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William Clarke Quantrill (1837-1865) led one of the most savage fighting units in the American Civil War and was an early proponent of guerrilla warfare. As mentioned in the film, Quantrill frequently used the alias "Charles Hart" during a crime-spree period before the Civil War. In Missouri, Quantrill married Kate King, who adopted Quantrill's middle name and was known, as the film indicates, as Kate Clarke.
Although Quantrill's Raiders climaxes with Quantrill's infamous attack on Lawrence, KS, the film depicts only a few dozen men with Quantrill. In reality, Quantrill utilized over four hundred men, who killed over 150 Lawrence men in their search for Senator James H. Lane, a leader in the struggle for a free-soil Kansas. Unlike in the film, Quantrill survived the raid to be killed in Kentucky two years later by Union forces. For more information on Quantrill, please refer to the entry for Republic's 1940 production of Dark Command (AFI Catalog of Feature Films: 1931-40).