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The working titles of this film were Fandango and Spanish Fandango. According to Los Angeles Examiner, Darryl Zanuck purchased the play as it was in its eleventh week on the London stage. In correspondence in the files for this film in the MPAA/PCA Collection at the AMPAS Library, Joseph Breen, Director of the PCA, objected to the portrayal in the final script of the Spanish officers as insurgents, buffoons and villains, based on the provision of the Production Code which states, "The history, institutions, prominent people and citizenry of other nations shall be represented fairly." Breen insisted that the references "to Loyalists, Rebels, or anything that would give your picture a partisan flavor" should be omitted, and for the studio to change the portrayal of the officers "so as to play them as straight military officers, going about their duty without any attempt to either poke fun at them or to show them as cold-blooded murderers." Specifically, the actions objected to by Breen in this script included the terrifying and murdering of harmless citizens, a radio announcer and a mayor by soldiers, and the sadistic portrayal of the "Captain Delmar" character. Breen also insisted that the studio "Modify the line 'Keep your pecker up.'" According to studio publicity, some scenes were shot seven miles off San Pedro, CA harbor. After principal shooting was completed, the film was put back into production for revisions and additional scenes, according to information in the PCA files and news items. According to a Hollywood Reporter news item, John Carradine replaced Peter Lorre in the role of "Delmar" due to Lorre's recuperation from an illness. Joseph Schildkraut is listed as a cast member in Hollywood Reporter production charts, but his participation in the final film is doubtful.