Gregory Peck


Actor
Gregory Peck

About

Also Known As
Eldred Gregory Peck
Birth Place
La Jolla, California, USA
Born
April 05, 1916
Died
June 11, 2003
Cause of Death
Natural Causes

Biography

As an actor who conveyed moral certitude and unwavering strength, Gregory Peck became the unofficial conscience of postwar Hollywood, turning in several iconic performances in some of cinema's most important films. Peck began appearing in movies during the war with "Days of Glory" (1944) and became an almost instant star thanks to his Oscar-nominated performance in "The Keys of the Kingd...

Photos & Videos

Twelve O'Clock High - Movie Poster
The Gunfighter - Lobby Cards
Roman Holiday - Movie Posters

Family & Companions

Greta Rice
Wife
Hairdresser. Met during the 1941 tour of "The Doctor's Dilemma" when she worked as Katharine Cornell's hairdresser; married in October 1942; divorced in 1954; mother of Peck's three older children.
Veronique Passani
Wife
Writer. Married on December 31, 1955; mother of Peck's two younger children.

Bibliography

"Gregory Peck: A Biography"
Gary Fishgall, Scribner (2002)
"The Films of Gregory Peck"
John Griggs, Citadel Press (1984)
"An Actor's Life"
Gregory Peck (1978)

Notes

"If now and then through luck and circumstance, we get into a film that someone might call a work of film art, so much the better; that's an extra bonus. If now and then we get into one that has something to say on a social issue or that gives people food for thought on something of importance in their lives or in terms of social problems that, too, is a bonus. But really, the name of the game is to entertain--never to bore--and to do it well, with expertise and precision and professionalism." --Gregory Peck, quoted in Orbit Video, April 1989.

"Before you stands a talent that is seamless, effortless. One could fear that, with the career he's had, he would take a lot for granted, but he's hungry, driven, as passionate as any young actor with the smoothness of seasoned talent. He's absolutely incredible." --Jane Fonda, from PR for "Old Gringo"

Biography

As an actor who conveyed moral certitude and unwavering strength, Gregory Peck became the unofficial conscience of postwar Hollywood, turning in several iconic performances in some of cinema's most important films. Peck began appearing in movies during the war with "Days of Glory" (1944) and became an almost instant star thanks to his Oscar-nominated performance in "The Keys of the Kingdom" (1945). He went on to portray an amnesiac psychoanalyst in Alfred Hitchcock's "Spellbound" (1945), turned in another Academy Award-worthy performance in 'The Yearling" (1946) and played against type in "Duel in the Sun" (1946). Following seminal work in "Twelve O'Clock High" (1949), "Roman Holiday" (1953) and "Moby Dick" (1956), Peck took on the role that became inextricably tied to his career, that of Atticus Finch in "To Kill a Mockingbird" (1962), which earned him his only Oscar for Best Actor while inspiring audiences for generations. He had a major box office hit with "The Guns of Navarone" (1961), starred in the original "Cape Fear" (1962) and reunited with "Mockingbird" director Robert Mulligan for "The Stalking Moon" (1969). His career began to slow in the 1970s, though he was notable in "The Omen" (1976) and "The Boys of Brazil" (1978). Following a turn as Abraham Lincoln in "The Blue and the Grey" (CBS, 1982) and his Emmy-nominated performance in a contemporary remake of "Moby Dick" (USA, 1998), Peck left behind a legacy as an iconic performer who exerted creative independence while becoming a beloved actor to generations fans.

Born on April 5, 1916 in La Jolla, CA, Peck was raised in a Catholic home by his father, Gregory, a druggist, and his mother, Bernice. When he was six years old, his parents divorced and he went to live with his maternal grandmother in Los Angeles, where he attended the St. John's Military Academy. But his grandmother soon died and his father resumed parenting duties, bringing his son back down to San Diego, where he graduated from San Diego High School. He spent a year studying at San Diego State College before transferring to the University of California at Berkeley, where he studied language and medicine, was a member of the rowing team and became interested in acting after a trip to New York City, where he was inspired by a Broadway production of "I Married an Angel" (1928). Upon his return to Berkeley, Peck withdrew from studying medicine and joined a small theater group on campus. He graduated in 1939 and made his way back to New York, where he attended the Playhouse School of Dramatics - later changed to the Neighborhood Playhouse - under a two-year scholarship, studying under Rita Morgenthau, Irene Lewisohn, Sanford Meisner and Martha Graham.

