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The film's title card reads: "Alexandre Dumas' Immortal Classic The Corsican Brothers." The onscreen credits also note that the screenplay was based on "a free adaptation of the Dumas story." A written prologue appears following the onscreen credits, describing Corsica as a land "haunted by the grim shadow of Vendetta, that terrible law of life for a life, vengeance for vengeance, family against family." According to news items in Hollywood Reporter, producer Edward Small originally negotiated with Twentieth Century-Fox to borrow director Fritz Lang for the film. Hollywood Reporter news items also stated that Louis Hayward would star in the film, then reported that Small was seeking Paramount's permission to use Albert Dekker, provided the actor completed his role in M-G-M's Honky Tonk in time. Although a Hollywood Reporter news item lists V. McFadden as assistant production manager, the extent of his participation in the final film is not known. A Hollywood Reporter news item reported that locations on Catalina and near San Diego were scouted as possible production sites, after military operations on San Clemente made that location unavailable.
Dimitri Tiomkin was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Music (Scoring of a Dramatic or Comedy Picture) for the film. Among the many other films based on, or inspired by, the Dumas story are: the 1917 French film Les Frres Corses, directed by Andre Antoine; the 1920 United Picture Theatres of America The Corsican Brothers (see AFI Catalog of Feature Films, 1911-20; F1.0804); the 1953 United Artists release Bandits of Corsica, starring Richard Greene and directed by Ray Nazarro; the 1970 Warner Bros. release Start the Revolution Without Me, starring Gene Wilder and Donald Sutherland and directed by Bud Yorkin (see AFI Catalog of Feature Films, 1961-70; F6.4687); and the 1984 Orion release, Cheech and Chong's The Corsican Brothers, starring Cheech Marin and Tommy Chong and directed by Chong.