Adolph Zukor


Executive

About

Birth Place
Hungary
Born
January 07, 1873
Died
June 10, 1976

Biography

A key figure in the development of the motion picture industry, Adolph Zukor helped to found Paramount Pictures, and oversaw its rise from modest distribution house to one of the most successful film studios of its day. A shrewd businessman, Zukor developed a fascination for moving pictures after arriving in New York City from his native Hungary at the turn of the century. He soon rose f...

Bibliography

"The Public is Never Wrong"
Adolf Zukor with Dale Kramer, G.P. Putnam's Sons (1953)

Biography

A key figure in the development of the motion picture industry, Adolph Zukor helped to found Paramount Pictures, and oversaw its rise from modest distribution house to one of the most successful film studios of its day. A shrewd businessman, Zukor developed a fascination for moving pictures after arriving in New York City from his native Hungary at the turn of the century. He soon rose from exhibitor to producer, striking deals with a variety of smaller entities to create Famous Players-Lasky, one of the biggest film companies of the 1920s. Zukor also helped to establish the practice of block booking, which forced exhibitors wishing to purchase one of his films to also take an entire year's slate of features. This led to a series of clashes between Zukor and the Federal Trade Commission, which eventually broke Paramount's hold on theater chains and brought the studio system to an end in the 1950s. Though his methods were occasionally unsavory, Zukor's approach was always from a business standpoint, which allowed him to retain his reputation as a movie pioneer in the decades that followed his departure from Paramount in 1959.

He was born Adolph Cukor in the village of Ricse in Hungary on Jan. 7, 1873. He lost both of his parents - father Jacob, who ran a general store, and his mother, Hannah - before he reached the age of 10, and along with his brother Arthur, was raised by an uncle who hoped he would become a rabbi. At 16, he immigrated to America with $40 sewn into the lining of his overcoat. Landing in New York City, he found a job sweeping floors at a furrier before eventually taking up the trade himself. Three years later, the 19-year-old Zukor bought a ticket to Chicago, IL, drawn there by the 1893 Columbian Exposition, which commemorated Columbus' arrival in the New World. There, he joined a fellow former New Yorker, Morris Kohn, in a successful fur business. Zukor, who was somewhat shy and retiring, worked in the shop while Kohn handled the sales and customer relations. In 1900, a newly married Zukor relocated the business to New York. A cousin, Max Goldstein, approached him in 1903 for a loan to invest in exhibition pioneer Mitchell Mark's penny arcade business. Zukor joined forces with Mark to open the Automatic Vaudeville Company, which featured Thomas Edison's phonograph recordings, as well as early motion pictures. The company soon expanded into Philadelphia, Boston and Newark thanks to another investor, Marcus Loew, who would go on to establish the Loews Theater chain and co-found Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer.

Zukor's fascination with the growing field of motion pictures led him to create Hales' Tours, a simulated train ride that featured travelogue footage and elaborate sound effects. The venture failed, but Zukor rebounded after joining Loew's growing company as its treasurer. Nickelodeons were its stock and trade, but the public's desire for more motion pictures soon led them to purchase more businesses to convert into movie theaters. But he soon tired of the brick-and-mortar aspect of the business, and left Loews in 1912 to strike out on his own. With the assistance of Broadway producer Daniel Frohman, Zukor purchased the American rights to the French film "Queen Elizabeth" (1912), starring the famed stage actress Sarah Bernhardt. On July 12, 1912, they screened the 40-minute film at the Lyceum Theater for New York's social elite, whose enthusiastic response capped what historians would later regard as the first showing of a full-length motion picture in the United States.

Zukor and Frohman also launched the roadshow by touring the country with the film, which amassed some $200,000 in ticket sales. The pair used the proceeds to establish their own production company, Famous Players Film Company, with which he hoped to create filmed versions of full-length classical plays. Their first production was 1913's "The Prisoner of Zenda," which also reaped a sizable box office reward. The following year, Zukor and Jesse L. Lasky's Feature Player Company signed deals with Paramount Pictures Corporation to distribute their films throughout the United States. Lasky and his brother-in-law, Samuel Goldwyn, had just released "The Squaw Man" (1914), directed by a former stage actor named Cecil B. DeMille.

The picture drew the attention of Paramount Pictures Corporation, a distributor in search of features. Famous Players and Lasky signed an agreement to allow Paramount to handle their pictures, but quickly realized that they could reap bigger profits by controlling the distribution as well as the production. Zukor purchased a large majority of Paramount stock to take control of the company, and in 1916, it was folded into a larger entity, the Famous Players-Lasky Corporation, with Zukor as its president and Lasky its vice-president. Goldwyn initially settled for vice-president status, but was eventually forced out; he would later help to establish Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer before launching one of the most successful independent producing careers in Hollywood history.

After consolidating his numerous subsidiary companies, including Paramount, Realart Pictures and the George M. Cohan Film Corporation, under the Famous Players-Lasky umbrella, Zukor set out to streamline his business. He signed many of the top stars of the period, including Mary Pickford, Douglas Fairbanks, Rudolph Valentino and Gloria Swanson. In doing so, he required that any exhibitor who wished to screen their films also had to purchase a year's worth of other Famous Players-Lasky releases, often sight unseen. This practice, known as "block booking," drew the ire of numerous exhibitors, including the First National Exhibitions Circuit, who boycotted Famous Players-Lasky in 1919. Faced with the loss of nearly 600 nationwide theaters, Zukor then began purchasing theater chains. Within a few years, he had snapped up hundreds of movie houses, making Famous Players-Lasky one of the largest theater owners in the world.

