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The working title of this film was The White South. According to an October 1952 Hollywood Reporter news item, producer Irving Allen originally planned to shoot on location in Munich, West Germany, under the direction of Raoul Walsh. The film was shot instead on location at Pinewood Studios in England. Daily Variety and Hollywood Reporter news items note that in July 1954, Columbia and Warwick Productions were sued by Carveth Wells, a travelogue and documentary producer. Wells asserted that the title Hell Below Zero infringed upon his late 1920s documentary and book of the same name detailing an expedition to Central Africa. The outcome of the suit is not known.