Doris Day


Actor, Singer
Doris Day

About

Also Known As
Doris Mary Ann Von Kappelhoff
Birth Place
Cincinnati, Ohio, USA
Born
April 03, 1924

Biography

She embodied an image she hated, and for much of her life, sought a familial ideal never achieved, becoming, in the process, the biggest box-office draw in the movie business at one time before simply fading away. Doris Day became a phenomenon of sight and sound, a hit song machine in the first part of her career and, in the second, Hollywood's No. 1 female box-office star and the epitom...

Photos & Videos

Pillow Talk - Movie Posters
Tea for Two - Movie Poster
Billy Rose's Jumbo - Group Publicity Stills

Biography

She embodied an image she hated, and for much of her life, sought a familial ideal never achieved, becoming, in the process, the biggest box-office draw in the movie business at one time before simply fading away. Doris Day became a phenomenon of sight and sound, a hit song machine in the first part of her career and, in the second, Hollywood's No. 1 female box-office star and the epitome of the girl next door. Her resume composed an American archetype - the pristine, bright-eyed sweetheart of America's neo-Victorian 1950s, even if she was far from her on-screen type. Though often successfully paired with leading man Rock Hudson in a series of iconic romantic comedies, off-screen she longed for what her characters always seemed to get in the end: the simple, stable existence of a housewife tending her corner of the American Dream.

She was born Doris Mary Anne von Kappelhoff on April 3, 1922, in the Cincinnati, OH, suburb of Evanston, to Alma and Frederick von Kappelhoff and was the youngest of three children in a troubled household. In spite of the family's Catholicism, her parents divorced when Doris was only 12, due to Frederick's philandering. A tomboy in her earlier years, by adolescence she had developed a penchant for dance, but those aspirations were shelved when a car accident left her with a compound fracture of one leg and a tough 14-month rehabilitation. She began singing instead and, while still just a teenager, scored a job with the local dance band of Barney Rapp, who redubbed her Doris Day, after her number "Day After Day." She also met Al Jorden, a trombonist in Rapp's band and a temperamental character whom she disliked initially, but whom she eventually agreed to date.

Around this same time, she landed a much bigger gig with the touring Les Brown and His Band of Renown. Both Brown, who took on a paternal role, and her mother discouraged her relationship with Jorden, especially when he proposed, but the 17-year-old Day insisted she only wanted to become a housewife. They married in New York in early 1941 while she was on tour, but it got off to an ominous start when, according to biographer David Bret, Jorden dragged his new wife to their hotel room and beat her up after seeing her kiss a fellow musician on the cheek. By Bret's account, violence was not infrequent during the marriage. When Day discovered she was pregnant, Jorden subjected her to a series of violent histrionics, including threatening to shoot her at one point, and leaving her ostensibly "for good." In February 1942, Day gave birth to a son, Terry. A repentant Jorden gave Day a brief reprieve, but he soon returned to his psychotic ways, so she began divorce proceedings. Jorden would kill himself a few years later.

In 1944, she scored her first hit with Brown, "Sentimental Journey," which would strike a chord over the next year with many soldiers journeying home from war. She also developed a diva complex and became notoriously difficult to work with, throwing tantrums and cursing liberally when she did not get her way. Thus, it may have been a relief to some in the band when she and saxophonist George Weidler announced their engagement and her intentions, again, to leave show business for a simple family life. While quitting the touring circuit, Day agreed to a guest shot on the radio show "The Bob Hope Pepsodent Show." It led to recurring appearances, and Hope began referring to her on air and off as "J.B." - short for "jut-butt," in reference to her posterior. It also got the attention of Al Levy, an agent with the firm Century Artists, who soon began representing her. The buzz around her proved too much for the insecure Weidler, leading Day to divorce him after only eight months of marriage.