In 1921, the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) caught wind of Zukor's plan and charged Famous Players-Lasky and its subsidiaries with conspiracy and restraint of trade, which violated their anti-trust laws. Theater owners testified about the company's strong-arm tactics, which included building movie houses across the street from theaters that refused to accept block booking and even outright physical intimidation. In 1927, the FTC ruled that block booking was an unfair trade practice, and filed a cease and desist order against Zukor and his company. But Zukor had built his company into a formidable entity that could withstand such threats, even from the government. The profits he drew from his box office hits allowed him to make several significant purchases, including a hefty share of the Columbia Broadcasting System and the Balaban and Katz theater chain, which allowed him to expand his theater holdings to over 2,000 screens across the United States. He had also built a West Coast studio for production, which would eventually become Paramount Studios. An animation department, headed by Max and Dave Fleischer, was also presenting serious competition for Walt Disney's product. When faced with the FTC's charges, Zukor simply denied them. His stance was regarded as arrogance by both the media and the government, which responded with a massive anti-equity suit in 1929, charging Famous Players-Lasky and nine other studios of monopolizing 98 percent of domestic distribution. The following year, the Supreme Court declared the 10 studios guilty of violating anti-trust law.

Fortunately for Zukor, the United States government was in no position to enforce the law. The country had already sunk into the Great Depression, and the motion picture industry was one of the few businesses that were showing a profit during that period. The Roosevelt administration decided against pursuing the court's decree in favor of a promise from the studios to take a more progressive approach towards labor unionization. Zukor took advantage of the situation to put his house in order. After examining the company's finances, he discovered that it was in serious financial jeopardy from his constant expansion and acquisitions. To deflect the blame, he pinned the downward turn on Lasky, who was removed from the company in 1932. After keeping Zukor on the payroll, a reorganization team was brought in to salvage Famous Players' finances. By 1935, he had shed the last remaining troubled subsidiaries and placed Barney Balaban of Balaban and Katz in the president's seat. Zukor was made chairman of the board, and after renaming the company Paramount Pictures, he was largely credited as its savior during the Depression.

The 1930s saw Paramount develop into a movie factory, turning out 60 to 70 films per year. It boasted a stable of talent as impressive as its roster of silent stars, including Gary Cooper, Marlene Dietrich, Mae West, Bing Crosby, Carole Lombard and the Marx Brothers. Zukor himself oversaw many of Paramount's best films of the decade, including "The Cocoanuts" (1929), the Oscar-winning "Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde" (1931) and "The Milky Way" (1937). Other hits films to spring from the corner of Melrose and Gower were "Morocco" (1930), "Duck Soup" (1933), "She Done Him Wrong" (1933) and "Beau Geste" (1939). Its animation department also found great success with two of its creations, Betty Boop and Popeye the Sailor, which would go on to become iconic figures in cartoon history. Zukor managed all of these various entities with a calm, avuncular manner that belied the accepted notion of the studio chief as tyrant, as put forth by such notorious martinets as Harry Cohn, Louis B. Mayer and his former partner, Samuel Goldwyn.

Zukor was, first and foremost, a businessman. He retained only as much interest in the artistic side of Paramount motion pictures as was necessary, preferring instead to work behind the scenes to ensure his company's financial stability. When required to deal with his stars, he was a shrewd negotiator who sought to resolve contract disputes and other issues as swiftly as possible. He quashed a feud between squabbling stars Gloria Swanson and Pola Negri by moving Negri to Hollywood while keeping Swanson at his home base in New York, and soothed Mary Pickford's aggressive stage mother by building a clause into her daughter's contract that gave her $25,000 a year for "moral support." A diminutive man, Zukor had a knack for disarming people with his serene demeanor, a quality that earned him the nicknames "Sugar" (which was the literal translation of his surname in Hungarian) and "Uncle Adolph." And if he was occasionally ruthless with business partners or potential adversaries, he did it in a manner that bespoke that the conflict was strictly part of business, and not a personal vendetta. Zukor saved his energies for card-playing and golf, both of which he pursued with such a passion that he built an 18-hole course at his estate in Rockland County, NY.

But as many moguls who came to power in the 1920s soon discovered, the old ways of making movies were gradually rendered irrelevant in the 1940s and 1950s. Paramount, in particular, suffered considerable losses during these decades. The long-dormant specter of block booking returned with a vengeance in 1948, when the Federal Trade Commission and the Justice Department reopened their anti-trust case against the five major studios. The Supreme Court eventually sided with the government, as seen in the 1948 decision of United States vs. Paramount Pictures Inc., which barred movie studios from owning theater chains. The ruling not only forced Paramount to cut back on production at the height of its popularity - when stars like Bob Hope, Alan Ladd, Dorothy Lamour and Betty Hutton were on their payroll - but also signaled the end of the studio system. Paramount went into a decline as a result of the court decision. They released their players from contract and produced most of their projects through independent entities. Attempts to break into the television market through the DuMont Network and a pay TV service called International Telemeter also failed, further plunging their finances into disarray. With his empire now in tatters, Zukor decided to avoid the fate of many of his peers who had been ousted by the studios they had built, and retired in 1959. The respect he had earned from his employees allowed him to be named Chairman Emeritus, a position he held until his death at the age of 103 on June 10, 1976.

