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The film's working titles were The Big Heart, My Heart Tells Me and It's Only Human. Although the film was based on an original screen story by Valentine Davies, Davies developed the story into a novel that was also published in 1947. Producer William Perlberg replaced Gene Markey, when the latter was assigned to another project. Fred Lewis was contracted to play "Mr. Macy," according to information included in the Twentieth Century-Fox Records of the Legal Department located at the UCLA Arts-Special Collections Library, but Harry Antrim played the role in the film.
Miracle on 34th Stret marked Thelma Ritter's motion picture debut. Although CBCS and contemporary reviews call Alvin Greenman's character "Albert," he is addressed as "Alfred" in the film. Some scenes were shot on location in New York City, at Macy's Department Store and during the Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade. Additional material included in the studio records add the following information about the production: Some scenes were filmed inside the Supreme Court Building in New York City. Ralph Burns, author of the novel An Angel on Horseback, sued Twentieth Century-Fox for plagiarism, but the outcome of that suit has not been determined. Mark Stevens was considered for the role of "Fred Gailey."
Modern sources state that Charles W. Howard, who played Santa Claus in the Macy's parade for many years, acted as technical advisor on the film. Edmund Gwenn received an Oscar for Best Supporting Actor, and the film won Academy Awards for Best Screenplay and Best Original Story. Miracle on 34th Street was voted one of the top ten by New York Times. In 1955, Thomas Mitchell, MacDonald Carey and Teresa Wright performed in a television version of the film, entitled The Miracle on 34th Street for the 20th Century-Fox Hour. Another television adaptation aired on CBS in 1973 and starred Fielder Cook, Jane Alexander and Roddy McDowall. Maureen O'Hara, John Payne and Edmund Gwenn reprised their roles for a Lux Radio Theatre production of the story on December 22, 1947 and again on December 20, 1948 and December 21, 1954. Screen Directors' Playhouse broadcast a radio version of the story on December 23, 1949 and again on December 21, 1950. In October 1963, a musical version of Davies' original story entitled Here's Love by Meredith Willson opened in New York. According to a August 13, 1963 Hollywood Reporter news item, producer Fred Kohlmar considered filming Willson's musical but that picture was never made. A colorized version of the original film was authorized in 1985. In 1994, Twentieth Century-Fox produced another film based on Davies' story, also titled Miracle on 34th Street, which was directed by Les Mayfield and starred Richard Attenborough as Kris Kringle.