Maidens (1929)
Gil
A Woman of Affairs (1928)
Jeffrey
Modern Mothers (1928)
David Starke
The Toilers (1928)
Steve
The Power of the Press (1928)
Clem Rogers
The Barker (1928)
Chris Miller
Dead Man's Curve (1928)
Vernon Keith
Is Zat So? (1927)
G. Clinton Blackburn
Women Love Diamonds (1927)
Jerry Croker-Kelley
A Texas Steer (1927)
Fairleigh Bright
Padlocked (1926)
"Sonny" Galloway
Broken Hearts of Hollywood (1926)
Hal Terwilliger
Man Bait (1926)
Jeff Sanford
Stella Dallas (1925)
Richard Grovesnor
Wild Horse Mesa (1925)
Chess Weymer
The Air Mail (1925)
Sandy
Stephen Steps Out (1923)
Stephen Harlow, Jr.

Writer (Feature Film)

The Fighting O'Flynn (1949)
Screenwriter
The Exile (1947)
Writer
Scarlet Dawn (1932)
Contr to dial

Producer (Feature Film)

Chase a Crooked Shadow (1958)
Producer
The Silken Affair (1958)
Producer
Police Dog (1955)
Producer
Another Man's Poison (1952)
Presented By
Mr. Drake's Duck (1951)
Pres and prod
The Fighting O'Flynn (1949)
Producer
The Exile (1947)
Producer
Angels over Broadway (1940)
Associate Producer

Misc. Crew (Feature Film)

Mary Pickford: The Muse of the Movies (2008)
Other
Going Hollywood: The War Years (1988)
Other
Sunset (1988)
Assistant

Cast (Special)

Loretta Young (1998)
John Wayne: American Legend (1998)
The Battle Over Citizen Kane (1996)
Stars and Stripes: Hollywood and World War II (1991)
World War II: A Personal Journey (1991)
Night of 100 Stars III (1990)
You're the Top: The Cole Porter Story (1990)
1990 Ace Awards-11th Annual (1990)
Presenter
An Evening With Alan Jay Lerner (1989)
The 75th Anniversary of Beverly Hills (1989)
Cary Grant: The Leading Man (1988)
The Kennedy Center Honors: A Celebration of the Performing Arts (1988)
Performer
Iolanthe (1987)
Laurence Olivier -- A Life (1986)
Ruddigore (1985)
The Sorcerer (1985)
Patience (1985)
George Stevens: A Filmmaker's Journey (1984)
Himself
The American Film Institute Salute to Lillian Gish (1984)
Host
Bob Hope Special: Bob Hope's 30th Anniversary TV Special (1981)
Raquel (1980)
God

Misc. Crew (Special)

George Stevens: A Filmmaker's Journey (1984)
Other

Cast (Short)

King & Queen Meet the Stars (1954)
Himself
"After Autumn..." with Douglas Fairbanks, Jr. (1952)
Himself
Cavalcade of the Academy Awards (1940)
Himself
Hollywood Goes to Town (1938)
Himself
How I Play Golf by Bobby Jones No. 10 "Trouble Shots" (1931)
Himself
An Intimate Dinner in Celebration of Warner Bros. Silver Jubilee (1930)
Himself
The American Venus (1926)
Triton

Cast (TV Mini-Series)

Arthur Hailey's "Strong Medicine" (1986)

Life Events

1923

Film acting debut in the silent "Stephen Steps Out"

1925

Portrayed the suitor to Lois Moran's Laurel in the silent version of "Stella Dallas", starring Belle Bennett and Ronald Colman

1927

Made stage debut in John Van Druten's "Young Woodley" in Los Angeles and on tour in San Francisco

1928

Debut in talking pictures, "The Barker"

1928

Wrote titles for "The Gaucho", starring his father

1928

Practically upstaged the great Greta Garbo in "A Woman of Affairs" with his off-beat riveting performance as her alcoholic brother; most felt he did upstage leading man John Gilbert

1929

Appeared in "Our Modern Maidens" with then-wife Joan Crawford

1930

Acted in Howard Hawks' "Dawn Patrol"

1933

Portrayed Joseph Sheridan in "Morning Glory", a picture dominated by Katherine Hepburn in her first Oscar-winning role

1934

Went to Britain to play the Tsar opposite Elizabeth Bergner in "Catherine the Great"; remained in England for close to three years, making five more movies before returning to Hollywood

1934

London stage debut, "Moonlight Is Silver"