Filmography

 

Cast (Feature Film)

Mary Pickford: The Muse of the Movies (2008)
Himself
Glorifying the American Girl (1929)

Producer (Feature Film)

Ride a Crooked Mile (1938)
Presented By
Bulldog Drummond in Africa (1938)
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Romance in the Dark (1938)
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Prison Farm (1938)
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In Old Mexico (1938)
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Little Orphan Annie (1938)
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Sons of the Legion (1938)
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The Big Broadcast of 1938 (1938)
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Thanks for the Memory (1938)
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Doctor Rhythm (1938)
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Say It in French (1938)
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Campus Confessions (1938)
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Tropic Holiday (1938)
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Give Me a Sailor (1938)
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The Arkansas Traveler (1938)
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King of Alcatraz (1938)
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Tip-Off Girls (1938)
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Touchdown, Army (1938)
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Thrill of a Lifetime (1938)
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Pride of the West (1938)
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Men with Wings (1938)
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Sing You Sinners (1938)
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Cocoanut Grove (1938)
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The Mysterious Rider (1938)
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Tom Sawyer, Detective (1938)
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The Texans (1938)
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College Swing (1938)
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Bulldog Drummond's Peril (1938)
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Professor Beware (1938)
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Her Jungle Love (1938)
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Every Day's a Holiday (1938)
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Bluebeard's Eighth Wife (1938)
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Illegal Traffic (1938)
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Booloo (1938)
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You and Me (1938)
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Stolen Heaven (1938)
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Hunted Men (1938)
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Arrest Bulldog Drummond (1938)
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Bulldog Drummond's Revenge (1938)
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Artists and Models Abroad (1938)
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The Frontiersmen (1938)
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If I Were King (1938)
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Scandal Street (1938)
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Dangerous to Know (1938)
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Daughter of Shanghai (1938)
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The Buccaneer (1938)
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Spawn of the North (1938)
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Hills of Old Wyoming (1937)
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Waikiki Wedding (1937)
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Rustler's Valley (1937)
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Angel (1937)
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Internes Can't Take Money (1937)
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High, Wide and Handsome (1937)
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The Barrier (1937)
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Hold 'Em Navy! (1937)
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Thunder Trail (1937)
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Blonde Trouble (1937)
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The Girl from Scotland Yard (1937)
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Partners in Crime (1937)
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Wells Fargo (1937)
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A Doctor's Diary (1937)
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The Crime Nobody Saw (1937)
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Champagne Waltz (1937)
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The Great Gambini (1937)
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Sophie Lang Goes West (1937)
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This Way Please (1937)
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Outcast (1937)
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Mountain Music (1937)
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Love on Toast (1937)
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Wild Money (1937)
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John Meade's Woman (1937)
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Forlorn River (1937)
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True Confession (1937)
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On Such a Night (1937)
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Texas Trail (1937)
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She's No Lady (1937)
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The Last Train from Madrid (1937)
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Murder Goes to College (1937)
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Her Husband Lies (1937)
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King of Gamblers (1937)
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Make Way for Tomorrow (1937)
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Clarence (1937)
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I Met Him in Paris (1937)
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Hotel Haywire (1937)
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Artists and Models (1937)
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Blossoms on Broadway (1937)
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Midnight Madonna (1937)
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Bulldog Drummond Comes Back (1937)
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Bulldog Drummond Escapes (1937)
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Maid of Salem (1937)
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The Plainsman (1937)
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Swing High, Swing Low (1937)
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She Asked for It (1937)
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Turn Off the Moon (1937)
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Night of Mystery (1937)
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Double or Nothing (1937)
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Easy Living (1937)
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Borderland (1937)
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Night Club Scandal (1937)
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Born to the West (1937)
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Ebb Tide (1937)
