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The working titles of this film were Transvestite or The Transvestite. Glen or Glenda? was also released under the following titles: I Changed My Sex, I Led Two Lives and He or She. Glen or Glenda? opens with the following written foreword: "In the making of this film, which deals with a strange and curious subject, no punches have been pulled-no easy way out has been taken. Many of the smaller parts are portrayed by persons who actually are, in real life, the character they portray on the screen. This is a picture of stark realism-taking no sides-but giving you the facts-- All the facts-- as they are today: You are society-- JUDGE YE NOT...." Daniel Davis, the name of the actor who appeared in the film as "Glen-Glenda," is a pseudonym for director-writer Edward D. Wood, Jr.
Scenes not documented in the above synopsis include a buffalo herd stampede, a group of primitive peoples dancing to drums, two narrators discussing sex change operations over scenes of a factory, the "scientist" issuing periodic warnings and a lengthy sequence involving women enacting stripteases or sexually suggestive situations. According to a modern source, the striptease scenes were taken from a film directed by W. Merle Connell. The title of Connell's film has not been determined.
According to an advertisement in San Francisco Chronicle, Glen or Glenda? was screened under the title I Changed My Sex in that city on April 2, 1954. A later April 17, 1954 Los Angeles Examiner advertisement indicated that the film, as Glen or Glenda?, was then being screened in downtown Los Angeles. According to various news items, Paramount Pictures acquired Glen or Glenda? in 1981 and planned a re-release on 1 April of that year under the title Glenn or Glenda. Village Voice reported that Paramount planned to advertise the film as a "classic," but then reveal it as a spoof as an April Fool's joke. Although the film was, in fact, re-released in that month, the 1 April release was cancelled.
Modern sources add the following information about the production: Producer George Weiss initially intended to make a documentary about sex changes featuring real-life transsexual Christine Jorgensen; however, Jorgensen turned down his offer. The film was shot at Larchmont Studios in Los Angeles, CA, and director of photography William C. Thompson appeared in the cast as a judge. Portions of the 1994 film Ed Wood, directed by Tim Burton and starring Johnny Depp as Ed Wood, dramatized the making of Glen or Glenda? and depicted Wood as a transvestite.