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The opening title card reads: Edgar Allan Poe's Murders in the Rue Morgue. Several 1970 news items noted that the film was to be shot in Paris, London and Italy; however, Hollywood Reporter production charts only list location shooting in Madrid, Spain. Although a April 10, 1970 Variety news item adds Ralph Richardson to the cast, he was not in the film. Murders in the Rue Morgue marked the feature film debut of actress Brooke Adams.
When the film opens, a fictional play based on Poe's short story Murders in the Rue Morgue is taking place. As the scene closes, it is revealed that the main characters of the film are actors in the production. As noted in the Motion Picture Herald review, the film bears little resemblance to the short story, other than the title and a few plot points. At the close of the film, voice-over narration states that "the will [of those now dead], the will lives on."
American International produced a number of screen adaptations of Poe's short stories beginning with the 1960 film The Fall of the House of Usher, most of which were directed by Roger Corman. Murders in the Rue Morgue was the fifth film by director Gordon Hessler, who also directed the 1969 film Poe adaptation The Oblong Box (see below).
Other film versions based on or inspired by Edgar Allan Poe's short story "Murders in the Rue Morgue" include the 1914 silent film The Murders in the Rue Morgue directed by Robert Goodman; the 1932 Universal Pictures Corp. film Murders in the Rue Morgue, directed by Robert Florey and starring Bela Lugosi; and the 1954 Warner Bros. film Phantom of the Rue Morgue(see below) directed by Roy Del Ruth and starring Karl Malden.