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The working title of this picture was Once Off Guard. Hollywood Reporter news items yield the following information about its production: In November 1943, English actor Harry Lester was tested for a featured role and Fritz Lang hoped to cast New York police officer Johnny Broderick as himself in the film. In March 1944, Merle Oberon was announced in the part of "Alice Reed." Also in March 1944, Chicago police officer Alicia Murphy was tested for the part of the jail matron in the film, but her appearance in the released film has not been confirmed. Although a Hollywood Reporter production chart places Gloria de River in the cast, her appearance in the released film has not been confirmed. In December 1943, background footage was shot in New York City. In May and June 1944, the film was shot on soundstages at the Goldwyn, Paramount, RKO, PRC and Selznick studios, according to other Hollywood Reporter news items. The portrait of Joan Bennett in the film was painted by Paul Clemens, according to another Hollywood Reporter news item. Raymond Massey was borrowed from Warner Bros. to appear in this picture. In a modern interview, Lang stated that producer Nunnally Johnson opposed the film's dream ending. The film received an Academy Award nomination in the Music (Music Score of a Dramatic or Comedy Picture) category. On June 25, 1945, Lux Radio Theatre broadcast a radio version of the story, which also starred Bennett and Edward G. Robinson. In 1945, Lang brought actors Bennett, Robinson and Dan Duryea together again with director of photography Milton Krasner to film Scarlet Street.