Peck's first couple of years in New York were nothing short of a struggle. Often broke, he worked as a barker at a concession stand for the 1939 World's Fair and a tour guide at Radio City Music Hall, though sometimes he lived hand-to-mouth and even slept in Central Park. Two years after his arrival, Peck made his professional stage debut with a small role in the touring company of "The Doctor's Dilemma" (1941), starring Katharine Cornell, and soon made his Broadway bow in "Morning Star" (1942). Peck's excellent notices were enough to attract the attention of Hollywood talent scouts. He would go on to sign contracts with RKO, 20th Century Fox, Selznick Productions and MGM. Because of a spinal injury suffered in dance class - not while rowing, as was commonly believed - Peck was exempt from service during World War II, which allowed the actor to fill in the void left behind by a scarcity of leading men. His first film, "Days of Glory" (1944), an over-ripe tribute to Russian peasant resistance against the Nazis, featured Peck as a strong-boned resistance leader. But it was "The Keys of the Kingdom" (1945) - in which he was a dedicated Roman Catholic missionary to China - that made him a star. It was the first of his incarnations as an authority figure of quiet dignity and uncompromising single-mindedness, and also the first of five Academy Award nominations for Best Actor.

Peck capitalized on his newfound star power and starred opposite Ingrid Bergman in Alfred Hitchcock's psychological suspense thriller, "Spellbound" (1945), in which he played a psychiatrist and troubled amnesiac who may have committed murder. He next played a warm and loving father in "The Yearling" (1946), earning another Oscar nod for Best Actor, while he was the complete opposite as a no-good, womanizing villain who seduces Jennifer Jones in King Vidor's "Duel in the Sun" (1946). After the unsuccessful adaptation of Ernest Hemingway's popular short story, "The Macomber Affair" (1947), Peck was a British barrister taking on the case of a woman (Alida Valli) accused of murdering her wealthy husband in Alfred Hitchcock's minor work, "The Paradine Case" (1947). Meanwhile, he garnered his third Oscar nomination for Best Actor as a writer who pretends to be Jewish to expose anti-Semitism in Elia Kazan's powerful drama "Gentleman's Agreement" (1947). Turning back to the Western with "Yellow Sky" (1948), he was the head of an outlaw gang who takes refuge in a frontier ghost town and butts heads with one of the lone inhabitants (Anne Baxter).

Peck earned a fourth Academy Award nomination for Best Actor for his sterling performance in the World War II drama, "Twelve O'Clock High" (1949), in which he played a hard-driving brigadier general who sees the futility of boosting his men's morale as they prepare to be sent to their deaths on a dangerous bombing mission. In "The Gunfighter" (1950), Peck was an aging gunslinger who is sick of killing, but is forced into confrontation by a young outlaw - a role originally intended for John Wayne. Following leading turns in the biblical drama "David and Bathsheba" (1951) and the adaptation of Hemingway's "The Snows of Kilimanjaro" (1952), Peck showed his more lighthearted side with the romantic comedy "Roman Holiday" (1953), starring opposite Audrey Hepburn as an expatriate reporter from America who falls for her Princess Anne. Though Peck's contract stipulated that he receive solo top billing opposite the then-relatively unknown Hepburn, he suggested midway through shooting to director William Wyler that she should indeed receive equal billing - an unheard of gesture that demonstrated the actor's genuine nature. He next played a Canadian pilot trapped in Burma surrounded by the Japanese World War II drama "The Purple Plain" (1954) and was an ex-arm officer trying to be a television writer after the war in "The Man in the Gray Flannel Suit" (1956).

Peck next delivered one of his most indelible performances, channeling his maniacal obsession as Captain Ahab, who relentlessly pursues the great white whale in John Ford's adaptation of Herman Melville's "Moby Dick" (1956). Peck enjoyed a successful producing career beginning with William Wyler's "The Big Country" (1958), a Western in which he starred as an ex-sea captain forced to take sides in battle against Burl Ives and sons over water rights. He followed with "Pork Chop Hill" (1959), an uncompromising war film that was almost documentary-like in its story of men dying for a worthless hill in the Korean War. He also appeared in Stanley Kramer's "On the Beach" (1959), which contained a strong message that mankind could destroy the Earth through nuclear war. Meanwhile, he made the first of four collaborations with director J. Lee Thompson on the classic war film, "The Guns of Navarone" (1961), in which he was part of an Allied force tasked with taking out a set of huge Nazi cannons that are well-placed and hard-to-reach on an Aegean island. The film was a major box office success and the top grossing film of that year.

The following year, Peck delivered his most iconic performances, portraying morally courageous small-town lawyer, Atticus Finch, in "To Kill a Mockingbird" (1962), a role that not only earned him his only Academy Award for Best Actor, but was considered by many as the one he was born to play. In fact, his own persona off screen was not unlike the character he played on screen, and Peck considered himself lucky to have managed to play such a beloved role. Also that year, he was an attorney whose family is stalked by a criminal (Robert Mitchum) he sent to jail in the original "Cape Fear" (1962), and joined an all-star cast that included Henry Fonda, Karl Malden, Debbie Reynolds, John Wayne and Jimmy Stewart for the epic Western "How the West Was Won" (1962). He next battled stodgy bureaucracy and macho military mentality as an army psychiatrist in "Captain Newman, M.D." (1963), playing an aging Catalan guerilla in "Behold a Pale Horse" (1964) and an unconscious amnesiac trying to piece together his forgotten life in the Hitchcockian thriller "Mirage" (1965).

