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Although the film's copyright was issued to RKO Radio Pictures, Inc., the application author was listed as RKO British Productions, Ltd., suggesting that this picture was a co-production between producer Herbert Wilcox and RKO British. Several pre-production news items in Hollywood Reporter support this assumption. A September 1942 Hollywood Reporter news item notes that Herbert Wilcox would produce and direct spy a drama for RKO, written by American DeWitt Bodeen and starring Wilcox's wife, Anna Neagle, that would take place in both London and Canada. Presumably this production was Yellow Canary. Hollywood Reporter news items in July 1942 and September 1942 note that this picture, was to be a Hollywood production, filmed partly on location in Canada. According to Wilcox's biography, however, after war broke out in England, he and Neagle, who were both British subjects, felt compelled to return home, and so Wilcox asked to be released from his long-term contract with RKO. Wilcox and Neagle then left for England to continue producing films there. Although American reviews list the running time of the film as 84 minutes, British reviews give the running time as 95 minutes, suggesting that the picture was cut for the American market.