Andy Warhol


Artist, Filmmaker

About

Also Known As
Andrew Warhola
Birth Place
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA
Born
August 06, 1927
Died
February 22, 1987
Cause of Death
Complications From A Routine Gall Blader Operation

Biography

Pioneer of the Pop Art movement of the 1960s who transplanted his sometimes witty, sometimes boring explorations of popular culture from the canvas to the screen. Warhol acquired a 16mm camera in 1963 and made his first "underground" film, "Kiss," the same year. It combined the deliberately nonprofessional techniques endorsed by the American avant-garde with Warhol's own camp sensibility...

Bibliography

"Andy Warhol"
Wayne Koestenbaum, Penguin (2001)
"The Andy Warhol Diaries"
Andy Warhol; edited by Pat Hackett, Warner Books (1989)
"The Philosophy of Andy Warhol: From A to B and Back Again"
Andy Warhol (1988)

Biography

Pioneer of the Pop Art movement of the 1960s who transplanted his sometimes witty, sometimes boring explorations of popular culture from the canvas to the screen. Warhol acquired a 16mm camera in 1963 and made his first "underground" film, "Kiss," the same year. It combined the deliberately nonprofessional techniques endorsed by the American avant-garde with Warhol's own camp sensibility and the ironic banality of his "serial" artwork.

Warhol's film work falls into a silent and a sound phase, the first of which reached its apex in "Sleep" (1964), a six-hour study of a slumbering man conveyed via a virtually stationary camera. Glacially indifferent to the question of viewer involvement, "Sleep" is not so much "watched" as it is "experienced."

Warhol was prolific in his idiosyncratic, voyeuristic brand of "cinema verite," churning out product at an assembly-line clip of roughly one film a week during the period 1964-65. He trained his camera on the motley band of freaks, musicians and social register slummers that trooped through his Felliniesque "Factory." In an ironic inversion of the Hollywood studio system, Warhol elevated the more prominent "players" into underground "superstars": the beautiful, tragic Candy Darling, Joe Dallesandro, Holly Woodlawn, Jackie Curtis, et al.

Although all of Warhol's films were governed by his peculiar sensibility, he assembled a nucleus of capable technicians, such as Paul Morrissey and Chuck Wein, who made various--uncredited--contributions, often in the master's absence.

Warhol entered his "sound phase" with "Harlot" (1965) and continued to crank out such influential films as "Vinyl" (1965), based upon Anthony Burgess's "A Clockwork Orange," which launched the tragic career and cruel exploitation of socialite/superstar Edie Sedgwick. In 1966 he produced his most enduring and definitive work, "The Chelsea Girls," a crazed showcase of Factory stalwarts which synthesized the enthusiasms and strategies encompassed by his previous work. The film was projected on two adjacent screens, each of which depicted unrelated situations. Its relative popularity ("The Chelsea Girls" was the first Warhol film to surface in "real" movie houses), inspired a more commercial, or at least less arcane, approach to filmmaking.

While such post-Chelsea Girls" films as "Lonesome Cowboys" (1969) continued to use typically Warholian alienation effects (extreme long takes, "strobe" cuts, etc.), they also relied on previously disdained qualities such as plot and characterization. By the time the Factory closed, after an attempt on Warhol's life in June of 1968, Morrissey had inserted his more formal concerns into the Warhol formula, producing a series of bizarre sex farces that proved more accessible to a popular audience (although they gradually reverted into self-parody). By the mid-1970s, Morrissey was turning out Gothic romps affixed with Warhol's brand name, although they were only vaguely indebted to the Factory style.

Though he had effectively closed the filmmaking chapter of his career after the release of "Andy Warhol's Bad" (dir. Jed Johnson, 1977), Warhol continued to satisfy his voyeuristic appetites with a Polaroid camera that he toted on his late-night revels until his untimely death in 1987.