1935

Debut as film producer, "The Amateur Gentleman"; also starred

1935

Formed own production company

1937

Gave thrilling performance as attractive blackguard Rupert von Hentzau in "The Prisoner of Zenda"; first US movie since 1934; film reteamed him with Ronald Colman

1938

Starred opposite Irene Dunne in delighful screwball musical comedy "Joy of Living"

1939

Headed and was personally reponsible for Douglas Voluntary Hopitals in Great Britain

1939

Helped organize British War Relief and was national chairman of CARE

1939

Played one of the three soldier-comrades (along with Cary Grant and Victor McLaglen) in George Stevens' "Gunga Din"

1940

Had starring role in the uneven jungle adventure "Green Hell", helmed by James Whale

1941

Dashingly swashbuckled his way through dual role as "The Corsican Brothers"

1947

Perhaps showed his athletic prowess to best advantage in Max Ophuls' "The Exile"; also produced and scripted from Cosmo Hamilton's novel "His Majesty the King"

1949

Produced, starred and co-wrote screenplay for "The Fighting O'Flynn"

1951

Formed The Dougfair Corporation

1951

Retired temporarily from acting after "Mr. Drake's Duck"

1958

Produced the feature "Chase a Crooked Shadow", directed by Michael Anderson

1966

Played Ambassador Otis in a musical version of Oscar Wilde's "The Canterville Ghost" (adapted by Sheldon Harnick and Jerry Bock), aired on "ABC Stage '67"

1967

Made rare big screen appearance in Tony Richardson's drama fantasy short "Red and Blue", acting with the director's then-wife Vanessa Redgrave; last film for 14 years

1971

Served as Naval member of the US military delegation to SEATO conference in London

1972

TV-movie debut as a wealthy bachelor targeted by a con woman (Rosalind Russell in her final screen role) in "The Crooked Hearts" (ABC)

1981

Hosted and narrated the syndicated series "The Amazing Years of Cinema"

1981

Made one-shot return to feature acting alongside Fred Astaire, John Houseman and Melvyn Douglas in "Ghost Story"; last film appearance as a fictional character

1985

Began hosting "The Compleat Gilbert & Sullivan" (PBS)

1985

Was one of the interviewees for "George Stevens: A Filmmaker's Journey", a feature documentary directed by George Stevens Jr

1986

Played Eli Camperdown in syndicated miniseries, "Arthur Hailey's 'Strong Medicine'"

1988

Was interviewee for the feature documentary "Going Hollywood: The War Years"

1989

Had final acting role in "Auntie Sue", an episode of "B.L. Stryker" (ABC)

1995

Appeared as an interview subject in the Oscar-nominated documentary "The Battle Over Citizen Kane" (later aired on PBS in 1996)

Photo Collections

Having Wonderful Time - Movie Posters
Having Wonderful Time - Movie Posters
The Prisoner of Zenda (1937) - Lobby Cards
Here are a few Lobby Cards from The Prisoner of Zenda (1937), starring Ronald Colman. Lobby Cards were 11" x 14" posters that came in sets of 8. As the name implies, they were most often displayed in movie theater lobbies, to advertise current or coming attractions.
Gunga Din - Behind-the-Scenes Photos
Here are a few photos taken behind-the-scenes during production of RKO's Gunga Din (1939), directed by George Stevens and starring Cary Grant, Douglas Fairbanks Jr., and Victor McLaglen.
Safari (1940) - Movie Poster
Here is the 3-Sheet movie poster for Paramount Pictures' Safari (1940), starring Douglas Fairbanks, Jr. and Madeleine Carroll.
Gunga Din - Movie Posters
Following are several movie posters from Gunga Din (1939), starring Cary Grant, Victor McLaglen, and Douglas Fairbanks, Jr. Examples are from American, French and Belgian releases.