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North of the Rio Grande (1937)
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Souls at Sea (1937)
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Go West Young Man (1936)
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The Bride Comes Home (1936)
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Palm Springs (1936)
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Three on the Trail (1936)
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Valiant Is the Word for Carrie (1936)
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Straight from the Shoulder (1936)
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Mind Your Own Business (1936)
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The Arizona Raiders (1936)
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Too Many Parents (1936)
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Timothy's Quest (1936)
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Give Us This Night (1936)
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The Moon's Our Home (1936)
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Hideaway Girl (1936)
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The Return of Sophie Lang (1936)
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Murder with Pictures (1936)
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The Jungle Princess (1936)
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Border Flight (1936)
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Drift Fence (1936)
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The General Died at Dawn (1936)
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Her Master's Voice (1936)
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The Milky Way (1936)
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Till We Meet Again (1936)
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Rose Bowl (1936)
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Three Cheers for Love (1936)
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And Sudden Death (1936)
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A Son Comes Home (1936)
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Early to Bed (1936)
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Yours for the Asking (1936)
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Wedding Present (1936)
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Arizona Mahoney (1936)
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F-Man (1936)
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Easy to Take (1936)
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College Holiday (1936)
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The Accusing Finger (1936)
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Hollywood Boulevard (1936)
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Forgotten Faces (1936)
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Three Married Men (1936)
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13 Hours by Air (1936)
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Let's Make a Million (1936)
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Big Brown Eyes (1936)
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Desire (1936)
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Wives Never Know (1936)
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Princess Comes Across (1936)
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Rose of the Rancho (1936)
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Klondike Annie (1936)
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Desert Gold (1936)
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The Preview Murder Mystery (1936)
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The Texas Rangers (1936)
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Trail Dust (1936)
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The Trail of the Lonesome Pine (1936)
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Spendthrift (1936)
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The Sky Parade (1936)
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The Case Against Mrs. Ames (1936)
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The Big Broadcast of 1937 (1936)
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Anything Goes (1936)
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Woman Trap (1936)
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Fatal Lady (1936)
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Rhythm on the Range (1936)
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Lady Be Careful (1936)
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Girl of the Ozarks (1936)
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Hopalong Cassidy Returns (1936)
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Call of the Prairie (1936)
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Florida Special (1936)
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Poppy (1936)
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Along Came Love (1936)
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Ruggles of Red Gap (1935)
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So Red the Rose (1935)
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McFadden's Flats (1935)
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It's a Great Life! (1935)
Producer
The Last Outpost (1935)
Presented By
Peter Ibbetson (1935)
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Stolen Harmony (1935)
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Shanghai (1935)
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Private Worlds (1935)
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The Glass Key (1935)
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Hold 'Em Yale (1935)
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Every Night at Eight (1935)
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Rocky Mountain Mystery (1935)
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The Crusades (1935)
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Two Fisted (1935)
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The Wanderer of the Wasteland (1935)
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Smart Girl (1935)
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The Virginia Judge (1935)
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Little America (1935)
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Men Without Names (1935)
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Here Comes Cookie (1935)
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Mississippi (1935)
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It's a Great Life! (1935)
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Accent on Youth (1935)
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The Lives of a Bengal Lancer (1935)
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Without Regret (1935)
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College Scandal (1935)
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The Devil Is a Woman (1935)
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Two for Tonight (1935)
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Collegiate (1935)
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Love in Bloom (1935)
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Hands Across the Table (1935)
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Four Hours to Kill! (1935)
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The Gilded Lily (1935)
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Coronado (1935)