After narrating the memorial tribute documentary "John F. Kennedy: Years of Lightning, Day of Drums" (1966), Peck starred opposite Sophia Loren in the political thriller "Arabesque" (1966), before reteaming with "Mockingbird" director Robert Mulligan for the Western "The Stalking Moon" (1969). He next reunited with Thompson for "Mackenna's Gold" (1969) and "The Chairman" (1969), and was a small town sheriff who develops a relationship with a local girl (Tuesday Weld) in John Frankenheimer's "I Walk the Line" (1970). In 1971, Peck received a Lifetime Achievement Award from the Screen Actors Guild, and that year played a prisoner falsely imprisoned for a bank robbery seeking revenge on the man who set him up in Henry Hathaway's Western "Shoot Out" (1971). Following two features he produced but in which he did not act, "The Trial of the Catonsville Nine" (1972) and The Dove" (1974), Peck returned to the screen for "The Omen" (1976), playing a U.S. ambassador who inadvertently replaces his dead newborn son with the spawn of the devil. He followed up by playing two diametrically opposed historical characters, portraying World War II hero "MacArthur" (1977) and the despicable Dr. Joseph Mengele in "The Boys of Brazil" (1978), a role that alienate some of his fans.

A lifelong Democrat, Peck acquired the reputation as Hollywood's house liberal, a fact which earned him a spot on fellow Californian Richard Nixon's infamous enemies list and later made him Ronald Reagan's "former friend." As his film career wound down, his philanthropic efforts in support of arts organizations flowered, with Peck working tirelessly as a founder of the American Film Institute, three-term president of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences and member of the National Council of Arts, making him seem less an actor than a politician. As such, it seemed fitting that the two Pecks finally melded when he was cast in his first dramatic television role, playing Abraham Lincoln in the four-part miniseries "The Blue and the Grey" (CBS, 1982). He next was a priest saving Jews in World War II in "The Scarlet and the Black" (CBS, 1983) and made a cameo as the U.S. President in the anti-nuclear film, "Amazing Grace and Chuck" (1987). Back on the big screen, he starred opposite Jane Fonda and Jimmy Smits in "Old Gringo" (1989) and played the lawyer for Max Cady (Robert De Niro) in Martin Scorsese's remake of "Cape Fear" (1991).

Still active well into his eighties, Peck executive produced "The Portrait" (TNT, 1993), an adaptation of Tina Howe's play "Painting Churches" directed by Arthur Penn. It was his last starring vehicle, in which Peck played an aging poet opposite Lauren Bacall as his wife and real-life daughter Cecilia Peck as his painter daughter. Having played Starbuck in a college production of Melville's epic and bedeviled the great white whale as Ahab in the 1956 feature, he couldn't pass up the opportunity to act a third time in "Moby Dick," earning an Emmy nomination for his turn as the fire-and-brimstone preacher - played by Orson Welles in John Ford's movie - in the 1998 version broadcast on USA Network. The role would prove to be Peck's last fictional turn before the cameras before his death from bronchopneumonia on June 12, 2003 in Los Angeles. He was 87 years old and left behind a glorious career rivaled only by a select few.

By Shawn Dwyer

Filmography

 

Cast (Feature Film)