Levy netted her a contract with Warner Bros. with a curious indenture to director Michael Curtiz, who, in addition to putting her in a series of films - starting with the musical comedy "Romance on the High Seas" (1948) - took in 50 percent of all non-movie showbiz revenue she earned. The dailies for "Romance" horrified Day, who insisted she take acting lessons, to which Curtiz responded, "You're a natural just as you are - if you learn how to act, you'll ruin everything." A song she sang for the soundtrack - "It's Magic" - reached No. 2 on the pop chart and earned her an Oscar nomination. Day also began an affair with co-star Jack Carson, which complicated amorous relationships with both Levy and Weidler. Jealous, Levy began stalking her and at one point tried to rape her, but she fended him off. Century Artists convinced her to not press charges as long as they agreed to shuffle him out to the firm's New York office. Partner Marty Melcher took over her business, and she soon began an affair with him, even though he was married to singer Patty Andrews of the famed Andrews Sisters. She reteamed with both Curtiz and Carson, getting top female billing in "My Dream Is Yours" (1949), and remained under the director's stewardship in "Young Man with a Horn" (1950), co-starring Kirk Douglas and Lauren Bacall, and "I'll See You In My Dreams" (1952).

Much of her early film work would prove fluffy treacle - "Tea For Two" (1950), "On Moonlight Bay" (1951), "The West Point Story" (1951), "Lullaby of Broadway" (1951), "April In Paris" (1952), "By the Light of the Silvery Moon" (1953), "Lucky Me" (1954), all imprinting her public image as the Pollyannaish "Girl Next Door." Her music career buoyed her film career and vice versa, with nearly every film issuing some kind of hit tune, resulting in seven of her 10 albums released between 1949 and 1955 charting in the top five. One rare non-crooning dramatic role, the anti-Klan noir film "Storm Warning" (1951), saw her wind up involved with two of her co-stars in that film, Ronald Reagan and Steve Cochran. But Day and Melcher married in 1951, with Melcher also adopting Terry. Many of her show business friends thought Melcher was just in it for the star's money. In fact, while making "Young at Heart" (1954), Frank Sinatra came to dislike Melcher so much he had him banned from the set.

Day, who came to hate her virginal image, did manage to play out of type as she eased into her career. Her breakthrough role, in fact, tapped her tomboy youth for what would become her personal favorite of her films, "Calamity Jane" (1953). She played the butch Western heroine through a light-hearted romantic musical frame, with another song "Secret Love," becoming a chart-topper along with the entire movie soundtrack. She showed dramatic range again in "Love Me or Leave Me" (1955), playing 1920s singing star Ruth Etting, whose career was marred by a relationship with a gangster, played by James Cagney. She did her turn in Alfred Hitchcock's famous stable of blondes in "The Man Who Knew Too Much" (1956), with even Hitchcock slipping in a song for her, "Que Sera, Sera," which went on to win the Oscar for Best Song. She went much darker with "Julie" (1956), a thriller in which Day's character discovers her second husband to be abusive, violent and the murderer of her first spouse. Day loathed it, as it smacked too much of personal experience, but she did the film because Melcher served as producer.

She made another splash in musical comedy with the movie adaptation of the Broadway hit "The Pajama Game" (1957), but the fanciful genre was on the wane. She would return to suspense in 1960's "Midnight Lace," but with the further reminders of her own violent past, she swore off darker films. She veered almost exclusively to straight, mild-mannered comedy roles as a savvy housewife or intrepid, romantically stand-offish career "gal" typically paired with lead males such as Clark Gable in "Teacher's Pet" (1958), David Niven in "Please Don't Eat the Daisies" (1960), Cary Grant again in "That Touch of Mink" (1962), James Garner in "The Thrill of It All" (1963) and "Move Over Darling" (1963), and Rod Taylor in " Do Not Disturb" (1965) and "Glass Bottom Boat" (1967). For all her pairings, it would be her trio of romantic comedies with Rock Hudson (and an ever-supporting Tony Randall) that would have the most resonance. It started with "Pillow Talk" (1959), a for-the-time steamy "sex" comedy with Day as a New York professional with no time for men, constantly exasperated by the charming playboy in her apartment building who shares her party phone line. The movie became one of the top-grossers of 1959 and Day's turn earned her an Oscar nomination for Best Actress. They reunited in "Lover Come Back" (1961), as rival ad executives who, sight unseen, grow to hate each until they hook up, while "Send Me No Flowers" (1964) had them married off and Hudson, mistakenly thinking he's dying, trying to set Day up with a new husband. The irony of the dynamic on-screen relationship and the friendship that developed off-screen, was that Hudson was a closeted homosexual, which Day claimed not to know until his later death from AIDS.