Videos

Movie Clip

Gunga Din (1939) - Children Are Looking Bonnie! Cutter (Cary Grant) and MacChesney (Victor McLaglen) enter a seemingly abandoned Indian village, where comrade Ballantine (Douglas Fairbanks) discovers mysterious Chota (Abner Biberman), early in George Stevens' Gunga Din, 1939.
Gunga Din (1939) - We Were Swindled First appearance by India corps sergeants MacChesney (Victor McLaglen), Ballantine (Douglas Fairbanks Jr.) and Cutter (Cary Grant), summoned to commander Weed (Montagu Love), in George Stevens' Gunga Din, 1939.
Parachute Jumper (1933) - Mucho Gusto! From the top, Warner Bros. with Alfred E. Green directing adapts the headline technique to find goofy pilots Bill and Toodles (Douglas Fairbanks Jr., Frank McHugh) partying in Nicaragua, their companions not credited, Thomas E. Jackson their superior, in Parachute Jumper, 1933, also starring Bette Davis.
Parachute Jumper (1933) - Sugarville, Alabama Had Me In Central Park, in the suit he’s sharing with his equally-broke out-of-work pilot buddy, discouraged Bill (Douglas Fairbanks Jr.) gets approached by Bette Davis as “Alabama,” with suitable accent masking her New England ancestry, early in the Warner Bros. action-comedy Parachute Jumper, 1933.
Parachute Jumper (1933) - He Must Need The Money Now kinda-platonic Manhattan roommates, Bette Davis as unemployed stenographer “Alabama” and jobless ex-military pilot Bill (Douglas Fairbanks Jr.) visit an air show, where he finagles an impromptu gig, Leon Ames reassuring Bette, in one of her earliest, and least favorite Warner Bros. features, Parachute Jumper, 1933.
Mary Pickford: Muse Of The Movies (2008) - Mapmakers In An Uncharted World The first commentary by a friend, Douglas Fairbanks Jr., followed by further actualities from the subject, in the 2008 documentarty by Elizabeth Wood Coldicutt and Nicholas Eliopoulos, Mary Pickford: Muse Of The Movies.
Chase A Crooked Shadow (1958) - Barcelona Opening scenes, introducing apparent high society criminals Richard Todd (who will pose as "Ward" Prescott), Faith Brook as his colleague "Elaine," Anne Baxter as their mark "Kimberly," Alexander Knox her kindly uncle, from Cast A Crooked Shadow, 1959.
Chase A Crooked Shadow (1958) - My Brother's Dead! Officer Vargas (Herbert Lom) on Spain's Costa Brava, taking a call from emotionally fragile South African heiress Kimberley (Anne Baxter), trying to deal with Richard Todd, just arrived, insisting he's her brother, early in Chase A Crooked Shadow, 1958.
Chase A Crooked Shadow (1958) - Our Swimming Drink Grieving heiress Kimberley (Anne Baxter) making a call from her Spanish villa, trying to convince somebody that Richard Todd is posing as her dead brother "Ward," in Chase A Crooked Shadow, 1958.
Rise Of Catherine The Great, The (1934) -- Empress Of All The Russias Petersburg, 1745, introducing Flora Robson (as Empress Elisabeth, trampling her valet, Gerald du Maurier), who has arranged the marriage of unwilling Peter (Douglas Fairbanks Jr.) to the title character, Elisabeth Bergner as Catherine, in Alexander Korda’s London Film production, The Rise Of Catherine The Great. 1934.
Rise Of Catherine The Great, The (1934) -- Russia, 1745 Artful opening, by either director Paul Czinner (husband of Elisabeth Bergner, the title character) or the producer (also-Hungarian-born Alexander Korda), introducing Douglas Fairbanks as the Grand Duke Peter, supporting players not credited, in the English-made The Rise Of Catherine The Great, 1934.
Rise Of Catherine The Great, The (1934) -- She Has A Cavalry Mustache Infuriated that her betrothed Russian Grand Duke Peter (Douglas Fairbanks Jr.) refused to even see her, German princess Sophie (Elisabeth Bergner, not yet given the name of the title character she plays) doesn’t realize it’s him she’s met while fleeing the palace, in The Rise Of Catherine The Great, 1934.