From Russia to Hollywood: The 100-Year Odyssey of Chekhov and Shdanoff (1999)
Narrator
Jack Lemmon: America's Everyman (1996)
Interviewee
A Personal Journey with Martin Scorsese Through American Movies (1995)
Himself
Wild Bill: Hollywood Maverick (1995)
Himself
Roger Moore: A Matter of Class (1995)
Interviewee
Charlton Heston: For All Seasons (1995)
The Portrait (1993)
Audrey Hepburn: Remembered (1993)
Other People's Money (1991)
Cape Fear (1991)
Old Gringo (1989)
Ambrose Bierce--Bitter
Gregory Peck: His Own Man (1988)
Narrator
Amazing Grace And Chuck (1987)
The Scarlet and the Black (1983)
Monsignor Hugh O'Flaherty
The Sea Wolves (1980)
The Boys From Brazil (1978)
Dr Josef Mengele
MacArthur (1977)
General Douglas Macarthur
The Omen (1976)
It's Showtime (1976)
Himself
Billy Two Hats (1973)
Deans
I Walk the Line (1970)
Sheriff Henry Tawes
The Chairman (1969)
Dr. John Hathaway
Marooned (1969)
Charles Keith
Mackenna's Gold (1969)
Mackenna
The Stalking Moon (1968)
Sam Varner
Arabesque (1966)
David Pollock
John F. Kennedy: Years of Lightning, Day of Drums (1966)
Narrator
Mirage (1965)
David Stillwell
Behold a Pale Horse (1964)
Manuel Artiguez
Captain Newman, M. D. (1963)
Capt. Josiah J. Newman
How the West Was Won (1963)
Cleve Van Valen
To Kill a Mockingbird (1962)
Atticus Finch
Cape Fear (1962)
Sam Bowden
The Guns of Navarone (1961)
Mallory
On the Beach (1959)
Dwight Towers
Pork Chop Hill (1959)
Lt. Joe Clemons
Beloved Infidel (1959)
F. Scott Fitzgerald
The Big Country (1958)
James McKay
The Bravados (1958)
Jim Douglas
Designing Woman (1957)
Mike Hagen
Moby Dick (1956)
Capt. Ahab
The Man in the Gray Flannel Suit (1956)
Tom Rath
The Purple Plain (1955)
Flight Commander Forrester
Man with a Million (1954)
Henry Adams
Night People (1954)
Col.Steve Van Dyke
Roman Holiday (1953)
Joe Bradley
Pictura--Adventure in Art (1952)
Victor Carpaccio "The Legend of St. Ursula" [Narrator]
The World in His Arms (1952)
Jonathan Clark
The Snows of Kilimanjaro (1952)
Harry Street
David and Bathsheba (1951)
King David
Only the Valiant (1951)
Capt. Richard Lance
Captain Horatio Hornblower (1951)
Capt. Horatio Hornblower, R. N. By arrangement with David O. Selznick
The Gunfighter (1950)
Jimmie Ringo
Twelve O'Clock High (1949)
[Brigadier] General [Frank] Savage
The Great Sinner (1949)
Fedja
The Paradine Case (1948)
Anthony Keane
Gentleman's Agreement (1948)
Philip Schuyler Green
Yellow Sky (1948)
James "Stretch" Dawson
Duel in the Sun (1947)
Lewt McCanles
The Macomber Affair (1947)
Robert Wilson
The Yearling (1947)
Penny Baxter
The Keys of the Kingdom (1945)
Father Francis Chisholm
The Valley of Decision (1945)
Paul Scott
Spellbound (1945)
John Ballantine, also known as Dr. Anthony Edwardes, "J. B." and John Brown
Days of Glory (1944)
Vladimir

Producer (Feature Film)

The Portrait (1993)
Executive Producer
The Dove (1974)
Producer
The Trial of the Catonsville Nine (1972)
Producer
Pork Chop Hill (1959)
Executive Producer
The Big Country (1958)
Producer

Misc. Crew (Feature Film)

Wild Bill: Hollywood Maverick (1995)
Other
A Personal Journey with Martin Scorsese Through American Movies (1995)
Other
It's Showtime (1976)
Other

Cast (Special)

American Prophet: The Story of Joseph Smith (1999)
Narrator
Intimate Portrait: Lauren Bacall (1999)
A Conversation With Gregory Peck (1999)
Angie Dickinson: Tinseltown's Classiest Broad (1999)
Interviewee
The 70th Annual Academy Awards (1998)
Performer
Tony Bennett: An All-Star Tribute -- Live By Request (1998)
Thar She Blows! The Making of "Moby Dick" (1998)
Narrator
The American Film Institute Salute to Martin Scorsese (1997)
Performer
The Kennedy Center Honors (1997)
Performer
The Universal Story (1996)
Himself
Sinatra: 80 Years My Way (1995)
The 67th Annual Academy Awards (1995)
Presenter
The American Film Institute Salute to Steven Spielberg (1995)
Performer
Martha Graham: The Dancer Revealed (1994)
51st Annual Golden Globe Awards (1994)
Presenter
The Hunt For Adolf Eichmann (1994)
Narration
50th Annual Golden Globe Awards (1993)
Presenter
Legend to Legend Night (1993)
The 65th Annual Academy Awards Presentation (1993)
Presenter
Ava Gardner (1992)
Danny Kaye's International Children's Awards For UNICEF (1992)
Performer
The Kennedy Center Honors: A Celebration of the Performing Arts (1992)
Performer
AFI Salute to Sidney Poitier (1992)
Performer
Swimming With Whales (1991)
Narrator
The Kennedy Center Honors: A Celebration of the Performing Arts (1991)
Frederic Remington: The Truth of Other Days (1991)
Narration
The Concert For Peace From Oslo (1991)
The 63rd Annual Academy Awards Presentation (1991)
Presenter
Sanford Meisner: The Theater's Best Kept Secret (1990)
The 18th Annual American Film Institute Life Achievement Award: A Salute to Sir David Lean (1990)
Host
The 62nd Annual Academy Awards Presentation (1990)
Presenter
Adlai Stevenson: The Man From Libertyville (1990)
Narration
Sammy Davis Jr.'s 60th Anniversary Celebration (1990)
MDA Jerry Lewis Telethon (1990)
Sinatra 75: The Best Is Yet to Come (1990)
American Tribute to Vaclav Havel and a Celebration of Democracy in Czechoslovakia (1990)
The Kennedy Center Honors: A Celebration of the Performing Arts (1989)
Performer
47th Annual Golden Globes (1989)
Performer
The American Film Institute Salute to Gregory Peck (1989)
Performer
The 75th Anniversary of Beverly Hills (1989)
Super Chief -- The Life and Legacy of Earl Warren (1989)
Narrator
The Journey of Carlos Fuentes: Crossing Borders (1989)
The Television Academy Hall of Fame (1989)
Performer
The 15th Annual People's Choice Awards (1989)
Performer
The 60th Annual Academy Awards Presentation (1988)
Performer
99th Tournament of Roses Parade (1988)
Grand Marshal
Unauthorized Biography: Jane Fonda (1988)
CBS Tournament of Roses Parade (1988)
We the People 200: The Constitutional Gala (1987)
Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award Show (1987)
Performer
Happy Birthday, Hollywood! (1987)
Liberty Weekend (1986)
Directed By William Wyler (1986)
Himself
George Burns' 100th Birthday Party (1979)
A Tribute to "Mr. Television," Milton Berle (1978)
Martha Graham Dance Company (1976)
Host
The First 50 Years (1976)
Hollywood: The Selznick Years (1961)

