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The film was also based on Montgomery's other "Anne" novels: Anne of Avonlea, 1909; Chronicles of Avonlea, 1912; and Anne of the Island, 1915. Exterior scenes were filmed in Dedham, MA. Many contemporary sources list George Stewart as having played the role of Gilbert Blythe, but photographs from the production support those sources that credit Kelly with the role. RKO remade the film in 1934 with Anne Shirley in the lead and George Nicholls, Jr. directing, and used the Montgomery novels again in 1940 for Anne of Windy Poplars, directed by Jack Hively and again starring Shirley.