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Many contemporary sources refer to this film as Earl Carroll's Vanities. Although a July 1944 Hollywood Reporter news item stated that Belle Baker had been signed to play a "featured" role in the picture, she is not in the released film. Charles Judels was included in the cast by Hollywood Reporter production charts, but he also does not appear in the completed picture. Earl Carroll was a successful composer, playwright, producer and nightclub owner who lived in both New York and Hollywood during his varied career. Murder at the Vanities, a 1934 Paramount film also based on Carroll's successful "Vanities" and "Sketchbook" stage productions, was directed by Mitchell Leisen and starred Carl Brisson and Victor McLaglen. In 1940, Carroll produced A Night at Earl Carroll's, a Paramount production filmed at his popular Hollywood nightclub. The 1940 film was directed by Kurt Neumann and starred Ken Murray and Rose Hobart (see AFI Catalog of Feature Films, 1931-40; F3.2986 and F3.3119). Carroll produced several other films in the 1930s, all unrelated to his theatrical efforts. Walter Kent and Bob Russell's song "Endlessly" received an Academy Award nomination.
In addition to Earl Carroll Vanities, Republic also released Earl Carroll Sketchbook in 1946. A November 1944 New York Times article noted that Republic intended to produce four more pictures based on Carroll's properties if Earl Carroll Vanities was successful, and that Carroll held a "profit-participation contract" with the studio. The picture featured sets reproduced from Carroll's Hollywood nightclub, even though it is set in New York, according to New York Times. A February 1945 Hollywood Reporter news item announced that Republic had acquired the film rights to all of Carroll's theatrical properties, in addition to the producer's "exclusive services as technical advisor" for five years. Carroll was killed in a 1948 airplane crash, however, and Earl Carroll Sketchbook was the last "Earl Carroll" film produced by Republic. In 1953, Republic re-edited and re-released Earl Carroll Vanities as Moonstruck Melody.