Misc. Crew (Special)

Hometown Heroes (1998)
Film Clips
Directed By William Wyler (1986)
Other

Cast (Short)

King & Queen Meet the Stars (1954)
Himself

Misc. Crew (Short)

Gregory Peck (1962)
Archival Footage

Cast (TV Mini-Series)

Moby Dick (1998)
The Blue and the Gray (1982)

Life Events

1928

Travelled to New York with Berkeley crew team for competition; stopped off in NYC and saw first Broadway show, "I Married an Angel"; inspired to become an actor

1939

Worked as a barker at a concession in the amusement zone of the New York World's Fair and later as a tour guide at Radio City Music Hall

1941

Professional stage debut, had small role in the touring company of "The Doctor's Dilemma" starring Katharine Cornell

1942

Broadway debut in "The Morning Star"

1944

Film acting debut, "Days of Glory"

1945

Earned first Best Actor Oscar nomination for his second feature, "The Keys of the Kingdom"

1945

Acted in Alfred Hitchcok's "Spellbound"

1946

Received second Best Actor Academy Award nod as the father in "The Yearling"

1947

First film based on an Ernest Hemingway story "The Macomber Affair"

1947

Played a reporter uncovering anti-semitism in Elia Kazan's "Gentleman's Agreement", earned third Academy Award nomination as Best Actor

1947

Reteamed with Hitchcock on "The Paradine Case"

1949

Snagged fourth Best Actor Oscar nomination for his riveting portrayal of a commander cracking under the strain of war in "Twelve O'Clock High"; first of six films with director Henry King

1950

Starred as King's "The Gunfighter", attempting to overcome his bloody past; voted "Cowboy of the Year" (over John Wayne!) on the strength of his performance; also turned down the following year's "High Noon" (which earned Gary Cooper an Oscar) because he didn't want to do back-to-back Westerns

1951

Took to the high seas as Raoul Walsh's "Captain Horatio Hornblower"

1952

Fourth film with King, "The Snows of Kiliminjaro"; his second film based on a Hemingway story; second of three films with Ava Gardner

1952

Reteamed with Walsh as the skipper in "The World in His Arms"

1953

First collaboration with director William Wyler, "Roman Holiday", the film which introduced Audrey Hepburn to the public

1956

Portrayed Captain Ahab in John Huston's "Moby Dick"

1957

Stoically endured a plate of spaghetti tipped in his lap by Lauren Bacall in "Designing Women"

1958

Film producing debut, Wyler's "The Big Country" (co-produced by Wyler), also starred

1959

Sixth and last picture with King, "Beloved Infidel", miscast him as writer F Scott Fitzgerald, but he believed (rightly or wrongly) his scenes of despair and drunkenness were among the best he ever did

1959

Played the conscience-laden platoon commander in Korean War drama "Pork Chop Hill"; also produced (with Sy Bartlett)

1961

First of four collaborations with director J Lee Thompson, "The Guns of Navarone"

1962

Produced (with Bartlett) and starred in Thompson's "Cape Fear"

1962

Finally took home the Best Actor Oscar as liberal country lawyer Atticus Finch (what he calls his signature role) in Robert Mulligan's "To Kill a Mockingbird", based on the Harper Lee novel

1964

Produced and starred in "Behold a Pale Horse"

1966

Starred opposite Sophia Loren in Stanley Donen's secret agent thriller "Arabesque"

1968

Reteamed with Mulligan for "The Stalking Moon"

