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The working titles of this film were Queen of the Jungle and Jungle Girl. The original screen story by Max Marcin was entitled "Queen of the Jungle." According to a news item in Daily Variety, which called the film Girl of the Jungle, Marcin was originally slated to co-direct. This was Dorothy Lamour's first feature film. Letters and memos in the MPAA/PCA Collection at the AMPAS library indicate that in July 1935, Joseph I. Breen, director of the PCA, informed Paramount in a letter that although their script for Queen of the Jungle was "fundamentally acceptable from the standpoint of the Production Code and censorship," he was concerned about any hint of an "illicit sex relationship between Ulah and Christopher," and that "the whole business is offensive, an open violation of the Code, and [that] the very flavor of it should be eliminated." Breen further cautioned the studio to avoid "any display of nudity and any possible cruelty to animals."
A final print, titled Jungle Girl, was submitted to the AMPP for approval in October 1936 and Breen rejected it due to the inferred sexual relationship between Ulah and Christopher. In a letter to Paramount, Breen advised the studio to "avoid all business of Chris carrying Ulah into the cave; all the discussion about the rain; the physical contact between them in the cave; and the fade-out on Chris as he kisses Ulah; [and]...the business of the picking of the lotus flowers." Breen also recommended the deletion of specific lines of dialogue, such as Christopher's line, "All she knows about civilized ways is just what I've been able to teach her myself," and Frank's response, "That ought to make her quite a girl." Although correspondence does not indicate whether all the recommended changes were made, the certificate of approval was issued to the film. The viewed print included several scenes recommended for deletion by Breen. A 1937 letter from Breen to Paramount indicates that a prologue was added to the film for release in Great Britain that "establishes Ulah as the daughter of a white man." According to the film's pressbook, Kata Ragoso of the Marova Lagoon in the Solomon Islands, acted as technical advisor for the construction of the Malayan village set. In her autobiography, Dorothy Lamour recalls that during the production, the chimpanzee, "Bogo," attacked a worker on the set, who later died of his injuries. Miss Lamour also states that the song was not written until ten days into production, and she was rehearsed by musician Perry Bodkin while on location at Brent's Crags in the San Fernando Valley, CA. She also notes that retakes were shot while she was filming Swing High, Swing Low (see below).