Filmography

 

Director (Feature Film)

Women in Revolt (1972)
Director
Imitation of Christ (1970)
Director
Blue Movie (1969)
Director
Lonesome Cowboys (1968)
Director
The Loves of Ondine (1968)
Director
I, a Man (1967)
Director
Nude Restaurant (1967)
Director
Bike Boy (1967)
Director
The 24 Hour Movie (1967)
Director
The Velvet Underground and Nico (1966)
Director
Face (1966)
Director
Outer and Inner Space (1966)
Director
Kitchen (1966)
Director
More Milk Evette (1966)
Director
Taylor Mead's Ass (1966)
Director
Lupe (1966)
Director
The Chelsea Girls (1966)
Director
The 14 Year Old Girl (1966)
Director
Ari and Mario (1966)
Director
Vinyl (1965)
Director
Henry Geldzahler (1965)
Director
Beauty #2 (1965)
Director
Poor Little Rich Girl (1965)
Director
Camp (1965)
Director
Space (1965)
Director
Horse (1965)
Director
My Hustler (1965)
Director
Harlot (1965)
Director
Screen Test (1965)
Director
Paul Swan (1965)
Director
The Life of Juanita Castro (1965)
Director
Prison (1965)
Director
Screen Test #1 (1965)
Director
Restaurant (1965)
Director
The Thirteen Most Beautiful Boys (1965)
Director
Afternoon (1965)
Director
Bitch (1965)
Director
Suicide (1965)
Director
Sleep (1964)
Director
Dance Movie (1964)
Director
Eat (1964)
Director
Kiss (1964)
Director
Tarzan and Jane Regained Sort Of (1964)
Director
Naomi's Birthday Party (1963)
Director
Haircut (No. 1) (1963)
Director

Cast (Feature Film)

William Burroughs: A Man Within (2010)
The Feature (2009)
Himself
The Universe of Keith Haring (2008)
Nico Icon (1995)
Himself
Jonas in the Desert (1994)
Himself
Andy Warhol: Made in China (1992)
The Look (1985)
Cocaine Cowboys (1979)
Underground and Emigrants (1975)
Identikit (1974)
Painters Painting (1973)
Cocksucker Blues (1972)
Diaries, Notes and Sketches (1969)
The Queen (1968)
The Illiac Passion (1968)
Poseidon
Grimaces (1968)

Cinematography (Feature Film)

Blue Movie (1969)
Director of Photography
The Loves of Ondine (1968)
Director of Photography
I, a Man (1967)
Director of Photography
Nude Restaurant (1967)
Director of Photography
More Milk Evette (1966)
Director of Photography
The Velvet Underground and Nico (1966)
Director of Photography
The Chelsea Girls (1966)
Director of Photography
My Hustler (1965)
Director of Photography

Writer (Feature Film)

Lonesome Cowboys (1968)
Screenwriter
The Loves of Ondine (1968)
Screenwriter
Nude Restaurant (1967)
Screenwriter
I, a Man (1967)
Screenwriter
Bike Boy (1967)
Screenwriter

Producer (Feature Film)