With the American New Wave beginning to churn out less glossy, more realistic films, Day's formulaic and tepid movies began to seem dated. She famously turned down a role that might have reinvented her, the randy Mrs. Robinson in "The Graduate" (1967). Just after the production ended on her last movie, "With Six You Get Egg Roll" (1968), Melcher began feeling ill and one day did not wake up. A review of her business showed that he had managed it poorly and squandered much of her fortune. He had also signed off on a new project unbeknownst to her; an eponymous CBS sitcom, which now became a necessity. "The Doris Day Show" (1968-1973) began with her as a widowed big city woman moving back to her rural roots with her sons. Though it did well in the ratings, the show was retooled every season, adding bland premises such as moving to San Francisco, working as a secretary, writing for a magazine and sending the kids off to boarding school.When her network contract was up in 1973, she effectively retired to Carmel, CA where she became an animal benefactor with her Doris Day Pet Foundation, which found homes for stray animals, and the Doris Day Animal League, an animal rights group that in 2006 merged with The Humane Society.

She mostly retired her showbiz name, becoming known to locals as Clara Kappelhoff - with Clara a pet name given her during the making of "Tea For Two" in 1950. In 1976, she married again to Barry Comden, a maitre d' at a favorite restaurant of hers, but it would last only five years. She returned to TV briefly in 1985 in the Christian Broadcasting Network's "Doris Day's Best Friends" (1985-86), a show about pets. When Rock Hudson appeared as a guest on one episode, viewers were shocked at how his illness had emaciated him. He died only months later. In 2008, she was awarded a lifetime achievement Grammy Award, but did not show up at the ceremony to accept it, effectively proving herself to be one of the more dedicated recluses Hollywood had yet produced.

Filmography

 

Cast (Feature Film)

That's Entertainment! III (1994)
With Six You Get Eggroll (1968)
Abby McClure
Where Were You When the Lights Went Out? (1968)
Margaret Garrison
The Ballad of Josie (1968)
Josie Minick
Caprice (1967)
Patricia Fowler [Foster]
The Glass Bottom Boat (1966)
Jennifer Nelson
Do Not Disturb (1965)
Janet Harper
Send Me No Flowers (1964)
Judy Kimball
The Thrill of It All (1963)
Beverly Boyer
Move Over, Darling (1963)
Ellen Wagstaff Arden
Jumbo (1962)
Kitty Wonder
That Touch of Mink (1962)
Cathy Timberlake
Lover Come Back (1961)
Carol Templeton
Midnight Lace (1960)
Kit Preston
Please Don't Eat the Daisies (1960)
Kate Mackay
It Happened to Jane (1959)
Jane Osgood
Pillow Talk (1959)
Jan Morrow
Teacher's Pet (1958)
Erica R. Stone
The Tunnel of Love (1958)
Isolde Poole
The Pajama Game (1957)
Catherine "Babe" Williams
The Man Who Knew Too Much (1956)
Jo Conway McKenna
Julie (1956)
Julie Benton
Love Me or Leave Me (1955)
Ruth Etting
Lucky Me (1954)
Candy Williams
Young at Heart (1954)
Laurie Tuttle
Calamity Jane (1953)
Calamity Jane Canary
April in Paris (1953)
Ethel "Dynamite" Jackson
By the Light of the Silvery Moon (1953)
Marjorie Winfield
I'll See You In My Dreams (1952)
Grace LeBoy Kahn
The Winning Team (1952)
Aimee Arrants Alexander
Lullaby of Broadway (1951)
Melinda Howard
On Moonlight Bay (1951)
Marjorie Winfield
Storm Warning (1951)
Lucy Rice
Starlift (1951)
Herself
Tea for Two (1950)
Nanette Carter
The West Point Story (1950)
Jan Wilson
Young Man with a Horn (1950)
Jo Jordan
It's a Great Feeling (1949)
Judy Adams
My Dream Is Yours (1949)
Martha Gibson
Romance on the High Seas (1948)
Georgia Garrett