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Paris in Spring (1935)
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Wings in the Dark (1935)
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People Will Talk (1935)
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Nevada (1935)
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All the King's Horses (1935)
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Car 99 (1935)
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Rumba (1935)
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Goin' to Town (1935)
Presented By
The Big Broadcast of 1936 (1935)
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Annapolis Farewell (1935)
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Ship Cafe (1935)
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The Man on the Flying Trapeze (1935)
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Mary Burns, Fugitive (1935)
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Hop-Along Cassidy (1935)
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Millions in the Air (1935)
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Limehouse Blues (1934)
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The Scarlet Empress (1934)
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Behold My Wife! (1934)
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You Belong to Me (1934)
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Cleopatra (1934)
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She Loves Me Not (1934)
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One Hour Late (1934)
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Here Comes the Groom (1934)
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Belle of the Nineties (1934)
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Elmer and Elsie (1934)
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Mrs. Wiggs of the Cabbage Patch (1934)
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College Rhythm (1934)
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The Old Fashioned Way (1934)
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Kiss and Make-Up (1934)
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Ready for Love (1934)
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Menace (1934)
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The Notorious Sophie Lang (1934)
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It's a Gift (1934)
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The Pursuit of Happiness (1934)
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Father Brown, Detective (1934)
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Ladies Should Listen (1934)
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Here Is My Heart (1934)
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Home on the Range (1934)
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Shoot the Works (1934)
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The Lemon Drop Kid (1934)
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Many Happy Returns (1934)
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Wagon Wheels (1934)
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The Story of Temple Drake (1933)
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Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde (1932)
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Horse Feathers (1932)
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Shanghai Express (1932)
Presented By
El cuerpo del delito (1930)
Presentan [Pres]
The Cocoanuts (1929)
Presented By
The Big Killing (1928)
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The Sawdust Paradise (1928)
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Wife Savers (1928)
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His Tiger Lady (1928)
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Something Always Happens (1928)
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Love and Learn (1928)
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The Water Hole (1928)
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Warming Up (1928)
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The Showdown (1928)
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The Street of Sin (1928)
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The Magnificent Flirt (1928)
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Under the Tonto Rim (1928)
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Red Hair (1928)
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Legion of the Condemned (1928)
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Hot News (1928)
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Just Married (1928)
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A Night of Mystery (1928)
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Easy Come, Easy Go (1928)
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Feel My Pulse (1928)
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Forgotten Faces (1928)
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The Wedding March (1928)
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The Last Command (1928)
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The First Kiss (1928)
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Half a Bride (1928)
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Doomsday (1928)
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Loves of an Actress (1928)
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Partners in Crime (1928)
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Beau Sabreur (1928)
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The Patriot (1928)
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Beggars of Life (1928)
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The Secret Hour (1928)
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Wings (1927)
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Arizona Bound (1927)
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Barbed Wire (1927)
Presented By
Drums of the Desert (1927)
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Blind Alleys (1927)
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New York (1927)
Presented By
Paradise for Two (1927)
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Open Range (1927)
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Afraid To Love (1927)
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The Woman on Trial (1927)
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Now We're in the Air (1927)
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Two Flaming Youths (1927)
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Rolled Stockings (1927)
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Time To Love (1927)
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The Telephone Girl (1927)
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Ritzy (1927)
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Shanghai Bound (1927)
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Serenade (1927)
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The Rough Riders (1927)
Presented By
It (1927)
Presented By
Love's Greatest Mistake (1927)
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The Sorrows of Satan (1927)
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Special Delivery (1927)
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Service for Ladies (1927)
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Ten Modern Commandments (1927)
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Rubber Heels (1927)
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Rough House Rosie (1927)
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The Whirlwind of Youth (1927)