1969

Essayed the title role in Thompson's "Mackenna's Gold"; also acted that year in Thompson's "The Chairman"

1972

Produced "The Trial of the Catonsville Nine"; did not act in picture

1974

Last feature producing credit to date, "The Dove"; did not act in picture

1976

Starred in Richard Donner's "The Omen" as the father of a child who could be the Anti-Christ

1977

Offered a striking performance as "MacArthur"

1978

Portrayed Joseph Mengele in "The Boys from Brazil"

1980

First association with director Andrew V McLaglen, "The Sea Wolves"

1982

TV acting debut as Abraham Lincoln in the CBS miniseries "The Blue and the Gray", directed by McLaglen

1989

Played Ambrose Bierce in "Old Gringo", adapted from the novel by Carlos Fuentes

1991

Provided the recorded voice of Florenz Ziegfeld in the Broadway musical "The Will Rogers Follies"

1991

Last feature film roles to date, a co-starring role in "Other People's Money" and a cameo in Martin Scorsese's remake of "Cape Fear"

1993

Executive produced and starred opposite Bacall and his daughter Cecilia in Arthur Penn's "The Portrait" (TNT)

1995

Began performing a one-man show of anecdotes and film clips from his career, "An Evening with Gregory Peck" (originally entitled "A Conversation with Gregory Peck"), TNT has completed an untitled documentary about these shows, written by daughter Cecilia Peck; Mary Badham, who played Scout in "To Kill a Mockingbird", came to a 1995 show in Winston-Salem, North Carolina, and the two reenacted a "Mockingbird" scene together; retired the production in February 2000

1996

Rushed to hospital and underwent surgery for appendicitis in the Czech Republic

1998

Portrayed fire and brimstone preacher in USA Network miniseries version of "Moby Dick", receiving an Emmy nomination and a Golden Globe Award for his efforts

1999

Narrated the documentary "From Russia to Hollywood: The 100-Year Odyssey of Chekhov and Shdanoff"

Photo Collections

Twelve O'Clock High - Movie Poster
Twelve O'Clock High - Movie Poster
The Gunfighter - Lobby Cards
The Gunfighter - Lobby Cards
Roman Holiday - Movie Posters
Here are a few original release American movie posters for William Wyler's Roman Holiday (1953), starring Audrey Hepburn and Gregory Peck.
The Great Sinner - Movie Poster
The Great Sinner - Movie Poster
Gentleman's Agreement - Movie Poster
Gentleman's Agreement - Movie Poster
Spellbound - Lobby Card
Here is a Lobby Card from Spellbound (1945). Lobby Cards were 11" x 14" posters that came in sets of 8. As the name implies, they were most often displayed in movie theater lobbies, to advertise current or coming attractions.
Designing Woman - Behind-the-Scenes Photos
Here are a few photos taken behind-the-scenes during production of MGM's Designing Woman (1957), starring Gregory Peck and Lauren Bacall.
The Valley of Decision - Gregory Peck Publicity Still
Here is a photo of Gregory Peck, taken to help publicize MGM's The Valley Of Decision (1945). Publicity stills were specially-posed photos, usually taken off the set, for purposes of publicity or reference for promotional artwork.
To Kill a Mockingbird - Lobby Card Set
Here is a set of lobby cards from Universal Pictures' To Kill a Mockingbird (1963), starring Gregory Peck. Lobby Cards were 11" x 14" posters that came in sets of 8. As the name implies, they were most often displayed in movie theater lobbies, to advertise current or coming attractions.
Marooned - Movie Poster
Here is the American one-sheet movie poster for Marooned (1969), starring Gregory Peck, David Janssen, and Gene Hackman. One-sheets measured 27x41 inches, and were the poster style most commonly used in theaters.
The Yearling - Movie Poster
Here is the American One-Sheet Movie Poster for The Yearling (1946). One-sheets measured 27x41 inches, and were the poster style most commonly used in theaters.
The Guns of Navarone - Movie Poster
Here is the American one-sheet movie poster for Fox's The Guns of Navarone (1961), starring Gregory Peck, David Niven, and Anthony Quinn. One-sheets measured 27x41 inches, and were the poster style most commonly used in theaters.
How the West Was Won - Program Book
Here is the souvenir Program Book sold at Roadshow engagements for the 1962 epic in Cinerama, How the West Was Won.
Cape Fear - Movie Poster
Here is the American one-sheet movie poster for Cape Fear (1962), starring Gregory Peck and Robert Mitchum. One-sheets measured 27x41 inches, and were the poster style most commonly used in theaters.
Cape Fear - Pressbook
Here is the original campaign book (pressbook) for Cape Fear (1962). Pressbooks were sent to exhibitors and theater owners to aid them in publicizing the film's run in their theater.
The Boys from Brazil - Movie Poster
Here is the American one-sheet movie poster for The Boys from Brazil (1978), starring Laurence Olivier, Gregory Peck, and James Mason. One-sheets measured 27x41 inches, and were the poster style most commonly used in theaters.