Music (Feature Film)

I, Tonya (2017)
Song Performer
The Bronze (2015)
Song Performer
Julie & Julia (2009)
Song Performer
Married Life (2007)
Song Performer
Fred Claus (2007)
Song Performer
Lady in the Water (2006)
Song Performer
Infamous (2006)
Song Performer
Mona Lisa Smile (2003)
Song Performer
Tortilla Soup (2001)
Song Performer
Rat (2000)
Song Performer
The Man Who Drove with Mandela (1998)
Song Performer
Antz (1998)
Song Performer
Sleepers (1996)
Song Performer
Heart and Souls (1993)
Song Performer
Women of Courage (1993)
Song Performer
The Long Day Closes (1992)
Song Performer
Late for Dinner (1991)
Song Performer
Die Hard 2 (1990)
Song Performer
Gross Anatomy (1989)
Song Performer
Before Stonewall (1985)
Song Performer
Sitting Ducks (1980)
Song Performer

Cast (Special)

Doris Day: A Sentimental Journey (1991)
Golden Globe Awards (1989)
Performer
The 61st Annual Academy Awards Presentation (1989)
Performer
Doris Day's Best Friends (1985)
Doris Day Today (1975)
The John Denver Special (1974)
The American Film Institute Salute to James Cagney (1974)
Performer
The Doris Mary Anne Kappelhoff Special (1971)

Music (Special)

Twas the Night (2001)
Song Performer
The Story of Mothers & Daughters (1997)
Song Performer
Doris Day's Best Friends (1985)
Theme Song Performer

Cast (Short)

Glass Bottom Boat in Catalina (1966)
Herself
Glass Bottom Boat at NASA (1966)
Herself
Every Girl's Dream (1966)
Herself
High Style Elegance in Midnight Lace (1960)
Herself

Misc. Crew (Short)

Rowan & Martin at the Movies (1969)
Stock Footage

Life Events

1948

Film acting debut in "Romance on the High Seas"; instantly became a star of light musicals under contract to Warner Bros.

1950

Played first dramatic role in a film in which she did no singing, "Storm Warning"

1951

Made a first appearance on the annual exhibitors' poll of top ten boxoffice stars; placed 9th; repeated again the following year, placing 7th

1954

Left Warner Bros. after starring in "Lucky Me"; made only three movie musicals thereafter

1959

First teaming with Rock Hudson, "Pillow Talk"; also marked her one Oscar nomination for Best Actress

1959

Made the annual exhibitors' poll of top ten boxoffice stars eight years in a row, more than any other female star since the start of the poll in 1932 except for Betty Grable (who made it ten years in a row from 1942-1951)

1962

Last full-fledged movie musical, "Billy Rose's Jumbo"

1968

Last film, "With Six You Get Eggroll"

1991

Subject of TV biographical documentary, "Doris Day: A Sentimental Journey"

1991

Sued supermarket tabloid, The Globe, for publishing that she was living like a "bag lady" who rummaged through trash cans to feed her dogs

