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Universal press materials identify Albert and Fred Cavens, the film's fencing technical advisors, as father and son. According to a July 1952 Hollywood Reporter news item, seven Miss Universe contestants, including Anita Ekberg in her feature film debut, were cast as "Guests." Noted dancer and choreographer Gwen Verdon, who was known as Gwyneth early in her career, received onscreen credit for the first time as the choreographer of The Mississippi Gambler.
This film marked Tyrone Powers' first freelance role after serving out a long-term contract with Twentieth-Century Fox. Acccording to modern sources, despite the fact that Powers was suspended from Fox for refusing to accept roles in period pieces, he agreed to appear in The Mississippi Gambler after producers offered him a percentage of the profits for his work in the film. Modern sources confirm that he received a salary of $250,000 and half of the net profits, resulting in earnings of over $1 million. On March 1, 1954, Power reprised his role of "Mark Fallon" in a Lux Radio Theatre broadcast, which co-starred Powers' wife, Linda Christian, as "Angelique Dureau." Modern sources include Jack Perrin and George Bruggeman in the cast and credit David Sharpe with stunts and appearing as Powers' double in the fight scene.
The film received an Academy Award nomination for Best Sound (Leslie I. Carey and Richard De Weese. Although Universal had previously used the title The Mississippi Gambler for both a 1929 film and a 1942 picture, neither is related to this film.