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Voice-over narration after the opening credits discusses the lawlessness after the Civil War. Verses of the song "The Maverick Queen" are sung intermittently during the film. In the opening sequence set in the town of "Stillwater," a news reporter and another man discuss the notorious Wild Bunch gang. According to a September 1955 Hollywood Reporter news item and Hollywood Reporter production charts, portions of the film were shot at Durango, CO.
The Maverick Queen was the first film to be shot with Republic and Consolidated Film Industries' new anamorphic lens system, Naturama. Although Naturama's aspect ration was 2.35:1, according to studio press notes it also could be shown at 1.85:1. As noted in the New York Times review, when the film opened in New York, it was six days ahead of schedule, after the film Massacre (see entry above) closed after a nine-hour run.
Although the film was fiction, some of the characters were inspired by the historical figures Butch Cassidy (Robert LeRoy Parker, 1867-1908?) and The Sundance Kid (Harry Longbaugh, 1861-1908?), who have been the subjects of many films. For information on additional films featuring Butch Cassidy and The Sundance Kid, please consult the entry above for the 1951 Columbia release The Texas Rangers.