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The working title of this film was The Return of the Corsican Brothers. Onscreen credits note that the film is "A Sequel to Alexander Dumas' `Corsican Brothers.'" Although Dumas' novel, Les frres Corses (The Corsican Brothers), is credited onscreen as the source for the film, the only similarity between the book and the film are the characterization of the twin brothers' prescience, and that they were surgically separated at birth. In the novel, the brothers are called Lucien and Louis de Franchi, while in the film, they are named Lucien and Mario Franchi. According to a Variety review, Michel Kraike was originally slated to produce but withdrew from the film days before production began. Edward Small took over producing duties, but refrained from taking credit on the film.
Bandits of Corsica is a sequel to the 1942 Edward Small Productions, Inc. release titled The Corsican Brothers, directed by Gregory Ratoff and starring Douglas Fairbanks, Jr. (see AFI Catalog of Feature Films, 1941-50). Among the many other films based on, or inspired by, the Dumas story are: the 1917 French film Les Frres Corses, directed by Andre Antoine; the 1920 United Picture Theatres of America The Corsican Brothers (see AFI Catalog of Feature Films, 1911-20); the 1970 Warner Bros. release Start the Revolution Without Me, starring Gene Wilder and Donald Sutherland and directed by Bud Yorkin (see AFI Catalog of Feature Films, 1961-70); and the 1984 Orion release Cheech and Chong's The Corsican Brothers, starring Cheech Marin and Tommy Chong and directed by Chong.