Photo Collections

Pillow Talk - Movie Posters
Pillow Talk - Movie Posters
Tea for Two - Movie Poster
Tea for Two - Movie Poster
Billy Rose's Jumbo - Group Publicity Stills
Here are a few group photos taken to help publicize Billy Rose's Jumbo (1962), starring Doris Day, Jimmy Durante, Martha Raye, and Stephen Boyd. Publicity stills were specially-posed photos, usually taken off the set, for purposes of publicity or reference for promotional artwork.
Midnight Lace - Movie Posters
Midnight Lace - Movie Posters
Midnight Lace - Color Scene Stills
Midnight Lace - Color Scene Stills
Midnight Lace - British Front-of-House Stills
Midnight Lace - British Front-of-House Stills
Calamity Jane - Movie Poster
Calamity Jane - Movie Poster
Send Me No Flowers - Movie Posters
Send Me No Flowers - Movie Posters
The Man Who Knew Too Much (1956) - Doris Day Publicity Stills
Here are a few photos of Doris Day taken to help publicize Paramounts's The Man Who Knew Too Much (1956), directed by Alfred Hitchcock. Publicity stills were specially-posed photos, usually taken off the set, for purposes of publicity or reference for promotional artwork.
Love Me or Leave Me - Publicity Art
Here is a specialty drawing created by MGM for newspaper and magazine reproduction to publicize Love Me or Leave Me (1955), starring James Cagney and Doris Day.
Romance on the High Seas - Lobby Cards
Here are a few Lobby Cards from Romance on the High Seas (1948), starring Doris Day. Lobby Cards were 11" x 14" posters that came in sets of 8. As the name implies, they were most often displayed in movie theater lobbies, to advertise current or coming attractions.
Please Don't Eat the Daisies - Behind-the-Scenes Photos
Here are several photos taken behind-the-scenes during production of MGM's Please Don't Eat the Daisies (1960), starring Doris Day and David Niven.
Tunnel of Love - Scene Stills
Here are several scene stills from Tunnel of Love (1958), directed by Gene Kelly and starring Doris Day, Richard Widmark, and Gig Young.
That Touch of Mink - Movie Poster
Here is the American one-sheet movie poster for That Touch of Mink (1962), starring Cary Grant and Doris Day. One-sheets measured 27x41 inches, and were the poster style most commonly used in theaters.
Lover Come Back - Movie Posters
Here are a few original release American movie posters for Lover Come Back (1961), starring Doris Day and Rock Hudson.
It's a Great Feeling - Lobby Card Set
Here is a set of Lobby Cards from Warner Bros' It's a Great Feeling (1949), starring Dennis Morgan, Doris Day, and Jack Carson. Lobby Cards were 11" x 14" posters that came in sets of 8. As the name implies, they were most often displayed in movie theater lobbies, to advertise current or coming attractions.
Love Me or Leave Me - Behind-the-Scenes Photos
Here are several photos taken behind-the-scenes during production of MGM's Love Me or Leave Me (1955), starring James Cagney and Doris Day.
Young at Heart - Movie Poster
Here is the Window Card from Warner Bros' Young at Heart (1955), starring Frank Sinatra and Doris Day. Window Cards were 14x22 mini posters designed to be placed in store windows around town during a film's engagement. A blank space at the top of the poster featured theater and playdate infromation.

