Irvin Kershner


Director
Irvin Kershner

About

Birth Place
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
Born
April 29, 1923
Died
November 27, 2010
Cause of Death
Lung Cancer

Biography

Photography and art were the launching pads for director Irvin Kershner's career; he studied both extensively as well as tackled documentaries in the 1950s before making his feature debut with "Stakeout on Dope Street" (1958), a gritty crime drama for producer Roger Corman, which in turn led to numerous jobs on episodic television and in more independent features. Kershner's feature work...

Family & Companions

Julia Kershner
Wife
Director.

Biography

Photography and art were the launching pads for director Irvin Kershner's career; he studied both extensively as well as tackled documentaries in the 1950s before making his feature debut with "Stakeout on Dope Street" (1958), a gritty crime drama for producer Roger Corman, which in turn led to numerous jobs on episodic television and in more independent features. Kershner's feature work was distinguished by his ability to mine realistic and intimate human drama from his stories, and for finding idiosyncratic takes on nearly every genre - from comedies like "A Fine Madness" (1966) and intimate dramas such as "Loving" (1970), to horror flicks like "The Eyes of Laura Mars" (1978) and historical adventures including "The Return of a Man Called Horse" (1976). His biggest box office success was the "Star Wars" sequel, "The Empire Strikes Back" (1980), which benefited greatly from his mature direction. Kershner also maintained side careers as a producer, educator and occasional actor, but it was his work helming the darkest and most critically lauded of the "Star Wars" trilogy that would be his greatest legacy.

Born April 29, 1923, Kershner's educational background was rich in a variety of arts. He studied music and composition at an early age before serving as an Air Force flight engineer on B-24 bombers during World War II. After returning to civilian life, he studied art and design at Temple University's Tyler School of Fine Arts in Philadelphia, PA, and art under painter Hans Hoffman in New York City. In 1948, he moved to Los Angeles to study design and photography at the Art Center College of Design and UCLA while supporting himself as a commercial artist. Kershner later took up film studies at USC's School of Cinema, where he also taught courses in photography. While there, he accepted a job as a still photographer on a state department film project in Iran, which led to directing documentaries on the Middle East and Europe for the United States Information Service in 1950. From 1953 to 1955, he developed and directed a documentary series for television called "Confidential File," which recreated events in the news. He made his feature debut with a low budget juvenile crime drama called "Stakeout on Dope Street," which featured a script by veteran writer Andrew J. Fenady and a young cast culled from the ranks of producer Roger Corman's talent pool. Praised for its realistic locations and direction, it allowed Kershner to direct two more well-received urban crime dramas, "The Young Captives" (1959) and "Hoodlum Priest" (1961), with Don Murray as Father Charles Clark, a man who preached to inner city street gangs. The latter was nominated for two awards, including the Golden Palm, at the 1961 Cannes Film Festival.

Kershner moved to episodic television in the early sixties; he helped develop and direct "The Rebel" (ABC, 1959-1961), a cult drama with Nick Adams as a Confederate Army vet who wanders the American West. More TV work preceded his fourth film, an offbeat World War II drama called "Face in the Rain" (1963), which starred Rory Calhoun as an American spy trapped in the home of an underground contact whose wife is having an affair with a Nazi officer. He had more success with its follow-up, a Canadian-made drama called "The Luck of Ginger Coffey" (1964), with Robert Shaw as an Irish immigrant who struggles to keep his family together after moving to Montreal. Shaw's performance and Kershner's direction were widely praised by the arthouse press. Kershner followed this with "A Fine Madness" (1966), a wry comedy starring Sean Connery - in the midst of his popularity as James Bond -as a poet who seeks a cure for his mental block from a string of unconventional psychiatrists. A modest success at the box office, it later developed a cult following. "Madness," along with its successor, "The Flim-Flam Man" (1967), cemented Kershner's fascination with offbeat heroes with a rebellious streak; "Flim-Flam" starred George C. Scott as a con artist who teams with an AWOL GI (Michael Sarrazin) to execute elaborate schemes on a series of Southerners. It too found a small but devoted audience in later years.

"Loving" (1970) earned Kershner his best reviews and ticket sales prior to "Empire." An intelligent and mature comedy about the pressures of marriage and career, it starred George Segal as an enterprising if unhappy commercial artist who throws his life into disarray after an ill-advised affair. Very well-received by the mainstream critical press, it ushered Kershner into the Hollywood fold, where he stumbled mightily with his first big-budget features. "Up the Sandbox" (1972) was a confusing blend of fantasy and realistic drama, with Barbra Streisand as a young wife and mother who escapes her dreary life through a series of bizarre fantasies. It was largely ignored at the box office, as was "S*P*Y*S" (1974), an ill-advised reunion of "M*A*S*H" (1970) stars Donald Sutherland and Elliott Gould in a dark comedy about espionage.

