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Lucia Bonder's play was based on her short story "Our Judy," which was published in Smart Set Magazine (date undetermined). According to a Film Daily news item, RKO purchased the rights to the play from Gloria Swanson. Despite poor reviews, Rockabye performed well at the box office, actually grossing slightly more than What Price Hollywood? in its first weeks of distribution, according to RKO records. According to Hollywood Reporter news items, George Fitzmaurice, whom RKO borrowed from M-G-M, was the original director of the film, but resigned on September 16, 1932 because of a disagreement with the producers. After George Cukor was brought in to direct, Jobyna Howland replaced Laura Hope Crews in the role of "Snooks Carroll," and Joel McCrea replaced Phillips Holmes, whom RKO had borrowed from Paramount, in the role of "Jake." Modern sources add the following information about the production: RKO rushed the script into production with Fitzmaurice at the helm in order to meet the exhibitors' deadline for a new "Bennett" film. The studio broke speed records for shooting and editing, but when the film was shown to executives, it was declared unreleasable. To save the production, RKO brought in Cukor. After two or three weeks of reshooting and editing with the new actors, the film was ready for release. Modern sources add the following cast members: Lita Chevret (Party guest), Edwin Stanley (Defense attorney) and Richard Carle (Doc). Although one modern source claims that "Lilybet" was "Judy's" illegitimate child, it was not obvious from viewing the film that "Judy" was supposed to be the girl's natural mother.