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Swim, Girl, Swim (1927)
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Too Many Crooks (1927)
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Running Wild (1927)
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Stark Love (1927)
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We're All Gamblers (1927)
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Underworld (1927)
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One Woman to Another (1927)
Presented By
Figures Don't Lie (1927)
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Tell It to Sweeney (1927)
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Soft Cushions (1927)
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Wedding Bill$ (1927)
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The World at Her Feet (1927)
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A Kiss in a Taxi (1927)
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Evening Clothes (1927)
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God Gave Me Twenty Cents (1927)
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Hula (1927)
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The Mysterious Rider (1927)
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The Kid Brother (1927)
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Knockout Reilly (1927)
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Hotel Imperial (1927)
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The Last Outlaw (1927)
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Man Power (1927)
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The Way of All Flesh (1927)
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The City Gone Wild (1927)
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Casey at the Bat (1927)
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Get Your Man (1927)
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She's a Sheik (1927)
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The Potters (1927)
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Honeymoon Hate (1927)
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Jesse James (1927)
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Nevada (1927)
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Chang (1927)
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The Gay Defender (1927)
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Children of Divorce (1927)
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Blonde or Brunette (1927)
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Cabaret (1927)
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The Spotlight (1927)
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A Gentleman of Paris (1927)
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Señorita (1927)
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Fashions for Women (1927)
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Shootin' Irons (1927)
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Fireman, Save My Child (1927)
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The Crown of Lies (1926)
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Mannequin (1926)
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The Campus Flirt (1926)
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The Show Off (1926)
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Say It Again (1926)
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Miss Brewster's Millions (1926)
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The Untamed Lady (1926)
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The Song and Dance Man (1926)
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Padlocked (1926)
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The Grand Duchess and the Waiter (1926)
Presented By
Volcano (1926)
Presented By
The Lady of the Harem (1926)
Presented By
You Never Know Women (1926)
Presented By
Wet Paint (1926)
Presented By
The Palm Beach Girl (1926)
Presented By
A Social Celebrity (1926)
Presented By
The Lucky Lady (1926)
Presented By
We're in the Navy Now (1926)
Presented By
The Splendid Crime (1926)
Presented By
The Runaway (1926)
Presented By
The New Klondike (1926)
Presented By
Tin Gods (1926)
Presented By
Stranded in Paris (1926)
Presented By
Hands Up (1926)
Presented By
Good and Naughty (1926)
Presented By
The Wanderer (1926)
Presented By
The Quarterback (1926)
Presented By
Hold That Lion (1926)
Presented By
A Kiss for Cinderella (1926)
Presented By
Fascinating Youth (1926)
Presented By
So's Your Old Man (1926)
Presented By
The Rainmaker (1926)
Presented By
Dancing Mothers (1926)
Presented By
Love 'Em and Leave 'Em (1926)
Presented By
The Popular Sin (1926)
Presented By
Let's Get Married (1926)
Presented By
Mantrap (1926)
Presented By
The Great Gatsby (1926)
Presented By
The Cat's Pajamas (1926)
Presented By
Forlorn River (1926)
Presented By
The Enchanted Hill (1926)
Presented By
Sea Horses (1926)
Presented By
It's the Old Army Game (1926)
Presented By
Kid Boots (1926)
Presented By
Behind the Front (1926)
Presented By
Born to the West (1926)
Presented By
The Blind Goddess (1926)
Presented By
Desert Gold (1926)
Presented By
Aloma of the South Seas (1926)
Presented By
The Vanishing American (1926)
Presented By
You'd Be Surprised (1926)
Presented By
Man of the Forest (1926)
Presented By
Diplomacy (1926)
Presented By
The Canadian (1926)
Presented By
Beau Geste (1926)
Presented By
Fine Manners (1926)
Presented By
Old Ironsides (1926)
Presented By
The Eagle of the Sea (1926)
Presented By
Everybody's Acting (1926)
Presented By
The Ace of Cads (1926)
Presented By
The Manicure Girl (1925)
Presented By
Contraband (1925)
Presented By
Flower of Night (1925)
Presented By
The Devil's Cargo (1925)
Presented By
The Coast of Folly (1925)
Presented By
Paths to Paradise (1925)
Presented By
Womanhandled (1925)
Presented By
Eve's Secret (1925)
Presented By
That Royle Girl (1925)
Presented By
The Swan (1925)
Presented By
Wild Horse Mesa (1925)
Presented By
A Man Must Live (1925)
Presented By
The Street of Forgotten Men (1925)
Presented By
A Woman of the World (1925)
Presented By
The Shock Punch (1925)
Presented By
Men and Women (1925)
Presented By
Marry Me (1925)
Presented By
Old Home Week (1925)
Presented By
Welcome Home (1925)
Presented By
New Lives for Old (1925)
Presented By
Madame Sans-Gêne (1925)
Presented By
Night Life of New York (1925)
Presented By
A Regular Fellow (1925)
Presented By
Rugged Water (1925)
Presented By
The Light of Western Stars (1925)
Presented By
Miss Bluebeard (1925)
Presented By
The Spaniard (1925)
Presented By
Wild, Wild Susan (1925)
Presented By
New Brooms (1925)
Presented By
Lost--a Wife (1925)
Presented By
The Golden Princess (1925)
Presented By
The Night Club (1925)
Presented By
Grass; A Nation's Battle for Life (1925)
Presented By
Forty Winks (1925)
Presented By
The Goose Hangs High (1925)
Presented By
In the Name of Love (1925)
Presented By
The Trouble With Wives (1925)
Presented By
The King on Main Street (1925)
Presented By
Grounds for Divorce (1925)
Presented By
Not So Long Ago (1925)
Presented By
The Thundering Herd (1925)
Presented By
Salome of the Tenements (1925)
Presented By
A Son of His Father (1925)
Presented By
The Dressmaker From Paris (1925)
Presented By
The Air Mail (1925)
Presented By
Coming Through (1925)
Presented By
Irish Luck (1925)
Presented By
The Ancient Highway (1925)
Presented By
Adventure (1925)
Presented By
Too Many Kisses (1925)
Presented By
Locked Doors (1925)
Presented By
A Kiss in the Dark (1925)
Presented By
The Charmer (1925)
Presented By
Beggar on Horseback (1925)
Presented By
Lucky Devil (1925)
Presented By
The Pony Express (1925)
Presented By
The Golden Bed (1925)