Andy Warhol's Dracula (1992)
Producer
Andy Warhol's Frankenstein (1992)
Producer
Andy Warhol's Bad (1976)
Executive Producer
Women in Revolt (1972)
Producer
Heat (1972)
Presented By
Women in Revolt (1972)
Presented By
Trash (1970)
Presented By
Imitation of Christ (1970)
Producer
Trash (1970)
Producer
Blue Movie (1969)
Producer
Flesh (1968)
Producer
Lonesome Cowboys (1968)
Producer
I, a Man (1967)
Presented By
Bike Boy (1967)
Producer
I, a Man (1967)
Producer
Nude Restaurant (1967)
Producer
Nude Restaurant (1967)
Presented By
More Milk Evette (1966)
Producer
Kitchen (1966)
Producer
The Chelsea Girls (1966)
Producer
Taylor Mead's Ass (1966)
Producer
Lupe (1966)
Producer
Face (1966)
Producer
The 14 Year Old Girl (1966)
Producer
Outer and Inner Space (1966)
Producer
The Velvet Underground and Nico (1966)
Producer
Space (1965)
Producer
Beauty #2 (1965)
Producer
Harlot (1965)
Producer
My Hustler (1965)
Producer
Screen Test (1965)
Producer
Henry Geldzahler (1965)
Producer
Poor Little Rich Girl (1965)
Producer
Vinyl (1965)
Producer
Empire (1965)
Producer
Horse (1965)
Producer
Camp (1965)
Producer
Paul Swan (1965)
Producer
Screen Test #1 (1965)
Producer
Suicide (1965)
Producer
The Life of Juanita Castro (1965)
Producer
The Thirteen Most Beautiful Boys (1965)
Producer
Afternoon (1965)
Producer
Restaurant (1965)
Producer
Bitch (1965)
Producer
Prison (1965)
Producer
Tarzan and Jane Regained Sort Of (1964)
Producer
Sleep (1964)
Producer
Kiss (1964)
Producer
Eat (1964)
Producer
Dance Movie (1964)
Producer

Editing (Feature Film)

Imitation of Christ (1970)
Film Editor
The Loves of Ondine (1968)
Film Editor
Nude Restaurant (1967)
Film Editor
I, a Man (1967)
Film Editor

Animation (Feature Film)

Vamp (1986)
Animator

Art Department (Feature Film)

An Unmarried Woman (1978)
Art Department

Production Companies (Feature Film)

The Loves of Ondine (1968)
Company
Flesh (1968)
Company

Misc. Crew (Feature Film)

The Feature (2009)
Other
Nico Icon (1995)
Other
Jonas in the Desert (1994)
Other
North Shore (1987)
Other
Andy Warhol (1973)
Other

Cast (Special)

Gimme Some Truth: The Making of the "Imagine" Album (2000)
Penn & Teller's Invisible Thread (1987)
Donald Duck's 50th Birthday (1984)
Walt Disney... One Man's Dream (1981)

Costume-Wardrobe (Special)

Merce Cunningham Dance Company (1977)
Costumes

Art Department (Special)

Merce Cunningham Dance Company (1977)
Scenic Designer

Misc. Crew (Special)

Signal to Noise: Life With Television (1996)
Other

Director (Short)

Blow Job (1963)
Director

Life Events

1949

Moved to New York after graduating from college

1962

First one-man show in New York

1962

Began attending underground/avant-garde film screenings

1963

Made first "serial" film, "Kiss"

1964

Joined by scenarist Ronald Tevel and assistant director Chuck Wein

1964

Shot first sound film, "Harlot" (70 mins) in December

1965

Paul Morrissey joined Warhol's entourage

1965

Made "Vinyl," an adaptation of Anthony Burgess's "A Clockwork Orange"; also film debut of Edie Sedgwick

1965

"Produced" debut record album of "The Velvet Underground and Nico"

1966

Made "The Chelsea Girls," whose commercial success precipitated more mainstream projects

1968

Seriously wounded after being shot twice by Valerie Solanis on June 4

1968

While Warhol recuperated, Morrissey wrote and directed "Flesh," the first "Warhol" film which Warhol did not direct

1969

Founded INTERVIEW magazine

1977

After "Andy Warhol's Bad" (directed by Jed Johnson), ended filmmaking career (though he directed several music videos in the 1980s)

1983

Started own cable TV talk show

Family

Julia Warhola
Mother
Czech.
Andrej Warhola
Father
Czech.
Paul Warhola
Brother
Artist. Born on June 26, 1922.
John Warhola
Brother
Older.
Madale Warhola Hoover
Niece
Artist.
James Warhola
Nephew
Artist, illustrator.

Bibliography

"Andy Warhol"
Wayne Koestenbaum, Penguin (2001)
"The Andy Warhol Diaries"
Andy Warhol; edited by Pat Hackett, Warner Books (1989)
"The Philosophy of Andy Warhol: From A to B and Back Again"
Andy Warhol (1988)