Videos

Movie Clip

Roman Holiday (1953) - Care To Make A Statement? The ending of the escape from official guest quarters by visiting Princess Anne (Audrey Hepburn), only beginning to feel the effect of a sleep medication, and the introduction of reporter Joe (Gregory Peck) and buds, especially cameraman Irving (Eddie Albert), in William Wyler's Roman Holiday. 1953.
Roman Holiday (1953) - Did You Bring Me Here By Force? American reporter Joe (Gregory Peck) awakens Princess Anne (Audrey Hepburn), whose minders consider missing, but whom he in fact rescued, roaming the city while on sleep medication, not revealing that he knows who she is, in Roman Holiday, 1953.
Gentleman's Agreement (1948) - I Think Sometimes For Myself Crossing Grand Army Plaza alongside the Plaza hotel, New Yorker director Elia “Gadge” Kazan introduces leading man Gregory Peck and Dean Stockwell his son, then visiting Atlas at Rockefeller Plaza, meeting Ann Revere as his mom, and visiting the heady confines of fictional Smith’s Weekly, opening the Best Picture-winning Gentleman’s Agreement, 1948.
Gentleman's Agreement (1948) -- I'm Jewish Myself Magazine writer Phil (Gregory Peck), new on the staff at prominent Smith's Weekly, now telling everyone he's Jewish for his anti-Semitism story, has a first talk with his secretary (June Havoc), then with the doctor (Nicholas Joy) treating his mother, in Gentleman's Agreement, 1948.
Gentleman's Agreement (1948) -- I Don't Care About The Jews Much talked about but just introduced Dave (John Garfield), a lifelong Jewish pal of writer Phil (Gregory Peck), now in New York after a tour abroad, hears about his friend's unorthodox approach to his assignment, Anne Revere the mom, in Gentleman's Agreement, 1948.
To Kill A Mockingbird (1962) - Squirrels And Rabbits Young Walter (Steve Condit) is a guest at dinner after a schoolyard scrap with Scout (Mary Badham), Atticus (Gregory Peck) and Jem (Phillip Alford) joining conversation, in To Kill A Mockingbird, 1962, from Harper Lee's novel and Horton Foote's screenplay.
To Kill A Mockingbird (1962) - Don't Go Near That Dog! Atticus (Gregory Peck) with Scout (Mary Badham), then Kim Stanley's narration to the vignette about the mad dog, featuring Caplurnia (Estelle Evans), Jem (Phillip Alford) and Sheriff Tate (Frank Overton), from To Kill A Mockingbird, 1962.
Twelve O'Clock High (1949) - I Signed The Field Order General Savage (Gregory Peck, his first scene), receives his friend, flight commander Colonel Davenport (Gary Merrill), to discuss a dangerous new mission, following a series of severe losses to American bomber squadrons in England, circa 1942, in Henry King's Twelve O'Clock High, 1949.
Spellbound (1945) - Amazed At The Subterfuge Dr. Peterson (Ingrid Bergman) finds herself unable to resist a late night visit to her new boss Dr. Edwardes (Gregory Peck) on his first evening at the mental hospital, explicit visual metaphor from Alfred Hitchcock, in Spellbound, 1945.
Spellbound (1945) - Wishful Dreaming The famous dream sequence designed for Alfred Hitchcock by Salvador Dali, "J-B" (Gregory Peck) shares details with shrinks Constance (Ingrid Bergman) and Brulov (Michael Chekhov), in Spellbound, 1945.
Spellbound (1945) - When You Are Old Sleepless and apparently amnesiac "J-B" (Gregory Peck) decides to shave, takes a good look at psychologist and ally Constance (Ingrid Bergman), then finds Brulov (Michael Chekhov), her mentor to whom they've come for help, awaiting, in Alfred Hitchcock's Spellbound, 1945.
Spellbound (1945) - Steadier Hands Two scenes introducing Dr. Edwardes (Gregory Peck) to his new staff at the mental hospital, first with outgoing Dr. Murchison (Leo G. Carroll) then with perplexed Dr. Peterson (Ingrid Bergman), in Alfred Hitchcock's Spellbound, 1946.