Videos

Movie Clip

Midnight Lace (1960) - Sexually Off The Track Having been harassed in the fog and now on the phone, American Kit (Doris Day) and English financier husband Tony (Rex Harrison) visit Scotland Yard where inspector Byrnes (John Williams) comments on local miscreants, in MIdnight Lace, 1960.
Love Me Or Leave Me (1955) - Everybody Loves My Baby Doris Day as Chicago torch-singer Ruth Etting performs Everybody Loves My Baby and Mean To Me, (Spencer Williams/Jack Palmer, Fred E. Alhert/Roy Turk), both of which became signature songs, her jealous sponsor Marty Snyder (James Cagney) watching, in the acclaimed bio-pic Love Me or Leave Me, 1955.
Tunnel Of Love, The (1958) - Class of '79 From credits establishing Westport, Connecticut and title song by the leading lady, Doris Day and Richard Widmark arrive home, greeted by neighbors Gig Young and Elisabeth Fraser, opening The Tunnel Of Love, 1958.
Julie (1956) - That Doesn't Prove Anything Doris Day (title character), on the grounds of the Pebble Beach golf club as it appeared at the time, talks with concerned friend Cliff (Barry Sullivan) about the possibility that her new husband (Louis Jourdan) may have been involved in her previous husband's presumed suicide, in Julie, 1956.
Julie (1956) - Sick With Fright Now convinced that her husband Lyle (Louis Jourdan) murdered her previous husband and means to kill her, Doris Day (title character) contrives an escape from their isolated Carmel seaside home, complete with anxious narration, in Julie, 1956.
Julie (1956) - I Only Meant To Frighten You As Doris Day's theme song fades out, her title character unwillingly collects her husband Lyle (Louis Jourdan), following an incident we have not seen, shot at the Pebble Beach Links golf club, scolding him for his erratic behavior, and finds out there's more to come in Julie, 1956.
Glass Bottom Boat, The (1966) - Okay, Vladimir! Doris Day as Jennifer has her status established in conversation with Donna (Dee J. Thompson), on her first day as a tour guide at the lab run by big time scientist Templeton (Rod Taylor), whom she met at her part-time job, as a mermaid, Paul Lynde the security guard, early in The Glass Bottom Boat, 1966.
Lover Come Back (1961) - It Looks Down On Madison Avenue Carol (Doris Day) has forced a hearing before the Madison Avenue ethics-enforcing “Advertising Council,” not knowing that her target, Jerry Webster (Rock Hudson, not seen) has tricked her witness, dishy model Rebel (Edie Adams) into hiding his dubious practices, in Lover Come Back, 1961.
Pillow Talk (1959) - Title Song Cute graphics, the leading lady with the title tune by Buddy Pepper and Inez James, to Doris Day in the blue negligee and leading man Rock Hudson introducing the premise and the graphic gimmick, off to a rollicking start in their first picture together, in Pillow Talk, 1959.
Please Don't Eat The Daisies (1960) - Awful Quiet... Establishing the trials of family life in the city, plus mother Kate (Doris Day) in black negligee, with sons (Charles Herbert, Flip Mark, Baby Gellert, Stanley Livingston), the opening of Please Don't Eat The Daisies, 1960, co-starring David Niven, from the Jean Kerr book.
Glass Bottom Boat, The (1966) - Approach This Scientifically At the palatial modern home of scientist Templeton (Rod Taylor), Jennifer (Doris Day), whose been hired to write his biography, has just met bumbling sound-technician (Dom DeLuise, in his second movie role), and they have a big slapstick accident, directed by Frank Tashlin, in The Glass Bottom Boat, 1966.
Tea For Two (1950) - I Know That You Know First scene for the star, Doris Day as heiress "Nanette," with pals Jimmy (Gordon MacRae) on piano and Tommy (Gene Nelson), dance instructor, song by Jimmy Van Heusen and Irving Caesar, from Tea For Two, 1950.

Trailer

Tea For Two - (Original Trailer) Doris Day and Gordon MacRae star in the film version of the Broadway hit musical No, No Nanette, Tea For Two (1950).
Young Man with a Horn - (Original Trailer) A young trumpet player (Kirk Douglas) is torn between an honest singer (Doris Day) and a manipulative heiress (Lauren Bacall) in Young Man with a Horn (1950).
Lullaby of Broadway - (Original Trailer) A star's former servants try to keep her daughter (Doris Day) from learning of her fate in Lullaby of Broadway (1951).
Love Me or Leave Me -- (Original Trailer) Doris Day stars in the true story of torch singer Ruth Etting and her attempts to escape the gangster (James Cagney) who made her a star in Love Me or Leave Me (1955), directed by Charles Vidor.
By the Light of the Silvery Moon - (Original Trailer) The life of a small-town girl (Doris Day) goes ballistic in the sequel to On Moonlight Bay, By the Light of the Silvery Moon (1953).
Pillow Talk - (Original Trailer) Doris Day and Rock Hudson give each other interference on their shared telephone line in Pillow Talk (1959).
April In Paris - (Original Trailer) State Department bureaucrat Ray Bolger mistakenly sends showgirl Doris Day to April In Paris (1952).
Thrill of It All, The - (Original Trailer) Let screenwriter Carl Reiner be your guide to the Doris Day/James Garner comedy The Thrill of It All (1963).
West Point Story, The - (Original Trailer) A Broadway producer tries to put on a show at the legendary military academy in The West Point Story (1950) starring James Cagney and Doris Day.
Tunnel Of Love, The - (Original Trailer) A married couple endures endless red tape when they try to adopt a child in The Tunnel of Love (1958) starring Doris Day and Richard Widmark.
Young At Heart - (Original Trailer) Frank Sinatra and Doris Day are among the very Young At Heart (1955) in this musical version of Four Daughters.
Romance on the High Seas -- (Original Trailer) Singer Doris Day gets mixed up in a series of romantic problems during a Caribbean cruise in Romance on the High Seas (1948) featuring "It's Magic" and other songs by Jule Styne & Sammy Cahn.

Promo

Bibliography