Presented By
The Little French Girl (1925)
Presented By
The Crowded Hour (1925)
Presented By
The Best People (1925)
Presented By
Code of the West (1925)
Presented By
Are Parents People? (1925)
Presented By
Lovers in Quarantine (1925)
Presented By
Tomorrow's Love (1925)
Presented By
The Top of the World (1925)
Presented By
East of Suez (1925)
Presented By
The Man Who Found Himself (1925)
Presented By
The Covered Wagon (1924)
Also pres by (see note)
Peter Pan (1924)
Presented By
Tongues of Flame (1924)
Presented By
North of 36 (1924)
Presented By
The Side Show of Life (1924)
Presented By
West of the Water Tower (1924)
Presented By
Merton of the Movies (1924)
Presented By
The Next Corner (1924)
Presented By
Unguarded Women (1924)
Presented By
Singer Jim McKee (1924)
Presented By
Triumph (1924)
Presented By
A Sainted Devil (1924)
Presented By
Lily of the Dust (1924)
Presented By
The Story Without a Name (1924)
Presented By
Manhandled (1924)
Presented By
The Fighting Coward (1924)
Presented By
Icebound (1924)
Presented By
Flaming Barriers (1924)
Presented By
The Stranger (1924)
Presented By
The Moral Sinner (1924)
Presented By
Sinners in Heaven (1924)
Presented By
Dangerous Money (1924)
Presented By
Open All Night (1924)
Presented By
The Fast Set (1924)
Presented By
Fair Week (1924)
Presented By
Wanderer of the Wasteland (1924)
Presented By
The Garden of Weeds (1924)
Presented By
Worldly Goods (1924)
Presented By
Empty Hands (1924)
Presented By
The Guilty One (1924)
Presented By
Forbidden Paradise (1924)
Presented By
The Breaking Point (1924)
Presented By
Bluff (1924)
Presented By
Monsieur Beaucaire (1924)
Presented By
The Bedroom Window (1924)
Presented By
Don't Call It Love (1924)
Presented By
The Alaskan (1924)
Presented By
Men (1924)
Presented By
Her Love Story (1924)
Presented By
The City That Never Sleeps (1924)
Presented By
The Heritage of the Desert (1924)
Presented By
Feet of Clay (1924)
Presented By
Pied Piper Malone (1924)
Presented By
Wages of Virtue (1924)
Presented By
Argentine Love (1924)
Presented By
The Border Legion (1924)
Presented By
The Dawn of a Tomorrow (1924)
Presented By
The Confidence Man (1924)
Presented By
Changing Husbands (1924)
Presented By
Shadows of Paris (1924)
Presented By
Code of the Sea (1924)
Presented By
Tiger Love (1924)
Presented By
The Man Who Fights Alone (1924)
Presented By
A Society Scandal (1924)
Presented By
The Humming Bird (1924)
Presented By
Manhattan (1924)
Presented By
Zaza (1923)
Presented By
Big Brother (1923)
Presented By
The Cheat (1923)
Presented By
Lawful Larceny (1923)
Presented By
The White Flower (1923)
Presented By
Bella Donna (1923)
Presented By
His Children's Children (1923)
Presented By
Woman-Proof (1923)
Presented By
Homeward Bound (1923)
Presented By
The Spanish Dancer (1923)
Presented By
The Snow Bride (1923)
Presented By
Only 38 (1923)
Presented By
The World's Applause (1923)
Presented By
The Rustle of Silk (1923)
Presented By
The Exciters (1923)
Presented By
Wild Bill Hickok (1923)
Presented By
Fog Bound (1923)
Presented By
Drums of Fate (1923)
Presented By
Grumpy (1923)
Presented By
The Heart Raider (1923)
Presented By
Kick In (1923)
Presented By
The Ten Commandments (1923)
Presented By
Racing Hearts (1923)
Presented By
The Marriage Maker (1923)
Presented By
The Trail of the Lonesome Pine (1923)
Presented By
Dark Secrets (1923)
Presented By
Missing Millions (1923)
Presented By
The Ne'er-Do-Well (1923)
Presented By
The Leopardess (1923)
Presented By
Back Home and Broke (1922)
Presented By
The Bonded Woman (1922)
Presented By
On the High Seas (1922)
Presented By
Singed Wings (1922)
Presented By
If You Believe It, It's So (1922)
Presented By
The Man Who Saw Tomorrow (1922)
Presented By
To Have and To Hold (1922)
Presented By
The Man From Home (1922)
Presented By
Miss Lulu Bett (1922)
Presented By
Our Leading Citizen (1922)
Presented By
A Prince There Was (1922)
Presented By
The Spanish Jade (1922)
Presented By
Nice People (1922)
Presented By
Love's Boomerang (1922)
Presented By
The Green Temptation (1922)
Presented By
Anna Ascends (1922)
Presented By
Three Live Ghosts (1922)
Presented By
The Lane That Had No Turning (1922)
Presented By
Forever (1922)
Presented By
A Daughter of Luxury (1922)
Presented By
The Bachelor Daddy (1922)
Presented By
The Ordeal (1922)
Presented By
Over the Border (1922)
Presented By
Bought and Paid For (1922)
Presented By
Borderland (1922)
Presented By
Clarence (1922)
Presented By
The Crimson Challenge (1922)
Presented By
The Siren Call (1922)
Presented By
The Law and the Woman (1922)
Presented By
The Idol of the North (1921)
Presented By
The Little Minister (1921)
Presented By
Sentimental Tommy (1921)
Presented By
The Gilded Lily (1921)
Presented By
Paying the Piper (1921)
Presented By
Footlights (1921)
Presented By
The Conquest of Canaan (1921)
Presented By
Cappy Ricks (1921)
Presented By
The Kentuckians (1921)
Presented By
Experience (1921)
Presented By
The Cost (1920)
Presented By
Easy to Get (1920)
Presented By
Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde (1920)
Presented By
Idols of Clay (1920)
Presented By
Away Goes Prudence (1920)
Producer
On with the Dance (1920)
Presented By
All-of-A-Sudden-Peggy (1920)
Presented By
Half an Hour (1920)
Presented By
The Amateur Wife (1920)
Presented By
The Frisky Mrs. Johnson (1920)
Presented By
The Right to Love (1920)
Presented By
His House in Order (1920)
Presented By
Guilty of Love (1920)
Presented By
Lady Rose's Daughter (1920)
Presented By
A Romantic Adventuress (1920)
Presented By
Let's Elope (1919)
Presented By
Widow by Proxy (1919)
Producer
Eyes of the Soul (1919)
Presented By
His Parisian Wife (1919)
Presented By
The Misleading Widow (1919)
Presented By
The Two Brides (1919)
Presented By
Three Men and a Girl (1919)
Presented By
Out of the Shadow (1919)
Presented By
Paid in Full (1919)
Presented By
The Test of Honor (1919)
Presented By
The Career of Katherine Bush (1919)
Presented By
The Invisible Bond (1919)
Presented By
The Witness for the Defense (1919)
Presented By
The Silver King (1919)
Presented By
A Society Exile (1919)
Presented By
The Firing Line (1919)
Presented By
Oh, You Women (1919)
Presented By
Good Gracious, Annabelle (1919)
Presented By
Come Out of the Kitchen (1919)
Presented By
Widow by Proxy (1919)
Presented By
The Avalanche (1919)
Presented By
Here Comes the Bride (1919)
Presented By
Mrs. Wiggs of the Cabbage Patch (1919)
Presented By
Sadie Love (1919)
Presented By
The Teeth of the Tiger (1919)
Presented By
Counterfeit (1919)
Presented By
The Marriage Price (1919)
Presented By
A Daughter of the Old South (1918)
Presented By
My Cousin (1918)
Presented By
Amarilly of Clothes-Line Alley (1918)
Presented By
A Woman of Impulse (1918)
Presented By
Uncle Tom's Cabin (1918)
Presented By
Madame Jealousy (1918)
Presented By
The Make-Believe Wife (1918)
Presented By
Let's Get a Divorce (1918)
Presented By
The Rose of the World (1918)
Producer
Fedora (1918)
Presented By
Her Final Reckoning (1918)
Presented By
Prunella (1918)
Presented By
Under the Greenwood Tree (1918)
Presented By
Come on in (1918)
Presented By
La Tosca (1918)
Presented By
In Pursuit of Polly (1918)
Presented By
Private Peat (1918)
Presented By
Out of a Clear Sky (1918)
Presented By
The Blue Bird (1918)
Presented By
Resurrection (1918)
Presented By
Good-Bye, Bill (1918)
Presented By
Mrs. Dane's Defense (1918)
Presented By
On the Quiet (1918)
Presented By
The Song of Songs (1918)
Presented By
The Danger Mark (1918)
Presented By
The Lie (1918)
Presented By
Love's Conquest (1918)
Presented By
A Doll's House (1918)
Presented By
Little Miss Hoover (1918)
Presented By
Heart of the Wilds (1918)
Presented By
Rich Man, Poor Man (1918)
Presented By
The Antics of Ann (1917)
Presented By
The Rise of Jennie Cushing (1917)
Producer
The Mysterious Miss Terry (1917)
Presented By
Zaza (1915)
Presented By

