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Composer Ary Barroso's surname is misspelled "Borroso" in the onscreen credits. According to Daily Variety and Hollywood Reporter news items, after writer Richard English spent several months in South America doing research for a Collier's magazine piece, Republic hired him to use his experiences to write an original screen story around Barroso and S. K. Russell's hit song, "Brazil." The Daily Variety item, dated April 9, 1943, stated that English intended to rewrite his screenplay after it was completed and publish it in a "national magazine...coincidental with release of picture," but it has not been determined if English carried out the plan. According to April 13, 1943 Hollywood Reporter and June 22, 1944 Hollywood Citizen-News items, the studio worked closely with various U.S. and Brazilian officials to ensure the film's accuracy in its depiction of Brazil and its peoples. Officials consulted included Dr. Raoul Bopp of the Brazilian consulate, Francis Alstock and Jackson Leighter, the liaison official of the Motion Picture Society for the Americas.
According to Hollywood Reporter news items, Albert S. Rogell was originally scheduled to produce and direct the picture, but was suspended by the studio because of disagreements over this and future assignments. Second unit director Howard Lydecker led the camera crew that obtained a variety of background footage in Rio de Janeiro and other areas of Brazil. Included in the film are scenes of coffee plantations, Carnival and tourist sights, all of which were commented upon favorably in reviews. Dance director Billy Daniels, who also appears as a dancer in the film, was borrowed from Paramount for the production. The film received Academy Award nominations in the Music (Scoring of a Musical Picture); Music (Song-"Rio de Janeiro"); and Sound Recording categories.
According to a November 22, 1944 Hollywood Reporter news item, Republic intended to produce a sequel to Brazil, to be entitled Rio de Janiero, which was to be directed and produced by Brazil director Joseph Santley. The news item stated that "as much of the cast as can be assembled from Brazil will be used in the new picture, with Tito Guizar almost a certainty for the starring role." Although Guizar did appear in the 1945 Republic production Mexicana, that picture was directed by Alfred Santell and did not feature any of the stars of Brazil, nor were the plots of the two films related.