Trailer

Snows of Kilimanjaro, The - (Original Trailer) Gregory Peck, Ava Gardner and Susan Hayward star in the Henry King's adaptation of Ernest Hemingway's story The Snows of Kilimanjaro (1952).
Gunfighter, The - (Re-issue Trailer) The fastest gun in the West (Gregory Peck) tries to escape his reputation in The Gunfighter (1950).
Night People - (Original Trailer) Communists kidnap a U.S. officer (Gregory Peck) in cold war Berlin in Night People (1954).
Guns of Navarone, The - (Original Trailer) A team of Allied saboteurs fight their way behind enemy lines to destroy The Guns of Navarone (1961) starring Gregory Peck and David Niven.
Yearling, The - (Re-issue Trailer) A Florida boy's pet deer threatens the family farm in The Yearling (1948), starring Gregory Peck and Jane Wyman.
Gentleman's Agreement - (Academy Award trailer) Three Academy Awards went to Gentleman's Agreement (1947) an exposé of American anti-semitism starring Gregory Peck and John Garfield, directed by Elia Kazan.
Big Country, The - (Original Trailer) Feuding families vie for water rights in the old West in William Wyler's epic drama, The Big Country, starring Gregory Peck. Charlton Heston, Burl Ives and Jean Simmons (Telluride Film Festival honoree 2008).
Designing Woman - (Original Trailer) Gregory Peck, in character as sportswriter "Mike Hagen," leads off the trailer to Vincente Minnelli's Designing Woman, 1957, co-starring Lauren Bacall, from an original idea by MGM fashion designer Helen Rose.
To Kill a Mockingbird - (Original Trailer) A young girl grows up fast when her lawyer father defends a black man accused of raping a white woman in To Kill a Mockingbird (1962) starring Gregory Peck.
On The Beach - (Original Trailer) After a nuclear war, U.S. sailors stationed in Australia deal with the death of humanity in Stanley Kramer's On The Beach (1959).
Roman Holiday - (Original Trailer) A runaway princess (Audrey Hepburn) in Rome finds love with a reporter (Gregory Peck) who knows her true identity in Roman Holiday (1953).
Mackenna's Gold - (Original Trailer) A group of men, lead by a questionable sheriff and a wanted bandit, descend upon the desert in search of a lost canyon of gold in Mackenna's Gold (1969).

Promo

Family

Gregory Peck
Father
Druggist. Divorced from Peck's mother c. 1922.
Bernice Peck
Mother
Divorced from Peck's father c. 1922.
Jonathan Peck
Son
Journalist. Born on July 20, 1944; mother, Greta Rice; committed suicide in 1975.
Stephen Peck
Son
Born on August 16, 1946; mother, Greta Rice; created Far From Home, organization which assists homeless veterans.
Carey Paul Peck
Son
Born on June 17, 1949; mother, Greta Rice.
Tony Peck
Son
Actor. Born in October 1956; mother, Veronique Passani; married to Cheryl Tiegs on November 23, 1990.
Cecilia Peck
Daughter
Actor. Born in May 1958; mother, Veronique Passani; married to Daniel Voll on September 8, 2001.
Zachery Anthony Peck
Grandson
Born on October 1, 1991; father, Anthony Peck.
Harper Vol
Grandson
Born in February 1999; mother, Cecelia Peck.

Companions

Greta Rice
Wife
Hairdresser. Met during the 1941 tour of "The Doctor's Dilemma" when she worked as Katharine Cornell's hairdresser; married in October 1942; divorced in 1954; mother of Peck's three older children.
Veronique Passani
Wife
Writer. Married on December 31, 1955; mother of Peck's two younger children.

Bibliography

"Gregory Peck: A Biography"
Gary Fishgall, Scribner (2002)
"The Films of Gregory Peck"
John Griggs, Citadel Press (1984)
"An Actor's Life"
Gregory Peck (1978)

Notes

"If now and then through luck and circumstance, we get into a film that someone might call a work of film art, so much the better; that's an extra bonus. If now and then we get into one that has something to say on a social issue or that gives people food for thought on something of importance in their lives or in terms of social problems that, too, is a bonus. But really, the name of the game is to entertain--never to bore--and to do it well, with expertise and precision and professionalism." --Gregory Peck, quoted in Orbit Video, April 1989.

"Before you stands a talent that is seamless, effortless. One could fear that, with the career he's had, he would take a lot for granted, but he's hungry, driven, as passionate as any young actor with the smoothness of seasoned talent. He's absolutely incredible." --Jane Fonda, from PR for "Old Gringo"

Awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1969 by Lyndon Johnson.

Honored with the 1992 gala tribute of the Film Society of Lincoln Center.

Peck was one of a group of friends who founded the La Jolla Playhouse in the 40s and still devotes time raising money for it. He is also a fundraiser on behalf of the film department of University College in Dublin, Ireland.

Asked how he would play Captain Ahab now, given the benefit of time: "Better. I think I should have been more ferocious in pursuit of the whale, more cruel to the crew, and I think I have a better grasp now of what Melville was talking about. He was trying to find an answer to the eternal mysteries. Ahab focused all his energies on avenging himself against the whale, but he was trying to penetrate the mystery of why we were here at all, why there is anything. I wasn't mad enough, not crazy enough, not obsessive enough. I should have done more."(After a long pause) "At the time I didn't have more in me." --Peck, to Claudia Dreifus in The New York Times, May 4, 1998.