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Onscreen credits include the following acknowledgment: "...thanks to the relatives of Cavell and Miss E. Wilkin, O.B.E. and the Imperial War Museum, London for documents placed at the film makers disposal." The picture was based on a true story of a British nurse who was shot by a German firing squad in 1915 in Brussels. According to modern sources, actor Fernand Visele was imprisoned in the cell next to nurse Cavell in St. Gilles. A May 1939 news item in Hollywood Reporter notes that the National Council for the Prevention of War opposed this picture on the grounds that it would be seen as an unfriendly gesture toward Germany. The picture had its premiere the week that World War II was declared. According to the Variety review, English writer and producer Herbert Wilcox brought Anna Neagle to Hollywood to produce this picture at RKO with a local cast and production crew. This was the first of several RKO releases that Neagle and Wilcox made in the United States. Anthony Collins was nominated for an Academy Award in the Music (Original Score) category.