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The working titles of this film were Nice Girl and Nobody's Safe. Although the onscreen credit for Mala Powers (1931-2007)reads "introducing Mala Powers," she previously had appeared in Tough As They Come . Tod Andrews, however, did make his screen acting debut in the film. Rita Lupino, who was director Ida Lupino's sister, received onscreen credit for the role of "Stella Carter," but that character is only mentioned in the film's dialogue, and she did not appear in the completed film. Motion Picture Herald release charts list the film's release date as August 1950, but according to Hollywood Reporter, the film's "special pre-release" Boston premiere did not take place until September 27, 1950. Outrage marked the first of several co-productions between RKO and The Filmakers, a company headed by Ida Lupino, her then husband, producer Collier Young, and their partner, Malvin Wald. Some scenes in the film were shot in Marysville, CA, according to Hollywood Reporter.
Outrage was one of the first American films to deal at length with the topic of rape, and its content was at first rejected by the PCA. In a February 1, 1950 interoffice memo, found in the MPAA/PCA files at the AMPAS Library, the PCA deemed a late January 1950 draft of the script "unacceptable" according to the Code because it dealt "exclusively with rape." The PCA complained about the story's overemphasis on the "element of sex perversion," noting that the terms "sex maniac" and "sex fiend" were used "throughout" the script.
Although Young and Wald at first objected to the criticisms and threatened to appeal the rejection, they eventually reworked the script according to the PCA's suggestions. On February 8, 1950, PCA director Joseph I. Breen approved the revised script, commenting favorably on the removal of all references to the rapist's sexual nature. Breen cautioned the filmmakers against "sensationalizing" the story in the filming and advised eliminating the words "rape" and "rapist" from the script. Those words are never used in the film. Reviewers also commented on the film's provocative subject matter and, for the most part, praised Lupino's handling of it. While the New York Times reviewer lauded Lupino for being "forthright in her approach to rape and its tragic aftermath," the Los Angeles Examiner reviewer stated that "with courage and frankness within the limits of good taste, Outrage points up the serious consequences to society and to individuals inherent in the predatory actions of sex criminals."