Kershner also developed the gruesome Western drama "A Man Called Horse" (1970), but was removed from the project and not credited for his contributions to the screenplay. He was, however, tapped to direct the 1976 sequel, "Return of a Man Called Horse," which brought back star Richard Harris as the 19th century Englishman who endures torture at the hands of his Native American captives and eventually joins their tribe. In "Return," he discovers that his adoptive tribe has been enslaved by trappers and seeks revenge for their crimes. The show-stopping purification ritual of the original "Horse," which featured Harris hanging from the ceiling of a sweat lodge by hooks that pierced his chest, was repeated here to great effect. Kershner followed this with "Raid on Entebbe" (1977), a much-acclaimed TV movie that depicted the planning and execution of Operation Thunderbolt, in which Israeli commandos rescued a planeload of passengers hijacked by Palestinian terrorists who were sheltered by notorious Ugandan president Idi Amin. An all-star production with Charles Bronson, James Woods and Peter Finch (in his final screen appearance) in its cast, it was a winner with critics and audiences alike, and netted a Golden Globe and an Emmy for its technical aspects. An additional nine nominations were given to its cast and production team, including one for Kershner.

The director returned to features with "The Eyes of Laura Mars" (1978), an eerie if offbeat supernatural thriller about a fashion photographer (Faye Dunaway) who experiences visions of her colleague's deaths. Glossy and violent, the film received mixed reviews from the press, but the subject matter and the presence of recent Oscar winner Dunaway made it a modest box office hit. A rough cut of the film was screened by George Lucas, who then contacted Kershner about directing the follow-up to "Star Wars" (1977). Kershner initially refused the job, citing that he could never top the level of excitement generated by "Star Wars." Pressure from his agent and from Lucas - who was a former student of his at USC - convinced him to tackle the massive project, "The Empire Strikes Back." Kershner surprised many by delivering a sequel that lived up to the much-loved predecessor and improved upon it in many ways. Chief among its virtues was the level of writing and performances - legendary screenwriter Leigh Brackett of "The Big Sleep" (1945) fame completed an early draft before dying of cancer in 1978, leaving Lawrence Kasdan to finish subsequent drafts. Kershner's knack for finding intimate drama in the most unlikely of places could be credited for the emotional resonance of the romantic scenes between Princess Leia (Carrie Fisher) and Han Solo (Harrison Ford), as well as the force-fueled connection between Luke Skywalker (Mark Hamill) and his master, Yoda, a puppet voiced and operated by Frank Oz. A massive hit with fans of the original and newcomers alike, "Empire" was the highest grossing film of 1980 and one of the top 50 money earners of all time.

Longtime admirers of Kershner's films worried that "Empire" would signal a shift for the director towards more impersonal big-budget fare - and for the most part, his post-"Empire" efforts were along those lines. He reunited with his "Fine Madness" star Sean Connery for "Never Say Never Again" (1983), which marked the actor's return to James Bond, the role which had earned him enduring stardom. But the results were mixed, as the picture never seemed to gel as either a spoof or a straight action-drama. This was also the case for Kershner's "RoboCop 2" (1990), which bulldozed the first film's mix of black humor and action with blunt violence and bad taste. In between both films, Kershner also found time to act, starring as Zebedee, the father of the apostles John and James, in Martin Scorsese's "The Last Temptation of Christ" (1988).He returned to television by directing the premiere episode of the NBC action-adventure series, "seaQuest DSV" (1993-96), which was a notable hit for a few years.

As Kershner grew older, the projects grew fewer and farther between, though he found time to represent "Empire" whenever "Star Wars" retrospectives occurred, including sitting by as Lucasfilm altered his original work with new CGI effects for the "The Empire Strikes Back: Special Edition" (1997) version - though it was a testament to Kershner's quality filmmaking that "Empire" was the least retouched by Lucas of the original trilogy. A proposed 1995 remake of the science fiction classic "Forbidden Planet" (1956) never came to light, so Kershner kept active as an executive producer on several independent features in the 1990s. He also worked on several photography projects, and lectured extensively at festivals and colleges, including his alma mater USC, where he served as faculty for the Master of Professional Writing program. In May 2010, movie fans celebrated the 30th anniversary of "Empire" with nationwide screenings and a lavish coffee table book on the making of the beloved epic, which Kersher contributed his recollections to. Sadly, only two months after its publication and during a resurgence of interest in his greatest film, Kershner died on Nov. 27, 2010 after a long, undisclosed illness. He was 87 years old.

