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The film was copyrighted twice, on August 1, 1952, by Hope Enterprises, Inc. Son of Paleface was a sequel to the highly successful 1948 Paramount film The Paleface, which also starred Bob Hope and Jane Russell (see AFI Catalog of Feature Films, 1941-50). Both films were co-written by Frank Tashlin, who directed this film as well, and featured the Academy Award-winning song "Buttons and Bows" by Jay Livingston and Ray Evans. According to the file on Son of Paleface in the Paramount Collection at the AMPAS Library, writers Walter Reisch, Monte Brice and Barney Dean worked on the screenplay, but it has not been determined if they made any contributions to the released film.
The Paramount Collection also contains a reference to the dance hall girls in Son of Paleface. While the film's onscreen credits list them as "8 Beautiful Girls 8," they were originally to be referred to as "The Dirty Shame Rockettes." During the film's opening scene, a shot of Bing Crosby driving a car is seen. In voice over, Hope refers to him as "an old character actor on the Paramount lot we try to keep working. He's supporting a large family. But I guarantee you this fellow will not be in the picture tonight." Noted Paramount producer and director Cecil B. DeMille also makes an unbilled cameo appearance in the film as a still photographer, and the film's co-writer/producer Robert L. Welch appears as his assistant.
According to the file on the film in the MPAA/PCA Collection at the AMPAS Library, the song "California Rose" by Livingston and Evans was originally entitled "Rose of Monterey." Hollywood Reporter news items include Richard Martin, Michael Moore, Don Porter, Ralph Dumke, Albert Sharpe, Joe Irogoyen, Sharon Lucas, Jimmy Dundee and Alan Calm in the cast, but their appearance in the released film has not been confirmed. Jack Brooks received a 1952 Academy Award nomination in the "Best Song" category for his composition "Am I in Love?", but lost to the Dimitri Tiomkin-Ned Washington song "High Noon," from the Stanley Kramer film of the same name (see entry above).
Son of Paleface was noted singing cowboy star Roy Rogers' last film for over twenty years. Aside from a brief cameo appearance in another Bob Hope western-comedy, Alias Jesse James, released in 1959 by United Artists (see entry above), Rogers went into a self-imposed retirement from the big screen until 1975, when he starred in Macintosh and T. J. for Penland Productions. Rogers remained a fixture on the small screen throughout the 1950s, however, as The Roy Rogers Show ran on the NBC television network from 1951 to 1957. According to modern sources, Son of Paleface was filmed from 13 August to October 6, 1951 at both Paramount Studios and Iverson Ranch in Chatsworth, CA.