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The film's action actually begins before the opening credits appear, an unusual order for credits in a 1939 film. Actor Roman Bohnen's onscreen credit reads: "Roman Bohnen, (Candy in the film) courtesy of the Group Theater of New York." Actor Leigh Whipper also appeared in the original Broadway cast. According to pre-production news items in Hollywood Reporter, Lewis Milestone and Rowland Brown purchased the screen rights to the play, and the two planned to co-produce the film version with Brown writing the screenplay and Milestone directing. Guinn Williams was tentatively set for the role of Lennie and producer Hal Roach negotiated with Warners to borrow James Cagney and Humphrey Bogart for the role of George. Wallace Ford was also to have been featured in the cast. Roach borrowed Betty Field from Paramount, and originally considered distributing the film through Paramount. The Hollywood Reporter review credits Hal Roach as producer, although the onscreen credits refer to him only as presenter. Another news item in Hollywood Reporter adds that the film was shot partially on location at Agoura Ranch in Agoura, CA. It was the first of John Steinbeck's novels to be filmed. This picture received the following Academy Award nominations: Best Picture, Best Score and Best Sound Recording. The picture was also included in the NBR's list of the ten best films of the year. Another adaptation of Steinbeck's novel was released in 1992, directed by Gary Sinise, and starring Sinise as "George" and John Malkovich as "Lenny."