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The working title of this film was Battle Hell. The film opens with the following written foreword: "Italy 1944. The battle is big...but some things are even bigger...sometimes the battle inside a man makes the war seem small by comparison...This battle began at the bivouac area with the fresh troops awaiting their baptism of fire..." The following quotation appears at the picture's conclusion: "'Bravery is courage in action. It produces the deed which sets the hero above the coward.' Omar N. Bradley, General of the Army."
As noted in the Hollywood Reporter review, the character of "Preacher" was based on a real-life soldier whom screenwriter Robert Lewin knew during the Italian campaign of World War II. Hollywood Reporter production charts add Diana Darrin to the cast, but her appearance in the final film has not been confirmed. Location filming took place in Chatsworth, CA, according to the production charts. Filmakers Releasing Organization, which originally was to distribute the picture, provided partial financing for the production, according to a December 1955 Hollywood Reporter item.
Although a January 1956 Hollywood Reporter news item reported that Mickey Rooney had agreed to forgo his usual star billing in order to qualify for a Best Supporting Actor Oscar nomination, he received above-the-title billing, second only to Wendell Corey. Rooney, who also co-wrote the title song with actor-songwriter Ross Bagdasarian, was nominated as Best Supporting Actor and his performance was uniformally lauded by critics. Modern sources claim that Rooney directed the crap game scene. In February 1956, RKO filed suit against Horizon American Pictures and writer Calder Willingham, claiming that RKO had registered the title The Bold and the Brave prior to the April 1955 broadcast of Horizon's television drama of the same name. The disposition of the suit is not known.