Life Events

1950

Worked as documentary filmmaker for U.S. Information Service in Middle East on the films "Malaria," "Childbirth," "Locust Plague" and "Road of One Hundred Days"

1958

Directed first feature films, "The Young Captives" and "Stakeout on Dope Street"; also co-wrote the screenplay for the latter

1964

First international film credit, the US-Canadian production, "The Luck of Ginger Coffey"

1970

Was originally set to direct the film, "A Man Called Horse" but was replaced by Elliot Silverstein; Kershner co-authored the screenplay but did not receive screen credit

1977

TV miniseries directing debut, "Raid on Entebbe"

1980

Made biggest commercial hit of his career, "The Empire Strikes Back"

1983

Directed the James Bond film, "Never Say Never Again"

1987

Served as executive producer on the film, "Wildfire," the first film directed by Zalman King

1988

Made screen acting debut playing Zebedee in "The Last Temptation of Christ," directed by Martin Scorsese

1990

Directed the sequel, "RoboCop 2"

1993

Directed the pilot episode of the NBC action adventure series, "seaQuest DSV"

1995

Began directing a remake of "Forbidden Planet"; was eventually replaced by actor Edward Albert

Videos

Movie Clip

Fine Madness, A (1966) - Poems Taking Shape Having just evaded another pack of bill collectors, struggling New York poet Samson Shillitoe (Sean Connery) flees to the apartment where, he discovers, his wife Rhoda (Joanne Woodward), isn't ready to join his escape, in A Fine Madness, 1966.
Fine Madness, A (1966) - Hank Longfellow At his day job shampooing the carpet in an executive office, married poet Samson Shillitoe (Sean Connery) feels no inhibition toward secretary Miss Walnicki (Sue Ane Langdon), in A Fine Madness, 1966, screenplay by Elliott Baker from his acclaimed first novel.
Loving (1970) - Get The Pliers Please Director Irvin Kershner and cinematographer Gordon Willis find George Segal as frazzled commercial artist Brooks arriving late in Manhattan where he’s intercepted by pal Skip (100% un-credited Roy Scheider) with an update, leaving time to visit his quirky agent Edward (Keenan Wynn) and equally odd assistant Charles (James Manis), in Loving, 1970.
Loving (1970) - Opening, Brooks Absorbing opening from director Irvin Kershner, introducing without dialogue George Segal as commercial artist Brooks, and Janis Young, whom we’ll learn is his mistress, with cinematographer Gordon Willis, in only his third feature, exhibiting some of his well-known ability to capture Manhattan, in Loving, 1970, co-starring Eva Marie Saint.
Loving (1970) - Just Before The Kiss Goodbye At his kids’ Long Island school musical performance, harried commercial artist Brooks brushes off frisky fellow parent Nellie (Nancie Phillips) and husband (David Doyle), then collects wife Selma (Eva Marie Saint, her first scene) and daughters, who asks whether he landed a big account then, back at home, poses for him, in Loving, 1970.
Loving (1970) - Artists Are Sort Of Effeminate Scrambling with ad-agency pal Skip (Roy Scheider) to catch Midwestern trucking firm mogul Lepridon (Sterling Hayden) at the Manhattan building site for his new headquarters, commercial artist Brooks (George Segal) comes up with a new angle to land a big contract, Irvin Kershner directing from the novel by J.M. Ryan, in Loving, 1970.
Eyes Of Laura Mars (1978) - Lace Day In Columbus Circle Faye Dunaway the title character most convincing, Brad Dourif a tech, Rene Auberjonois her agent, Michael Tucker an editor, Darlanne Fluegel and Lisa Taylor her models, Irvin Kershner directing on location, Columbus Circle in Manhattan, when the visions come back, in Eyes Of Laura Mars, 1978.
Eyes Of Laura Mars (1978) - I've Seen All Kinds Of Murder Her entourage led by Rene Auberjonois and Michael Tucker at the police station, Faye Dunaway (the photographer title character who somehow saw the murder through the killer’s eyes) finds out Tommy Lee Jones, whom she met earlier, is a detective, and has evidence from the previous killing, while another cop (Frank Adonis) interviews her handyman (Brad Dourif), in Eyes Of Laura Mars, 1978.
Eyes Of Laura Mars (1978) - Should I Hire A Bodyguard? Wrapping an early interview with plainclothes detective Neville (Tommy Lee Jones), Faye Dunaway (the title-character photographer who’s been telepathing murders) is surprised by Raul Julia, whom we learn is her ex-husband, not just the boyfriend of the last victim, her publicist, in Eyes Of Laura Mars, 1978.
Fine Madness, A (1966) - Seven Sin Society Broke poet Samson Shillitoe (Sean Connery) is a reckless stand-in reader for the matronly "Seven Arts Society" in New York, requiring a rescue from his waitress wife Rhoda (Joanne Woodward), who got him the gig, in A Fine Madness, 1966, directed by Irvin Kershner.
Fine Madness, A (1966) - Ends Of The Spectrum Patrick O'Neal has just been introduced as Manhattan celebrity shrink West, listening to himself on the radio, and joining Jean Seberg as his unstable wife Lydia, fretting then joined by his colleague (Werner Peters), in A Fine Madness, 1966, starring Sean Connery and directed by Irvin Kershner.
Flim-Flam Man, The (1967) - Who You Runnin' From? In the opening Michael Sarazin rescued George C. Scott, who was thrown from a freight train onto which he’d just hopped, and they formalize their acquaintance in an empty boxcar, in The Flim-Flam Man, 1967, from the polymath director Irvin Kershner, later known for The Empire Strikes Back, 1980.

Trailer

Companions

Julia Kershner
Wife
Director.

Bibliography