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The film opens with the following spoken narration: "In the 1850s savage Indian wars were the prime issue preventing the rich young Oregon territory from becoming a state. Though many tribes had retreated to the reservations, fierce resistance was still felt in the Rogue River Valley, where proud red men sworn to drive the white invaders from the land continued their defiance. Neither red men nor white could foretell the ending of the decisive battle which was yet to come." The film closes with the following narration: "In 1859, by act of Congress, the territory of Oregon was officially admitted into the Union of the United States of America." Although Esskay Pictures Co., headed by producer Sam Katzman, was listed as the production company in SAB, Katzman's company had changed its name to Clover Productions, Inc. by the time the picture was released.
The Rogue River Valley in Oregon was so-named by whites due to the "rogue" attacks made on settlers by the Takelma and Tututni Indians who inhabited the region. In 1855, Capt. Andrew Jackson Smith invited the Indian population to settle within the confines of the fort. However, his attempt at a peaceful solution to the hostilities between settlers and Indians was thwarted when civilian militia ambushed a Native American village. Retaliations ensued for a year until the Indian leaders in the area notified Smith that they would surrender. Smith was warned by informers that it was a trap, resulting in a battle between the Cavalry and the Indians. After several weeks of fighting, the battered Takelma and Tututni surrendered.