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The onscreen credits were taken from a screen credit billing sheet in the Twentieth Century-Fox Records of the Legal Department, and the plot was based on a screen continuity in the Twentieth Century-Fox Produced Scripts Collection, both of which are at the UCLA Theater Arts Library. The play was based on the novel Rebecca of Sunnybrook Farm by Kate Douglas Wiggin (New York, 1903) and her The New Chronicles of Rebecca (New York, 1907), a collection of short stories, some of which were originally published in Scribner's Magazine (Aug, October-December 1906; January-February 1907). According to information in the legal records, Fox paid The Pickford Corporation $50,000 for the motion picture rights.
According to Variety, this film was originally to star Janet Gaynor and Charles Farrell. Hollywood Reporter commented that "Fox has made the mistake of increasing the age of Rebecca so that Marian Nixon can pay [sic] the part with ease and conviction. By doing this they have robbed the story of just the peculiar charm that was dependent on Rebecca being a child on the brink of adolescence, but still seeing the world and life and older people through the naive, ingenuous eyes of a child." While the reviewers praised Nixon's performance as "a sincere, conscientious interpretation of a really difficult part," New York Times commented that Nixon "suggests a big girl trying to act as a little girl and succeeding in going quite a bit under that, as a small girl indeed." The Mary Pickford Film Corp. produced a film based on the novel and the play in 1917 which Artcraft Pictures Corp. distributed; it was directed by Marshall Neilan and starred Mary Pickford (see AFI Catalog of Feature Films, 1911-20; F1.3648). Twentieth Century-Fox produced a film that was suggested by the novel in 1938 (see below).