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The Second Greatest Sex was inspired by the 411 B. C. comedy Lysistrata by Aristophanes, in which the women of ancient Greece withhold sex in order to keep their husbands from going to war. Fox Film Corporation's 1933 production The Warrior's Husband, directed by Walter Lang and starring Elissa Landi, was also inspired by the Aristophanes play. According to a December 1954 Hollywood Reporter news item, Virginia Mayo and Jeff Chandler were considered for the lead roles, and a January 1955 Hollywood Reporter article states that George Harwell tested for the role of "Matt Davis." The picture marked the feature film debuts of Kitty Kallen, Kathleen Chase and Cousin Emmy, a popular folk singer.