Trailer

Parachute Jumper - (Original Trailer) A drug smuggler victimizes three friends (Douglas Fairbanks Jr., Bette Davis, Frank McHugh) trying to get jobs during the Great Depression.
One Night At Susie's - (Original Trailer) A boarding house keeper's gangster tenants step in to help when her son is framed for murder in the talking picture One Night At Susie's (1930).
Captured! - (Original Trailer) Leslie Howard discovers that his fellow POW, Douglas Fairbanks, Jr., had an affair with his wife in Captured! (1933).
I Like Your Nerve - (Original Trailer) A bookworm (Douglas Fairbanks, Jr.) turns himself into a romantic adventurer in Central America. Co-starring Loretta Young.
Scarlet Dawn - (Original Trailer) A Russian nobleman (Douglas Fairbanks Jr.) escapes the revolution with the help of his adoring servant (Nancy Carroll) in Scarlet Dawn (1932).
Sinbad the Sailor -- (Original Trailer) Sinbad, the Arabian Nights adventurer (Douglas Fairbanks, Jr.), sets off to find the lost treasure of Alexander the Great in Sinbad the Sailor (1947), co-starring Maureen O'Hara and Walter Slezak.
It's Tough To Be Famous - (Original Trailer) Fame complicates a naval hero's private life in It's Tough to Be Famous (1932) starring Douglas Fairbanks Jr.
Love is a Racket - (Original Trailer) A Broadway columnist covers up a murder while uncovering scandal in William Wellman's pre-code drama, Love Is A Racket (1932).
Chances - (Original Trailer) Two brothers, fighting in World War I, fall for the same girl. What are the Chances (1931)? Starring Douglas Fairbanks, Jr.
Narrow Corner, The - (Original Trailer) A man on the run for murder (Douglas Fairbanks Jr.) tries to escape fate in the Pacific islands in The Narrow Corner (1933).
Outward Bound - (Original Trailer) Passengers on a cruise ship find they are on their way to the afterlife in Outward Bound (1930).
Life Of Jimmy Dolan, The -- (Original Trailer) A boxer (Douglas Fairbanks, Jr.) on the run from a murder charge finds refuge in a children's home.

Family

Douglas Fairbanks
Father
Actor, producer, screenwriter.
Beth Sully
Mother
Actor. Married to Douglas Fairbanks from 1907 to 1919.
Mary Pickford
Step-Mother
Actor, executive. Married to Douglas Fairbanks from 1920 to 1935.
Sylvia Ashley
Step-Mother
Former chorus girl. Married to Douglas Fairbanks from 1936 until his 1939 death.
Jack Whiting
Step-Father
Daphne Fairbanks Kay
Daughter
Mother, Mary Lee Hartford.
Victoria Fairbanks Vangerbig
Daughter
Mother, Mary Lee Hartford.
Melissa Fairbanks Morant
Daughter
Mother, Mary Lee Hartford.

Companions

Joan Crawford
Wife
Actor. Married on June 3, 1929; divorced in 1933.
Mary Lee Hartford
Wife
Married from April 22, 1939 until her death in September 1988.
Vera Shelton
Wife
Merchandiser. Married on May 30, 1991 in New York; merchandiser for the Home Shopping Network; met 26 years before marriage in Acapulco, Mexico.

Bibliography

"A Hell of a War"
Douglas Fairbanks Jr., St. Martin's Press (1993)
"The Salad Days"
Douglas Fairbanks Jr., Doubleday (1988)
"The Fairbanks Album"
Douglas Fairbanks Jr. and Richard Schickel (1975)
"Knight Errant"
Brian Connell (1955)

Notes

"The Salad Days: An Autobiography by Douglas Fairbanks Jr" and "A Hell of a War" are the first two installments of a proposed tri-part autobiography.

He has actively supported film preservation.

Made an honorary Knight by the King of England for his furthering of "Anglo-American amity" in 1949

Awarded the Silver Star Medal

Received Combat Legion of Merit with a "V" for valor clasp

Awarded Croix de Guerre with palm in 1949

Given the Legion of Honor

Earned British Distinguished Service Cross as the only US officer to command a flotilla of raiding craft for Mountbatten's Commandos

Received Belgian Order of the Crown

Given the American Image Award (1976)

Awarded the World Affair Council's Award for Contribution to World Understanding and Peace (1978)

Made a Fellow of Boston University in 1978

Received Salvation Army's National Brotherhood Award (1980)

Received honorary degrees from Westminster College (1966) and Oxford University (1971), among others

Douglas Fairbank Jr's first appearance before the cameras occurred at a party during his boyhood. His father and cameraman (later director) William McGann applied makeup and then filmed a 400 feet version of "Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde" with Junior in the leading role.

On marriage: "I don't think that married people ought to be conscious of the fact that they are married. They ought to live in sin, so to speak ... it is a very good thing to attempt to keep up the relationship that existed before marriage--to keep right on courting your wife ... The moment you take your wife for granted, it loses its charm and you lose your perspective. Nothing is sure. In marriage you ought to live with the constant knowledge before you that if you don't work at marriage you may lose the one you love ... If you had a job and knew you might lose it, you would work all the harder to keep it ... Marriage is a career in itself. To succeed in any career you have to keep working on it. The same thing is true for marriage. You must keep right on building it up just as you built its foundations. The minute you think your marriage is sure, that minute your marriage becomes most unsure." --Douglas Fairbanks Jr, quoted in Silver Screen, June 1930.