Misc. Crew (Feature Film)

Mary Pickford: The Muse of the Movies (2008)
Other

Cast (Special)

Entertainment 1955 (1955)
Guest

Cast (Short)

The Hollywood You Never See (1934)
Presenter

Producer (Short)

The American Venus (1926)
Presented By

Life Events

1888

Immigrated to USA

1903

Joined Marcus Loew in penny arcade business; set up arcades along northeast corridor

1904

Opened a movie theater in New York

1912

Left Loew's to form Engadine Corporation to show the feature-length French film "Queen Elizabeth"

1912

Formed "Famous Players (in Famous Plays)" production and distribution company

1916

Merged with Lasky Feature Play Company to form Famous Players-Lasky Corporation; Zukor president, Lasky vice president, Samuel Goldwyn chairman and C.B. DeMille director-general

Photo Collections

Belle of the Nineties - Behind-the-Scenes Photos
Belle of the Nineties - Behind-the-Scenes Photos

Videos

Movie Clip

Mary Burns, Fugitive (1935) — (Movie Clip) A Nice Gal Like You Dramatic prison intake sequence, accomplished shots and montage directed by William K. Howard, as title character Sylvia Sidney enters and meets cellmate Goldie (Pert Kelton), in Mary Burns, Fugitive, 1935, from Paramount and producer Walter Wanger, also starring Alan Baxter and Melvyn Douglas.
Daughter Of Shanghai (1937) - Say A Prayer For Me On the evening of the murder of her merchant father by human-smugglers in San Francisco, Anna May Wong as Lan Ying (title character) is supported by Chinese-American G-Man Lee (Philip Ahn), discussing the family friend who introduced them, and consoling a servant, in Daughter Of Shanghai, 1937.
Daughter Of Shanghai (1937) - Foreign Horde Floods U.S. Splashy aerial action to start, bracketed with blaring headlines as Feds in a bi-plane intercept John Patterson (as pilot Lang) and Anthony Quinn (age 22, as sidekick Morgan) smuggling Chinese persons into San Francisco, in the Paramount programmer and Anna May Wong vehicle, Daughter Of Shanghai, 1937.
Daughter Of Shanghai (1937) - Let's Have A Look At You Deft enough work by Robert Florey directing for Paramount, as Anna May Wong (as Lan Ying, title character) has made her way to Central America hunting the head of the human-smuggling ring that killed her father back in San Francisco, inveigling Charles Bickford as the proprietor Hartman, Gino Corrado his interpreter, Evelyn Brent his dance wrangler, in Daughter Of Shanghai, 1937.
Daughter Of Shanghai (1937) - If We Must Be Prosaic In San Francisco’s Chinatown we meet Cecil Cunningham as Mrs. Hunt, patron of merchant Quan Lin (Ching Wah Lee) and daughter Lan Ying (top-billed Anna May Wong), J . Carrol Naish and Buster Crabbe the intruding slave-racketeers, and Ernest Whitman the muscle Sam, in Daughter Of Shanghai, 1937.
Horse Feathers (1932) - Everyone Says I Love You A singular moment in Marx Brothers movies, Groucho as Professor Wagstaff serenading Connie (Thelma Todd), who's trying to steal the football signals, in a canoe, with screen and song writers Bert Kalmar and Harry Ruby's Everyone Says I Love You, in Horse Feathers, 1932.
High, Wide And Handsome (1937) - The Things I Want Our first look at Dorothy Lamour as singer Molly (working at her Paramount home, age 22, months before her star-making performance in the Samuel Goldwyn/John Ford spectacle The Hurricane), with a song written for the picture by Jerome Kern and Oscar Hammerstein II, in 1859 Pennsylvania, with Alan Hale as evil interloping railroad baron Brennan, confronted by our hero, local oil driller Peter (Randolph Scott), High, Wide And Handsome, 1937.
High, Wide And Handsome (1937) - You Think It's Daffy? Hunky Pennsylvania farmer and aspiring “rock oil” driller Peter (Randolph Scott) and crew (Ben Blue, Stanley Andrews, with Charles Bickford and Billy Bletcher the dimwit neighbors), can’t help noticing Sally (Irene Dunne), a guest with her father after their medicine show wagon burned, is kind of a babe, in Paramount’s High, Wide And Handsome, 1937.
High, Wide And Handsome (1937) - She's Been Kissed Before At the town dance in Titusville, PA, 1859, infatuated Peter (Randolph Scott) with visiting medicine-show performer Sally (Irene Dunne) as his Grandma (Elizabeth Patterson) jousts with stuffy Stark (Irving Pichel) and a scuff-up with Scanlon (Charles Bickford) ensues, in High, Wide And Handsome, 1937.
High, Wide And Handsome (1937) - The Morning's Half Over Arising on the Titusville, PA farm where she and her father (Raymond Walburn, with sidekick William Frawley) have been received as guests the day after their medicine-show wagon burned, Irene Dunne as Sally has a mixed exchange with hostess Grandma (Elizabeth Patterson), in Paramount’s High, Wide And Handsome, 1937, also starring Randolph Scott.
It's A Gift (1934) - Your Uncle Bean It's actually big news arriving, as Bissonette (W.C. Fields) attempts to share the bathroom with his daughter Mildred (Jean Rouverol) while he's shaving, in Paramount's It's A Gift, 1934.
It's A Gift (1934) - Sleigh Bells Just a portion of the epic back-porch sequence, as Bissonette (W.C. Fields) carries on his battle to get some sleep, in It's A Gift, 1934.

Trailer

Family

Mildred Zukor Loew
Daughter
Born c. 1900; died July 5, 1986; married and divorced Arthur Loew.
Eugene Zukor
Son
Entertainment executive. Died December 21, 1994, age 97.

Bibliography

"The Public is Never Wrong"
Adolf Zukor with Dale Kramer, G.P. Putnam's Sons (1953)